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Plato Essays & Research Papers

Best Plato Essays

  • Plato - 629 Words Alexandra Ayala Philo 101 (10:05-11:30) Plato (Phaedo) Take Home Exam I. 1.) True; Simmias uses the theory of recollection in his argument against Socrates about the soul and it having immortality, or not. He uses an analogy of an instrument to represent the body, and the instrument’s attunement to represent the soul. He makes a stand that if the body of an instrument can be destroyed, which will then cause the attunement to also be destroyed, then isn’t that saying the same for the... 629 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 990 Words Hoonmo Koo Professor Richard Fletcher Philosophy 3210 March 4, 2013 History of Ancient Philosophy Paper 2 Recall that at Apology 37d, “It would be a fine life for me, indeed, a man of my age, to go into exile and spend his life exchanging one city for another, because he’s always being expelled (C. D. C. Reeve, P-Apology 37d)” Admittedly, Socrates could probably have avoided death by recommending exile if he wanted to, but he chose not to do so. Then, what exactly, was in his mind? After... 990 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - 984 Words English 104 10/1/2014 The Irony of Socrates Socrates was thought to be ahead of his time. At the time, the citizens of Athens believed that their government had the ultimate power and nothing could be higher. So of course when one person chose to believe another view, the government became a part of the situation to maintain a sense of peace thorough the nation. This didn’t sit well with Socrates. He wanted as many people to know about his knowledge as possible because he had found... 984 Words | 3 Pages
  • plato - 997 Words Wisdom and Ignorance Are They Synonyms? In The Apology, by Plato, Socrates explains who he is and what kind of life he lived; he also identified himself with being wise and having a gift of wisdom. The title though is a bit misleading; it is not to be confused with "apologizing" or "being sorry" for one's actions. It is, Socrates attempt to defend himself and his conduct--certainly not to apologize for it. Socrates used different images or ways to describe wisdom, and that came off as being... 997 Words | 3 Pages
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  • Plato - 483 Words Biography of Plato. Plato was a Greek philosopher, mathematician, rhetorician, writer, founder of Academy, and even a double Olympic champion. He was born in 427 BCE in family of wealthy and influential Athenian parents: Ariston and Perictione. Plato's real name was Aristocles. For his athletic figure his wrestling coach called him Plato, which means “broad”. As Plato was from a wealthy family, he got the best teachers of that time, who taught him music, grammar and athletics. At the age... 483 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 631 Words In Plato’s “An Argument for Dualism from ‘Alcibiades I,’” he discusses the idea that man is one of three things: soul, body, or both together forming a whole. In his dialogue between Socrates and Alcibiades, Plato argues that neither the body, nor the union of soul and body is man. This leads him to claim that either man has no real existence or the soul is man. Plato’s assertion directs the reader to the conclusion of his argument, which is to prove that the soul is man. This argument begins... 631 Words | 2 Pages
  • plato - 1183 Words  Euthyphro – Plato NAME PHI208: Ethics and Moral Reasoning Instructor date Euthyphro – Plato The discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro is one of the most famous Socratic discussions because of the meaning set behind the actions. This discussion is focused on what is the piety or the holiness asked by Socrates to Euthyphro. Socrates appoints Euthyphro to help him understand what piety is as he admits he does not know, in order to help with his case... 1,183 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - 2263 Words Apology, in greek, means ‘to give defense’ (###). In Plato’s Apology, Socrates is blamed for numerous acts and elegantly defends himself in front of the court. To start off, he was first accused of studying astrology and demonology and passing his knowledge and beliefs to other people. His first response to this was blatantly asking who has heard him speaking of such acts: “…should tell each other if anyone of you has ever heard me discussing such subjects to any extent at all” (19d). He also... 2,263 Words | 6 Pages
  • Plato - 2312 Words Due to experiencing the volatile state of the Athenian government, it is not surprising that Socrates had much to say on the topic of political philosophy. Central to his political theory was his position on how citizens ought to approach ethics and politics. In the Apology, Socrates' conduct demonstrates his belief that citizens must not be complacent when it comes to political virtue. In order to push citizens out of complacency, Socrates used a method called the “elecnhus” to prod citizens... 2,312 Words | 6 Pages
  • Plato - 1686 Words There were many great philosophers who have contributed in making philosophy what it is today, one of them being Plato. In addition to being an outstanding philosopher, he was also a mathematician and a writer. One of Plato’s biggest inspirations was his very own teacher Socrates. Socrates never wrote down a word of what he said, but thankfully Plato was able to record it all down for him and wrote many dialogues about Socrates words and teachings. One of Plato’s most famous works was his... 1,686 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato - 119772 Words THE REPUBLIC PLATO CONTENTS I Of Wealth, Justice, Moderation, and their Opposites II The Individual, the State, and Education III The Arts in Education IV Wealth, Poverty, and Virtue V On Matrimony and Philosophy VI The Philosophy of Government VII On Shadows and Realities in Education VIII Four Forms of Government IX On Wrong or Right Government, and the Pleasures of Each X The Recompense of Life BOOK I OF WEALTH, JUSTICE, MODERATION, AND THEIR OPPOSITES Persons of the Dialogue... 119,772 Words | 293 Pages
  • plato - 262 Words In his extended metaphor, “The Allegory of the Cave,” Plato describes a conversation between his brother, Glaucon, and Socrates about the difficulty of understanding reality. Behind these prisoners are puppeteers who hold a puppet-show using the shadows of the fire behind them. The prisoners can only see the shadows casted by the puppeteers and they can only hear the sound of echoes from behind. For their whole lives, they are only accustomed to see these shadows in the shape of fake objects... 262 Words | 1 Page
