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Operant conditioning Essays & Research Papers

Best Operant conditioning Essays

  • Operant Conditioning - 759 Words Operant Conditioning Skinner’s operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the person’s behavior becomes either more or less probable depending on the consequences it produces. The person or the learner is able to voluntarily control the choices of behavior. A learner will respond to the environment and then they make an association of the consequence of that response. The response will then likely or not likely occur again depending on the consequence of the response. The basic... 759 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 525 Words Operant Conditioning I don’t have a child yet but if I do, then this will be my procedure for that child to be in bed by 9:00 pm. First of all, my definition of being in bed will change with the age of the child. As my child ages, he or she will gain more privileges; that is if he or she can keep them. So for now my make believe child is in the age range of 10-13. My definition of being in bed for this child is that the lights are out, no electronics, no books, and absolutely no getting out... 525 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 367 Words  September 30, 2013 Psychology 202 (Introduction to Psychology II) Professor: Dr. Ronald Boykin, Instructor Gregory McBride-Bey, Student # 3779800 Operant Conditioning I am experiencing an Operant Condition of learning in how to become a Rehabilitation... 367 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 390 Words Operant Conditioning is the concept that you can change someone’s behavior by giving them rewards or punishing them. Let’s pretend that you HATE cleaning your room (it’s a big stretch here I am sure). Your parents give you $50 every time you clean your room. Will this change your behavior? Sure, you will have a REALLY clean room. But will this change your feelings about cleaning the room? Probably not, you may clean it more, but you will not enjoy it any more than before you received the... 390 Words | 2 Pages
  • All Operant conditioning Essays

  • Operant Conditioning - 1120 Words OPERANT CONDITIONING Submitted by: RuAnn H. Roach April 18, 2014 Introduction to Psychology PS124 – 11 Dr. K. Latimer John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner were the forefathers of behavioral learning, an alternative scientific perspective to the failure of introspection. Where Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning (learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a stimulus that naturally produces a behavior) these behaviorists, Watson and Skinner, focused their... 1,120 Words | 4 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 535 Words Operant Conditioning – Study Guide Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which a person changes his behavior because of the results of his behavior. Skinner Box Example of Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning is a form of learning, which states that a person changes his behavior because of the results of his behavior. The result of acts can be reinforcement, punishment and extinction. Positive reinforcement' (Reinforcement) occurs when there is a reward... 535 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 319 Words The purpose of this essay is to describe operant conditioning and how the concept can be applied in ways not explicitly covered in the course. I will explain a factually correct definition, a theory that is most closely related to Operant Conditioning, and the methods by which B.F Skinner understood it or had studied it. Learning is a form were a individual response operates on the environment to produce a positive reinforcement or to remove a negative reinforcement, known as operant... 319 Words | 1 Page
  • Operant Conditioning - 1226 Words  Operant conditioning can be used in the work place to help modify behavior of employees through a negative or a positive experience following their actions (___). There are a number of ways to take care of undesirable behaviors as well as enforce good behavior in the workplace. Management can use reinforcement, punishment, and extinction to try to mold their employees into performing better and being better workers all around... 1,226 Words | 4 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 456 Words Classical conditioning forms associations between stimuli and involves respondent behavior, or the automatic responses to a stimulus. In operant conditioning, organisms associate their own actions with consequences. Action followed by reinforcers increase and those followed by punishers decrease. It uses operant behavior, or behavior that operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli. Operant conditioning involves operant behavior that actively operates on the... 456 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 1456 Words What Is Operant Conditioning? Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. Operant conditioning was coined by behaviorist B.F. Skinner, which is why you may occasionally hear it referred to as Skinnerian conditioning. As a behaviorist, Skinner believed that internal thoughts... 1,456 Words | 5 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 980 Words Introduction to Psychology September 18, 2012 OPERANT CONDITIONING ASSIGNMENT Operant conditioning would demonstrate learning based on a cause and effect reaction of one’s behaviors (Stangor, nd). For instance when a dog is told to roll over and does so as a result of a direct order; it is due to being praise for such action in the past (Stangor, nd). To best describe operant conditioning in my personal life; would be when I was place on adult probation for five years. I was not doing... 980 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 934 Words Operant Conditioning The following paper will examine the concept of learning as well as how this concept of learning is related to cognition. Through this examination there will be a description of the theory of operant conditioning, a comparison and contrasting view of positive and negative reinforcement, and a determination of which type of reinforcement is most effective. Following this determination there will be a given scenario where the application of operant conditioning shapes... 934 Words | 3 Pages
