Pharmacology - 624 Words
Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology that seeks to understand drugs and how they affect the body. It involves the analysis of how drugs interact with the biological function of the body and how these drugs react with each other, their natures, and their properties. All drugs are considered chemicals and when ingested into the body an affect from the drug takes place. According to Doweiko (1999), “A drug is essentially a foreign chemical that is introduced into the...
624 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmacology - 932 Words
Date Assignment is due:
Pharmacology is a discipline that incorporates knowledge of molecular and cell biology, biochemistry, chemistry and physiology to analyze the association between therapeutic agents and biological processes. Pharmacologists study the mechanism and effects of action of chemical agents and drugs with living organisms (Nagle and Barbara 2005). Pharmacology has multiple and diverse areas and include the toxicological...
932 Words | 4 Pages
Pharmacology - 30760 Words
ACTIVITY 1 Orientation, Organizational Set-Up and Policies MEMBERS OF STAFF or PHARMACY PERSONNEL of MERCURY DRUGSTORE The qualifications in applying to Mercury Drug must be at least a college graduate depending on what position he/she is applying for, but except for Pharmacist which must be a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy and must be a board passer and has a license, must be 21yrs old and above, can be married or single, has experience in working under pressure, and has a...
30,760 Words | 86 Pages
Pharmacology - 541 Words
Pharmacology is a big part of the future of science. “Pharmacology is the science and practice of developing and administering chemicals as agents in the treatment of diseases” (Waskey 2008). A pharmacologist’s job is to create a special cure that not only treats the disease but also to leave the patient with minimum side effects. It’s a hard occupation that is fairly new but has been practiced since the beginning of diseases.
The process of becoming a pharmacologist is quite...
541 Words | 2 Pages
All Pharmacology Essays
Pharmacology Notes - 1634 Words
1. Define the signs of adverse reactions- iatrogenic and idiosyncratic reactions
*Adverse reactions- any unexpected, unintended or excessive response to a medication given at therapeutic dosages (opposed to an overdose)
*Latrogenic- an adverse reaction caused by the actions of a prescriber, healthcare professional, or other specific treatment
*Idiosyncratic- an adverse reaction that is abnormal/unexpected to a medication (other than an allergic) that is peculiar to the individual
1,634 Words | 6 Pages
History of Pharmacology - 3484 Words
Science in the cultural context
Origins of Pharmacology
in the 16th Century
In a broad sense it can be argued that pharmacology is the oldest discipline in the health sciences: humans well before the historical record presumably concocted remedies for various illnesses. For example, plants may have been used to cure ailments for over 60,000 years, if the evidence from the graves of Homo neanderthalensis is accepted. Lietava has argued that the analyses of...
3,484 Words | 11 Pages
A Career in Pharmacology - 949 Words
Many people have different jobs but I have chosen two careers out of thousands of jobs that will fascinate you. Mrs. Zchau talked and demonstrated the requirements to get into a four year universities and city colleges. Also she talked about how many colleges there are in California. You need four years of English, three years of math, three years of a foreign language, and one year of arts. Many colleges have different majors that you can go to. There are also scholarships for people that can...
949 Words | 3 Pages
Sop For Pharmacology - 651 Words
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
At the crossroads of my professional career a sense that great timings lay ahead and great achievements are within one’s capacity is born of the many paths that lays infront of me the one that seems more inviting and satisfying towards which thoughts unwaveringly go is the path towards attending more knowledge coupled with perfection.
After a good deal of self evaluation I have decided to pursue post graduate...
651 Words | 3 Pages
Sop for Pharmacology - 594 Words
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
“Time is a coin of your life. It is the only coin you have, and only you can determine how it will be spent. Be careful least you let other people spend it for you.”
…. Carl Sandburg
It has never been ‘to be or not to be’ with me. I have always taken my decision whenever I had to, but under the guidance of my parent and my brother. For me education is an investment that will reap dividends in the...
594 Words | 2 Pages
Components of Pharmacology - 698 Words
Components of Pharmacology
The main components of pharmacology in substance use disorders include understanding how the methods of administration and routes of absorption affect the high in individuals. There is undeniably a chemical side to addiction. If a person consumes a substance, it can have an effect on the brain (Clinton, 2009). Pharmacology is simply the study of how the body reacts to medicines and how those medicines affect the body (National Institute of Health [NIH], 2011)....
698 Words | 3 Pages
Pharmacology and Betty - 374 Words
A capital improvement Betty could implement is leasing out a portion of her land to existing or future Alpaca owners. If Betty does not have a mortgage on her property, leasing out a portion of her land would generate immediate income. For instance, let’s say Betty owns five acres of land and decides to lease out one acre for a rental rate of $1,000.00 a month. This additional income would yield $12,000 annually. Betty could use a portion of this money to reinvest into her business while...
374 Words | 2 Pages
Introduction to Pharmacology - 1715 Words
1. Explain the interdisciplinary nature of pharmacology to ensure safe medication administration.
Use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease processes/suffering
Medications can either:
Improve Quality of Life
Produce Devastating Consequences
2. Compare and contrast pharmacology and therapeutics.
a. Pharmacology: The study of medicine.
i. Understanding how drugs are administered, to where they travel in the body,...
1,715 Words | 6 Pages
Pharmacology and Effects - 2908 Words
1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines, policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication.
