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Logic Essays & Research Papers

Best Logic Essays

  • Logic - 4182 Words 1 What Is Logic? 1 Arguments Symbolic logic is usually described as the study of the difference between valid and invalid arguments, so we begin with an explanation of this terminology. An argument is a piece of discourse which contains some premises, a conclusion, and perhaps also some reasoning in which an attempt is made to derive the conclusion from the premises. The premises are those statements which, for the purposes of the argument, are being accepted as true. The conclusion... 4,182 Words | 14 Pages
  • Logic - 1604 Words Propositions are the material of our reasoning. It asserts that something is (or is not) the case. Any proposition may be affirmed or denied. As logicians use the word an argument is any group of propositions of which one is claimed to follow from the others, which are regarded as providing support or grounds for the truth of that one. For an argument to be present there must be some structure within the cluster of propositions, a structure that captures or exhibits some inference. This... 1,604 Words | 8 Pages
  • LOGIC - 273 Words Chapter 4 Categorical Propositions Categorical Proposition- a proposition that relates two classes or categories of entities together in some way. (sentence with truth value) -The classes in question are denoted respectively by the subject term and predicate term (S) (P) Quantifiers (S) (P) -All Ex. All Snow is White -None No Snow is Green -Some Some... 273 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic - 1266 Words Deductive V. Inductive This paper is intended to discuss the difference between inductive and deductive arguments by giving description as to the different presentations of each, as well as what situations each would be used in. I will also discuss the differences between premises and conclusions, how they are used in both inductive and deductive arguments. And then I will show the difference between the relevancy of arguments by discussing strength, soundness, validity, and cogency. First... 1,266 Words | 4 Pages
  • All Logic Essays

  • logic - 1564 Words Assignment Introduction to Logic: PHI142 August 26, 2014 Weightage: 10 % All Questions carry equal( ve) Marks. 1. What is Logic ? Is it bene cial for you to think in a logically consistent 1 manner? [200 words] 2. What if when . . . the basic laws of logic such as below are not available to us? [200 words] (a) Law of Identity: A is A (b) Law of excluded middle: A or not A. (c) Law of Non contradiction: A and not A both doesn't follow. 3. Why Symbols are important in the domain... 1,564 Words | 8 Pages
  • Logic - 8866 Words 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. BASIC CONCEPTS OF LOGIC What Is Logic? ................................................................................................... 2 Inferences And Arguments ................................................................................ 2 Deductive Logic Versus Inductive Logic .......................................................... 5 Statements Versus Propositions......................................................................... 6... 8,866 Words | 30 Pages
  • LOGIC - 268 Words  Logic is the science and art of correct thinking and right reasoning. It is a science for it involves systematic and it utilizes theories, principles and laws governing human thinking and reasoning. And it becomes and art since it pertain apt theories, principles and laws leading to how human understand things and how they react to it not only in school but as well in actual life setting. Therefore, everything about it--- its definition, importance, and history must be studied.... 268 Words | 1 Page
  • Logic - 1557 Words Spinoza’s Argument for Substance Monism and Common Objections Spinoza’s Ethics is widely thought of as Spinoza’s greatest work. One noteworthy claim that he makes in his Ethics is his argument for substance monism, or the existence of only one substance. In Proposition 14, Part I of his Ethics, Spinoza states that “There can be, or be conceived, no other substance but God.” This statement amounts to saying that everything else in this world, whether it is extended or not, is a mere image of... 1,557 Words | 4 Pages
  • Logic - 2390 Words Reasoning What is reasoning ? It is also a kind of thinking but different from it, in the sense there is checking and re - checking of the conclusion arrived at based on certain facts so reasoning is defined as '' a process of arriving at a new judgement on the basis of one or more judgement,'' Reasoning is the mental activity used in and argument, proof, or demonstration, reasoning is generally associated with rules and methods and formal laws of logic but many people reason and argue... 2,390 Words | 9 Pages
  • The Father of Logic Aristotilian Logic The main credited "father of logic" is widely considered to be the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Interested in every area of human knowledge about the world, Aristotle aimed to unify all of them in a coherent system of thought by developing a common methodology that would serve equally well as the procedure for learning about any discipline.(Hurley 5) For Aristotle, then, logic is the instrument (the "organon") by means of which we come to know anything. He proposed as formal rules for... 550 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic and Subject - 1542 Words Logic Logic- Greek word ‘logos’ which means thought, word, speech, science. Founded by Aristotle around 384-322 B.C. through his famous philosophical masterpiece “organon” Organon- the universal rational instrument for the acquisition of philosophical knowledge. Logic is about the attainment of truth. It is the art and science of correct thinking. Thus, thinking and reasoning. Thinking- it means mental operations or the process of drawing out conclusions from previously known data. Correct... 1,542 Words | 6 Pages
  • Informal Logic - 576 Words Question Type: # Of Questions: # Correct: Multiple Choice 10 10 Grade Details - All Questions 1. Question : A scientific hypothesis is Student Answer: a tentative claim to be tested. a clever remark designed to confuse an audience. an appeal to radical skepticism. a valid argument. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in Chapter Five of An Introduction to Logic. Points Received: 1 of 1 Comments: 2. Question : Karl Popper... 576 Words | 5 Pages
