Scientific Theory and Developmental Theory
1. What is a scientific theory? Please cite a definition you like.
As Watson stated in "The Value of Theories", a scientific theory is a systematic explanation that unifies various observed phenomena and facts. Based on observations we make, science operates under theories which are constantly revised and checked by experiment. A scientific theory also possesses many vital qualities for true understanding.
2. What is the difference between a scientific theory and common sense ideas about the...
643 Words | 2 Pages
Ego Theory and Bundle Theory
Intro to Philosophy
Ego Theory and Bundle Theory
Derek Parfit's views on personal identity and the Ego and Bundle Theory are all summarized in his article “Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons”. In his article, Parfit explains the distinction between Ego theory and Bundle theory and provides several arguments against Ego Theory. Although it proves to be very difficult to believe the Bundle Theory, Parfit’s critique is convincing and well thought out.
In order to defend the Bundle...
610 Words | 2 Pages
Contingency Theory - 1189 Words
Contingency theorists argue that an organization that adapts to its environment will perform better than an organization that does not (Donaldson, 1996) and that mismatched characteristics within organizational configurations will prevent an organization from achieving natural harmony with its environment that will lead to better performance (Mitzberg, 1981). In contrast to the classical scholars, most theorists today believe that there is no one best way to organize. What is important is that...
1,189 Words | 4 Pages
Tournament Theory - 284 Words
I chose an article from ingrimayne.com on the tournament theory. The tournament theory is the explanation of wage differences in terms of relative performance. This is an alternative explanation to the one that suggests that the very large differences in income are the result of equally large differences in performance. In my opinion it seems that my bosses at work are overpaid. They make obscene sums of money for the very little work they seem to do while cubicle slaves work extremely hard...
284 Words | 1 Page
All Theory Essays
My Theory - 2123 Words
Theories of personality
There are many different theories of personality, Type theories, Psychodynamic theories,Trait theories, Humanist theories and finally Behavioral theories. If i had to create my own theory of personality it will be very similar to Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development. Simply because I also agree that the personality mainly develops during childhood. I also believe that individuals have motives behind every action which he describes as "the driving force behind...
2,123 Words | 6 Pages
The Strain Theory - 681 Words
The Strain Theory
There are many theories to crime causations one in particular caught my attention, one that I believe is the most accurate. The strain theory was developed in 1938 by Robert Merton and then updated by Robert Agnew in 1985. Agnew’s general strain theory is based on the general idea that “when people get treated badly the might get upset and engage in crime”. The general strain theory identifies the ways of measuring strain, the different types of strain, and the link between...
681 Words | 2 Pages
A Theory of Shopping - 270 Words
How can shopping be seen as a sacrifice?
Daniel Millers’ essay, A Theory of Shopping, explores the intricate nature of shopping, and the behaviours exhibited by families within a suburb of North London. Millers’ observations took place over a one-year period from 1994-5, and through this time many interesting theories were raised. One particular point raised by Miller was the fact that there are many parallels between shopping and sacrifice. He brought this comparison up in a number of ways,...
270 Words | 1 Page
importance of theory - 255 Words
Theory offers structure and organization to nursing knowledge and provides a logical way of gathering information to describe, explain, and predict nursing practice. Theories describe and explain nursing and the purpose of nursing to differentiate it from other caring professions by setting boundaries. (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p. 25). The use of theories gives nursing its own identity and takes away the task-oriented description of the past.
Kolcaba’s theory of comfort is a theory that is...
255 Words | 1 Page
Normative Theory - 596 Words
| Normative theoryNormative theories describe an ideal way for a media system to be structured and operated. Most normative theories develop over time. Normative theories differ in two ways from scientific theories: (1) they are less concerned with specific predictions, and (2) they are less directly tied to systematic, empirical, direct observation.First two normative theories are authoritarianism and libertarianism. Authoritarianism calls for direct regulation of media and media content by the...
596 Words | 2 Pages
Theory on Literacy - 1301 Words
Literacy is not simply reading. Literacy is reading and writing, most commonly. There are other types of literacy, such as oracy (expressing and understanding spoken language, computer literacy, cultural literacy (ideas and ideals from past cultures that defined and shaped today’s society), and a variety of others. Literacy is a tool. It is the way you learn about the world and how you can participate in society. Literacy is a requirement to interact in the modern society of America, as well as...
1,301 Words | 4 Pages
Theory of Communication - 608 Words
Theories of communication
A theory is a set of ideas that can be used to understand,
explain and make predictions about something. Theories of communication provide ways of analysing communication between people and give care practitioners an insight into what works and why.
Michael Argyle (1925–2002) was a social psychologist who researched and developed theories about human communication and interpersonal interaction. He focused on both verbal and non-verbal communication, carrying out...
608 Words | 2 Pages
Accounting Theory - 1573 Words
In his 1989 article Mouck cites Morgan (1988) who observed that:
“The idea that accountants represent reality ‘as is ‘ through the means of numbers that are objective and value free, has clouded the much more important insight that accountants are always engaged in interpreting a complex reality, partially, and in a way that is heavily weighted in favor of what the accountant is able to measure and chooses to measure…” (p. 480).
Discuss the extent to which the “scientific”...