  • Plato - 1546 Words 1. Introduction In this essay in is a discussion about based on philosopher and which group of people Plato thinks should be ruling and why. The essay will start off with clarifying key concepts, for example what is a philosopher because it is much easier to understand the easy when one understands the key terms in it, terms that will appear throughout the essay itself. Then Plato’s theory will then be analysed in more detail and it is also of great importance that one also talks about... 1,546 Words | 4 Pages
  • Plato - 579 Words PLATO ON TRADITION AND BELIEF. 1.Socrates gets Laches to agree to a new definition of courage by arguing that not all cases of courage are a sort of endurance.He asks Laches if he would consider courage to be noble to which Laches replies he would.Socrates then asks him would he consider foolish endurance to be seen as hurtful,to which Laches also agrees.With this in mind Laches agrees to a new definition of courage to include only wise endurance. 2/5 2.They conclude that... 579 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - 465 Words In most of the ancient world, strong fighters won all the glory. But in Athens, great thinkers and wise men were honored. People listened to them and followed their advice. Even today, people admire the ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Their teachings are at the root of modern philosophy and science. Alfred Whitehead is quoted as saying: “The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” If you really... 465 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 485 Words Plato, student of Socrates, and Aristotle, student of Plato, two of the most influential philosophers to have ever walked the earth, take two completely different approaches whilst talking about the formation of city states and epistemology itself. Plato primarily defined the nature of things in theoretical terms through metaphysics, in contrast to actual terms. Thus by looking to the 'higher forms' he aimed to explain the function of existing knowledge and understandings in the search for the... 485 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 470 Words Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called “forms” or “ideas”) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not... 470 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 1502 Words 427-347 BC Updated, 10/3/07 The Republic is one of Plato’s longer works (more than 450 pages in length). It is written in dialogue form (as are most of Plato’s books), & it addresses major issues in almost all of the branches of philosophy. The central theme in the book seems to be the nature of justice, a topic in political philosophy, but Plato also has his characters explore issues in  philosophical cosmology,  philosophical theology,  philosophical anthropology, ... 1,502 Words | 8 Pages
  • Plato - 440 Words Plato - Plato WHEN Socrates was sixty years old, Plato, then a youth of twenty, came to him as a pupil. When Plato was sixty years old, the seventeen-year-old Aristotle presented himself, joining the Teacher's group of "Friends," as the members of the Academy called themselves. Aristotle was a youth of gentle birth and breeding, his father occupying the position of physician to King Philip of Macedon. Possessed of a strong character, a penetrating intellect, apparent sincerity, but great... 440 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 280 Words Plato’s Allegory of the Cave Plato’s Allegory of the cave is a written dialogue between his brother, Glaucon and his mentor, Socrates. Socrates asked Glaucon to imagine a cave inhabited with prisoners since childhood, with legs and hands chained fixedly so that all they could see was the wall. They came to believe that the shadows of the cave were real. Socrates then explained that once the prisoners were freed from the cave, the lights from the outside world would first pain their eyes, and... 280 Words | 1 Page
  • Plato - 1018 Words Plato’s account of imitation would seem to be relatively simple at this stage; mimesis appears to be translatable as “representation”, an expression of character whereby the poet (using dialogue) and the actor (in a dramatic presentation) imitate a character. Furthermore, where that imitated character has undesirable traits, the imitation is to be avoided. And later, in Book X, Plato claims that most poetry of necessity contains evil men (in order to produce interest and pleasure), and this too... 1,018 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - 835 Words Plato (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/;[1] Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "broad";[2] 428/427 or 424/423 BCE[a] – 348/347 BCE) was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece, and an influential figure in philosophy, central in Western philosophy. He was Socrates' student, and founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with Socrates and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science.[3] Alfred... 835 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - 1707 Words Tearra Daniel Philosophy 1030 Plato 2/20/2013 Plato was a well-known wrestler, and the name by which we know him today was his ring name. Plato means broad or flat: presumably in this case the former meaning, referring to his shoulder. At his birth in 429 B.C. Plato was given the name Aristocles. He was born in Athens, or on the island of Aegina, which lies just twelve miles offshores from Athens in the Saronic Gulf. Plato was born into one of the great political families of Athens.... 1,707 Words | 5 Pages
  • PLATO - 449 Words  Grant MacEwan University Winter 2014 (EX04) Philosophy 101 Values and Society Term Paper Write an essay of about 2000-2500 words on one of the following topics. Try to explain clearly the views and arguments you discuss and your own view of the topic. You should also try to identify the greatest weaknesses of views and arguments you discuss, and whether you think they can be replied to. Be selective. In the space available you will not be able to discuss every aspect of the... 449 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato - 930 Words  All in One: Knowledge, Opinion, and Teaching Phil-290-07 February 17, 2012 Knowledge and opinion essentially form the entire dialogue of Plato’s Meno. Throughout the dialogue Socrates and Meno are on the search for whether virtue can be taught. From Socrates and Meno’s search for virtue, the importance of understanding knowledge and opinion becomes evident. Socrates and Meno’s search for virtue results in three themes. These themes are the... 930 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato on Justice - 1002 Words Plato's interpretation of justice as seen in ‘The Republic' is a vastly different one when compared to what we and even the philosophers of his own time are accustomed to. Plato would say justice is the act of carrying out one's duties as he is fitted with. Moreover, if one's duties require one to lie or commit something else that is not traditionally viewed along with justice; that too is considered just by Plato's accounts in ‘The Republic.' I believe Plato's account of justice, and his... 1,002 Words | 3 Pages