  • Mathematical Logic - 790 Words Mathematical logic is something that has been around for a very long time. Centuries Ago Greek and other logicians tried to make sense out of mathematical proofs. As time went on other people tried to do the same thing but using only symbols and variables. But I will get into detail about that a little later. There is also something called set theory, which is related with this. In mathematical logic a lot of terms are used such as axiom and proofs. A lot of things in math can be proven, but... 790 Words | 3 Pages
  • Philosophy with Logic - 2403 Words Philosophy with Logic What is philosophy? Philosophy has many questions- Asking the right questions… From Greek word PHILO (Love) & SOPHIA (Wisdom) which means lover of wisdom * PHYTAGORAS, a Greek Philosopher, was the first to use the term Philosophy. * He noted that there are three types of man: a. lover of pleasure b. lover of success c. lover of wisdom * the last, according to him, is the SUPERIOR TYPE. * Wisdom here deals with the principles of... 2,403 Words | 9 Pages
  • Logic & Perception - 978 Words Logic can be defined as the subject that teaches the rules for correct and proper reasoning or in simpler terms, it can be best described as common sense. Some refer to the "science" of logic but logic is really more than just a science. The science part "is the knowledge of the principles, laws, and methods of logic itself." (Dolhenty, J; 2002). Logic must be put into action or else the knowledge provided within the science of logic is of little use. "We can, therefore, also speak of the "art"... 978 Words | 3 Pages
  • Importance of Logic - 380 Words What is logic?Is it beneficial to think in a logically consistent manner? Logic is the science that evaluates arguments.It aimes to create parameteers on the bassis of which we can distinguish consistent arguments from inconsistent or feeble ones. A logically embellished mind is a jewel on its own and its importance can hardly be undermined.A grasp on logic and its attributes enables a person to improve the quality of one's arguments and present his ideas in a manner that they make their poitn... 380 Words | 1 Page
  • Logic and Paper - 1576 Words Paper Grading Criteria I. Papers are 100 points each and they are graded based on the following four criteria (each worth 25%) 1. Content: Your paper should cover all the relevant aspects of the topic, be accurate in its statement of facts, display an understanding of the subject matter, and demonstrate active engagement with the material. i. What does that mean for the Papers: 1. Paper 1: Your paper needs to answer the two questions: What are the main virtues being celebrated in... 1,576 Words | 7 Pages
  • Symbolic Logic - 542 Words Midterm Examination In ------------------------------------------------- SYMBOLIC LOGIC ------------------------------------------------- “Great knowledge comes to those who are willing to learn.” Test I. Identification. Choose the correct answer from the choices provided inside the box. Hypothetical Proposition Broad Disjunctive ~ Conditional Proposition Conjunctive Proposition V Disjunctive Proposition Symbolic Logic . Strict Disjunctive = Ɔ Hypothetical... 542 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic Model - 19741 Words W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide Using Logic Models to Bring Together Planning, Evaluation, and Action Logic Model Development Guide To help people help themselves through the practical application of knowledge and resources to improve their quality of life and that of future generations. Updated January 2004 W.K. Kellogg Foundation One East Michigan Avenue East Battle Creek, Michigan 49017-4012 wkkf.org Copyright © 1998 by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation... 19,741 Words | 94 Pages
  • Relevace of Logic - 2656 Words Hawassa University Logic and reasoning Assignment Name: Henok Meshesha I.D. 0670/05 Techno. Sec. 02 Source: Internet, References from library and Personal ideas. The relevant of logic Introduction The term “logic” is used quite a lot, but not always in its technical sense. Logic, strictly speaking, is the science or study of how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. Logic is what allows us to distinguish correct reasoning from... 2,656 Words | 7 Pages
  • Intro to Logic - 295209 Words Traditional Square of Opposition Contrary A E T T Co nt ra ra nt Co Subalternation ry to dic dic to r Subalternation y F F I O Subcontrary Logically Equivalent Statement Forms Conversion Given statement E: No S are P. I: Some S are P. Converse No P are S. Some P are S. Obversion Given statement A: All S are P. E: No S are P. I: Some S are P. O: Some S are not P. Obverse No S are non-P. All S are non-P. Some S are not... 295,209 Words | 1475 Pages
  • Logic and Paper - 504 Words Tara Edwards ENG/215 11/5/2012 Dr. Boothe Papers written collaboratively will use different warrants and/or different forms of argumentation to support the claim and grounds of a paper as opposed to a paper writing a paper individually. One may suggest that the warrant of a paper is the most difficult element in supporting the claims and grounds of a paper. The warrant is used to connect the claims and grounds of a paper. “Without a warrant a reader may not reach the same connection or... 504 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic Paper - 681 Words Part I The Fuzzy Logic concept was created by a man named Lotfi Zadeh in 1960. He was a professor at the University of California. He originally presented Fuzzy Logic as a way of processing data, which would allow partial set memberships rather than crisp set membership or non-membership. Overall Fuzzy logic is a problem solving control system. Fuzzy Logic provides a simple way to arrive at a definite conclusion based upon fuzzy, confusing, imprecise, or missing input information. It helps... 681 Words | 2 Pages
  • prop logic - 22075 Words Section 1.1 Propositional Logic 1 CHAPTER 1 The Foundations: Logic and Proofs SECTION 1.1 Propositional Logic 2. Propositions must have clearly defined truth values, so a proposition must be a declarative sentence with no free variables. a) This is not a proposition; it’s a command. b) This is not a proposition; it’s a question. c) This is a proposition that is false, as anyone who has been to Maine knows. d) This is not a proposition; its truth value depends on the value of... 22,075 Words | 94 Pages