The Medicines Act 1968 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom. It governs the control of medicines for human use and for veterinary use, which includes the manufacture and supply of medicines. The Act defines three categories of medicine: prescription only medicines), which are available only from a pharmacist if prescribed by an appropriate practitioner; pharmacy...
2,908 Words | 8 Pages
pharmacology review - 816 Words
Pharmacology is defined as the study of the interaction of chemical substances with living systems.
A chemical substance that acts on living systems through chemical processes, which is utilized for diagnosis, prevention and cure of an unwanted health condition ( by FDA)
3. Name and Define two main subdivisions of pharmacology
Pharmacokinetic: Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion
Pharmacodynamics: Pharmacological effects of drug; Mechanism...
816 Words | 4 Pages
Pharmacology and Greg Wilson - 503 Words
Graded Discussion 2.1: Medication Effects (Study Guide Case Study, p. 18)
Greg Wilson, a 65-year-old man, is diagnosed with pneumonia. He has a history of congestive heart failure. His physician has ordered an antibiotic for the pneumonia and he takes digoxin every day.
As the health care provider, which question would you ask first before administering his antibiotic? Why is the first dose of the antibiotic twice as much as the maintenance dose? Which variables may slow his metabolism and...
503 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmacology and Mental Illness - 2147 Words
Pharmacology is commonly used to deal with mental health disorders. There are benefits and disadvantages in using medications to treat mental health disorders and there is a lot of controversy surrounding this subject. Although pharmacology can be an effective form of treatment for some situations, it is not always the perfect solution for every case. It is important to be informed and educated about all aspects of a medication before beginning one. In order for a medication to be effective...
2,147 Words | 7 Pages
Pharmacology Final Review - 1968 Words
Pharmacology Final Review
She was all over the place but I got all the notes…they are just not in chronological order…ain’t got time for that. =) Also, she did not give pg numbers for everything…so the ones w/o a pg I will preface by using a *…also, some of the drugs I CANNOT spell…so sorry. =)
*1 L = 2.2 lbs; so if the question asks “if the pt gained weight, how much fluid are they retaining?” – you would use this formula to calculate it
Pg 15 potential select all that apply – The FDA is...
1,968 Words | 6 Pages
Pharmacology Review Sheet - 11954 Words
WEEK 1 GEN
Adverse reactions for drugs occur because:
No drug has only one receptor it binds to.
A drug that occupies and "turns on" a receptor is an:
Before marketing a new drug, the drug company asks the FDA to approve its choice of:
The time between when a drug response is observable and when there is no longer an observable drug effect is called the
duration of action
This term refers to how much of a drug must be given to see a desired response
11,954 Words | 55 Pages
Medication: Pharmacology and Medicines Act
Questions for Unit 4222-616
Include examples from your work role if appropriate in your answers.
1. Identify the legislation that governs the use of medication in your work place, briefly state how and what they cover also how they influence policies, procedures and agreed ways of working. (616 LO 1.1)
There are several legislations which are used in my workplace such as a The National Minimum Standards (NMS) registered under the Care Standards Act 2000. This NMS legislation...
1,711 Words | 5 Pages
Pharmacology and Price Ceiling - 437 Words
Critically analyze the pros and cons of putting a price ceiling on prescription medicine. Make sure to use concepts from both chapters seen this unit such as government intervention, inefficiencies, price elasticity, etc. in your answer.
I feel that they are pros and cons to every situation. On this subject some of the pros that would come out of the government setting a price ceiling would be the price of the prescriptions would go down and individual’s would be able purchased...
437 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmacology Intro Q&a - 573 Words
1. A drug, given as a 100-mg single dose, results in a peak plasma concentration of 20 μg/mL. The apparent volume of distribution is (assume a rapid distribution and negligible elimination prior to measuring the peak plasma level):
A. 0.5 L.
B. 1 L.
C. 2 L.
D. 5 L.
E. 10 L.
2. A drug with a half-life of 12 hours is administered by continuous intravenous infusion. How long will it take for the drug to reach 90 percent of its final steady state level?
A. 18 hours.
B. 24 hours....
573 Words | 3 Pages
Pharmacology and Certain Medication - 286 Words
Everyone who works in the medical profession has heard the word pharmacology, but what does this word really mean?
According to Oxford dictionary (2003), “Pharmacology deals with all aspects of the actions of drugs on living tissues, particularly their effects on man.” To me pharmacology stands for the study and effects of all medication. It includes benefits and reasons why certain medication should be prescribed. It also includes certain side effects of medications and what medical staff and...
286 Words | 1 Page
Pharmacology: A Case Study in Polypharmacy
Mrs A is a 71 year old widow with CCF and osteoarthritis who has recently been exhibiting quite unusual behaviour. Her daughter is concerned about her mother's ability to remain independent and wishes to pursue nursing home admission arrangements. She fears the development of a dementing illness. Over the last two to three months Mrs A has become confused, easily fatigued and very irritable. She has developed disturbing obsessive/compulsive behaviour constantly complaining that her...
2,009 Words | 11 Pages
An Ethical Issue in Human Behavioral Pharmacology
An ethical issue in human behavioral pharmacology is the methodological one. The control group is a control condition that scientist use to see whether the drug they are investigating is really causing an effect on a person or persons through the control group. The placebo control is when psycho-pharmacology is essential to determining the pharmacological drugs effect that arose from long ago, when placebo effects were being discovered. A lot of how a drug affects a person is really in their...