  • Philosophy Plato - 606 Words Plato was born in Athens in 428 /427 BC ­ When Socrates was around 42 yrs old. For Plato, just like for Socrates, Philosophy was ; ­ A way of life not just a specialised and technical activity in about 387 BC, he attended The Academy ­ lasted for a 1000 yrs. Socrates was only interested in ­ ethics. While Plato was interested in ­ ethics, metaphysics, politics, aesthetics, Mathematics Plato's Allegory (story in which there is a fact & a true story) of the Cave... 606 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and Socrates - 472 Words Plato and Socrates Classical Greece in the 4th and 5th centuries BC was a period in which some of history’s greatest philosophers lived. The relationship between Plato, and his mentor Socrates was, for Plato, one of reverence. Plato viewed his teacher as an inspiration and as a philosophical model to emulate. Plato was a student of Socrates. Plato is the main eye-witness source for the life of Socrates and we know from his account of Socrates’ trial that Plato was a student at the time.... 472 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and Socrates - 1676 Words Socrates, in his conviction from the Athenian jury, was both innocent and guilty as charged. In Plato's Five Dialogues, accounts of events ranging from just prior to Socrates' entry into the courthouse up until his mouthful of hemlock, both points are represented. Socrates' in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such. The laws didn't find Socrates guilty; Socrates was... 1,676 Words | 4 Pages
  • Confucius and Plato - 573 Words Confucius and Plato Editor Ken Wolf, at the beginning of the essay Confucius and Plato: A Few Really Good People, poses the question: “What is the best way to create a strong society?” (Wolf 25) It was surprising to a novice student of philosophy how similar the ideas of the ancient Chinese sage Confucius and famous Greek philosopher Plato were. Although, Confucius and Plato both made major contributions to the development of society, they showed both similarities and differences in... 573 Words | 2 Pages
  • Pi and Plato - 2865 Words Dennis Pang Hock Academic English IV 16 October 2012 To seek the truth of the unknown is the inquisitive nature of humans. One cannot help but acknowledge that they are a tiny speck surrounded by the insurmountable amount of knowledge hidden in the world which humans strive to gain an understanding of. Yet many of those who try to apprehend such knowledge lack the ability to perceive why some things in the world are better off not knowing. The Allegory of the Cave written by Plato and the... 2,865 Words | 7 Pages
  • Platos Republic - 2948 Words Cory Reasor November 7, 2011 Plato’s The Republic What is Justice? This is a question that has seemingly haunted human civilization from the dawn of human development to modern day human practice. There are many aspects of justice that can be seen in Old Testament Biblical accounts, the pre-Islamic Arabian notion of justice through retribution, and the early Greek interpretations of justice through the Polis. These are all important historical notions of justice within a certain... 2,948 Words | 8 Pages
  • Meno-Plato - 572 Words Meno begins his quest to have Socrates explain virtue by nature by stating that having beautiful things is to have virtue. “So I say that virtue is to desire beautiful things and have the power to acquire them” (77b). To help him to understand that this statement is not complete, Socrates inquires about specific characteristics that might comprise having something beautiful. These characteristics include wealth, a position of honor, justice, and the pursuit of happiness. Only in perfect... 572 Words | 2 Pages
  • Philosophy of Plato - 1429 Words By studying Plato’s views on the soul, virtues, and forms, one can understand his outlooks on the individual and natural purpose, or telos. Plato had a teleological worldview, so he believed everything in nature had an end, or purpose. In his famous Allegory of the Cave, along with the Sun and Line analogies, Plato outlines the spiritual and intellectual journey of a human from ignorance into goodness and knowledge, which symbolizes a human reaching his or her purpose. This essay will evaluate... 1,429 Words | 4 Pages
  • Truth and Plato - 1072 Words Plato The story of two sisters, Melissa and Melinda, is one of deep philosophical analysis. The harsh scenario is of the two sisters’ brother, Matthew, who is involved in a horrific accident that essentially leaves him brain dead and only alive through a complex network of life support systems. According to Matthew’s last will and testament, he states specifically that if something of this sort ever happens to him, both sisters must mutually agree upon the ultimate decision of whether or not... 1,072 Words | 3 Pages
  • Euthyphro – Plato - 1030 Words On his way to his trial, Socrates runs into his friend Euthyphro, there to prosecute his own father for the murder of a slave. From this state of affairs, Socrates engages Euthyphro in a dialogue that begins with questions regarding piousness and ends up unsatisfactorily attempting to come to a true answer. In the course of this discussion, definitions of concept of holiness emerge, only to be picked apart by Socrates. Ultimately, Socrates’ goal is a new definition of piety and subtle rejection... 1,030 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato and Piety - 828 Words Euthyphro- Plato: Defining Socrates in your own words. Socrates during a session….. Untia Daun Bigelow PHI 208 Ethics and Moral Reasoning Patricia Addeso October 21, 2013 It seems that in the reading both Socrates and Euthyphro are both dealing with legal issues and they are discussing the differences and the similarities of their cases with one another. Socrates is a defendant in a suit accusing him of impiety which was brought against him by no other than Meletus who was... 828 Words | 3 Pages