  • Symbolic Logic - 6053 Words INTRODUCTION Logic is the theory of the way in which people reason, with the aim of studying the principles of valid reasoning. The study of logic is the effort to determine the conditions under which one is justified in passing from given statements, called premises, to a conclusion that is claimed to follow from them. Logical validity is a relationship between the premises and the conclusion such that if the premises are true then the conclusion is true. There are several types of logic. The... 6,053 Words | 23 Pages
  • Logic and Point - 9095 Words 托福作文模板公式大全 ***TOEFL作文模板之一   A or B   Depending on personal experience, personality type and emotional concern, we find that some people hold the idea of A meanwhile others prefer to B, from my point of view, it is more advisable to chose A rather than B. My arguments for this point are listed as follows.   The main reason for my propensity for A is that___________________________.就理由進行解釋_____________________.For instance,____________________   Another reason can be seen by every one is... 9,095 Words | 36 Pages
  • Logic and Correct - 29095 Words Congratulations! 100% Correct! Formal Commands [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations! 100% Correct! Informal Commands (tú) [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations! 100% Correct! Irregular Commands (tú) [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations! 100% Correct!Congratulations! 100% Correct! Formal Commands [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations! 100% Correct! Informal Commands (tú) [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations! 100% Correct! Irregular Commands (tú) [Quiz #1] completed! Congratulations!... 29,095 Words | 242 Pages
  • Logic Gates - 950 Words Introduction LOGIC GATES • Basic Logic Gates • Truth Tables • Logical Functions Truth Tables Logical Expression Graphical Form G hi l F Most Difficult Reading Topics • Logic gates and figuring out how to read them th • Logical Circuit Equivalence • NAND NOR and XOR truth tables • Using the rules to create and read the logic gates using 0's and 1's • Transistor implementation • Difference between positive logic and negative logic Logic • Formal logic is a branch of mathematics... 950 Words | 5 Pages
  • Notes on Logic - 9150 Words References: Agapay, Ramon B. Logic – The Essentials of Deductive Reasoning. 2nd Ed. Mandaluyung City: National Book Store, 2007. Babor, Eddie R. LL.B. Logic- The Philosophical Discipline of Correct Thinking. Quezon City: C & E Publishing Inc. 2003. Bachhuber, Andrew H., S.J. Introduction to Logic. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1957. Bernardo Anunciacion Chavez, De Claro Malune G. Logic, A Modular Approach. Quezon City: Great Books Publishing. 2008. Cruz Corazon L. Introduction... 9,150 Words | 35 Pages
  • Logic Models - 1480 Words Everything You Wanted to Know About Logic Models But Were Afraid to Ask This paper addresses situations where a private foundation designs an initiative and awards grants to a number of sites to participate in the initiative in their local setting. The basic ideas are applicable to other situations. What is a Logic Model? The term "logic model" comes from the evaluation field, but these models don’t just belong to evaluators or the evaluation plan. As the term suggests, they are a basic... 1,480 Words | 5 Pages
  • foggy logic - 716 Words  Fuzzy logic Definition: fuzzy logic, a multivalve (as opposed to binary) logic developed to deal with imprecise or vague data. Classical logic holds that everything can be expressed in binary terms: 0 or 1, black or white, yes or no; in terms of Boolean algebra, everything is in one set or another but not in both. Fuzzy logic allows for partial membership in a set, values between 0 and 1, shades of gray, and maybe-it introduces the concept of the "fuzzy... 716 Words | 2 Pages
  • proposition in logic - 1081 Words judgment and proposition Judgment and Proposition * Ideas are not enough to give us a comprehensive knowledge of things because the human intellect cannot grasp in one apprehensive act all the perfections of a thing. * The human mind has to proceed step by step, interrelating the ideas apprehended into judgment. * The logical union of different ideas in a judgment reflects the real unity of things. Judgment *Is a mental operation that pronounces the agreement or disagreement between two... 1,081 Words | 4 Pages
  • Formal Logic - 1685 Words Bertrand Russell's Contribution to the Development of Formal Logic [pic] Since the beginning of time, man has been in search of answers. These philosophical enquiries are what gave birth to everything we know, such as science, law, and religion. It has laid the foundation to which all theories and discoveries have come from, and it is the soil from which the fruits of life have grown. The formal definition of philosophy is that it 'is the study of general and fundamental problems... 1,685 Words | 5 Pages
  • logic research - 2080 Words Logic Logic (from the Greek λογική, logike)[1] has two meanings: first, it describes the use of valid reasoning in some activity; second, it names the normative study of reasoning or a branch thereof.[2][3] In the latter sense, it features most prominently in the subjects of philosophy, mathematics, and computer science. Logic was studied in several ancient civilizations, including India,[4] China,[5] Persia and Greece. In the West, logic was established as a formal discipline by Aristotle,... 2,080 Words | 6 Pages
  • Use of Logic - 927 Words Garrett Phillips Mr. Watts Introduction to Philosophy Essay 2: Use of Logic Logic plays a big role in our society today. In fact logic has played a big role in the advancement of civilization. There are many forms of logic and many different applications that go along with them. Logic seeks out the truth in statements through deduction and reasoning. Using logic one can test the validity of a statement just by understanding the format and the content of an argument. Logic is considered to be... 927 Words | 3 Pages
  • Syllogisms & Logic - 682 Words University of Phoenix Material Syllogisms & Logic PART I: SYLLOGISMS To be a valid syllogism, the conclusion must be proven by the reasons. Carefully study the following syllogisms and decide if they are valid or invalid: 1. All zebras are striped animals. No zebras are polar bears. Therefore, no polar bears are striped animals. 2. All clowns are funny individuals. Some sad people are clowns. Therefore, some sad people are funny individuals. 3. Some sticky... 682 Words | 4 Pages
