Linguistics - 6489 Words
НЕГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ
ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
«МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ ИНСТИТУТ МЕНЕДЖМЕНТА ЛИНК»
Контрольная работа №4
По дисциплине Общее языкознание
Орлова Мария Андреевна, 5 курс ЗО
Киосе Мария Ивановна
Контрольная работа №4
Задание 1. Подготовить конспекты по следующим разделам:
1. Applied linguistics
The term applied linguistics...
6,489 Words | 22 Pages
Linguistics - 361 Words
Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context. The earliest known activities in descriptive linguistics have been attributed toPāṇini around 500 BCE, with his analysis of Sanskrit in Ashtadhyayi.
One subfield of linguistics is the study of language structure, or grammar. This focuses on the system of rules followed by the users of a...
361 Words | 1 Page
Linguistics - 8045 Words
Linguistics, though one of the youngest behavioral sciences, has a background extending over several millennia. During this period scholars with various interests have concerned themselves with language. Some of the most readable treatises on language were produced by the Greeks and Romans, such as Plato’s Cratylus and Quintilian’s advice to an orator. Much of our terminology was devised in the course of this earlier concern. Any of introductions to linguistic cannot, therefore, limit itself to...
8,045 Words | 21 Pages
Linguistics - 7330 Words
Semantics and Theories of Semantics
Semantics is the study of meaning in language. We know that language is used to express meanings which can be understood by others. But meanings exist in our minds and we can express what is in our minds through the spoken and written forms of language (as well as through gestures, action etc.).
The sound patterns of language are studied at the level of phonology and the organisation of words and sentences is studied at the level of morphology and syntax....
7,330 Words | 21 Pages
linguistics - 6054 Words
Set 1: Cross linguistic influence and learner language
Psychological principles of SLA form the foundation stones for building a comprehensible understanding of the acquisition of the linguistic system. The studies was centered on the contrasts between the native lang and the target lang (contrastive analysis) and the effect of the native on the target lang (cross linguistic influence).
1-The contrastive analysis Hypothesis
It’s the study of two languages in contrast. Based...
6,054 Words | 17 Pages
Linguistics - 1739 Words
Linguistics 5301: Principles of Linguistic Analysis Fall ‘10 Professor: Nicholas Sobin 2-3 p.m. M-R, & by appt.
Office & hours: LART 113;
Formal class meetings: 4:30-5:50 p.m. M Open tutorials: 4:30-5:30 p.m. W Text: On-line materials including Amastae, Jon. A course in phonology. (Chs 1-4, and possibly 5) Sobin, Nicholas. Syntactic analysis: the basics. General description: For some of you, the ideas about linguistic analysis presented here may be new ones. For others not new to the study...
1,739 Words | 6 Pages
Linguistics - 1132 Words
Language and Mind – Spring 2013 – Second Practice Exam
1. Which of the following statements about parameters is FALSE?
a. They specify the limits on possible differences between languages
b. They do not belong to Universal Grammar #
c. Their values must be “set” on the basis of experience
2. From the viewpoint of the principles-and-parameters theory, the process of language acquisition consists of:
a. Setting the choice for each parameter that fits the language that is being acquired #
1,132 Words | 6 Pages
Linguistics - 953 Words
PAPER 6 (DESCRIPTIVE LINGUISTICS)
Discuss synchronic and diachronic approaches to language.
In opposition to the totally historical view of language of the previous hundred
years, Ferdinand de Saussure emphasized the importance of seeing from two distinct and
largely exclusive points of view, which he called "synchronic" and "diachronic". The
word "chronic" has been derived from Greek word "chronos" which means time.
Synchronic linguistics sees language as a living whole, existing as a...
953 Words | 4 Pages
Linguistics - 28345 Words
Chapter 1 Invitations to Linguistics
1.1 Why study language?
1. Language is very essential to human beings.
2. In language there are many things we should know.
3. For further understanding, we need to study language scientifically.
1.2 What is language?
Language is a means of verbal communication. It is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.
1.3 Design features of language
The features that define our human languages can be...
28,345 Words | 105 Pages
Linguistics - 11295 Words
Stylistics is the study and interpretation of texts from a linguistic perspective. As a discipline it links literary criticism and linguistics, but has no autonomous domain of its own. The preferred object of stylistic studies is literature, but not exclusively "high literature" but also other forms of written texts such as text from the domains of advertising, pop culture, politics or religion.
Stylistics also attempts to establish principles capable of explaining the particular...
11,295 Words | 33 Pages
Linguistics - 458 Words
What are Types of Stylistics?
Stylistics is the study and interpretation of texts from a linguistic perspective. As a discipline it links literary criticism and linguistics, but has no autonomous domain of its own.
Types of Stylistics:
1. Computational Stylistics: Study of patterns formed in particular texts, authors, genres, periods via computational methods. Through the use of computers, it should be possible to achieve more accurate detection and explanation of such linguistic patterns....
458 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistics - 566 Words
LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS
• The origin of Language
• Features of Language
• Knowledge of Language
• Branches of Linguistics
• Approaches to Linguistic Studies
• Schools of Linguistics
THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE
• The divine source
• The natural sound source o Primitive words
o Cuckoo, splash, rattle, hiss, buzz
o “Bow-wow theory of language origin.”