  • History of Plato - 1471 Words The Life of Plato Co-authored with Christopher Planeaux Plato was born around the year 428 BCE into an established Athenian household with a rich history of political connections -- including distant relations to both Solon and Pisistratus. Plato's parents were Ariston and Perictone, his older brothers were Adeimantus and Glaucon, and his younger sister was Potone. In keeping with his family heritage, Plato was destined for the political life. But the Peloponnesian War, which began a... 1,471 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato Allegory - 623 Words 1. The purpose of the allegory is to make it able to direct a relationship between a character, object, or place and an idea or concept. An allegory shows expressions through symbols, allowing the reader to use their imagination. This form of writing easily attracts the attention of its reader. 2. The cave symbolizes the ignorance of mankind. Within the cave, mankind is unaware of any existing world outside of the wall that is placed directly in front of the prisoners. I do believe that... 623 Words | 2 Pages
  • Platos Republic - 1792 Words Socrates describes a perfect city in Plato’s The Republic. Many questions are asked in the book, such as “What is an ideal city?” Or, “What is justice?” And, “Is justice in the city possible?” Socrates tries to find the real meaning of the word justice. He starts with justice within a single person, and then he tries to take that concept and apply it to the city. Then, to figure out the perfect city, he goes back to the single person to find justice there. He shows that the perfect city needs... 1,792 Words | 4 Pages
  • Platos Euthyphro - 780 Words Euthyphro Plato's Euthyphro is the dialogue of Socrates and Euthyphro. Socrates requests that Euthyphro teaches him the meaning of piety, when Socrates finds out that Euthyphro is persecuting his father for being impious. Euthyphro offers four definitions for what piety is, all of which are analyzed by Socrates, and then turned down by him in turn. The pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and to not persecute is impious. This is the first definition that Euthyphro offers to Socrates as... 780 Words | 2 Pages
  • plato and Aristotle - 337 Words  Plato and Aristotle Name: Course instructor: Plato and Aristotle Just like Plato makes it clear especially in his apology of Socrates saying that he was among the devoted young followers, he must have told Aristotle about how he loved pizza but Aristotle must have argued out that he knew the pizza guy but he knew not about the extra large mutton and olive pie regardless of how hungry they were. This is just like they knew little about the hockey but knew about... 337 Words | 2 Pages
  • Critism in Plato - 2599 Words What is life? This is the one question that to this day still cannot be answered. Over the years millions of people have had there own interpretation of what is means to live. However the quest to answer this rhetorical question goes back to the golden days of Greek civilization when the worlds greatest philosophers first attempted to find the answers to this question. "As his position takes form in the Republic, Plato claims that only a very few individuals are capable of understanding how... 2,599 Words | 6 Pages
  • Plato, Symposium - 2168 Words Term paper Plato: Symposium Love or greek Eros, Philia was in the ancient Greece often theme to talk about between philosophers. Same as it is very spoken theme now so as it was a lot of years ago. This theme is very difficult to explain. Every one has different interpretation of it and think that it is the right one. Every one of us has its own definition of who is loved one and who is lover and how they should behave to each other. Love in according to the ancient Greeks has two... 2,168 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato and Freedom - 576 Words What Exactly is Freedom? What does Freedom mean exactly? There is no specific definition of Freedom. Everyone has his or her own definition of Freedom. One definition of freedom is to have “anything that I what, when I want, and have no worries.” People say that the United States won its Freedom a long time ago, but where is the Freedom? Everywhere people go, there are rules. People are always at war, and there is never peace. Yes, the United States is freer than other... 576 Words | 2 Pages
  • Platos Apology - 497 Words Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word. The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia," which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense. Thus, in The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his... 497 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and Aristotle - 1917 Words Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle were two philosophers who made an impact on philosophy as we know it as today. Plato is thought of as the first political philosopher and Aristotle as the first metaphysical philosopher. They were both great intellectuals in regards to being the first of the great western philosophers. Plato and Aristotle each had ideas in how to better life by improving the societies in which they were part of during their lives. The views of Plato and Aristotle look... 1,917 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato/Education - 1658 Words OLD PAPER Grade:88 Blair Khoker Philosophy 101 Education? How? Having knowledge is important in every society, whether it be a totalitarian society, or a democratic society. In Plato's Republic, Socrates and his interlocutors discuss how to educate children. Is it right to keep them censored, or should they be allowed to... 1,658 Words | 5 Pages
  • Platos Apology - 942 Words Plato’s Apology is a narrative of the famous speech of Socrates that is made during his trial. Instead of apologizing, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his actions. He is put on trial due to his accusations of corrupting Athens, not acknowledging the same gods as the state, and creating new gods. During his dialogue, Socrates remains very calm and speaks with honesty. He focuses on what is said rather than his manner of speech. When he is first presented in from of the jury, Socrates... 942 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato: "The Good" - 1386 Words “The Good” Plato Midterm Paper Plato was one of the most prominent Greek philosophers, influencing the very core of philosophy for years to come. His early analysis of society and its values began the quest for answers to questions of existence and awareness. In “The Republic,” Plato explains the concept of Forms and Ideas while also inquiring on both justice within a person and what exactly makes a person ‘just.’ Plato argued that the human soul innately searched for the Form of Good which... 1,386 Words | 4 Pages