388 Words | 1 Page
Drug Discovery Is a Process in Medicine and Pharmacology
Drug discovery is a process in medicine and pharmacology where a drug is discovered and designed. In the past drug discovery was very different to the current form, previously active ingredients were used to tackle illnesses. Nowadays more detailed research on diseases has been pursued, details such as what the genes are coding or what protein is involved, therefore are allowing the designing of drugs to target specific sites to act on the disease.
Once detailed information of the disease has...
672 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmacology: Food and Drug Administration and Prescription Drug
PHARMACOLOGY AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
CHAPTER 1- Questions: 1, 2,3,4,7,10,11,13,14,15,16,18
CHAPTER REVIEW PAGE 18-20
QUIZ YOUR SELF
1. Describe the linguistic origin/etiology of the following words
* Pharmacology: The study of drugs and the interactions with living tissue.
* Origin of Pharmacology: Greek word pharmakon meaning medicine or drug
* Drug: Any nonfood chemical substance that affect the mind and body.
* Origin of Drug: Dutch word droog...
843 Words | 4 Pages
sales and inventory - 687 Words
1.1 OVERVIEW OF THE CURRENT STATE OF SALES AND INVENTORY
Sales and Inventory System is basically the total amount of goods and materials held in stock by a factory, store and other business. A process where in a business keeps its track of the goods and materials it has. A simplest form that can be done manually by a count at the end of each day, in this way it is possible to keep a record of the goods coming in to the business and goods being sold. Since manual...
687 Words | 3 Pages
The Path of a Drug - 472 Words
The Path of a Drug
Shannon Angelique Storey
October 22, 2010
The Path of a Drug
The manner a drug enters the body is referred to as the route of administration. There are many different routes than can be utilized. The routes are: orally, otically, nasally, transdermal, rectally, vaginally; or injected through the skin in several ways.
The drug has to enter the body and cannot do its specific job until it has entered the bloodstream. This process is also...
472 Words | 2 Pages
Case 3-2 Amgen Whistleblowing
Amgen Inc. is a pharmaceutical company based out of California. In 2009, there were 15 states that filed lawsuits against the company for accusations of participating in Medicaid kickback schemes. Amgen was out to push the sale of their new drug Aranesp, which was developed to treat amnesia associated with chronic renal failure. Despite numerous reports of complaints with the new drug, Amgen continued to sweeten the deal for long-term care pharmacy providers to switch Medicare and Medicaid...
526 Words | 2 Pages
vioxx recall - 979 Words
The Vioxx Recall: A Case Study
ii) The Case: Profit versus Safety
iii) An analysis of the Ethical Issues
a) Cover up of Vioxx Safety concerns
b) Control of Information
c) Direct Marketing of prescription Drugs
iv) The role of legislation
The Vioxx debate had at its center a leading pharmaceutical company that enjoyed a good run of blockbuster drug releases in the 1990’s. This particular drug was envisioned...
979 Words | 4 Pages
Pharmacogenetics Investigation 1 - 298 Words
Patient’s Name: Latrice
Patient’s Diagnosis: leukemia, which is a cancer of the bone marrow and blood cells
Common Chemotherapy Drug: Purinethol
What does the TPMT enzyme do? break down and inactivating the drug Purinethol
Why do some people benefit from a full dose of the chemotherapy drug while for others a full does will be fatal? for those with a low TPMT level, a full dose of Purinethol can prove to be too toxic for their bodies. But those with a normal level of TPMT...
298 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmaceutical Industry of Bd - 994 Words
Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 An overview on Global Pharmaceutical Industry and Pharmaceutical Industry of Bangladesh
Globally pharmaceuticals sector has a good market and at present this sector has a good impact on the economy of different countries in their GDPs. Proper nurturing, monitoring and development of this sector are important for the improvement of this growing sector (Giorgett, 2006). Although the market is growing at certain level but the expected growth varies in different...
994 Words | 3 Pages
Medicine Management in Nursing - 2811 Words
Finding an interesting and challenging subject for second year transition was not an easy task, as there where many things that I wanted to know more about. Much of the work we had undertaken within university had been focused on long term conditions and the process for patients being discharged from the hospital to home. With this in mind and a great experience on my community placement I wanted to learn more about the role of the community pharmacist. I felt that this would build...
2,811 Words | 9 Pages
Teaching Plan - 645 Words
TEACHING PLAN: 11NT310 – 12CH316 ADVANCED PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY
November2012 to April 2012
Name of the Faculty member: Mr. G. Yowan Nerthigan Designation: Assistant Professor
Specialization – MSc Chemistry(II year) Dept / School: Science and Humanities / School of Nanoscience and Technology
Book & Page Nos.
Used for teaching
BASICS OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
Introduction to drug...
645 Words | 7 Pages
medication errors - 496 Words
My involvement in the drug error is as follows. I was working on the night shift as the only qualified nurse with 2 nursing assistants. The late shift decided to administer the 10pm medications as a way of helping me. This however was key in me making the error that I did. If I had been left to do the 10pm medications by myself, this error would not have occurred.
Patient PF was given her medication by the late staff, however she had spat them out. On going to give...
496 Words | 2 Pages
Pharmaceutical Analysis in Bangladesh - 12772 Words
A report on:
Export Potentiality of Pharmaceutical goods in Bangladesh
Mohammed Sohail Mustafa
111 111 079
Saidur Rahman Shamrat
111 111 033
Md. Shahaid Jurain Alam
111 121 645
111 121 069
Submission Date: 26th August, 2014
Letter of Transmittal
November 8, 2000
Mohammed Sohail Mustafa
United International University
Subject: Submission of report on “ export potentiality...