  • Obesity: Logic and Marion Nestle “Obesity: Who is Responsible for Our Weight?” In the essay, “Obesity: Who Is Responsible for Our Weight?” Radley Balko explains his argument on obesity; we are responsible for what we eat. Overall, the strengths were clear and persuading in this essay. One strength in his essay was his main point, we are responsible for our own weight. He explains that we are in control of what we consume, and the government should not be responsible for that. This engages the reader to think, should we really... 732 Words | 2 Pages
  • Nature of Logic and Perception Paper In order to explain the nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking, we should break each word down by defining them. Let’s start with the nature of, meaning having character or qualities of, according to dictionary.com. Logic when defined by dictionary.com has several parts to it. Logic is the (1) science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference; (2) a particular method of reasoning or argumentation; (3) the system or principles of reasoning applicable... 792 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic and Verbal Expression - 517 Words What is LOGIC? * “Logos” (λόϒός) – word, reason or principle. * Logic – science and art of correct reasoning. * Systematized * Evokes ORDER. * What does Logic put into order? All men are mammals. All students are men. Therefore all students are mammals. All monkeys eat banana. Diego eats banana. Therefore, Diego is a monkey. Formal Logic – concerned with pattern and structure. Material Logic – concerned with truth or correctness. * What logic puts in order... 517 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic and Material Object - 377 Words Definition of Logic * Logic * Derived from the Greek word LOGOS which means primarily the word by which the inward thought is expressed and secondarily, the inward thought or reason itself (Baldemeca, et al.:1) * Generally defined as the science of the laws and principles which govern the reasoning process * The science and art of correct thinking. * It is the study of the principles and laws that govern the process of reasoning and interferences, ensuring validity and truth... 377 Words | 2 Pages
  • Induction vs. deduction logic Deduction and Induction Isabel Bolio A way in which a human being can acquire knowledge is by reasoning through guided principles of validity; which is therefore through logic. This extends our understanding of our surroundings. Within logic there are two branches that lead to reasonable conclusions, these are: inductive and deductive logic. In the following paragraphs this two instruments will be described and exemplified in order to compare them as means to reach logic. Inductive... 831 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic and Logically Consistent Manner 1. What is logic? Is it beneficial for you to think in a logically consistent manner? “The inherent ability to mentally compare and weigh two or more perceptions and to mentally conclude accurately what is the differences and/or similarities between each perception.” “Logic is the science or art of exact reasoning, or of pure and formal thoughts, or of the laws according to which the processes of pure thinking should be conducted and formation and application of general notion.” Logic is... 382 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic Term Paper - 2034 Words THE CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISM The categorical syllogism is the principal form of deductive interference. Its absolute manner of inferring when applied to certain premises is the kind most suited for imparting scientific and philosophical knowledge. We may describe the Categorical Syllogism as a form of mental discourse wherein two concepts are compared to a third ‘middle concept’, and from the agreement of both with the middle concept, the mind infers agreement of both concepts among... 2,034 Words | 8 Pages
  • Traditional Logic and Conclusion - 965 Words . One good method to test quickly syllogisms is the Venn Diagram technique. This class assumes you are already familiar with diagramming categorical propositions. You might wish to review these now: Venn Diagrams. | | A. A syllogism is a two premiss argument having three terms, each of which is used twice in the argument. | | B. Each term ( major, minor, and middle terms) can be represented by a circle. | | C. Since a syllogism is valid if and only if the premisses entail the... 965 Words | 3 Pages
  • Nature of Logic and Perception - 1157 Words Nature or Logic and Perception Outline: 1. Definition of logic and its connection with critical thinking. 2. An everyday example is given when use of logic and critical thinking takes place. 3. Nature of logic defined. 4. Perceptual shortcuts and factors influencing it. 5. How these shortcuts affect our decisions. 6. My personal experience of perceptual shortcut. 7. What I learned from this experience. 8. Importance of logic and critical thinking. 9. Resources Abstract: This... 1,157 Words | 4 Pages
  • Application of Logic in Everyday Living INTRODUCTION Many branches of science can be involved and applied in our daily life, even the broad study of logic also are included to our everyday living, it is a reasoning of life circulation to improve and explore. Basically, human being is the most powerful creature on earth that controls different physical, mental physiological, psychological and intellectual preferences. A proven capability of a person to make his environment change according to what he/she plans, or we can say to... 1,233 Words | 4 Pages
  • An Introduction To Legal Logic - 24446 Words Indiana Law Journal Volume 27 | Issue 4 7-1-1952 An Introduction to Legal Logic Lee Lovevinger Member of Supreme Court Bar; Member, Minnesota Bar Follow this and additional works at: http://repository.law.indiana.edu/ilj Part of the Legal Education Commons Recommended Citation Lovevinger, Lee (1952) "An Introduction to Legal Logic," Indiana Law Journal: Vol. 27: Iss. 4, Article 1. Available at: http://repository.law.indiana.edu/ilj/vol27/iss4/1 This Article is brought to you for free... 24,446 Words | 76 Pages