  • The Life of Plato - 630 Words  The Life of Plato Plato is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy and has had an impact on nearly every philosopher from all time periods. Alongside his mentor Socrates and his student Aristotle, Plato created some of the most significant works in philosophy; ultimately building the framework for western philosophic education. The dialogues of his works are wide ranging, from focuses on life and reality beyond what we see and hear, and subjects as... 630 Words | 2 Pages
  • Knowledge and Plato - 1183 Words Kate Seeds June 7 2010 Philosophy 101 Plato argument essay Plato explains that doctrine of forms is this seeing a object for what it truly is for example its like if you separate roundness of a basketball from its color, its weight. You would then just look at it for what it truly is. why he says this is because a form is just a object. Plato argues about the statement of the immortality of the soul and the acquisition of knowledge in this life as a process of recollection he is... 1,183 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato, Machiavelli - 512 Words Reiko Brady Intro to Political Science 8 March 2013 Idealism vs Realism Machiavelli says the prince only has to seem good, not be good. Plato insists that seeming is bad, being is good. Nicolo Machiavelli is known as being an realist who accepted that fact that humans are brutal, selfish, and fickle while Plato was an idealist who believed people could be ruled by a philosopher king who ruled over the warriors and tradesmen of his ideal republic with rationality. In his view the... 512 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and Aristotle - 447 Words Philosophies of Aristotle and Plato Plato and Aristotle both have been very influential as the ancient Greek philosophers. Aristotle was a student of Plato and there are many similarities between these intellectual giants of the ancient world but there are also many things that distinguish them from each other. Aristotle was far more empirical-minded than Plato. First, Plato's philosophy relegated the material, physical world to a sort of metaphysical second class. His contention was that... 447 Words | 2 Pages
  • Descartes and Plato - 672 Words Descartes and Plato Explain both of descartes Arguments for the existence of God Descartes proof of God's existence comes from his third meditation and is based on three ideas. He argues that innate idea exists within us, the fictitious or invented ideas are a result of our own imagination and adventitious ideas result from our experiences in the world. Descartes said, the idea of God is innate and cannot be invented. Descartes presents some arguments that lead to his conclusion. The... 672 Words | 3 Pages
  • The Republic of Plato - 817 Words Injustice- What Socrates and the Crimson Chin Don’t Like In The Republic of Plato, Socrates discusses his view on the virtue of justice and injustice. He believes both injustice and justice are very important parts of virtue that explains the sense of what is right or wrong. Socrates has always told his followers why the sense of justice is such a good thing to learn and never really why injustice will get people nowhere. But in the story, The Republic of Plato, Socrates explains the... 817 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato: Knowledge - 875 Words We all continue to learn new things in life day in by day out; incessantly increasing our knowledge is essential to sustain man’s life path on this earth. Knowledge can be sought in different ways but to truly seek knowledge, one has to read, understand through experience and believe what the word of God says about faith. Acquiring knowledge through our five senses and faith, both give us insight on competing ways of getting at the truth. A person who reads, write and believes in the word of God... 875 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato Apology - 1276 Words An Tran Professor Nathan Poage PHIL 1301 July 15, 2013 Apology: Is Socrates Guilty or Innocent? The Apology is Plato’s accurate depiction of the Socrates’ own defense at the trial provoked by Meletus. However, besides current accusers, Socrates has to speak out to defense against former accusers who have created prejudices of him for long time. Former accusers prosecute Socrates for “studying things in the sky and below the earth” and “[making] the worse into the stronger argument” (Plato... 1,276 Words | 4 Pages
  • Plato Paper - 3226 Words Plato Paper What is the nature of justice? Looking from Plato’s perspective justice can be broken down to its simplest forms. Plato starts where we start; with forms. Forms are the building blocks that build complex ideas and tell us the nature of those ideas. In this case Plato reveals his ideas on the nature of justice through forms. The nature of justice can be simplified to basic forms and rebuilt for everyone can understand. Early in discussion is the topic is consent.... 3,226 Words | 8 Pages
  • Aristotle and Plato - 1352 Words One of the greatest philosophers of all time was a man named Aristotle, the ancient greek philosopher. He was practically influenced every area of conceptual modern thinking. His mind set was in terms of materialism, which he essentially viewed substance on Earth before ideas and qualities.He genuinely believed in the notion of analyzing compounds and characteristics of people and their actions. Aristotle, who was a student of Plato, believed in “virtue of character and thought”, which means... 1,352 Words | 4 Pages
  • Plato Republic - 683 Words The Justice of “The Republic” In his book “the Republic”, Plato tried to build up an ideal society. He divided the ideal society into three classes: rulers, guardians, and workers. As long as each class of people lived harmonious and did their responsibilities, the society would become stable and prosperous. How did make people live with harmony? Obviously, the core issue of “the republic” is justice. Justice is a proper, harmonious relationship among the people in the three classes. Plato... 683 Words | 2 Pages
  • PLato and Education - 1813 Words Plato and Education by Sultan Muhammad Plato was the earliest most important Greek Philosopher and educational thinker. Plato thinks education as a key for a society and he stress on education, for this purpose he want to go to the extreme level even removing children from their mothers and rise them by the state, he want to identify the skills of the children and give them proper education for that particular skill which they have so they could be become a suitable member of the society and... 1,813 Words | 6 Pages