1,573 Words | 5 Pages
Theory of Forms - 625 Words
Plato expounded his Theory of Forms over a writing career of some forty years. The theory was being refined over this period and is never fully explained in any one dialogue. Thus, any explanation of the theory, involves piecing together fragments as they appear throughout Plato's writings, and recasting the earlier statements in the light of the metaphysical framework developed in the later works.
General Statement of the Theory of Forms
The theory basically claims the existence...
625 Words | 2 Pages
Theories of Interpretation - 697 Words
Theories of Interpretation
Effective communication is a necessity in today's society. The proper skills and knowledge of communication is used everyday, all day long. More importantly, being able to understand how to communicate and how to interpret communication is stressed upon in a lot of settings. The interpretation of the communication styles from the movie In the Gloaming covers numerous different theories developed. Analyzing the theories on interpreting communication and explaining...
697 Words | 2 Pages
Philogiston Theory - 5595 Words
According to the phlogiston theory, propounded in the 17th century, every combustible substance consisted of a hypothetical principle of fire known as phlogiston,
which was liberated through burning, and a residue. The word phlogiston was first used early in the 18th century by the German chemist Georg Ernst Stahl. Stahl
declared that the rusting of iron was also a form of burning in which phlogiston was freed and the metal reduced to an ash or calx. The theory was...
5,595 Words | 19 Pages
Theory and Points - 442 Words
Theory Analysis Paper Instructions & Rubric (20%)
Your paper is to be presented in APA 6th Edition scholarly format using the required headings shown below and should be no longer then 7-10 pages. All papers must be submitted to the correct DropBox in eCompanion. Be sure to follow the rubric below and include all the required information, in APA 6th Edition format with references. See syllabus for PPT or YouTube presentation about your theorist (10%).
Requirements 100 points (20%)
442 Words | 2 Pages
Curriculum Theory - 455 Words
Curriculum Evaluation Assignment (1) (Cert.Ed.) |
| Discuss curriculum theories and relate them to own professional role.Place a specific curriculum within its social and educational contextDiscuss evaluation and quality assurance processes relevant to the selected curriculum and relate them to own professional role.Evaluate the selected curriculum using appropriate evidence and make proposals for improvement.2,000 - 2,500 words | |
You need to demonstrate in this assignment that you have...
455 Words | 2 Pages
Scientific Theory - 648 Words
A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspects of the natural world, based on a body of knowledge that has been repeatedly confirmed through observation and experiment. Scientist creates scientific theories from hypothesis that have been corroborated through the scientific method, then gather evidence to test their accuracy. The strength of a scientific theory is related to the diversity of phenomena it can explain, which is measured by its ability to...
648 Words | 2 Pages
Theories of Helping - 902 Words
Theories of Helping
Theories of Helping
The main reason for an annotated bibliography gives the reader a brief overview of an article or journal without reading the whole thing. The purpose of analysis of the annotation should give the reader a short analysis of the source. Annotated bibliography helps in research because the researcher can get a quick glimpse of the subject at hand and determined if the subject written has anything in common with want the researcher wants, without wasting a...
902 Words | 3 Pages
Nursing Theory - 417 Words
Theory is an analysis of a set of facts in relation to one another. A belief policy or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. Theory can be described as a concept that can be tested and used to explain an occurrence. (wisegeek.com)
Nursing Theory is the term given to the body of knowledge that is used to support nursing practice. An organized framework of concepts and purposes designed to guide the practice of nursing. (wikepedia.org/wiki/nursing-theory...
417 Words | 2 Pages
Holland's Theory - 834 Words
Multicultural Career Counseling
Grand Canyon University: PCN-525
August 30, 2013
This research paper will summarize “Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice”; followed by a practical application of the theory to this Author’s life. Other than the textbook for this class; one other resource cited in the reference section was used to make the following concise summation of Holland’s Theory.
Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice
834 Words | 3 Pages
accounting theory - 704 Words
There is always a reason behind each and every action of a human being. A man does not anything without any sound reason.
Regarding Finance, or financial matters, a man is always extra cautious and so, he never makes any financial transaction without any reason. As accounting deals with financial transactions, so every accounting work is also based on reasoning. Accounting Theories always try to explain with reason, the logic underlying a particular practice. Generally...
704 Words | 2 Pages
Grand Theories - 400 Words
A nursing theory is an idea formed by an experienced and educated nurse who has speculated his/her practice and formed and set of rules and techniques. “The basic purposes of theory are description, explanation, predication, and/or control” (Peterson & Bredow, 2008, p 26). They are modeled by the theorist’s personal observations and insights. Theories are very different due to the fact that Nursing encompasses so many different concepts compared to other professions. I have found that...
400 Words | 2 Pages
Nursing and Theories - 1975 Words
Submitted to: Dr. C. Dimaculangan
Submitted by: Johanna Patricia B. Posada, RN
Unit I- Introduction to Theory
1. How does the Nursing Theory assist the practicing nurse in the delivery of care to patients? Explain your answer.
Nursing theories are important to the lives of nurses because they help develop and understand further the nursing practice. These were formulated by the theorists because they believed that these will aid nurses in the holistic health...