  • OPERANT CONDITIONING - 550 Words OPERANT CONDITIONING ELEMENTS -the likelihood that a behavior will occur is increased by reward (i.e., REINFORCEMENT) and decreased by PUNISHMENT. PUNISHMENT - introduction of an aversive stimulus aimed at reducing the rate of an unwanted behavior. RE-INFORCEMENT - any event contingent upon the response of the organism that alters the likelihood of the response. - rewarded response are always strengthened but - punished responses do not always diminish POSITIVE RE-INFORCEMENT -any... 550 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 855 Words Operant conditioning forms the premise that behaviours are shaped by their consequences. It is fundamentally learned behaviour, formulated by responses to positive or negative motivations; no behaviour is without consequence, enjoyable or bad. It is this application of consequences that connects certain responses to particular stimuli (Huitt & Hummel, 1997). There are two types of consequences associated with this conditioning: reinforcement, which increases the likelihood of repetitive... 855 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning - 319 Words Operant Conditioning Skinner showed how positive reinforcement worked by placing a hungry rat in his Skinner box. The box contained a lever in the side and as the rat moved about the box it would accidentally knock the lever. Immediately it did so a food pellet would drop into a container next to the lever. The rats quickly learned to go straight to the lever after a few times of being put in the box. The consequence of receiving food if they pressed the lever ensured that they would repeat... 319 Words | 1 Page
  • Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning What do you think are the differences and similarities between Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning? Many people believe that Classical and Operant are similar. Several people don’t know what the similarities and differences of Classical and Operant are, several people think it is the same learning method, which in this case I’m going to compare and contrast each behavior and give you information about each one, so you could have a better understanding of each method and what they do.... 1,197 Words | 4 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning and Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning and Classical Conditioning Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. The process relies on the idea that organisms respond to stimuli, and that if they can be taught to associate a specific stimulus with a particular behavior, they will be more likely to engage in or avoid the behavior, depending on the... 345 Words | 1 Page
  • Classical conditioning VS Operant conditioning INTRODUCTION Learning is necessary for all animals, it helps the survival of the fittest and helps adjust to the ever-changing environment. Learning is the association between two events together. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning both work with associating events together. Classical conditioning Thanks to Ivan Pavlov, the accidental discovery of classical or 'Pavlovian conditioning' led to a whole new section of learning. Classical conditioning is what happens when the learner... 1,094 Words | 4 Pages
  • Operant and Classical Conditioning - 1139 Words Phobias and Addictions Jackalin Henryy PSY/300 April 8, 2013 Dr. Pamela Allen Phobias and Addictions Phobias and addictions tint the society greatly. According to Kowalski and Westen, (2011) “Phobias are an irrational fear of a specific object or situation” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011, p. 167). The National Institute of Drug Abuse indicates that the abuse of illicit drugs, tobacco, and alcohol affect the financial aspect of the nation greatly. Because of crime, lost work production... 1,139 Words | 4 Pages
  • Distinguish between operant conditioning Distinguish between operant conditioning, observational learning, and social learning. How are these different kinds of learning utilized in the work place? Give specific examples for each one. Operant conditioning is a theory that is useful when applied to the workplace in several ways. It addresses how employees interact with one another and with clients to how financially successful a company is annually. Operant learning is positive reinforcement. Another example of operant conditioning... 392 Words | 1 Page
  • Psy 390 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning Dena Couch PSY 390 July 30, 2012 Dr. Thauberger Operant Conditioning In this paper there will be an examination of the Operant Conditioning theory. It will describe the theory, and compare and contrast the positive and negative reinforcement. It will determine which form of reinforcement is the most effective, and will give an explanation of the reasoning behind that choice. It will also give a scenario in which operant conditioning is applied and how it shapes... 857 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning: learning - 533 Words  A second grade boy who has been acting out in class must learn to behave. If reprimanding the boy does not work, something else must be done. If I was a school psychologist faced with this problem, I would use principals of operant conditioning as well as observational learning to help improve the behavior of the child. Operant conditioning is a type of learning that is used to increase or decrease the frequency of a behavior by associating a consequence with the behavior. Consequences of a... 533 Words | 2 Pages
  • Classical V. Operant Conditioning Classical Vs. Study done at home showing the effects of operant and classical conditioning. Operant Conditioning For my first experiment I tried to induce a startled response in my roommate by using Classical Conditioning. Since we have a lot of traffic in and out of our apartment I decided that every time someone opened or closed the front door I would clap loudly in his ear and he would startle. After a couple of times I discontinued this behavior to see if he would still startle when... 316 Words | 1 Page
  • Essay Operant Conditioning - 1752 Words Ivan Pavlov Classical conditioning is a method used in behavioral studies. It is known as classical because it is the first study of laws of learning/conditioning, It is a learned reaction that you do when evoked by a stimulus. Ivan Pavlov was the scientist who discovered classical conditioning. Ivan Pavlov was born in Russia. He lived from 1849 - 1936 . Pavlov’s field of study was physiology and natural science. One of Pavlov’s discoveries was the conditioning of dogs.... 1,752 Words | 6 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning - 1592 Words Classical and Operant Conditioning Classical conditioning is a basic form of learning in which one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus. During classical conditioning, organisms acquire information about the relations between various stimuli, not simple associations between them. (Psychology, pg.170). In classical condition a stimulus, or a physical event capable of affecting behavior, that initially doesn’t elicit a particular response can obtain the... 1,592 Words | 4 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning - 1291 Words Classical and Operant Conditioning In 1889, a psychologist by the name of Ivan Pavlov began experimenting with dogs to study digestion by measuring their saliva. He discovered that the dogs “predicted” the arrival of food, leading to salivation. Although he is famous for his work on digestive psychology, he is known for his early impact on behavioral psychology. He described that there were things such as a neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus and an unconditioned response. A neutral... 