  • Tok: Logic and Intuition - 1015 Words What is intuition? Our dictionaries define intuition as the ability of acquiring knowledge without a clear inference or the use of knowledge, without the use of any reasoning process. Intuition provides us with beliefs that we cannot necessarily justify. After analysing this definition we must ask ourselves if this definition is totally reliable, isn’t intuition directly connected with our personal experience? To what extent is intuition to be taken as seriously in the different areas of... 1,015 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic and Categorical Syllogisms - 495 Words Standard Form Categorical Syllogisms SYLLOGISMS * A syllogism is composed of two statements, from which a third one, the conclusion, is inferred. CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS * Are syllogisms made up of three categorical propositions. * They are a type of deductive argument, that is, the conclusion (provided the argument form is valid) follows with necessity from the premises. TWO EXAMPLES OF CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS 1.) All Greeks are mortal.... 495 Words | 3 Pages
  • Relevance of Logic to Nation Building Logic (definition) is the art/science of good reasoning (arguments or inferences). Reasoning is a species or kind of thinking that aims at a conclusion. Thus good reasoning is thinking well that aims at a conclusion.(Aristotle: A horse is an animal. Therefore the head of a horse is the head of an animal.) Thus Logic is the study of arguments. More specifically, logic is the study of the criteria for distinguishing good arguments from bad arguments Logic is the study of propositions and their... 1,409 Words | 4 Pages
  • Argumentation: Logic and Claim - 20375 Words LOOKING AHEAD In this chapter, you will learn strategies for argumentation. That is, you will learn persuasive techniques for convincing readers to think or act in a particular way. An interesting aspect of argumentation is that no matter what the issue, people will take opposing views. The images here, for example, represent opposing views. The first image is a popular Joe Camel advertisement meant to persuade people to buy Camel cigarettes. The second advertisement is a parody of Joe Camel,... 20,375 Words | 61 Pages
  • Logic Exercise 1 and 2 Mary Rose Anne A. Deriquito TTH 8:30-10:00 BSA-2 Determine whether the fallacies committed by the following arguments are formal fallacies or informal fallacies. 1. If Rasputin was really mad, then he deceived Czar Nicholas II. Rasputin was not really mad. Therefore, he did not deceive Czar Nicholas II. Answer: Formal Fallacies Explanation: This is a hypothetical syllogism and is a deductive argument. If it will be interchange it will be valid. 2. Everything that runs has feet. The... 751 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic and Online Education - 455 Words Title | Assessing the Validity of Varying Points of View | Assessment A, Part 1: Assessing the Validity of Statements in a Discussion | Online education is not as effective as a traditional classroom | ☐ Reasonable | ☑ Unreasonable | | Getting a degree online gives you much more flexibility in terms of when you take classes | ☑ Reasonable | ☐ Unreasonable | | You can’t learn as much online as in a normal classroom | ☐ Reasonable | ☑ Unreasonable | |... 455 Words | 2 Pages
  • Philosophy - Logic Resources - 516 Words Logic: the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates arguments. Principles that we may use as criteria for evaluating the arguments of others and as guides in constructing arguments of our own Argument: a group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) are claimed to provide support for, or reasons to believe, one of the others (the conclusion). Statement: a sentence that is either true/false. Some sentences do not fall onto this category: questions, proposals,... 516 Words | 2 Pages
  • Artificial Intelligence- Predicate Logic Predicate Logic • Terms represent specific objects in the world and can be constants, variables or functions. • Predicate Symbols refer to a particular relation among objects. • Sentences represent facts, and are made of of terms, quantifiers and predicate symbols. Predicate Logic • Functions allow us to refer to objects indirectly (via some relationship). • Quantifiers and variables allow us to refer to a collection of objects without explicitly naming each object. Some Examples •... 1,331 Words | 7 Pages
  • A Course on Informal Logic - 2636 Words PHI 103 (Informal Logic) Complete Class IF You Want To Purchase A+ Work Then Click The Link Below, Instant Download http://hwnerd.com/PHI-103-Informal-Logic-Complete-Class-1457.htm?categoryId=-1 If You Face Any Problem E- Mail Us At [email protected] Week 1 DQ 1 Arguments and Their Components. Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in... 2,636 Words | 11 Pages
  • Logic and Critical Thinking - 2829 Words Truth is the object of thinking. Some truths are obvious; others are difficult to acquire. Some judgments we make are simple; some judgments are complicated. Some arguments, whether made by us or others, may be straightforward and easily understood; other arguments may be complex and consist of a series of smaller arguments, each needing to be critically examined and evaluated. Almost every object of knowledge has a branch of knowledge which studies it. Planets, stars, and galaxies are... 2,829 Words | 9 Pages
  • Element of Logic and Critical Thinking THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG HKU SPACE Community College Associate Degree Programmes 2011-12 Course Document Course Title: Elements of Logic and Critical Thinking Course Code: C H C P 8 8 8 3 1 2 3 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 Aims and Objective 1. 2. 3. To introduce you to different formal logical systems. These logical systems can shed light on the structure of ordinary languages and can help distinguishing good reasoning from bad ones. Methods of evaluating reasoning within these systems will also be... 440 Words | 2 Pages
  • Traditional Logic and Term Definition Syllogism Exercise Work Book 3. P = M.D. Pradit D = Persons who decide to work in Iraq F = Doctors who do not follow the requirement of ethical codes First premise: All F are D. Second premise: All P are F. Conclusion: All P are D. 1. /2. / 3. / 4. / 5. / 6. / 4. W = world citizen A = persons who attempt to plant trees on the earth L = persons who will have enough water for their life earning. First premise: All A are L. Second premise:... 1,792 Words | 11 Pages