1,975 Words | 7 Pages
Theory of Nightingale - 1495 Words
Processes For Analyzing Nursing Theory
With the development of many nursing theories, there arises the need to sort through the various ideas and critically analyze the worth for the profession and for personal practice. Just as any ideas should be examined before blind acceptance, so should nursing theory. A critique involves reflectively thinking about the theory and judging its value in a certain situation. A consideration regarding the contribution of the theory to body of knowledge must be...
1,495 Words | 5 Pages
Theories of Myths - 720 Words
Theories of Myth
January 29, 2010
Theories of myth and creation myths, how do they work together? That is what I will discuss in this paper. Unlike most papers, where you do a lot of research and have a few scholarly references, in this one I will base my information form the text book readings alone.
In the beginning of studying myths, I asked myself, “What is a myth”? A myth is an ancient narrative; a word; a story; it is not static...
720 Words | 3 Pages
Accounting theory - 1732 Words
3101AFE ACCOUNTING THEORY AND PRACTICE
TUTORIAL 1 - Semester 2 2014
Deegan Topic 1:
Introduction to financial accounting theory
QUESTION 1 - Question 1.8:
What is the difference between developing a theory by induction and developing a theory by deduction?
As explained in this chapter, theory that is developed through induction is developed as a result of undertaking a series of observations of particular events, and on the basis of these observations, a theory is developed....
1,732 Words | 6 Pages
Communication Theories - 1767 Words
Theories has different definitions to it such as, “Theory is a coherent group of tested general propositions, commonly regarded as correct, that can be used as principles of explanation and prediction for a class of phenomena”, as well as “Theory is a proposed explanation whose status is still conjectural and subject to experimentation, in contrast to well-established propositions that are regarded as reporting matters of actual facts”. (“theory”, n.d.).
Theories in communication are...
1,767 Words | 5 Pages
Attribution Theories - 878 Words
Application of Theories
Social Cognition – Psych 6201-2
December 28, 2013
Dr. Brian Uldall
The two attributions theories I have chosen for this paper are Heider’s “Naive Psychology Theory” And Kelley’s “Covariation Model.” The vignette I chosen is number two, James, 35-year-old African-American male.
Heider’s Attribution Theory: The Naive Psychology of Traits.
Heider founded the study of how ordinary people think about each...
878 Words | 3 Pages
Psychodynamic Theories - 1054 Words
Personality Overview Paper
The study of human personality has numerous theories. When looking at the differences of these theories, one can not help but wonder if the theories are a representation of the individual who developed them. There is also a question of variances based on geographical and time of which these theories were developed. Researchers gain a basic knowledge and understanding based on scientific research and current theories of the time. Combined with the...
1,054 Words | 4 Pages
Strain Theory - 470 Words
Strain theories look through a structural scope to examine crime in society. When people fail to meet societal goals, they feel a strain in their lives. An increase in strain can lead to an increase in crime.
Strain can be felt throughout any community, large or small. I’m from a town of 3,000 people in rural Iowa. Even though it is much smaller than a city such as Denver, problems with crime and delinquency still exist. A summer drought reduces the profits during...
470 Words | 2 Pages
Exemplar Theory - 459 Words
Exemplar Theory refers to an approach of categorization in psychology using which individuals can make decisions by comparing new examples with the examples which is already present in their mind. Instead of relying on a single prototype, categories have many or known exemplars that fit into them. When you come across something new, you can compare it with all members of a category. The greater the number of exemplars the new item will match, the better will it adapt against all...
459 Words | 2 Pages
Alderian Theory - 812 Words
This paper will discuss how the Adlerian theory reflects my personal values and beliefs as it relates to the practice of counseling as a clinician.
Adlerian Theory and My Style
After reading the three assigned theories the Adlerian theory more closely matched my personal values and beliefs. I selected the population that I currently work to be my current clients to be the basis of my paper. In my present job, the population served is clients with children that currently...
812 Words | 3 Pages
theory matrix - 503 Words
University of Phoenix Material/
Group Communication Theories Matrix
Communication Theories Matrix
Instructions: Complete the following matrix by filling in the box for each of the five communication theories with the following four items: the theory definition, the main principles of the theory, a real-world theory example, and an application of each theory to virtual communication.
Main principles of the theory...
503 Words | 2 Pages
Belenky's Theory - 812 Words
Theories about psychology have often been proven wrong over the course of time. At one point, Freud and his theories were seen as a revelation. Later on, people gawked at his ideas and moved on to Binet. Trends come and go over time but what makes a theory important is that it changed the way people looked at the world around them. Belenky and Gardner have both changed the field of psychology by offering a previously unheard of theory.
Belenky’s theory that women may think in a different way...
812 Words | 2 Pages
Theory Analysis - 710 Words
The ultimate goal of theory evaluation is to determine the potential of the theory to scientific knowledge.
• Theory evaluation:
o meaningful and logical adequacy
o Operational and empirical adequacy
o Contribution to understanding
o Pragmatic adequacy
Logical adequacy (diagramming) - identifying all theoretical terms (concepts, constructs, operational definitions, referents).
Theory is a set of interrelated concepts and...