1,291 Words | 4 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning - 592 Words Classical Conditioning: learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus (NS) becomes paired (associated) with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) to elicit a conditioned response(CR) Pavlov’s Original Experiment Neutral Stimulus (NS): before conditioning doesn’t naturally elicit response of interest . Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): elicits UCR without previous conditioning Unconditioned Response (UCR): unlearned reaction to UCS occurring without prior conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS):... 592 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning in the Criminal Ju  Operant Conditioning in the Criminal Justice System Z. M. Keys Psychology of Criminal Behavior CCJS 461 17 October 2014 "The only way to tell whether a given event is reinforcing to a given organism under given conditions is to make a direct test. We observe the frequency of a selected response, then make an event contingent upon it and observe any change in frequency. If there is a change, we classify the event as reinforcing to the organism under the existing... 2,672 Words | 7 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning in the Workforce - 1055 Words  Operant Conditioning in the Workforce Abstract This paper reviews the theory of operant conditioning developed by Burrhus Frederic Skinner. B.F. Skinner’s operant conditioning theory explains the behavior of people through positive and negative reinforcement. This paper explores how reinforcement through operant conditioning can be applied to workforce personnel. Behaviors involving offending, humiliating, possibly in front of co-workers, customers... 1,055 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning - 446 Words Classical and Operant Conditioning Conditioning is the act of being trained or accustomed to behave a certain way. Classical conditioning is, “learning to make an involuntary response to a stimulus other than the original, natural stimulus that normally produces the reflex” (Ciccarelli, 2012). Classical conditioning applies to situations in which we respond automatically. These kinds of actions or responses are determined in the amygdala which is where our “fight or flight” responses take... 446 Words | 2 Pages
  • Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are different learning methods. The two methods have the word conditioning in common. What is conditioning? Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli. Both classical and operant conditioning are basic forms of learning. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to transfer a natural response from one stimulus to another, previously neutral stimulus.... 725 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning and Superstition - 1095 Words The historical antecedents of operant conditioning was first coined by Burrhus Frederic Skinner who believed the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of human and nonhuman action and its consequences, which are external causes of behavior only. However, Skinner experiments and his concepts of operant conditioning stem from that of Edward Thorndike's "law of effect" and operant conditioning added a new term to "law of effect" called reinforcements. There are several types of... 1,095 Words | 3 Pages
  • The Theory of Operant Conditioning - 1136 Words  The Theory of Operant Conditioning PSY390 October 6, 2014 Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating. These five psychologists each have different theories on human behavior. There are similarities and differences in each of the theories. Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory, studied animals and formed the basis for behavioral psychology (Cherry, 2013). Edward... 1,136 Words | 4 Pages
  • Understanding Operant Conditioning - 303 Words Coulrophobia Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increases or decreases through positive or negative reinforcement or punishment each time the behavior occurs (Palmer, 2004). Reinforcement empowers the response or behavior, and increases the chances of it repeating. Punishment reduces the response or behavior, and decreases the chances of it repeating. In operant conditioning this behavior is active and voluntary (Carpenter & Huffman,... 303 Words | 1 Page
  • Operant Conditioning and Superstitions - 1141 Words The history of operant conditioning contains three names broadly. The names and the historical contribution is briefly described. Edwin L. Thorndike, 1898. He shows his interest in animal intelligence. He believes that the investigation should be systematic. He formulated the Law of Effect that has the following main points: • Behaviors that accelerate an attractive state of undertakings are fortified or "stamped in." • Behaviors that expedite an unsuitable or bothering state of undertakings... 1,141 Words | 4 Pages
  • Psychsim 5: Operant Conditioning Classical Versus Operant Conditioning: Classical and Operant differ in when an event takes place. Classical conditioning involves an event, and then a conditioned response, while Operant relies on a decision, knowing what the following event may be. Reinforcement and Punishment: Reinforcement increases the likelyhood of the behaviour repeating. Giving a dog a treat for coming in after going to the bathroom outside. Removing chores when a teenager obeys their curfew.... 289 Words | 2 Pages