  • Is Aristotle the Father of Logic? - Analysis Running Head: IS ARISTOTLE THE FATHER OF LOGIC? IS ARISTOTLE THE FATHER OF LOGIC? (Name) (University) Is Aristotle the Father of Logic? I believe so. Aristotle became known as the Father of Logic by demonstrating that logic was more than just an equivalent to verbal reasoning but an important tool of investigation, a way to learn everything about everything. He was the first to introduce scientific thought into daily processes. Even today, with hundreds of advances in... 478 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic and Knowledge Triangle - 399 Words The knowledge triangle is present the three parts between to think, to write, and to learn; those three parts represent such concepts as the key drivers of an essay idea strategy. The writers’ tend to radical more responsive configuration of how to think, to write, and to learn work together to create significant innovations. First, the word “to think” represents strategy to create images to inspirit the soul. The minds will then open to new knowledge, and inspiration lead way to creative, the... 399 Words | 1 Page
  • Logic and People Group Thinking . A toy puck and a hockey stick cost $1.10 in total. The stick costs $1 more than the puck. How much does the puck cost? a) 10 cents b) 5 cents c) 15 cents d) Cannot be determined 2. In a lake, there is a patch of lily pads. Every day, the patch doubles in size. If it takes 48 days for the patch to cover the entire lake, how long would it take for the patch to cover half of it? a) 47 days b) 24 days c) 13 days d) Cannot be determined 3. Bob is in a bar, looking at... 784 Words | 4 Pages
  • Logic: Syllogism and Proposition - 4929 Words Opposition of Propositions Two propositions can be opposed in a number of ways like the following: 1. Every dog is an animal.(A) No dog is an animal. (E) 2. Every dog is an animal. (A) Some dog is not an animal. (O) 3. Every dog is an animal. (A) Some dog is an animal. (I) 4. No dog is an animal. (E) Some dog is an animal. (I) 5. No dog is an animal. (E) Some dog is not an animal. (O) 6. Some dog is an animal. (E) Some dog is not an animal. (O) Kinds: 1.... 4,929 Words | 26 Pages
  • Nature of Logic and Perception - 600 Words Think about it. How important is thinking? Americans spend all of their day thinking and misthinking of multiple decisions and ideas. Thinking is a very important process of how our thoughts, when transferred verbally or written on paper, can produce a clearer understanding of our views. The nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking, and my perceptual process have been influenced through sources of enculturation. The nature of logic as understood is when you have a situation, belief,... 600 Words | 2 Pages
  • Morality versus Logic - 2034 Words December 26, 2011 Morality versus Logic Throughout history Americans have seen many pushes for equality that have changed what America is today, including the Civil Rights Movement and Women’s Suffrage. However, today Americans are faced with a new movement; the homosexual movement. Homosexuals have been discriminated against for hundreds of years. A recent controversy that activists are fighting for is homosexuals being able to fight in the armed forces openly. The policy of Don’t Ask... 2,034 Words | 5 Pages
  • Epistemology: Logic and Knowledge - 1674 Words Reflection Essay on Epistemology What is knowledge? How do we know what we know? Do we really know anything at all? These questions, as well as multiple others that arise when searching for the answers are what epistemology is all about. Various philosophers present their own positions in which they try to provide answers to these questions. From externalism to internalism, empiricism to rationalism, and even skepticism, we are exposed to a wide variety of ways that these thinkers use to... 1,674 Words | 5 Pages
  • WHY LOGIC IS IMPORTANT Logic Is the Master of Our Lives Logic is the foundation upon which our lives depend. Each of us, moments after birth, begin our journey exploring the world around us in search of what’s real, or safe, or fun, or comfortable – a quest to sort out sense from nonsense. These skills expand as we grow, for understanding what’s real and learning how to extrapolate from what little we know as babies, are the fundamental tools of survival. We learn that reaching for an object and retrieving it gets... 963 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic and A. Argumentation B. - 307 Words Argumentation What is argumentation? A. Argumentation B. Issue identified C. Background resents both sides of issue Understanding Argumentation and Persuasion A. Persuasion 1. pathos 2. logos 3.ethos B. argumentation 1.logos 2.reason 3.emotions Planing an argumentative essay A .choosing a topic 1.purpose... 307 Words | 3 Pages
  • Chapter 6 Logic - 687 Words Chapter 6 Exam Select the correct answer for each question. All questions are worth 4 points a piece. 1. Coors is smooth or both Beck’s is subtle and Guinness is heavy. a. C (B • G) b. C • (B G) c. (C B) • G d. (C • B) G e. C B • G 2. Budweiser is bland if either Heineken is balanced or Foster’s is refreshing. a. (H B) F b. (B H) F c. B (H F) d. B H F e. (H F) B 3 Alaskan is sweet... 687 Words | 5 Pages
  • Syllogism: Logic and Minor Conclusion 1. Read the chapter syllogism.2. what are kind of syllogism?Types of syllogismAlthough there are infinitely many possible syllogisms, there are only a finite number of logically distinct types. We shall classify and enumerate them below. Note that the syllogisms above share the same abstract form:Major premise: All M are P.Minor premise: All S are M.Conclusion: All S are P.The premises and conclusion of a syllogism can be any of four types, which are labelled by letters[1] as follows. The... 1,530 Words | 5 Pages
  • The Institutional Logics of Love: Friendship easeaseaeeesaeaeeIn conclusion, we must be careful to include the elements of contingency and transience in a description of friendship. In the strictest sense, no one “needs” friends. We can survive without having purely social relations with anyone. Humans have need of only food and shelter to survive and yet, there are few people that we encounter who would not count their friends among their greatest assets. However, these unique relationships among people support our society and gives... 990 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic Quiz Week 2 1. Question : Humans use which of these in reasoning about things? Student Answer: CORRECT Inductive and deductive logic* Only inductive logic Only deductive logic Only seductive logic 2. Question : Which of these should we do when confronted by an argument in logic? Student Answer: Leave the room CORRECT Evaluate it Make fun of the person making it Ignore it 3. Question : In a good inductive argument, the premises show that the... 334 Words | 2 Pages