710 Words | 3 Pages
Trait Theory - 712 Words
PSYC – 2009 -1
Dr. Tonya Inman
As I began the process of preparing for this week’s assignments and I noticed that a great deal of emphasis was being put on personality trait testing, I have to say I was a little bit nervous as I have never really put much stock into those particular types of tests being very accurate. But after reading chapters 7 and 8 in our text Personality: Theory and Research, the article on Gordon Allport, and...
712 Words | 2 Pages
Vygotsky theory - 507 Words
Vygotsky's Educational Theory
Vygotsky is an important theorist in the twentieth century in education. He has come up with the theory discussing the zone of proximal development and its application to the education of person with special needs. This theory has been put into practice in coming up with strategies for persons with intellectual challenges. But this however does not come up with full support as some of the propositions in his theories have been criticized.
In his theories he...
507 Words | 2 Pages
On Nursing Theories - 369 Words
I have interviewed three nurses regarding nursing theories and their applications in real life. In my interview, they all came up with the same opinion about the theories. According to them – and I might have to agree – the theories aren’t that much useful to the practical duties as nurses. Though, Ernesto admits that these theories are the basis of what nurses do everyday. Eleanor says that when you are in an emergency situation or if immediate action is required, you will almost forget to...
369 Words | 1 Page
Staples Theory - 2405 Words
Question: Focus on one particular Political Economy Theory studied during the
Course and apply it to the economic history of Canada. Criticize and/or
Support its explanatory power and suggest possible avenues to improve the theoretical framework?
To understand, the history of Canada economically, it is important to examine the reasons why the country’s economy formed into its present form. The Staples theory is the most appropriate theory to use when looking into the economic...
2,405 Words | 7 Pages
Theories and Hypotheses - 2025 Words
Theories and Hypotheses: The Differences and Similarities
This paper is an examination of theories and hypotheses, their differences and similarities. The four major types of theories studied are Deductive, Inductive, Grounded and Axiomatic. Each type of theories is introduced and explained. Additionally, a hypothesis is defined in relation to a theory, and the key differences between the two explained. The variables which exist...
2,025 Words | 5 Pages
Theory Research - 538 Words
Chapter IV: Theories in Scientific Research
Theories- are explanations of natural or social behaviour, event or phenomenon.
Scientific Theory- is a system of constructs (concepts) and propositions (relationship between those constructs). It presents a logical, systematic and coherent explanations of a phenomenon of interest.
Theories should explain why things happen rather than describe or predict. Prediction requires “correlations” while Explanations require “causations” or understanding...
538 Words | 3 Pages
Uses and Gratifications Theory, Cultivation Theory, Agenda Setting Theory
Explanation of Theory:
Cultural Imperialism Theory states that Western nations dominate the media around the world which in return has a powerful effect on Third World Cultures by
Western Civilization produces the majority of the media (film, news, comics, etc.) because they have the money to do so. The rest of the world purchases those productions because it is cheaper for them to do so rather than produce their own. Therefore, Third World...
1,941 Words | 6 Pages
The Role Theory and Neodissociative Theory Views of Hypnosis
Explain the role theory and neodissociative theory views of hypnosis
In this paper one will find out some of the theories on hypnosis. These theories would include the role theory and the neodissociative theory. They both explain how hypnosis may work and what its effects are on people. Also how we react to hypnosis. In addition to that they explain what hypnosis is. Explain the role theory and neodissociative theory views of hypnosis
There are many theories that...
644 Words | 2 Pages
Human Relations Theory vs Scientific Method Theory
Scientific Method Theory
By Fedrick Taylor
Human Relations Theory
By Elton Mayo
Subject: Human Relations
Date: 14th October, 2010
The Scientific Management Theory (Taylorism)
In 1911, Frederick Winslow Taylor published his work, The Principles of Scientific Management, in which he described how the application of the scientific method to the management of workers greatly could improve productivity.
Scientific management methods...
966 Words | 4 Pages
Expectancy Violation Theory - 1040 Words
Expectancy Violation Theory
Have you ever felt like someone was violating your personal space? What makes you decide what is too close for comfort? The Expectancy Violation Theory explains how we react to our person space being invaded and how we perceive the violator. We have different opinions of people invading our personal space depending on who the violator is. Would you feel the same way about your boss hugging you as if your friend hugged you? That is what the expectancy violation...
1,040 Words | 3 Pages
The Natural Sciences in Theory of Knowledge
* What connotations does the word "science" have for you? Are they positive, negative or mixed?
* The words, to me, have a lot of positive connotations, such as clever, knowledgeable, innovative, inventive, proofing, influential etc. Science brings positive imagery to my mind, it is a very helpful way of knowing, it enables individuals to settle complications very thoroughly in terms of experimental conduction as well as a mathematical calculations.
* How are scientists...
371 Words | 2 Pages
Theory of personality in organizational Behavior
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Front Matter 2-4
Learning Objectives 3
Scope of the Project 3
I. Introduction 5-10
Introduction to Personality Theory 5
What is a Theory 6
Why Different theories 9
II. Theories of Personality...
38,014 Words | 113 Pages
Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory - 924 Words
There are many different theories about development, however some of the theories apply to actual development more than others and describe development better. The theory that applies most to development is Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, which was created by Erik Erikson. Several other theories do not apply to development as much, the one created by Sigmund Freud, his Psychoanalytic Theory which is one theory that least describes development.
Erik Erikson created a Psychosocial Theory that...