12,772 Words | 59 Pages
Asm 34 - 1263 Words
Unit 4222-616 Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects (ASM 34)
Outcome 2 Know about common types of medication and their use
1. describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects
Below are outlined 3 types of common medications.
Analgesics: i.e. Codeine, used for pain relief, side effects can be light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and sedation. Codeine can also cause allergic reactions,...
1,263 Words | 5 Pages
Psychology Signature Assignment - 1484 Words
Imagine going to the doctor and being given medication to heal your pain. Now how would you feel if after taking the medication and feeling better you came to find out you were given a placebo? This may sound upsetting to some, however, “ a recent survey of U.S. internists and rheumatologists found that some 50% regular prescribe placebos.” A placebo is defined as a false treatment without any significant chemical properties or active ingredient. The use of placebos as a primary form of...
1,484 Words | 4 Pages
glk retaliation - 381 Words
GLAXOSMITHKLINE’S RETALIATION AGAINST CROSS-BORDER SALES OF PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
GlaxoSmithKline plc(GSK), a prescription drug and personal hygiene consumer products company based in Britain, found itself coping with a new challenge during this period as Americans, especially senior citizens, developed various strategy to deal with the rising drug costs. The flow of drugs from Canadian pharmacies to American consumers captured the attention of GSK and their concern grew as the practice spread....
381 Words | 2 Pages
Teaching Project - 423 Words
Patient Education Project
This document contains a brief over view of teaching methods that will be used to educate my patient about the medications she is taking, diagnosis and enhancing mechanisms as well. Only the medications that are prescribed to my client daily and on a regular basis will be included. Materials may accompany this document for teaching purposes.
My client is a 31year old Caucasian female...
423 Words | 2 Pages
Rights of Drug Administration - 2225 Words
THE SIX RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
Many drugs have similar spellings and variable concentrations. Before the administration of the medication, it is imperative to compare the exact spelling and concentration of the prescribed drug with the medication card or drug profile and the medication container. Regardless of the drug distribution system used, the drug label should be read at least three times:
1. Before removing the drug from the shelf or unit dose cart....
2,225 Words | 7 Pages
Merk Case analysis - 658 Words
Merck case analysis
Follow this format, provide *brief* answers. 1. External (use PESTEL framework) - What are Merck's opportunities and threats? 2. Internal (use VRIO framework)- what are Merck's strengths & weaknesses? 3. What is Merck's performance trend? 4. What strategic actions can Merck take to gain and sustain a competitive advantage in the pharmaceutical industry and why?
1. Merck’s opportunities and threats PESTEL FRAMEWORK
A lot of competition from piers
658 Words | 3 Pages
Salbutamol Resistance - 2924 Words
The scope of this paper focuses on Salbutamol as a drug and the mechanisms behind;
1) The drug function.
2) Development of drug resistance.
3) The clinical features of drug resistant individuals.
4) How to diagnose them.
5) Management of these patients.
Salbutamol is a beta 2 adrenergic receptor agonist that is short acting and used in the management of conditions that cause bronchospasms/bronchoconstriction. These conditions mainly...
2,924 Words | 12 Pages
Rise of India's Drug Industry
Many years ago, India’s pharmaceutical industry was suffering from number of international trade limits due to their violation of intellectual property rights. The Indian companies used to copy patents of drugs made by Western countries and Japan with no responsibility to property rights. This would discourage international investors from investing into India’s drug industry. India was only good for making generic brand drugs because the patents for those drugs were already expired. However,...
860 Words | 3 Pages
Teaching Plan - 597 Words
Clinical Manual – Nursing Practice Manual
John Dempsey Hospital – Department of Nursing
The University of Connecticut Health Center
FOR: Medication Teaching
OUTCOMES: 1. Patient will verbalize understanding of therapeutic use:
b. Target symptoms medication is treating
c. Expectations of medication effects
2. Patient will verbalize understanding of medication prescribed:
a. Name of medication (generic and trade)
597 Words | 3 Pages
Principles of Drug Administration - 1730 Words
PRINCIPLES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION I. The “Five Plus Five Rights” of Drug Administration 5 Traditional Rights 1. right client 2. right drug 3. right dose 4. right time 5. right route 5 Additional Rights 1. right assessment 2. right documentation 3. client’s right to education 4. right evaluation 5. client’s right to refuse
A. Right Client Nurse must do: verify client check ID bracelet & room number have client state his name distinguish bw 2 client’s with same last names B. Right Drug...
1,730 Words | 6 Pages
Level 3 Diploma Health and Social Care Medication
Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication
1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
The Medicines Acts 1968 and various amendments cover the legal management of medication. While care staff are not expected to have detailed knowledge of the legislation, they do need to be aware of the legal difference between types of drugs and the legal framework that allows them to...
3,274 Words | 14 Pages
Pharma Exporters - 4147 Words
Established in 2007,Export Worldwide - India
Exporters of pharmaceutical products, sex medicines, cardiac medicine etc.
Business Type : Manufacturer / Exporters / Wholesale Suppliers
Address: Appolo Pharma Export, nagpur,maharashtra India
Divya Enterprises - India
We are exporters of pharmaceutical product both generic as well as branded.