  • Philosophy: Logic and God - 731 Words During the whole second semester in our philosophy, we had tackled the different arguments that were made by different philosophers which concerns about the existence of God. Its aim is to deepen our understanding of certain religious concepts and beliefs as it tries to critically analyze and examine through the method of philosophical inquiry. Philosophy of religion does not simply study what we believe but more significantly, subject these beliefs to rigorous rational criticism and assessment.... 731 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic and Critical Thinking Midterm Logic & Critical Thinking - PHIL-C115-002: MIDTERM- — P A G E 1 — 1. "Critical Thinking" is another name for logic. | True | x | False | 2. In the broadest sense, _______________, is just any matter that is in dispute, in doubt, or simply "up for review." | logic | | critical thinking | x | an issue | | a premise | 3. Learning how to distinguish between good and bad arguments makes one a better global citizen. x | True | | False | 4. Premises and conclusions are... 2,347 Words | 16 Pages
  • Logic Discrete Math - 2965 Words CHAPTER 2 LOGIC Introduction: Logic is the discipline that deals with the methods of reasoning. On an elementary level, logic provides rules and techniques for determining whether a given argument is valid. Logical reasoning is used in Computer Science to verify (menentusahkan) the correctness (kesahihan) of programs and to prove (membuktikan) theorems. 2.1 Proposition and Logical Operations • Statement or... 2,965 Words | 17 Pages
  • Logic and Argumentation Debate - 345 Words Argumentation and Debate * History of Debate * Ancient Greece * Protagoras of Abdera Father of Debate * Cicero Prince of Orators * Dialectics * Cambridge & Medieval First recorded match (1400’s) * Debate in the Philippines * Balagtasan * Forensic Debate * Oregon Oxford * 1928 First Philippine delegate to US * NACFOL (1972) “INFLUENCED by the govt.” * NACFOL came back (1986) NCDL new name * Definition of Debate and... 345 Words | 4 Pages
  • Logic And Critical Thinking - 764 Words  Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mir’s Sindh DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ASSIGNMENT The place of logic and critical thinking in commerce education. Teacher Sir. Guhlam Ali Kirio Author AFAQUE AHMED (02) M.Com Previous Session 2014 LOGIC: The term logic is used quite a lot, but not... 764 Words | 3 Pages
  • Logic and White Elephants - 399 Words The Flea 1. What has been the past relationship of the speaker and the woman? What has she denied him? How has she habitually “kill[ed]” him? What is his objective in the poem? 2. In many ways this poem is like a miniature play: it has two characters, dramatic conflict, dialogue (though we only hear one speaker), and stage action. The action is embedded in the dialogue. What happens preceding the first line of the poem? What happens between the first and second stanzas? Between the... 399 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic, Persuasion and Influence - Reflection The module on Logic, Persuasion and Influence talks about how a person can persuade and how people can be influenced into doing something for another with credible logical reasoning both in the work place and in personal interactions. In groups of four, six key characteristics mentioned by Robert Cialdini were explored and then discussed as a whole in class. These characteristics include liking; where in order to influence behaviour patterns, you have to at the least try and like the person... 403 Words | 1 Page
  • Why Study Logic - 337 Words Why Study Logic? Perhaps the most important thing to give your child to prepare him to confront this world is a firm grasp of logical thinking skills. Without this refined skill — the ability to reason correctly — his thinking is not firmly anchored, but is "tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine." Children who can logically understand what they believe will hold fast to the truth and will be able to defend it throughout their lives. Logic is necessary to analyze... 337 Words | 1 Page
  • Hw 1-Logic - 1479 Words Philosophy 201—Practical Logic Loyola University New Orleans Ben Bayer Summer 2012 Homework #1 DUE: Tuesday, September 11th, (at 11:59pm, just before midnight) Directions For each of the listed fallacious arguments, select an answer to each of questions (a) and (b). For both (a) and (b), select ONE AND ONLY ONE answer from (i) through (vii). For most of the answers in (b) you will need to fill in the specified blanks with details from the argument to fully... 1,479 Words | 6 Pages
  • Logic and Faithful Persons - 1385 Words 2(a) ‘Some women are unfaithful persons’. Is the preceding statement a stylistic variant of ‘some women are faithful persons? Explain your answer. No. Answer: “some women are not faithful persons” As far as the truth or falsity of the sentences being expressed goes, any one of the stylistic variants says the same thing. (b) Represent the two (2) statements mentioned in ‘a’ above on separate Venn diagrams. Answer: W F W UF... 1,385 Words | 9 Pages
  • Logic and Correct Answer - 1361 Words | The most direct way to gather objective information about children is to observe them in the course of their everyday lives and record what happens. Since the presence of a stranger (that is, the researcher) is likely to be intrusive in many situations, the ideal strategy is to arrange to have the children observed by someone who ordinarily spends time with them—a parent or teacher, for example. (Michael Cole and Sheila R. Cole, The Development of Children) | | Selected Answer: | The... 1,361 Words | 7 Pages
  • Assignment 1: Logic Application Assignment 1: Logic Application Andy, Belle, Carol, and I are playing the game Guess Your Card. In the game, each person draws three cards without looking from a stack of cards containing contain multiple cards ranging in denomination from one to nine. Each person then places the cards on his or her forehead so that all of the other players can see the others’ cards, but cannot see their own. There is also a stack of questions that each person draws from in turn. These questions help the... 608 Words | 2 Pages
  • “the Scope of Logic”, by Wesley C. Salmon “The Scope of Logic”, by Wesley C. Salmon There were several points made by Salmon. The main focus was to help the reader to be able to identify an argument. In order to do this one must be able to distinguish the premises made leading to a conclusion. Salmon states that there are two types of arguments, logically correct and logically incorrect. Both “The logical correctness or incorrectness of an argument depends solely upon the relation between premises and conclusion” (Salmon 3). We also... 350 Words | 1 Page