  • Plato Republic - 1211 Words “Have you never noticed how imitation, if long continued from an early age, becomes part of a person’s nature, turns into habits of body, speech and mind?”(..) In Plato’s Republic, Socrates tries to find the answer to the question: “What is Justice?”. He does this by creating a perfectly just city in order to find justice in the soul. He discusses how the citizens in this city, especially the guardians, should be educated. In this essay I will explain how, according to Socrates, the arts... 1,211 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato and Crito - 929 Words Clay Chastain PHIL 3320 Dr. Combs 24 October 2007 On the Crito In Plato’s Crito, Crito attempts to persuade Socrates to flee from his death sentence. However, Crito fails because Socrates presents a counter argument which invalidates much of Crito’s original pleas. Despite this, a fallacy of justice may have been created. Even so, the Republic’s conception of justice seems to have little impact on Socrates’ existing ideas on justice. The first argument presented is the fact that the... 929 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato Essay - 533 Words 10/19/13 Plato: Certainty and Human Nature Plato was born in 427 BCE in Athens, Greece. He devoted his life to philosophy after the death of his mentor, Socrates at the hands of the Athenian court. He, most notably, was the first philosopher to develop ideas of human nature, knowledge, and metaphysics, and argued for the existence of... 533 Words | 2 Pages
  • Philosophy - Plato - 1811 Words Brienne Saraceno Professor Hannes Charen Introduction to Philosophy February 27th, 2014 2. What is the role of philosophy for Socrates and why is it valuable in itself? Explain three arguments Socrates gives for the immortality of the soul. Briefly explain Cebes and Simmias’ counterarguments using examples from the text for support. Finally, based on your understanding of the Phaedo give your interpretation of the last words of Socrates and back it up by citing the text. In Plato’s The... 1,811 Words | 5 Pages
  • Platos Contributions - 667 Words Plato’s Contributions It is believed that Plato, a student of Socrates, was one of the greatest contributors of philosophy. Proof of Plato's notoriety in the world of philosophy can be clearly seen with his dialogues and his renowned student Aristotle. Plato’s writings are in the form of dialogues, with Socrates as the principal speaker. With his theory of Forms, he had discussed a wide range of metaphysical and ethical questions while finding inherent connections between the two. Plato also... 667 Words | 2 Pages
  • Platos Apology - 540 Words 10/29/2013 People are accused all over the world for crimes they are not guilty of. In the text “Platos Apology” Socrates is accused of a crime which is slander. Socrates believes that teaching is not crime and he shouldn't be prosecuted for such an act.Teaching is not a crime. How can he be accused of something that isn't wrong in society? Even though Socrates is proven guilty he has no regrets. He believes he did nothing wrong and is happy to share his knowledge with... 540 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Apology Plato - 686 Words Melinda Leager PHIL 201-03/04/08 Instructor: Dr. Dennis L. Burke September 7, 2012 Response Paper “The Apology” by Plato In this reading Plato tells the story of Socrates and his trial which ultimately lead to his death sentence. Socrates was a 70 year old man at peace with his own mortality yet willing to face his accusers with an almost definite possibility of death to maintain his own integrity and beliefs and morality. He fully understood from the beginning of his trial what the... 686 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and Thrasymachus - 1065 Words Platos Notion of Justice vs. Thrasymachus, Why Be Moral? By: Khonstance Milan Plato has a different sense of justice than what we ourselves would consider to be justice. Justice starts in the heart and goes outward. Justice is about being a person of good intent towards all people, doing what is believed to be right or moral. Plato believes that once a person has a true understanding of justice that they will want to be “just” for its own benefit regardless of good or bad consequence.... 1,065 Words | 3 Pages
  • the republic of plato - 451 Words The Republic of Plato Before I started reading Plato's the Republic, I was loathe to admit that reading those philosophy books were gonna really change how I view myself. It was totally a waste of time to read these vague and complicated books. As I went on reading the republic, I saw many similar things that still existed in our society. In the book, Plato prescribes severe dictates concerning the cultural life of the city. He rules out all poverty, with the exception of hymns to the gods... 451 Words | 2 Pages
  • Justice in Plato - 2034 Words What is justice? Why do men behave justly? Is it because they fear the consequences of injustice? Is it worthwhile to be just? Is justice a good thing in and of itself regardless of its rewards or punishments? Speaking through his teacher Socrates, Plato attempts to answer these questions in the Republic. In book I Thrasymachus, a rival of Socrates makes the claim that justice is nothing but the advantage of the stronger. It does not pay to be just because those who behave unjustly naturally... 2,034 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato biography - 452 Words  As we know, the age of Ancient Greece had given to us many ideas, inventions and genial persons, and now days it is difficult to imagine our world without them. One of the most famous names of that age was Plato. He was philosopher, mathematic and teacher. Never the less, a few persons know why actually he was so famous. So, do you know where words “Academy” and «Benefit» came from or who created “Metaphysics” as field of science? Unfortunately, the extant data,... 452 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato Crito - 1754 Words  An Analysis of Plato’s Crito dialogue by Kimara Wright March 22, 2010 Philosophy 101 Ms. Joan Beno Rm. 3357 Introduction Regarded as the wisest man in Athens, Greece, Socrates (born around 470 b.c.) was just that. Wearing shabby clothing and always walking around barefoot, Socrates spent his days discussing everything you can imagine. Athens was full of philosophers (known as Sophists, who charged money for... 1,754 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato Apology - 755 Words 24c, of Apology, written by Plato about Socrates’ trial, starts off with Meletus accusing Socrates of corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates claims that if either of them is doing wrong it is Meletus because he involves himself in things that he does not really interested in or cares about. Socrates proves that Meletus is not concerned about the youth and also that he himslef is not a corrupter of the youth by asking Meletus a number of questions along with questions he answers... 755 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato Essay - 2049 Words 1. a) Explain how Plato’s epistemological assumptions shape his metaphysics (Why does he think that there must be Forms? Hint: Plato says (in effect): “Since knowledge is certain, therefore the objects of knowledge must be unchanging.”). b) Define Plato’s Forms and present the theory of Forms by explaining the “divided line.” (You can use the visual image, but explain it.) Plato was extremely devoted in answering the sophists’ skepticism about reason and morality. To do so, he spent... 2,049 Words | 6 Pages