Business Type : Exporters
Address: 415 Bussa Industrial Estate., Maharashtra India
Deven Trading Corporation - India
4,147 Words | 25 Pages
Drug Pricing and Competition Issues in India Through Dpco and Cdcso Activites
Drug pricing is a complex phenomena. Different countries have different methodologies of pricing such as Germany has reference based pring. Canada has system of fixing pricing of patented drugs. India fix the prices of prescription drugs on the basis of cost of the drug.
Cost is the main phemomena iin the pricing policies of the drugs.
Pricing is important aspect of competition law also. But competition commission is not a price control agency. However price based...
1,144 Words | 4 Pages
Supply and Demand - Pharmaceutical Industry
Supply and Demand Pharmaceutical Industry
In today's society, a large percentage of the population requires prescription drugs to treat injury or illness. In some cases, the need for drugs may be short term and in other cases, the drugs may be required for the remainder of an individual's life. In all cases, prescription drugs are not free; the individual or his or her insurance company pays. The type of drug and available substitutions generally drive the costs. In this paper, I will...
1,051 Words | 3 Pages
Prescription Medicine Abuse on the Rise
The Rate of Young Accidental Overdoses have Recently Increased Because Prescription Medication Abuse is Now on the Rise.
Why are prescription medications quickly becoming the most abused drug throughout today's youth. Dr. Nora D. Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, estimates that forty eight million people misuse prescribed medicine. That is about twenty percent of the United States population (1). Maybe because these medications are fairly easy to posses, no matter...
1,757 Words | 5 Pages
Impact of Product Patent - 1047 Words
The overall purpose of the this paper is to access the impacts of patent right to developing world that will generate and contribute to the improvement of health, equity and development in Africa, through better access to essential drugs by supporting health knowledge and technology transfer and a public goods approach to pharmaceutical R&D and production.
Around the world, public concern is mounting at how the introduction of strict patent regimes in developing countries required...
1,047 Words | 4 Pages
Merck, the FDA, and the Vioxx Recall
GSB 714 Bus, Gov’t & Glb Economy
August 3rd, 2014
Merck, the FDA, and the Vioxx Recall
Merck was one of the world’s leading pharmaceutical firms. The company ranked 4th I sales after Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson and it ranked 5th in assets and market value. Merck ranked 1st in profits, earning $7.33 billion on $30.78 billion in sales.
In 2006, Merck faced major challenges with their once best selling prescription painkillers, Vioxx which was...
2,172 Words | 6 Pages
Biotechnology: Industry Analysis - 4913 Words
Industry Analysis Assignment
Define the industry
The biotechnologynology industry as described by the Standard and Poor’s is both a product and a service. Their category includes biotechnology drug developers and marketers, diagnostic companies, firms in agricultural biotechnologynology and animal health, entities that produce instruments, suppliers for drug research and global biotechnology issues trading on U.S. stock markets....
4,913 Words | 17 Pages
Antitrust Laws 2 - 728 Words
August 9, 2010
The purpose of this paper is to analyze federal antitrust enforcers are investigating whether a multinational pharmaceutical company has attempted to minimize the impact of generic competition to one of its most profitable prescription drugs. This anti-depressant drug is the company’s best seller, with sales last year of $2.11 billion, representing a 22% increase from the year before. I will review whether pharmaceutical companies...
728 Words | 2 Pages
Pfizer - R&D in the pharmaceutical industry
The pharmaceutical industry has to continuously develop new products (patents). The different phases requested ahead a new product launch involves long gestation periods, and the development of a new product takes around 10 to 15 years.
In general, most large pharmaceutical firms have a centralized R&D unit.
R&D trends in Pharmaceutical industry:
In the past, increase of R&D costs for a new drug (for one: 1975: € 150m / 1987: € 344m / 2000: € 870m 1/3 of all...
481 Words | 2 Pages
Administer Medication To Individuals And Monitor The Effects
Administer medication to Individuals, and Monitor The Effects
Understanding legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication
The Medicines Act 1968. This governs the control of medicines for human and veterinary use which includes the manufacture and supply of medicines – the Act defines three categories of medicine:-
1. Prescription Only Medicines (POM) These are available only from the chemist /pharmacy if prescribed by GP.
2,103 Words | 7 Pages
pk & PD - 10606 Words
International Journal of Pharmaceutics 201 (2000) 131 – 150
Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics in drug research
Ramesh Panchagnula *, Narisetty Sunil Thomas
Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector 67, S.A.S. Nagar,
Punjab 160 062, India
Received 7 September 1999; received in revised form 6 January 2000; accepted 6 January 2000
With the synergistic and multiplicative...
10,606 Words | 48 Pages
Plagiarism Assignment - 757 Words
Plagiarism is presenting the words or ideas of someone else as your own, without proper acknowledgment of the source. Plagiarism ranges from copying word-for-word, to paraphrasing a passage and changing only a few words, to quoting or paraphrasing without credit. Whether you quote actual words or use ideas borrowed from any source, you must reference the source in your essay or project. Not documenting your sources is considered plagiarism and has severe consequences. In...
757 Words | 3 Pages
Case study of CVS - 727 Words
Case study of CVS
According to the filed work results made by PSI team, we know that approximately one in four scripts experienced a problem at some point in fulfillment process. As we all know, the fulfillment process is critical for the transfer of the customer’s need into reality. An inefficient process would lead to a poor pharmacy service which would depress the recent customer. It’s certainly true that a better fulfillment process could prevent 60%-90% of the customer defection that were...