924 Words | 3 Pages
Freud Dream Theory - 438 Words
The Freud dream theory also known as “wish fulfillment” states that dreams are disguised as a way to satisfy unconscious urges or to resolve internal conflicts. That to humans is too hard or complex to deal with consciously (Douglas Bernstein, 2008). I am in accordance with Frauds theory, the brain is a very complex and mystifying organ.
I feel that there is no way that these images, or scenes are a type of waste that the body produces, like your regular bowel movements. However I do believe...
438 Words | 1 Page
Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applications
Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applications
Robin A. Finlayson
University of Saskatchewan
Ed.Psy: 855.3: Advanced Educational Psychology
October 16, 1996
How individuals are able to obtain knowledge is something that
psychologists have studied for a number of years. The ability to store and
retrieve knowledge provides individuals with the propensity to form logical
thought, express emotions and internalize the world around them. In order for a
3,238 Words | 11 Pages
Personal Theory Paper - 808 Words
Personal Theory Paper
Natalie R. Cook
November 3rd, 2014
Theory of Deception
It is in my own theory that I believe mind is more powerful than anything humanly possible. I believe if we scare ourselves enough than our minds play tricks on us. A person who is sick that would need psychotherapy could actually have been through a traumatic event that is making them believe they are depressed, or full of anxiety. I believe this theory only from first-hand...
808 Words | 3 Pages
Applying Watson's Theory to Practice
Applying Watson's theory to practice
The Free Online dictionary’s definition of caring is: To provide needed assistance
or watchful supervision. Jean Watson defined caring as a nurturing response to a patient with whom the nurse feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility (Nursing Theory and Theorist, 2008).
Jean Watson began developing her theory in 1979. She published her first book in 1979, her second in 1985. Her intention was to develop and define caring as a science. She...
1,260 Words | 4 Pages
Analyzing counseling theories - 545 Words
Analyzing Counseling Theories
Analyzing Counseling Theories
Part 1: Chart
The Feminine Mystique (1963)
Feminist counseling (1970s)
Radical, liberal, and moderate
Spectrum or integral approach
Gender role expectations’ impact on human development
Traditional theories are not applicable
545 Words | 3 Pages
Explanation of Communication Theory - 3265 Words
Throughout the semester, we have studied numerous communication theories. Their purpose is to help understand exactly what happens when we interact with others. We might not necessarily agree with all of the theories, but the idea is to develop tools to evaluate situations we may encounter. Often, when the theories are explained in the readings or lecture, it is beneficial to apply the concepts to a "real life" situation. Using this approach, I will use a situation that many of us have faced, or...
3,265 Words | 10 Pages
Essay on Group Theory - 569 Words
There are many different groups that we fall in to on a daily basis, for example friendship groups, class groups and family groups. If, for example someone is with their friends they might take on a different role to when they are sitting in a class discussion. In a group discussion people will need to take on different roles for it to be effective. For example some people may take on the role of an energiser to keep the group motivated; others may take on an uncommitted role where they sit out...
569 Words | 2 Pages
Psychological theories for explaining crime
The Psychological Theories of Crime
Researchers in many disciplines have tried to understand why crime takes place and they have develop several theories for explaining crime. (Barkan and Bryjak, pg. 41) There are three different theories that explain the reasons of crime. Rational choice, deterrence and routine activities theory, biological and psychological theories and sociological theories. My focus on this paper are the different psychological...
644 Words | 2 Pages
Theories About Interpersonal Dynamics
Theories about Interpersonal Dynamics
A good theory is simple and testable, and it is not isolated from our daily life. Based on the theories I have learned from the previous weeks, I found out that theories are applying in our daily life and related to the relationship with people, I would like to discuss the theories about interpersonal dynamics which is consisted of two theories: interactional theory and dialectical theory.
Interactional theory is defined as a communication system in...
1,014 Words | 3 Pages
Personal Theory Paper - 963 Words
Theories and Practice: Human Services in Criminal Justice CJHS/400
October 20, 2014
Throughout my experience my current course, Theories and Practices: Human Services in Criminal Justice, I have learned plenty of information about the various theories of psychotherapy in counseling. Some of these theories operate on the basis of recognizing errors in thinking and correcting those errors. Other theories operate on the basis...
963 Words | 3 Pages
Critique of Jean Watson's Theory
Theory Critique of the Human Caring Theory
October 03, 2012
Theory Critique of the Human Caring Theory
The Theory of Human Caring was written by Jean Watson. This model consists of ten carative factors to assist nurses with caring for their patients. Dr. Watson calls this a transpersonal relationship. Watson defines transpersonal care ‘as the capacity of one human being to receive another human being’s expression of feelings and to experience...
1,312 Words | 4 Pages
Ways of Evaluating a Nursing Theory.
Pergamon PII: SOO20-7489(96)00024-7
hf. J. Nurs. Stud,Vol 34, No. I, pp. 7683, 1997 (0 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved Printed in Great Britain 00X-7489/97 %17.00+0.00
The evaluation of nursing theory: a method for our madness
Sharon L. Dudley-Brown
Assistant Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Department of Material and Clinical Health, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. (Received 20 March 1995;revised 13 January 1996;accepted 11 March 1996)
6,406 Words | 19 Pages
Comparison of Sytems and Scientific Theories
Comaprisonof Systems and Scientific Theories
Theories of OrgComm
Organizations have evolved in many different ways throughout history. On one spectrum of the different theories that are to be examined is the Scientific Management theory, which has its roots in early forms of organizations and uses a theme that is based on efficiency. The other theory that will be used to compare and contrast with Scientific Management will be Systems theory. These...