  • Instrumental/Operant Conditioning - 1589 Words  EXPERIMENT NO. 5 Instrumental/Operant Conditioning OBJECTIVE To illustrate behavior modification through the application of operant conditioning techniques. INTRODUCTION Operant conditioning was first observed by Edward Thorndike’s observation that behavior is encouraged and discouraged by its consequences. “Operants” was the term conceptualized by Skinner from the said behaviors for they operate on the surrounding environment to generate consequences. Thus, behavior that is followed... 1,589 Words | 7 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning Paper - 703 Words Operant Conditioning Paper Christina Ewing PSY/390 January 21, 2012 Esther Siler Colbert Operant Conditioning Paper The theory of operant conditioning was thought of by B.F. Skinner. Skinner came up with this theory based on the work of Thorndike (1905). The theory of operant conditioning states that organisms learn to act or behave in a way which obtains or gets a reward yet avoids a punishment. It is an instrumental type of conditioning. Type R conditioning is... 703 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning Paper - 1012 Words Operant Conditioning Vanessa Mejias November 28, 2011 Ross Seligman PSY/390 Operant Conditioning In a world that was ruled by psychoanalytic studies, and Thorndike’s puzzle box to explain behaviorism, B.F. Skinner was a revolutionary in the world of psychology. His studies and reports on operant conditioning has not only survived ridicule and skepticism in his time but has also survived the passage of time and social evolution to incorporate his theories several decades later. By... 1,012 Words | 4 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning at Home Writing Assignment #1 Kristy L. Weber PSY 101 06H – Online Instructor Stacey Le Fevre September 30, 2011 WRITING ASSIGNMENT #1 The study of learning has been of interest to psychologists for over 100 years (Ciccarelli & White. pp.6). Learning is defined as the process leading to any relatively permanent change in behavior (pp.170). There are four possible consequences for any behavior: 1. Something good can start or be presented, causing a specific behavior to increase. In... 1,304 Words | 4 Pages
  • classical and operant conditioning - 1855 Words  Classical and Operant Conditioning Classical and operant conditioning Janerisa Encarnacion Borough of Manhattan Community college Author note: This paper was prepared for Social Psychology 200, taught by professor Pastor. What is classical conditioning? Classical conditioning is a learning process of behavior modification in which a subject learns to respond in a preferred way such that a neutral stimulus (the conditioned stimulus) is repeatedly shown... 1,855 Words | 6 Pages
  • Examples of Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Organizational Behavior Assignment 1 Examples of Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning and Social Learning 1. Classical Conditioning It is a process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response; e.g. conditioned fear and anxiety - many phobias that people experience are the results of conditioning, like the... 347 Words | 1 Page
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning and Substance Misuse 2. Psychological Factors and Substance Misuse: How do the ideas of Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning explain why someone might misuse drugs? How can these theories be applied to the treatment of substance misuse? (1500 words) Learning (conditioning) is the process that eventually leads to relative permanent change in behavior or training. Some things are innate - we are born with the knowledge but others must be acquired actively. Thus, it is ‘an adaptive process in which the... 1,710 Words | 5 Pages
  • Compare and Contrast Classical Conditioning with Operant Conditioning Topic: Compare and contrast classical conditioning with operant conditioning. We are constantly learning whether we realize it or not. From the moment we are born our lives begin to be shaped into what is socially acceptable and morally right in our cultures. We learn and retain what we have been taught. There are two major ways that our behaviors can be learned, classical conditioning, and operant conditioning, both a form of behavioral learning. Classical conditioning is when we find a... 921 Words | 3 Pages
  • Reinforcement Role in Operant and Classical Conditioning [pic] The Cyprus Institute of Marketing Nicosia Subject: Consumer Behaviour Lecturer: Avgi Avgousti Program: ADBA Words: 1912 Date due:14.12.2012 Name of Student: Elena Kapona Andreou Student Registration Number: CYN/136/11 The concept of reinforcement is very important in the learning of consumer preferences. Explain why and discuss this relation to the Classical and Operant Conditioning Theories. Support your answer with... 2,078 Words | 10 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning: Positive and Negative Reinforcement Operant Conditioning Conditioning Project AP Psychology Operant Conditioning is a process of behavior modification in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increased or decreased through positive or negative reinforcement each time the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement. An early theory of operant conditioning was proposed my Edward Thornlike, he used instrumental learning because the... 478 Words | 2 Pages
  • Operant Conditioning by B. F Skinner Introduction People do on a day to day basis, many actions without realizing it, and most of the time, they don’t know why they do them. Certain reinforcements, some positive, and some negative have conditioned their actions and thoughts. In this essay, I chose Burrhus Frederic Skinner who came up with the theory of operant conditioning. B. F. skinner,(March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990) is an American psychologist who believed that we do have such a thing as a mind, but that it is... 1,571 Words | 5 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditioning Case Study  Introduction Learning is the act of changing an organism’s behavior in response to an experience. Associative learning is when an organism links two events that occur close in time. When an organism learns to make associations, it is being conditioned. There are two types of conditioning. Operant conditioning is when an organism associates an action and the consequence of that action. It results in the organism adapting its behavior to maximize rewards and minimize punishment (Skinner).... 1,370 Words | 4 Pages
  • Compare Contrast Operant & Classical Conditioning Learning is any relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience (Grivas et al, 1999: 318). Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behaviour in the presence of well-define stimuli (Termpapers, 2003: 01). Learning is the unconscious association between two stimuli which brings about stimulus substitution: Classical Conditioning, CC, Pavlov and the encoding of consequences: Operant Conditioning, OC, Skinner (Grivas et al. 1999: 346-349). This essay will compare and... 1,631 Words | 5 Pages
  • Moduel 5 Operant and Respondent Conditioning  Addiction affects millions of individuals on a daily basis. Although many believe that drug addiction occurs because of family history of abuse, genetics, or poverty, this is not the case. Addiction is a learned behavior ( Higgins, Heil, & Sigmon, as cited in Sturmey, 2007). The process of learning occurs through operant and respondent conditioning. Operant and respondent conditioning have dual roles in drug addiction. Operant conditioning relies on consequences and reinforcements after a... 955 Words | 3 Pages