727 Words | 2 Pages
drug actions - 1325 Words
FACTORS AFFECTING DRUG ACTION
In drug administration, many factors affect the action of the medication. These factors also affect the dose to be administered. The usual adult dose of medication as listed in standard references, is based on the assumption that the adult weighs 150 pounds, but since the following variables influence the action of the medication, they also may alter the quantity of the drug necessary to produce the desired results
a. Weight. Heavy, burly clients require larger...
1,325 Words | 5 Pages
Pfizer/Pharmaceutical Industry - 512 Words
Prof Weren Fall 12’
Pfizer Case Study
1. Why has the pharmaceutical industry been so successful historically?
The pharmaceutical industry has been such a successful industry for numerous reasons:
• Patent protection is considered to be an incentive for investing, and also creates customer loyalty.
• Generic brands have been profitable and cost efficient for buyers. This simply means that suppliers don’t need to offer a particular name...
512 Words | 2 Pages
Overmedication in the Elderly - 322 Words
Over medication in the elderly is a growing problem in our society, and it seems to be a problem that is not being addressed with much concern. As stated in this article, “It is undeniable that drugs do save lives..” but my question is, why is it so overlooked that so many elderly are being given drugs in a combination that can threaten their life? Take for example the lady that goes into the hospital for an asthma attack, and as side affects from medications occur, she is just pumped full of...
322 Words | 1 Page
The Challenges Facing the Pharmaceutical Industry in Bangladesh
Motivating high performance in pharmaceutical sales teams is a growing issue in the pharmaceutical industry. The challenges facing the pharmaceutical industry in motivating sales teams are compounded by a variety of factors that many other industries do not face including: government regulation of sales practices, non-direct tracking of sales results, and the impact of managed care on sales performance.
By impacting a few key team process and...
12,131 Words | 43 Pages
drugstore case study in naga city
“Commitment to deliver and provide fast and reliable health care products that would be accessible to the community”. This is what the three giants from the pharmaceutical retail industry envisioned their company to carry out in their existence. Amidst of the heightened competition and the growing numbers of rivals in the industry, they managed to outgrow and even took the opportunity of the changing world to establish their company and deliver their service in full bloom.
1,384 Words | 4 Pages
Greatest Influence - 359 Words
The greatest influence in my life has been my aunt. Although, her misfortune is what influenced me so greatly, she has influenced me none the less. My Aunt has been a nurse for over twenty-five years; she is the only person in my family besides myself to ever attend college. So naturally I wanted to follow in her footsteps. She was a very dignified person and always encouraging. These things about her are what led me to Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College. I enrolled in their nursing program...
359 Words | 1 Page
Pharmacodynamics - 1065 Words
Mechanisms of drug action:
Drugs may act by:
* A) Receptor mechanism:
* Most drugs produce their action by binding to specific receptors located on the cell membrane (as adrenoceptors and cholinoceptors) or inside the cell (as steroid receptors).
* This is the most important mechanism of drug action.
* Drugs produce their effects by interacting with these receptors.
* These drugs may be:
* Drugs have the affinity to bind with...
1,065 Words | 5 Pages
Medical Research - 1198 Words
We are living in a era in which technological advances have made many things possible in different areas of science. Medicine is a huge area of research due to the constant struggle for more effective ways of staying healthy all the time. People need to be instantly gratified, and the technology makes it possible. However, people’s need for instant gratification often overlooks the harmful effects of medicine. Not only are health effects overlooked, people are naturally inclined...
1,198 Words | 3 Pages
Drug Routes - 2536 Words
ADVANTAGE: It is both the least expensive and generally the least offensive form of medication. They can come in a variety of forms – fast/slow release, capsules or coated. Oral medication is convenient, painless & easy to take.
DISADVANTAGE: Oral medication can have a slower rate of absorption due to the time required to digest and absorb them. Some patients may have difficulty swallowing or unconscious. Oral medication can be affected by food in the...
2,536 Words | 11 Pages
Pharmaceutical Industry in Egypt - 3437 Words
Pharmaceutical Industry in Egypt
Sectoral survey: Pharmaceutical Industry
1. Introduction 2. Definition 3. Regulatory framework
3.1.Regulatory body 3.2.Pricing
3 4 4
4. Market analysis
4.1.Market structure 4.2.Consumption 4.3.Production 4.4.Key players
5.1.Exports 5.2.Imports 5.3.Balance of trade
6. SWOT analysis 7. Outlook 8. Recommendations 9. Conclusion Appendix References
11 12 13 13
3,437 Words | 13 Pages
Business - 330 Words
Based on ”Gone,” BusinessWeek, December 20, 2004, 76-82.
In the 1990’s Pfizer experienced tremendous growth and strong financial performance. The
success of its blockbuster drugs and newly released prescription drugs with a vast consumer
market, allowed Pfizer to increase its customer base and raises its prices. Lately growth has
slipped to just 2% a year. Pfizer’s pipeline of drugs has failed to provide a recent
blockbuster. If no big drug releases occur...
330 Words | 2 Pages
Prescription Drugs - 1884 Words
Prescription drugs are taking a toll on the people who use them, not only their wallets but their health also.