1,068 Words | 3 Pages
Positive Accounting Theory - 452 Words
How would critical theorists assess research based on the Positive Accounting Theory?
Accounting researchers tend to accept current accounting systems. Rather than focusing on why accounting systems favour certain classes of society, research is mainly carried out to such things as what accounting methods are most appropriate in certain circumstances, what motivates managers to use one accounting method over another and disclosure. By looking at accounting with a critical perspective is to...
452 Words | 2 Pages
Personal Theory Paper - 3666 Words
Personal Theory Paper
This paper is the development of my personal theory on Christian Counseling. I use many scriptural references to support my beliefs and stress the importance of gaining wisdom and knowledge from the bible. It incorporates all of the presentations, readings, and critiques I did at Liberty University’s Theology and Spirituality in counseling course. I talk about how I integrate Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality into my...
3,666 Words | 10 Pages
The Blank Slate Theory - 311 Words
The Blank Slate Theory
Many things we know about science today derived from scientific theories. However, not all scientific theories made were correct. Take for example Spontaneous Generation, or the scientific theory of “Bad Air”, or in this case, Tabula Rasa, or The Blank Slate theory. We all want to believe that we create our own personality with the choices we make, but are there traits in our personality inherited?
Firstly, from the book “The Blank Slate Theory: The modern Denial...
311 Words | 1 Page
Theory of Ecology-Cause of Crime
The theory of Ecology, meaning disorganized neighborhoods, is the theory that best explains the causes of crime. Ecological criminology was the first social criminology. This developed during the 1920s at the Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago. Ecology is the study of relationships between an organism and the environment it lives in, and this type of theory explains crime by the disorganized eco areas where people live instead of the kind of people who live there. The major...
351 Words | 1 Page
Positive Accounting Theory - 2419 Words
Compare and contrast normative and positive accounting approaches:
Definition of PAT:
Watts and Zimmerman (1986) defined Pat as a theory that seeks to explain and predicts particular phenomenon. It is concerned with explaining accounting practice. The three basic hypotheses as outlined by Watts and Zimmerman (1978) underlying PAT are:
1. Bonus plan hypothesis:
The bonus plan hypothesis is that managers of firms with bonus plans are more likely to use accounting methods that increase...
2,419 Words | 7 Pages
Communication Theories and Context Review
University of Phoenix Material
U of O
Communication can be understood by examining the context in which communication takes place and by reviewing some of the theories that govern how communication works within each context.
Part A – Communication Contexts
Directions: Define each communication context.
Part B – Communication Contexts and Their Related...
455 Words | 4 Pages
Relevancy of Institutional Theory for Managers.
Institutional theory is one the most renowned theoretical approaches to internationalization process of firms. From the 70s, there have been publications supporting and developing this theory by researchers such as Di Maggio, Powell, Scott, Meyer or Rowan. Nonetheless, some other alternative theories, such as OLI paradigm or TCE model, have also proven themselves quite significant. Shortell and Kalunzy (2000, p. 24) state that organizations must face certain external factors such “external or...
1,703 Words | 5 Pages
THEORY IN PRACTISE CSTL3 - 2159 Words
ESSAY: THEORY IN PRACTICE CST-L3
There are three main theoretical approaches/models used in Counselling: Humanistic/Person centred developed by Carl Rodgers, Psychodynamic theories developed by Sigmund Freud and Behavioural therapies such as (T/A) TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS founded by Eric Berne and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
If any of the above are used effectively in practice, a therapist will be able to help an individual achieve positive change in problematic areas...
2,159 Words | 6 Pages
Spiral of Silence Theory - 2026 Words
Spiral of Silence Theory
Explanation of Theory:
The Spiral of Silence theory explains why people often feel the need to conceal their opinions/preference/views/etc. when they fall within the minority of a group.
Theorist: Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann
Noelle-Neumann, E. (1984). The Spiral of Silence. University of Chicago, Chicago.
In this sense, the theory is extremely scientific. Spiral of Silence...
2,026 Words | 6 Pages
Sociotechnical Theory Efile - 1169 Words
Brilliant on the Basics of Socio-Technical Theory
“Rolling out E-File”
[Pick the date]
Socio Technical Theory has an undeniable impact on corporations and businesses. This ideal is a tool that facilitates a smooth change process in technology implementation or a chaotic one. This case study proved the importance of this tool and validated the positive turnaround if it’s utilized properly. It also allowed one corporation’s turn around by balancing the social system and the technical...
1,169 Words | 3 Pages
Leadership Member Exchange Theory
There are many theories galore in business. Most have a lot of practicality behind them. The Leadership Member Exchange Theory is one of those theories. Human beings tend to form relationships with others. Some relationships are good. Some aren’t. This theory examines the relationship between a leader and his group members and the unique ways these relationships can develop. People who are closer to the leader and usually have more responsibility and higher access to available resources are...