  • Conditioning - 753 Words PSYC 1101 Jasmine Glass Question Topic 2 essay 1 relying on the information you learned in chapter 5, explain what is meant by the term “conditioning” and describe and distinguish between classical and operant conditioning. Finally, discuss how research into the effects of biology and cognition on conditioning has changed psychology’s understanding of the conditioning process Classical Conditioning Conditioning is an associative learning, which occur when we make a connection or an... 753 Words | 3 Pages
  • Conditioning - 918 Words Psychology is the study of the mind, brain, and behavior. There are many branches that make the topic a whole including all of its terms and theories. Psychology wouldn’t be where it’s at today if it wasn’t for two important psychologists Edward L. Thorndike and behavioral psychologist B.F. Skinner. Operant conditioning was devised and studied by psychologist Edward Thorndike and behavioral psychologist B.F Skinner (Charles Strangor, 2010). Operant Conditioning is also known as instrumental... 918 Words | 3 Pages
  • The Application of Operant Conditioning Techniques in a Secondary Classroom Thomas Spadafora Psy 121 11/02/12 The Application Of Operant Conditioning Techniques In A Secondary Classroom Background A plethora of Studies have reported the effectiveness of operant conditioning techniques in altering the behavior of children in a number of different situations. There has been many studies in which teacher-supplied consequences have had effects on preschool and elementary school children in a regular classroom, but almost none in the secondary schooling... 1,125 Words | 4 Pages
  • Phobia's and Addiction Relating to Classical and Operant Conditioning PSY/300 General Psychology Erika Rich “Phobia’s and Addiction’s Relating to Classical and Operant Conditioning” June 7, 2010 Corey Vigdor Phobia’s with Classical Conditioning A phobia can be developed in classical conditioning when you produce a fear tactic with it. Like the example with Little Albert. At the age he was he wasn’t afraid of the rabbit, dog, or any of the other things they put in front of him. When they kept hitting the pole behind him scaring him over and over he then... 1,654 Words | 4 Pages
  • Using Operant Conditioning to Increase Productivity Among Workers If I would be a manager of a large automobile factory, I would be interested in increasing the productivity among all workers. A good tool for this is Operant Conditioning. I would have 3 types of workers: white collar office employees, factory line workers, and quality control employees. I would use different techniques for each type. For quality control workers I would use punishment. If they didn’t notice a defect in the product that they were supposed to check, they would get a fine taken... 289 Words | 1 Page
  • How Organism Learn: Classical and Operant Conditioning How Organism Learn: Classical and Operant Conditioning There are two main explanations of how organisms learn. The first explanation is known as classical conditioning. The second explanation is known as operant conditioning. These two types of learning are exhibited in our everyday lives through our home, school, and school. Classical conditioning was discovered by Iran Petrovich Pavlov. He was originally a physiologist whose main focus was the digestive system (Gazzaniga 230).... 885 Words | 3 Pages
  • Can Classical and Operant Conditioning Account for the Development of Phobias? Can classical and operant conditioning account for the development of phobias? Classical conditioning involves pairing an unconditioned stimulus with a conditioned stimulus. The conditioned stimulus then produces a conditioned response. Operant conditioning then refers to associations between the response and the outcome. The following essay will examine evidence supporting classical and operant conditioning as a cause of phobias. Other theories, such as biological and evolutionary, will... 369 Words | 2 Pages
  • Skinner’s Theory of Operant Conditioning and Behavior Modification Skinner’s Theory of Operant Conditioning and Behavior Modification Theory: Behaviorism Theorist: B.F. Skinner Biography: B.F Skinner was considered to be the father of the behavioral approach to psychology, due to his prominence as a spokesperson for behaviorism (Corey, 2009). B.F. Skinner was born in 1904 (Corey, 2009). Skinner recalled his upbringing as being a warm and stable family environment (Corey, 2009). In the 8th edition of Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy,... 995 Words | 4 Pages
  • Skinner’s Principles of Operant Conditioning Can Be Applied to Personality Development 2. Discuss how Skinner’s principles of operant conditioning can be applied to personality development. Operant conditioning (the shaping of behavior through reward and punishment)is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. It probably governments a larger share of human behaviour than classical conditioning. Since most human responses are voluntary rather than reflexive. The study of operant conditioning was led by B.F.Skinner. Skinner... 746 Words | 3 Pages
  • classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning Classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning Classical conditioning is about pairing a stimulus with another stimulus that cause a natural reaction. As a good example of Pavlov’s dog meat powder experiment, the dog meat powder and dog salivating is unconditional reponse which naturally occurred. However, if a dog was given a meat powder after the bell ring, eventually the dog will salivate whenever bell rings even if there are no meat powder, meaning, by pairing the two stimulus the... 839 Words | 3 Pages
  • Operant Condition - 774 Words Several years ago, I was the marketing Manager for a new line of perfume, which had to be promoted, introduced to the consumer, and allow for succession in the market. By marketing the product the sales would either be high or low depending on the market responses. One way to ensure successfully marketing to the right consumers is through the use of Operant Conditioning. Operant Conditioning, also known as Instrumental learning is defined as a "learning process by which the consequences of an... 774 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 1616 Words Always add a cover page per APA guidelines! Good content-focus on APA formatting and punctuation-you can do it!! Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning Phobias in a human being are a very powerful thing. So powerful that they can be developed at a very early age, and affect the rest of our lives. There are many types of phobias, some are more common than others, such as heights, insects, or needles. I have also seen phobias as weird as pickles and rabbits! Despite how weird a... 1,616 Words | 5 Pages