  • Reflection Paper on "The Republic" by Plato Assignment 1. Reflection on: the “Republic,” by Plato. Greek philosopher, Plato, is considered to be one of the most influential people in Western Philosophy. The fact that he was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle leaves no questions about his competence. One of his fundamental works is the “Republic”. Even though it was written in 380 BC, Plato’s and Socrates’s thoughts are still relevant in twenty first century. This paper will evaluate the quote from the “Republic” and... 976 Words | 3 Pages
  • short note on plato - 536 Words Plato's Metaphysics in a Nutshell it is vital to know the difference Plato made between sensible "things" and "forms." Things are those aspects of reality which we see though our senses: a boy, a table, fan, television, etc. Everything that we experience in the world of impression is constantly changing (the television will start to get worn down, the boy will age with time), imperfect and often passing away. This is the realm of appearances, and we all know that appearances can be... 536 Words | 2 Pages
  • Exegesis of Phaedo by Plato - 663 Words Plato’s “Phaedo” is a dialogue between Socrates and his friends, Cebes and Simmias. These two men have asked Socrates to prove to them that the soul survives after death due to its immortality. Socrates gives them several arguments, which ultimately lead to his conclusion that proves the soul’s immortality and furthermore its perishability. Socrates proves that soul lives despite the body’s death by showing that if an entity has a certain characteristic, it will not accept the characteristic... 663 Words | 2 Pages
  • Dialogue Between Plato and Nietzsche Philosophy SAC – Dialogue Plato and Nietzsche Plato and Nietzsche are sitting in a park enjoying a light picnic lunch. All of a sudden a man dressed in black, wearing a balaclava run’s past and steals Nietzsche’s Turkey sandwich. Nietzsche: This is preposterous! That immoral man has just stolen my last turkey sandwich! This is a horrible position to be in! Plato: What do you mean Nietzsche? Are you saying that you are in a worse position than the thief that stole your sandwich? Nietzsche:... 811 Words | 2 Pages
  • Plato and the Concept of Knowledge - 595 Words Jessica Corbett Word Count: 581 Plato and the Concept of Knowledge – Paper 1 Plato’s Theaetetus is a dialogue that discusses and attempts to find a definition of knowledge. The two characters, Socrates and Theaetetus, approach the argument with the initial idea that knowledge is the addition of a true judgment and an account. However, Socrates raises some concerns regarding the fundamental aspects that make the definition true. Ultimately, the two characters find that their original... 595 Words | 2 Pages
  • Response Paper on Platos Crito Response Paper: The Crito Socrates argues in the Crito that he shouldn't escape his death sentence because it isn't just. Crito and friends can provide the ransom the warden demands. If not for himself, Socrates should escape for the sake of his friends, sons, and those who benefit from his teaching. Socrates and Crito's argument proceeds from this point. There are many instances in Plato's the Crito where Socrates gives reasons for himself to stay in Athens and face his death. Arguments... 1,070 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato - Short Biography - 400 Words Plato Plato was born on or around May 21, 427 in Athens. His real name was Aristocles. Plato (meaning broad) was his wrestling name. He was the child of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to various places such as Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions. Little is known of his early years, but he was given the finest education Athens had to offer. He devoted his considerable talents to politics and the... 400 Words | 2 Pages
  • Research Paper on Plato - 1868 Words Abstract Many Philosophers made a difference in society but Plato is perhaps recognized as the most famous. His writings have had a profound effect on people, politics, and the philosophy throughout the centuries. He was a public figure and he made major contributions to society. Plato helped to lay the philosophical foundations of modern culture through his ideas and writings. One of the most philosophical thinkers of Western civilization, Plato is the only author from ancient Greek... 1,868 Words | 6 Pages
  • Socrates, Plato and Aristotle - 966 Words Socrates: Socrates was born in Athens about 470 BC and lived until 399 BC, he was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher and is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. An accurate picture of the man, his life, and viewpoints are problematic because he did not write any philosophical texts, everything we know is based on writings by his students and contemporaries… this is what is known as the Socratic problem. Socrates was later tried and put to death for “corrupting the youth... 966 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato Thought on Education - 1159 Words Question 4: What are Plato thoughts on Education and the State? “The perfect society will occur only when kings become philosophers or philosophers are made kings.”(Plato) “The object of education is to turn the eye which the soul already possesses to the light. The whole function of education is not to put knowledge into the soul, but to bring out the best things that are latent in the soul, and to do so by directing it to the right objects. The problem of education, then, is to give it... 1,159 Words | 3 Pages