Doctors are becoming more interested in money than the overall health of their patients. What is the normal doctor visit for someone who has leg pain? A quick drive to the office, have the doctor come in and ask, “Does this hurt?” “Does it hurt when I do this?” These are pretty standard questions that can only really be measured by the patient....
1,884 Words | 5 Pages
Risk Management Summary - 1419 Words
Risk Management Summary
July 14, 2014
Risk Management Summary
There are different organizations that can be chosen to study the relationship between both risk and quality management. Risk management and quality management can be applied anywhere in the health care system. Risk management and quality management go hand in hand and have a complementary relationship....
1,419 Words | 4 Pages
Unit 4222-616 (AMS 34) Medication
Unit 4222-616 (AMS 34)
Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects
Current legislation, guidelines, policies and protocols relevant to administering medication are:-
The Medicines Act 1968 – requires that local pharmacist or dispencing doctor is responsible for supplying medication.
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 – controls dangerous and harmful drugs, I.e. controlled drugs (CD’s)
The Misuse of Drugs and the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2007 – specifies about...
2,033 Words | 7 Pages
SOP for control drug prescription check
i. Check the details on the prescription (same form for both NHS and private)
Prescriber : Signature, name, address (check the signature)
Patient : Surname, Forename address of the, age is not require
Drug : Name, form(verify if diff from PMR), strength, dose (must detail eg: one as directed not as directed, one prn not prn), quantity (check if it is excessive or not) -both in number and wording ex: 100 (one hundred) can change this by yourself no need to ask...
597 Words | 4 Pages
Home Work One - 801 Words
1. Which dosage forms are most appropriate for administering drugs to pediatric patients? Adult
Depending on the method of dispensing the forms come in different types. These are liquid dosage form, solid dosage form and gases. When it comes to pediatric it depends on the age; however, a few common forms would be syrups, gummies, lollipops, suppositories, transdermal preparations, injections, and rapid-dissolve tablets. As with adults, based on the complaint, forms may come as...
801 Words | 3 Pages
B.E. Study - 614 Words
Bioequivalence study data has long been a standard part of the dossiers for approval of generic products in all regulated markets, which includes the highly developed countries like United States of America, Europe, Japan, Australia and South Africa. Even the rest of world (ROW) markets are now asking for bioequivalence data to be submitted as part of the regulatory dossiers for approval of the generic products.
Looking at bioequivalence studies beyond just...
614 Words | 2 Pages
Global Pharmaceuticals Wholesale and Di
Global Pharmaceuticals Wholesale and Distribution Market 2015-2019
The pharmaceutical wholesale and distribution process involves the storage as well as the movement of pharmaceutical products from manufacturing plants to wholesalers, hospitals/clinics, or patients. Pharmaceutical products producers maintain strong partnerships with 3PL providers to encourage efficient and cost-effective metrics.
Companies dealing with the distribution of pharmaceutical products comply with strict government...
506 Words | 5 Pages
Potential Negligence Claim Against Pharmacist
To: Mr. McCraw
From: Nicole Ryan
RE: “Potential Negligence Claim Against Pharmacist”
Facts: The patient/client has been diagnosed with HIV+ and sought medical attention. The physician conducted an examination designed to identify the appropriate specific medication for the patient. The appropriate prescription was emailed to the pharmacy, Rite Aid. The pharmacy received and labeled the medication but mistakenly put the wrong medication in the bottle. Therefore the bottle was labeled...
358 Words | 2 Pages
Ethical Issues Articles Summarized 6
Warren Vigneswaran March 9, 2015
Ethical Issues In Pharmaceutical Business
Professor Joseph Fuhr
This chapter focused on the different ways pharmaceutical prescription drugs are promoted by companies as well as how they are regulated by the government. In 2003 alone prescription drug sales were $228.8 billion. Prior to the 1980’ promotion of prescription pharmaceutical representatives targeted drugs toward healthcare practitioners in the form of supportive detail...
569 Words | 2 Pages
Eli Lilly &Company - 2203 Words
Case 3 :Eli Lilly &company
Question: To continue generating the returns enjoyed by the industry over the past decade, pharmaceutical companies would be forced to rethink how they identify and exploit opportunities to gain a competitive edge in an increasingly complex market ?
In my opinion if a Pharmaceutical company aims to continue generating the returns and gain competitive edge, should conduct Pharmaceutical Industry Analysis which will help to find out opportunities and then should...
2,203 Words | 10 Pages
Bios 275 Week 2 Homework
BIOS275, Week 2 HW
6. Differentiate between the I.V. push, I.V. drip and I.V. piggyback methods of administration. An I.V. push refers to using a port in the tubing to administer drugs in a shorter amount of time. An I.V. drip refers to the practice of injecting a drug into the fluid of a large I.V. bag and administering it continuously throughout several hours. An I.V. piggyback refers to the practice of injecting a drug into a small I.V. bag of fluid...
589 Words | 2 Pages
Human Resource Management - 9161 Words
pharmaceutical market in Bangladesh remains tiny compared to the population size because of the lack of spending power of the population. Pharmaceutical spending is also amongst the lowest in the world in per capita terms. Healthcare expenditures consist of only 3.4% of GDP. However, the increased awareness of healthcare and the government’s increased expenditure in this sector is causing the demand to increase in this sector. In addition to the demand of therapeutic drugs, the...