  • Psychological Conditioning - 2640 Words Psychology 102 – Midterm Essay Midterm Essay Herbert Joseph Psychology 102 The classical conditioning approach is an associative learning approach that played a major role in the development of the science of psychology. Classical conditioning can also be referred to as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning. The process begins with a stimulus in the environment, the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), which produces a natural behavior, the unconditioned response (UCR) in an organism. For... 2,640 Words | 7 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 413 Words The book refers to classical conditioning as the process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar or related response. Classical Conditioning acts on our emotional responses to the environment. It's in our everyday life, which you see in advertisements, commercials, and billboards all the time. An example of classical conditioning in real life is a candle commercial I've seen on... 413 Words | 2 Pages
  • Conditioning and Learning - 1233 Words Conditioning and Learning 1 INTRODUCTION "Learning, acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviors. It is common to think of learning as something that takes place in school, but much of human learning occurs outside the classroom, and people continue to learn throughout their lives." (Gregory, 1961) Conditioning is the term used to designate the types of human behavioral learning. Since the 1920s, conditioning has been the primary focus of behavior research in... 1,233 Words | 5 Pages
  • Classic Conditioning - 631 Words PsychSim 5: CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Name: Section: Date: This activity provides a review of Pavlov’s famous experiment on the salivary response in dogs, as well as the basic processes of classical conditioning: acquisition, generalization, discrimination training, and extinction. Salivary Response • In Pavlov’s famous experiment, what did he call the… o unconditioned stimulus (UCS)? Meat powder (a stimulus that is natural or automatic). o unconditioned response (UCR)? Saliva flow (an... 631 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 958 Words Traditionally Classical conditioning is a powerful and widely utilised form of learning best associated with Ivan Pavlov (Mcsweeny, 2004). The basic Pavilion model of behaviour proposes, learning is largely an associative process and most behaviour is conditioned by reward and punishment. The model discusses the presentation of two or more events defined experimentally through a distinct sequential relationship which occur in complete sequence, over a short period of time. This sequence becomes... 958 Words | 4 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 3226 Words “Evaluate the role of Classical Conditioning In modern consumer behaviour” Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour which comes from experience. “Learning occurs when new behaviours or changes in behaviours are acquired as the result of an individual’s response to stimuli.” (my-ecoach.com). There are three types of behavioural learning theories. These include contiguity, classical or respondent conditioning and operant conditioning. “In classical conditioning, a secondary... 3,226 Words | 10 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 802 Words cal Conditioning Classical Conditioning Jessica DeVore PSY 390 January 28, 2012 R. Trent Codd III Classical Conditioning Introduction Behaviorism is a institute of thought in psychology founded on the assumption that learning occurs through interactions with our environment. Two other assumptions of this theory are that the environment contours behavior as well as that taking internal mental states such as thoughts, feelings an also emotion into consideration is impractical in... 802 Words | 3 Pages
  • The Process of Conditioning - 953 Words Florida Sahay Professor Griffin Psychology 1101 Fall 2009 The Conditioning Process It was raining when Sarah was driving home from work. Both she and the driver of the car in front of her were speeding. The car in front of her had immediately braked. There was not enough distance between that car and her own car to safely slow to a stop, so she had quickly switched lanes to avoid a car accident. Instead, the slick pavement caused her car to swerve out of control. When her car... 953 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 825 Words Classical conditioning has become a part of daily life for the last 50 years or so. Though other forms of behavior modification have grown from the original experiments of the early behaviorist, classical conditioning has found a permanent place in society. Originally discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs when associations are formed between an organism’s naturally occurring response and an environmental stimulus (Cherry, 2010).... 825 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 1571 Words Classical Conditioning My Experience with Classical Conditioning Though it may be difficult to believe, I had never tasted a sip of alcohol until my freshman year of college. A combination of dedication to my sport, track and field, fear of my father¡¦s reprisal, and dreams of getting a scholarship kept me from indulging in the normal temptations that teenagers succumb to during my high school years. But being on my own in college and having secured a scholarship, allowed me to give way... 1,571 Words | 5 Pages
  • Instrumental Conditioning - 1598 Words Introduction When one hears the term instrumental (operant) conditioning they tend to immediately think of the "Skinner-Box". Skinner conducted classic experiments where he trained rats and pigeons to press a lever in order to obtain a food reward. The experimenter would choose a suited output to pair it with a consequence. After a training period, the animals would show the behavior (BH, e.g. pressing the lever) even in absence of any reward, if the BH-US association had been memorized.... 1,598 Words | 5 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 868 Words Identifying UCS, UCR, CS, and CR 1. UCS: the original terrifying ride on the roller coaster UCR: terror CS: the sight of the roller coaster CR: cold sweat 2. UCS: the fried oyster UCR: sickness CS: the smell of frying food CR: nausea 3. UCS: the spaniel’s barking and lunging UCR: initial fright CS: the sight of the spaniel’s house CR: fear and trembling 4. UCS: the canned dog food UCR: salivation... 868 Words | 7 Pages