  • Inferences: Logic and 3a Exercise 2d Karina Kurudimov 3 February 2015 ENGWR 302 O.L. #3A Exercise 2D 1) “The war in Afghanistan is the longest war in history.” Fact: I read an article that did indeed conclude that this is the longest war in history—this information can be verified. 2) “Material on the Internet should not be censored by government or any other organization.” Judgment: The speaker disapproves of censoring material on the internet. 3) “For sale: lovely three-bedroom house in forest setting, easy commute, a bargain... 320 Words | 2 Pages
  • Logic Cannot Prove the Existence of God ‘Logic cannot prove the existence of God.’ Discuss. (10) For Anselm, using logic that can be deducted about God, it is clear to see that God’s existence is necessary. In the second ontological argument from Anselm, God is the greatest being possible; it is greater to exist by necessity than by contingence, it is therefore, impossible for God to not exist. In this argument, God’s existence is an analytic statement, it is impossible to prove that God exists and although Anselm believes that it... 442 Words | 1 Page
  • Syllogism: Traditional Logic and Middle Term Categorical Syllogism I. Definition II. Three categorical propositions III. General Rules 1) Number of terms in the syllogism. 2) How to determine the three terms in the syllogism. 3) Distribution of the major and minor terms in the syllogism. 4) Distribution of the major and minor terms in the syllogism. 5) The quality of the premises. 6) The quality of the premises. 7) The quality of the premises. 8) The quantity of the premises. 9) The... 1,215 Words | 7 Pages
  • The Nature of Algebra Through Observational Logic According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary (2013), mathematics defined is “the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformation, and generalizations.” One of the principal reasons for studying mathematics is learning to solve problems and think critically. Such is the case for the numbers game, Guess Your Card, which requires you to figure out what numbers are on... 410 Words | 2 Pages
  • Jespersen's views on the logic of English language Otto Jespersen's view on logic of the English language No language is logical in every respect, and we must not expect usage to be guided always by strictly logical principles. It was a frequent error with the older- grammarians that whenever the actual grammar of a language did not seem conformable to the rules of abstract logic they blamed the language and wanted to correct it. Without falling into that error we may, nevertheless, compare different languages and judge them by the... 748 Words | 2 Pages
  • Religion Makes People Abandon Logic Religion makes people abandon logic Religion has being existed for thousands of years. And incredibly, almost all of the countries in this world have their own religions, which make us have to think about its necessarity of existence. There must be some reasons or it would not attract so many believers. There are a mass of researches about religion, someone believe it and others against. I am really on Russell’s side that religion is actually a kind of disease which derives from fear and... 1,094 Words | 3 Pages
  • 501 Challenging Logic and Reasoning Problems 501 CHALLENGING LOGIC AND REASONING PROBLEMS 501 CHALLENGING LOGIC AND REASONING PROBLEMS 2nd Edition ® NEW YORK Copyright © 2005 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: 501 challenging logic & reasoning problems. p. cm.—(LearningExpress skill builders practice) Includes bibliographical references.... 45,897 Words | 149 Pages
  • Classification of Math, Logic, and Music as Language Would you classify mathematics, logic and music as languages? Justify your answer, considering the extent to which they resemble or differ from natural language and the role they play in the acquisition of knowledge. Language is best defined as something that is intended, creative and open-ended, and structured. Mathematics, logic, and music all fairly represent each of the requirements of language. Math, logic and music are all intended, creative, and open-ended. If spoken and written... 1,178 Words | 3 Pages
  • PHI 103 Informal Logic Complete Class A Work PHI 103 (Informal Logic) Complete Class IF You Want To Purchase A+ Work Then Click The Link Below, Instant Download http://hwnerd.com/PHI-103-Informal-Logic-Complete-Class-1457.htm?categoryId=-1 If You Face Any Problem E- Mail Us At [email protected] Week 1 DQ 1 Arguments and Their Components. Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in... 2,636 Words | 11 Pages
  • Use of Logic in Monty Python and the Holy Grail Monty Python and the Holy Grail Logic affects our lives everyday. We use it both subconsciously and consciously to make decisions which can be as important as our careers, or as insignificant as what to eat for lunch. Logic can also be used in other ways. Ironically, others' bad logic can result in us learning something just as much as we learn from our own bad decisions. This is shown in Monty Python's Quest for the Holy Grail. One example of this ironic use of logic is with the trial... 447 Words | 2 Pages
  • What Did Aristotle Contribute to the Discipline of Logic PHIL1010:901 Introduction to Logic 20111:1 “What did Aristotle contribute to the discipline of Logic?” Aristotle was a Greek philosopher that lived from 384 BC to 322 BC. Aristotle was born in Stagira in northern Greece and he was the son of Nichomachus. In 367 he was sent to Athens to study philosophy with a great Greek philosopher named Plato. Some years later he traveled to Macedonia to tutor Alexander the Great. Aristotle returned to Athens and set up a school of his own following his... 444 Words | 2 Pages
  • Importance of Logic in Our Day to Day Life Misunderstandings commence from the heart of people who are not adept in expressing their needs and desires in a discreet and precise manner which sooner or later result to a more devastating damage like chaos and wars between confederations. Crimes like illegal and immoral acts are committed because of the endless sufferings of one whose needs are not adequately comprehended due to his poor ability of expressing himself. Major and minor dilemmas between friends, family members and other... 866 Words | 3 Pages

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