256 Words | 1 Page
How Are Theories Formed?
What is a Theory?
We often hear someone say “That’s just a theory” or on the contrary - “In theory and in practice, it always works.” This term may indeed hold in itself a somewhat ambiguous undertone, and lead to confusion and misuse. Let’s look at the origin of the word; according to an etymology dictionary, theory derives from the Greek “theoréo” which means ‘to look at’, ‘to observe’. The definition tells us that one must firstly observe a phenomenon so that a theory about a certain...
1,797 Words | 5 Pages
Dispostional Personality Theories - 263 Words
Dispositional Personality Theories
The two most common dispositional theories are Allport’s psychology of the individual theory and the trait and factor theory. Allport’s psychology of the individual theory emphasized that people are unique, even though they may share traits in common, and those unique qualities are what should be focused on. “More than any other personality theorist, Gordon Allport emphasized the uniqueness of the individual. He believed that attempts to describe people in...
263 Words | 1 Page
Positive Accounting Theory and Science
Positive Accounting Theory and Science
Md Humayun Kabir Senior Lecturer Faculty of Business Auckland University of Technology Auckland, New Zealand Phone: 09 921 9999 E-mail: [email protected]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Earlier versions of this paper benefited from comments from Lee Parker of the University of South Australia, William Maguire of Manukau Business School, Keith Hooper of Auckland University of Technology,...
8,517 Words | 25 Pages
Career Guidance Theories - 4135 Words
Career Guidance Theories
Existing career theories do not adequately account for the uncertain and rapidly changing occupational structure, nor do they address the needs of peripheral and external workers. Even for core workers, there is a decline in identifiable and predictable career routes. Established paths and traditional scripts are dissolving. Rather than developing a stable life based on secure employment, most workers today must maintain flexible employability through lifelong...
4,135 Words | 14 Pages
Is evolution a true theory
Creationism Vs Evolutionism
Is evolution a true theory? President Bush said that anything about mankind’s origins should be taught in classrooms (“Recent”). 49% of people think that religion should be taught more at school. 23% of people think creationism should be taught. People think school teachers should talk about all types of theories about how man came into existence. The government should allow creationism and evolution to be taught because evolution is based on a lot of theories,...
577 Words | 2 Pages
Family Theories Essay - 437 Words
Social unit of two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship.
Different types of concepts are used in family theories. Some point to the structure of a family, its composition or the way it is organized. Some concepts describe patterns of social interaction, the quality of relationships, or processes that occur in families. Some theoretical concepts show how other...
437 Words | 2 Pages
Theory and Brand Communication - 381 Words
To clarify the essay, we are looking for you to show your understanding of two or three models/theories about persuasion in advertising by critically discussing them i.e. how well do they explain persuasion? Do you agree with the theory, or are there some exceptions to the theory perhaps based on adverts you have seen recently? If you are looking at the ELM, why is it a 'good' theory, and why is it bad (what does it NOT explain?). The trick here is to offset theories against each other i.e....
381 Words | 2 Pages
Fraternity: Theory and Student Development
For years theory has been used to describe, explain, predict, and control student
development. Fraternity/sorority professionals, both on campuses and at inter/national
organizations, often understand that student development theory should help guide their
practice. But once the busy school year starts, many professionals do not have the
chance to refresh on the fundamental theories that frame fraternity/sorority work, and they
often forget to apply the theories.
This handbook briefly...
1,534 Words | 6 Pages
Adult Learning Theories - 261 Words
Theories of Learning
Fill in the following boxes by defining Elemental and Holistic Models of Development. Then you will describe 2 theories, including theorist (s) from each model of development. Finally you will list the important points derived from each model learning theory. Save this document and type directly onto the document and into the boxes. The boxes will expand to accommodate what you write. Submit as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.
Model | Definition of...
261 Words | 1 Page
Theories of Performance in Theatre - 1117 Words
Critical theory, with it’s origins in cultural theory is, “the attempt to understand in a systematic way the nature of human cultural forms such as language and art” (Fortier, 2002. P2). The subject is not new and began at least as far back as ancient Greece. In the ninteeth and twentieth centuries with the rise of philosophical and psycological analysis and its application in literary criticism has lead to a diverse, and sometimes divided, debate on languge, text, art and meaning. Here I will...
1,117 Words | 4 Pages
Situation Specific Theory - 347 Words
Running head: SITUATION SPECIFIC THEORY
Situation Specific Theory
Situation Specific Theory
Theory of Evolution
Situation specific theories provide nursing practice that is specific to a certain nursing phenomenon. It limits the consideration of patients and their dynamic historic and sociocultural context (Im & Meleis, 1999).
Veteran’s Healthcare Services (VA) was developed specifically for the...
347 Words | 2 Pages
Human Communication Theory - 2924 Words
Comm Theory Review Questions
Elaboration Likelihood Model
Owner: Richard Petty & John Cacioppo
1. Identify and explain the two mental routes to attitude change. Are these routes mutually exclusive? What separates the twin poles on the cognitive continuum?
Central Route: Message elaboration; the path of cognitive processing that involves scrutiny of message content.
Peripheral Route: No message elaboration; a mental shortcut process that accepts or rejects a message based on...