  • Classic Conditioning - 877 Words Distinguish between operant conditioning, classical conditioning, and social learning. How are these different kinds of learning utilized in the work place? Give specific examples for each one. Classic conditioning occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response. The most famous example of this is the experiment performed by Pavlov. However, many people experience this effect every day at work. When someone cooks something in the... 877 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 261 Words Classical Conditioning, Biblical and Personal The phenomenon studied by Pavlov is an interesting one to consider. (Myers, 2010) Trying to choose a personal experience that reflects classical conditioning was difficult. There were many obvious choices, so it took a while to choose one. When I was a little girl I attended a funeral with my mother. One of the hymns played at the funeral was “In the Garden”. Being a funeral, it was a very sad event and there were many tears. Afterward, my... 261 Words | 1 Page
  • Classical conditioning - 494 Words After learning two types of conditioning, namely: classical conditioning and operant conditioning, I felt really interested in getting to know both concept better by relating to my daily life habits. Now, I will describe a classical conditioning closely related to a type of Vietnamese tradition which most of Vietnamese people once experienced during their babyhood. In the past, every Vietnamese woman could sing a lullaby song for their babies in order to make them easily fall asleep. However,... 494 Words | 2 Pages
  • Conditioning: Psychology - 1343 Words Chacon, Gerald Period 1 Biggs 4 Jan 2010 Learning through conditioning Learning is an important skill that all organisms must acquire in order to survive or fall prey to Darwinism’s main idea of survival of the fittest. Learning is the long lasting effect of a change in behavior. This would constrict the application of learning conditioning to a few applications. The three most recognizable applications are classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and learning by... 1,343 Words | 4 Pages
  • Conditioning and Learning - 2385 Words Conditioning and Learning From the moment any living being is born to the moment it dies, they are constantly learning. Learning is a change in behavior based on previous experiences. It may involve processing and interpreting many different types of information. Learning functions are performed by different brain learning processes, which depend on the dynamic mental capacities of the learning subject. There are three main forms of learning for the human mind: classical conditioning, operant... 2,385 Words | 7 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning - 250 Words Classical Conditioning A child could be influenced at a very young age to be prejudice through classical conditioning. If you take a child and show him a picture of a black family if each time he reaches for the picture of the black family he receives a hard pinch that makes him cry followed by the word “bad” he will associate the black family with being bad. If this action is repeated eventually when the child sees a black person he will dislike black people. US=Pinch UR/CR=dislike... 250 Words | 1 Page
  • Instrumental Conditioning - 1432 Words Instrumental Conditioning: Learning how to Tie Your Shoes George T. Jackson, University of Phoenix Psych/550 Psychology of Learning Dr. John Barker, Facilitator Instrumental Conditioning: Learning how to Tie Your Shoes Instrumental conditioning is a process that permits a change in behavior, and the change of behavior can be either negative or positive,... 1,432 Words | 5 Pages
  • Classical vs Operant - 981 Words March 18, 2013 Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are different learning methods. The two methods have the word conditioning in common. What is conditioning? Conditioning is the acquisition of specific patterns of behavior in the presence of well-defined stimuli. Both classical and operant conditionings are basic forms of learning. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to transfer a natural response from one... 981 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical and Operant Conditiioning - 1134 Words General Psy Monday 6:30-9:30pm Wrighting Assignment 1 Have you walked into the pet store and went to buy pet treats? Which one stands out the most? Most would see the yellow bag of Beggin Strip. Beggin strips has a very humorous form of classical conditioning in there commercial. It starts out with the dog lying on the bed, he hears the bag open. The smell travels... 1,134 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning Theory - 3135 Words CLASSICAL CONDITIONING THEORY Classical Conditioning is the type of learning made famous by Pavlov's experiments with dogs. The gist of the experiment is this: Pavlov presented dogs with food, and measured their salivary response (how much they drooled). Then he began ringing a bell just before presenting the food. At first, the dogs did not begin salivating until the food was presented. After a while, however, the dogs began to salivate when the sound of the bell was presented. They learned to... 3,135 Words | 9 Pages
  • Classical And Operational Conditioning - 1265 Words Classical and Operational Conditioning Classical conditioning is a technique often used by marketers. It is essentially a process of behaviour adjustment by which a person comes to respond in a desired manner to a stimulus that was formerly neutral to them but that has now been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that obtains a desired response for the marketer. For example, the Pharmacy Boots has affiliated the song ‘here come the girls’ with their stores by playing... 1,265 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning and Multiple Choice [Q1] Multiple Choice - 1 point 1) A group of ideas, assumptions, and generalizations that interpret and illuminate observations that have been made about human growth is referred to as a ____________ theory. A. behavioral B. psychoanalytical C. humanistic D. developmental Answer: D [Q2] Multiple Choice - 1 point 2) _________theorists try to make sense out of observations and construct a story of the human journey from infancy to adulthood. A. Developmental B. Psychoanalytical C.... 4,170 Words | 28 Pages
  • Learning: Classical Conditioning - 1138 Words Learning Learning is more than a person sitting at a desk and studying off a book. Everything that we do is a result of what we have learned. We respond to things that happen to us, we act and experience consequences from our behavior, and we observe what others say and do. Psychologists explain our many experiences with basic learning processes. "Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience (Santrock, p.146)." By learning how to use a computer you... 1,138 Words | 4 Pages
  • The Use of Classical Conditioning in Advertising  Introduction Classical conditioning in advertising has been used by firms who sell products to get consumers to purchase from them instead of their competition. This essay will briefly explain what classical conditioning is. It will examine the problems with experiments on classical conditioning in advertising and briefly look at two experiments which try to overcome these problems in testing classical conditioning in advertising. The first experiment will look at the effects of... 2,402 Words | 7 Pages