  • Comparing Aristotle and Plato - 1866 Words Connor High Classical Political Thought 12/15/10 Examining Plato and Aristotle’s Political Regimes Structures Plato and Aristotle both understood the importance of wisdom and virtue in founding a good regime. In their writings, they suggest the effect they felt a ruler had on a regime and vice versa. Where Plato saw a linear slope of five increasingly misguided and degenerating regimes, Aristotle saw six regimes: three true and three corrupt. Each regime has a ruling political good.... 1,866 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato vs Isocrates - 1762 Words Plato encouraged in his writings that the view that sophists were concerned with was “the manipulative aspects of how humans acquire knowledge.” (Lecture) Sophists believed that only provisional or probable knowledge was available to humans but both Plato and Isocrates did not agree with a lot of what the Sophists had to say. They both believed in wisdom and having a connection with rhetoric but vary in defining wisdom in itself. Wisdom for Socrates and Plato is having an understanding of... 1,762 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato and Justice with Today's Perception Plato's Theory of Justice Plato's Justice for individuals and states, and the rule of law. In the Republic, Plato posits that justice is preferable to injustice. Thrasymachus claims that injustice without recourse or consequence is the most rewarding experience. Glaucon adds the analogy of the ring of Gyges, and Adeimantus describes how appearance is often more important than reality. Plato is then faced with the rebuttal of their arguments. To illuminate his logic, he utilizes several... 1,438 Words | 4 Pages
  • Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Mike W. Civ. 1: Sec, 121-10 Dr. Maria Farina Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protégé of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of... 872 Words | 3 Pages
  • "The Ring of Gyges"- Plato Maria M. Lopez Oct. 6, 2012 Philosophy 1 Mr. Senestraro Homework # 10 Explain one point Glaucon is making about human nature and why we act justly with the Shepard and ring story. Glaucon argues that all persons are egoistic and selfish. He states that the only reason people do not always do the unjust thing is because of the fear of being caught and harmed. If we look at what people really are, then we will see that they believe to do wrong is desirable and to suffer wrong is... 315 Words | 1 Page
  • Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis This four-page undergraduate essay explains, compares, and contrasts the theories and discussions of Plato and Aristotle regarding the best political association. Quotes from Politics and the Republic are used to support the author’s thesis. Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis Determining the best form of political association was important to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, and each of them expressed his opinion in important works such as the Republic and... 1,175 Words | 4 Pages
  • The Apology - Plato of Socrates - 625 Words The Apology is written by Plato of Socrates' trial, at 70 years of age Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. Plato’s account consists of three speeches that were given by Socrates during this trial. Socrates speaks before the men of Athens, his jury, in 399 BCE and confesses he has forgotten who he was, he then recollects who he is, and finally he proclaims who Socrates is. The trial began with the prosecutors presenting their case against the accused before the... 625 Words | 2 Pages
  • Imitation Plato and Aristotle - 1715 Words Imitation Plato and Aristotle Introduction Plato and Aristotle are two famous literary critics in ancient Greece. Aristotle is Plato’s student. They all agree that art is a form of imitation. However, their attitudes towards imitation are profoundly different. Plato claims that poetry is worthless and bad because it is mere imitation and may have bad influence on human beings. Instead, though Aristotle admits that poetry is imitation, he thinks that it is all right and even good. He... 1,715 Words | 5 Pages
  • Plato theory of forms - 351 Words Plato’s theory of forms is unconvincing discuss Plato was a duellist and thus believed that there are two worlds; the material world and the world of ideas/Forms. The world of ideas or Forms is the true reality and the world of appearances is just reflections of world of Forms. Plato believed that our knowledge of the Forms was a priori which means that our souls knew the Forms before it was inside us, therefore we have knowledge prior to experiencing the objects with our senses. Plato... 351 Words | 1 Page
  • Platos Allegory off the Cave The allegory of the cave describes a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall by things passing in front of a fire behind them by puppeteers, and begin to ascribe forms to these shadows. According to Socrates, the shadows are as close as the prisoners get to viewing reality. He then explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the... 416 Words | 1 Page
  • Plato V. Augustine - 1109 Words After reading both Plato’s Symposium and Saint Augustine’s Confessions, one can see how the latter holds certain ideas and concepts that are parallel to those found in the former. Despite the differences in time, men are hindered from their pursuit of goodness, truth, etcetera, by similar, if not entirely identical, desires. That being said, of all of the speeches found in the Symposium, Augustine would connect most deeply to that of Alcibiades. Alcibiades is depicted as a prominent Athenian... 1,109 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato and Moral Authority - 953 Words Kathryn Kelsven Dr. David Sgarlatta Humanities 253 December 21, 2012 Comparing Two Readings After reading Plato’s Apology and Leviticus 17-27, I found several differences in the way people are judged for the crimes they have committed as well as, by what are actually considered crimes or sins. I want to explore these differences by asking two questions to each reading: What kind of behavior constitutes as a sin or a crime? What is the source of moral authority behind laws and legal... 953 Words | 3 Pages
  • Plato Reading Questions - 964 Words Plato’s Symposium Study Questions 1. Phaedrus 178a – 180b 2. Pausanias 180c – 185c 3. Eryximachus 185d – 188e 4. Aristophanes 189a – 193e 5. Agathon 194a – 197e 6. Socrates 198a – 201c 7. Diotima Part I 201d – 206b 8. Diotima Part 2 206c – 209e 9. Diotima Part 3 210a – 212b (SGR) 10. Alcibiades Part 1 212c – 217a 11. Alcibiades Part 2 217b-223a PHAEDRUS: 1. Who (or what) is love, according to Phaedrus? 2. According to Phaedrus why is love so beneficial? 3. Why is an army of lovers... 964 Words | 4 Pages
  • Plato Reading Protagoras - 6835 Words Plato The Protagoras Penguin Books, 2005, pages 15-30 In this extract, Plato presents the sophist !i.e., professional philosopher" Protagoras talking with Socrates about how people become good. The extract contains a theory of moral education, and a theory of punishment. But most importantly, it is a discussion of the principles of democracy. The view that Socrates puts forward, and that Protagoras endorses and explains # that ethical competence is a non-technical matter, and a universal... 6,835 Words | 21 Pages

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