2,924 Words | 9 Pages
Modern Management Theory - 515 Words
Modern Management Theory
Management is one or the other form has existed in every nook and corner of the world since the dawn of civilization. Modern Management has grown with the growth of socialeconomics and scientific institution. Modern view consists that a worker does not work for only money. They work for their satisfaction and happiness with good living style. Here Non- financial award is most important factor. Modern management theories started after 1950s. Modern management theory...
515 Words | 2 Pages
Social Learning Theory (Psycology)
There are several different theories that attempt to explain why people behave the way that they do. Many theories contend that the reason people act certain ways is because that is the way they have learned to act. One of these theories is Albert Bandura’s social learning theory. This theory states that the way people behave is dependent on what they observe others doing and the outcomes of others’ actions. I felt like this would be a good topic to choose because I am very...
1,717 Words | 5 Pages
Positive Accounting Theory - 12185 Words
Positive Accounting Theory: A Ten Year Perspective Author(s): Ross L. Watts and Jerold L. Zimmerman Reviewed work(s): Source: The Accounting Review, Vol. 65, No. 1 (Jan., 1990), pp. 131-156 Published by: American Accounting Association Stable URL: http://jstor.org/stable/247880 . Accessed: 31/10/2011 02:22
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp JSTOR is a not-for-profit...
12,185 Words | 41 Pages
Small Group Theories - 1026 Words
Chapter Two: Small Group Communication Theory
Describe some of the Central Issues (nature, function, relevance) of Group Communication Theory.
Discuss Five General Theories that apply to Small Group Communication.
Explain the Constellation Model of Small Group Communication.
Identify some of the Components of Small Group Communication.
The Nature of Theory and the Theory-Building Process
Theories are very practical.
Theory building is a common, natural process of...
1,026 Words | 4 Pages
Probability Theory and Coins - 541 Words
Week Four Discussion 2
1. In your own words, describe two main differences between classical and empirical probabilities. The differences between classical and empirical probabilities are that classical assumes that all outcomes are likely to occur, while empirical involves actually physically observing and collecting the information.
2. Gather coins you find around your home or in your pocket or purse. You will need an even number of coins (any denomination) between 16 and 30. You do...
541 Words | 2 Pages
Choice Theory And Digital Crime
Choice Theory and Digital Crime
July 25 2014
Choice Theory and Digital Crime
There are several different theories that could be used to describe those who commit computer crimes. I am going to summarize Choice Theory and why I think it is most relevant to computer crimes. The Choice Theory basically in a nut shell says that a person will choose to commit a crime even after weighing the positive and negative outcomes of doing so. To this person...
373 Words | 2 Pages
Symbolic Convergence Theory - 7985 Words
SYMBOLIC CONVERGENCE THEORY
Symbolic convergence theory (SCT) is a general communication theory that offers an explanation for the appearance of a groups cohesiveness, consisting of shared emotions, motives, and meanings. Symbolic convergence theory provides a description of the dynamic tendencies within systems of social interaction that cause communicative practices and forms to evolve. This theory allows theorists and practitioners to anticipate or predict what will happen and explain...
7,985 Words | 23 Pages
Theories of Human Nature - 768 Words
In this paper I will contrast the five theories of human nature, and explain why I believe one to be more superior to the other four. To begin, the five theories of human nature are, rationality, divinity, man-machine, existentialism, and cultural.
The first of the five theories is rationality, and simply states that one uses knowledge with the process of thought to draw a conclusion. If a dog’s bowl full of food in the morning, but later in the afternoon it has become empty. One could...
768 Words | 2 Pages
Scientific Management Theory - 480 Words
Scientific Management Theory (1890-1940)
Scientific Management is defined as the use of the scientific method to define the "one best way" for a job to be done. At the turn of the century, the most notable organizations were large and industrialized. Often they included ongoing, routine tasks that manufactured a variety of products. The United States highly prized scientific and technical matters, including careful measurement and specification of activities and results. Management tended to be...
480 Words | 2 Pages
Plato's Two-World Theory
How Plato Used His Two-Worlds Theory As an Argument Against
the Three Predominant Pre-Socratic Theories on Reality
One of the ongoing quests in human history is the search for what is reality composed of and what can one use to determine what is real and what is merely an illusion or perhaps part of a false reality. This search can be traced back as far as some of the pre-Socratic philosophers. The three more popular theories that were around came from three pre-Socratic philosophers,...
989 Words | 3 Pages
Theory of Mind Term Paper
Theory of Mind-- Innate or Developed?
February 1, 2011
What separates mankind from his primate relatives? Is it our mastery of language both written and spoken? Without training and education is mankind so very different from their wilder counterparts? These are questions asked but not as easily answered as one might think.
Theory of Mind
Many scientists would say that the ability to...
1,194 Words | 4 Pages
positive accounting theory - 523 Words
What is Positive Accounting Theory?
Positive Accounting Theory is the branch of academic research in accounting that tries to make good predictions of real world events and translate them to accounting transactions. This contrasts with normative accounting theory, which that tries to recommend what should be done. Positive Theories try to explain and predicts actions such as which accounting policies firms will choose and how firms will react to newly proposed accounting standards. ...
523 Words | 2 Pages