  • Phobias and Addictions Through Conditioning Phobias and Addictions Through Conditioning Kristie Daniel PSY/300 April 4, 2011 Gerry Ann Juchniewicz Phobias and Addictions Through Conditioning Conditioning can be used to develop or eliminate emotional difficulties in subjects. There are two types of conditioning that can and have been distinguished between. These two types are classified as operant and classical. Phobias can and have been purposely developed by using classical conditioning in subjects using fear tactics. Addictions... 1,137 Words | 3 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning and Behavior - 2372 Words Behaviorism Summary: Behaviorism is a worldview that operates on a principle of “stimulus-response.” All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or consciousness. Originators and important contributors: John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, E. L. Thorndike (connectionism), Bandura, Tolman (moving toward cognitivism) Keywords: Classical conditioning (Pavlov), Operant conditioning... 2,372 Words | 7 Pages
  • Ethical Implications of Adverse Conditioning Ethical Implications of Aversive Conditioning It is not usual for psychologists to give prominence to ethical issues and Skinner is no exception. However, in writing about the application of behavioral analysis to significant issues in human behavior. Skinner stresses three issues which have general ethical implications. The use of positive reinforcement, the minimization of punishment contingencies and the specification of objectives (Skinner 1953, 1971). Aversive Conditioning is the use of... 809 Words | 3 Pages
  • Behaviorism: Classical Conditioning - 1181 Words There are four primary conditioning theories of behaviorism. These four theories are Pavlov’s (1849-1936) classical conditioning, Thorndike’s (1874-1949) connectionism (also known as law of effect), Guthrie's (1886-1959) contiguous conditioning, and Skinner’s (1904-1990) operant conditioning. According to the text (Shunk 2012) Classical conditioning was discovered around the beginning of the 20th century by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov was studying digestive process in dogs when he... 1,181 Words | 4 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning and Monkey - 5160 Words Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment (12 marks) A GRADE (outline) The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning. Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment describes the baby receiving food (and unconditioned stimulus) and producing an unconditioned response (happiness) and the mother feeding the baby will be the neutral stimulus. The baby will then experience the mother giving them food (and therefore happiness) a... 5,160 Words | 15 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning Paper 2 Classical Conditioning Paper Gregory Finch PSY/390 Axia College/University of Phoenix Classical Conditioning Paper By definition, classical conditioning refers to conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus is paired with and precedes the unconditioned... 1,110 Words | 4 Pages
  • Psychology classical conditioning - 3653 Words Concept/Theory classical conditioning Explanation Studied by Pavlov, this is when one learns to associate and react to two stimuli. Originally an unconditioned stimulus, which provides a response without conditioning, leads to an unconditioned response, which is also unlearned. Conditioning occurs when the neutral stimuli is added along with the unconditioned stimulus. After the two stimuli are associated, the neutral stimulus becomes the conditioned stimulus and produces a conditioned... 3,653 Words | 17 Pages
  • Elements of Classical Conditioning - 597 Words Elements of Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (US)- Any stimulus that is capable of reflexive response. Unconditioned Response UR An innate (in-born, automatic) reflex response elicited or reflex triggered by an unconditioned stimulus (food). Conditioned Stimulus (CS)-A stimulus that evokes/triggers a response because it has been repeatedly paired/associated with an unconditional stimulus (bell) Conditioned Response (CR)- A learned response elicited or triggered by a conditioned... 597 Words | 2 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning and Associative Strength PSYC2081 Learning Assignment Question 1: The experiment conducted was a 2x2 within subjects experiment. The 2 cue types were over-expectation and control whereas the 2 independent variables were salience. Subjects were randomly presented varying levels of salient stimuli in the form of food pictures. These pictures were then to be associated with an allergy score between 1 and 9. In the next phase, the subjects were given each cue type 8 times along with some filler cues arranged to some... 936 Words | 3 Pages
  • Major Types of Conditioning - 2666 Words Learning can be defined as “the process leading to relatively permanent behavioral change or potential behavioral change. In other words, as we learn, we alter the way we perceive our environment, the way we interpret the incoming stimuli, and therefore the way we interact, or behave”( Lieberman 2012, pg 4.3). According to behaviorism, behavior can be studied in a systematic and observable manner with no consideration of internal mental states. This school of thought suggests that only... 2,666 Words | 7 Pages
  • Classical Conditioning Theory - 493 Words Individual Assignment: Classical Conditioning Paper, Due Week 4, Day 7. Write a 1000-word paper in which you examine the theory of classical conditioning. In your examination, address the following: o Describe the theory of classical conditioning. o Select a scenario in which you would apply classical conditioning theory, such as training your dog to sit or training your partner to clean the house. * Describe your selected scenario and prepare a chart in which you illustrate how... 493 Words | 2 Pages
  • Behaviourism: Classical Conditioning and Neutral Stimulus Behaviorism is a school of thought in psychology based on the assumption that learning occurs through interactions with the environment. Two other assumptions of this theory are that the environment shapes behavior and that taking internal mental states such as thoughts, feelings and emotions into consideration is useless in explaining behavior. One of the best-known aspects of behavioral learning theory is classical conditioning. Discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, classical... 2,982 Words | 9 Pages

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