9,161 Words | 28 Pages
Chinese guidebook for Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting and Monitoring Regulations by Analyze Future
China is one of the fastest growing global economies with a fifth population in the world, and is one of the largest healthcare markets around the world. Along with sustained economic and population growth, Chinese healthcare market has maintained annually average growth rate above 16 % since 1990s. By 2013, total value of drugs on Chinese healthcare market has reached RMB 1114 billion. On the Chinese healthcare market, imported drugs made by overseas and multinational pharmaceutical...
397 Words | 2 Pages
Merck - 1053 Words
Q1. How does Merck evaluate the effectiveness of its ethics-related activities?
Merck has a strong sense of ethics within the company's credo and morals and also reflects on its employees. In spite of having major financial crisis, its motto never changed or got altered. It increased the finding to the research institutions in Africa and places. It made sure that the motto of the George W. Merck, former Chairman and son of the founder of Merck was always above any hurdles that Merck as a...
1,053 Words | 3 Pages
External and Internal Environment - 1678 Words
Walgreens in one of the largest drugstore chains in the United States. Walgreens has always maintained a simple strategy. Although the strategy changed over the years to mention
newer innovations, the basic principles of the strategy have remained similar. It has become more than just your ordinary pharmacy it invest heavily in high tech store and distribution systems which drive service up and costs down, and offer an on-line drugstore web site totally integrated with other retail stores....
1,678 Words | 5 Pages
good and bad side of drugs
Drug discovery and design is one of those areas which can be almost categorized as rocket science. The sheer complexity of human cellular physiology with its convoluted mechanism of actions coupled with multiple dimensions of variables makes drug discovery a truly challenging task. Dimensions like patient population sub-types, age, genetic variations, dietary patterns, gender, life style and many such factors all contribute to determining the drug efficacy and toxicity making the process really...
474 Words | 2 Pages
Herbal Medicine - 3022 Words
Aren’t herbal products safer than pharmaceutical drugs because they are made from natural ingredients?
While the pharmaceutical industry has made important progress in recent decades in developing reliable, effective medications, the emphasis on proving efficacy has often overshadowed safety issues. So, despite federal drug regulations, serious safety problems related to pharmaceutical drugs...
3,022 Words | 9 Pages
Health Care Project Part 1
Health Care Reform Project Part I
November 25, 2013
Health Care Reform Project Part I
Team B has chosen prescription drugs for our health care reform project and how our current economic status is influenced. We will give ideas and solutions to show how to decrease the drug pricing. Ways that can be implemented toward a solution. Pharmaceutical company’s need to amend their business practices from a high profit, low development model to a moderate profit, moderate to high...
812 Words | 3 Pages
Pharmacy - 3312 Words
A Recent History Of The Pharmaceutical Industry - Based On All Five Forces
August 2007 (The New Business Road Test)
ProductionIntellectual PropertyCompetitionMarketsBusiness ModelPorters 5 Forces.
Going Digital: A Sound Guide for Songwriters and Musicians...
3,312 Words | 13 Pages
Johnson and Johnson Case Analysis
Johnson and Johnson Case Analysis
Johnson and Johnson, commonly called J&J for short, is one of the world's well known, largest, most decentralized and most diversified health care companies. Since 1887, Johnson and Johnson has been producing, manufacturing and selling products related to human health and well-being. Today J&J has over 200 autonomous operating companies and do business globally specializing in consumer products, medical devices and diagnostics, and...
1,122 Words | 3 Pages
Prescription pills speech - 754 Words
Prescription Medication Speech
A growing trend not only in our local community, but also the whole United States is the abuse of prescriptions medications. The drugs are readily accessible in every household and legal prescribed by doctors. Prescription pill abuse is commonly looked as safe however is now one of the leading causes of crime in our community.
According to research done by the Foundation for a Drug Free World, in youth ranging in age from 12 to 17, 50% of teens...
754 Words | 3 Pages
Code of Ethics for Pharmacist - 355 Words
There is nothing as challenging as having close family members who are always on medication and thus needs constant care. Both of my grandparents have got diabetes and my dad as well. With this, there is no moment I can miss to be in contact with medicines. My sick family members require to be given constant medication advice to keep them healthy.
Having pharmacist background has been my pleasure to help patients who need immediate medical attention like my family members. As a...
355 Words | 1 Page
Overmedicated and Undereducated - 1833 Words
April 13th, 2012
Overmedicated and Undereducated
Tardive Dyskinesia is defined as the involuntary loss of muscle control, most common around the mouth and/or neck. Also, TD is commonly referred to as a tick ranging from mild to severe cases. It is just one of many negative effects obtained when taking psychotropic or psychiatric medications for long term. Not until recently, these side effects occurred mostly in the elderly because they...
1,833 Words | 5 Pages
Unit 4222-616 - 1531 Words
Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects (ASM34)
Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication
The Medicines Acts 1968 and various amendments cover the legal management of medication. While care staffs are not expected to have detailed knowledge of the legislation, they do need to be aware of the legal difference between types of drugs and the legal framework that allows them to handle...
1,531 Words | 5 Pages
Unit 47: Administer Medication to Individuals, and Monitor the Effects
Unit 47: Administer Medication to Individuals, and Monitor the Effects
Legislation and Policies Relevant to the Administration of Medication
The Medicines Act 1968
This act is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom and it governs the manufacture and supply of medicine.
This act outlines three categories of medicines:
• Prescription of medicines (POM). These are only available from a pharmacist if they are prescribed by an appropriate doctor.
• Pharmacy medicines (P). These...
2,194 Words | 8 Pages