• The social interaction source
• The physical adaptation...
566 Words | 6 Pages
Intro to Linguistics - 7180 Words
What is Linguistics?
The study of human languages; including the influence of one language on another; how language and words are formed and change within time; the rules of the language- how words are formed, the structure of sentences and words; relationship between culture and language; how language is acquired- the process of language acquisition (foreigner verses mother tongue language).
There are two approaches/types of linguistics:
1. Traditional Linguistics- the only...
7,180 Words | 21 Pages
Linguistics Essay - 1033 Words
TOPIC- THEORIES RELATING TO HOW CHILDREN ACQUIRE THEIR FIRST LANGUAGE ABSTRACT – In the following essay, language is explored from its initial stages of development in children. Language can be described in so many formats, due to its diversity and its complexity. One interesting description is from, (Edward Sapir), who sees language as an “art” saying; "Language is an anonymous, collective and unconscious art; the result of the...
1,033 Words | 3 Pages
Linguistics and Change - 525 Words
"It is very easy to demonstrate to English speakers that languages change over time". (Holmes, 210)
Language is always changing just because of the time, the people, the gender, the age, the social class, etc. It is very normal to see even in a decade that language has change in some ways, it always maintain the original background but as it goes changing it may be that you won't recognize it that much.
Like an example that is mentioned by Holmes, it says that the k of knit and knife wasn't...
525 Words | 2 Pages
linguistics research - 1185 Words
Some Preliminaries about Language
IV. Define the following terms:
1. Linguistics: Linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language.
2. Phonology: The study of how sounds are put together and used in communication is called phonology.
3. Syntax: The study of how morphemes and words are combined to form sentences is called syntax. .
4 Design features: it referred to the defining properties of human language that tell the difference between human language that tell...
1,185 Words | 4 Pages
Corpus Linguistics - 3263 Words
Yerevan State Linguistic University after Valery BrusovPaper
Corpus Linguistics, Lexicology and Translation
Year - II
Group - III
Lecturer - K. SoghikyanStudent – Mane Nersisyan1586865360044Yerevan 2013
This paper includes information about corpus linguistics, its connection with lexicology and translation. The latter is the most important one and I am keen on finding and introducing something which is mainly connected with...
3,263 Words | 11 Pages
Linguistics Lecture - 250 Words
Dr. Anderson’s T & W drop-in hours switched (check Avenue!) Tutorials begin Monday!
Introduction to Linguistics 1 Lecture 1B 14 September 2012
submit your homework in your tutorial!
web>clicker? textbook e-resources?
Begin to understand the fundamental ways of thinking in Linguistics.
Some properties of grammar
• • •
creativity generality parity
Some properties of grammar: Parity
250 Words | 3 Pages
Structuralism in Linguistics - 3442 Words
STRUCTURALISM IN LINGUISTICS
It is not my purpose here to give a historical treatment of linguistic ideas, nor it to distinguish and analyze the various approaches and schools of thought generally subsumed under the heading of Structuralism. Rather, I propose to look at the general features characterizing structuralism as seen and treated by structuralists and further to see how it has come to be viewed by Chomsky and other transformationalists. Structuralism in linguistics has...
3,442 Words | 10 Pages
Linguistics and Child - 2659 Words
Language is a human tendency to communicate with others and this could underlie the emergence of language. Montessori said, “To talk is in the nature of man.” Humans needed language in order to communicate, and soon, the powers that come with language were revealed. The evolution of the human language began when communication was done through pictograms or pictures and drawings.
It then developed into ideograms when pictures began to turn into symbols. Later, these symbols...
2,659 Words | 8 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 5455 Words
Applied linguistics is an umbrella term that covers a wide set of numerous areas of study connected by the focus on the language that is actually used. The emphasis in applied linguistics is on language users and the ways in which they use languages, contrary to theoretical linguistics which studies the language in the abstract not referring it to any particular context, or language, like Chomskyan generative grammar for example.
Interestingly even among applied linguists there is a difference...
5,455 Words | 15 Pages
Linguistics Plus - 4750 Words
In the name of Allah, most Gracious, most Merciful. All praises for Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and the sequel is for those who keep their duty unto Him, further, here will be no hostility except against wrongdoers. Blessing and solution be upon the most honorable prophet and messenger, His family all His disciples, and those who follow them in goodness till the Day of Judgment.
Alhamdulillah, the writer has finished writing this research paper.
This paper is submitted to the...
4,750 Words | 15 Pages
Linguistic Typology - 7659 Words
Chapter 4: Linguistic Typology
Simply speaking, the study of universals is concerned with what human languages have in common, while the study of typology deals with ways in which languages differ from each other. This contrast, however, is not sharp. When languages differ from each other, the variation is not random, but subject to limitations. Linguistic typology is not only concerned with variation, but also with the limitations on the...
7,659 Words | 22 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 1689 Words
The Benefits and Downsides of Intermingling Languages
While bilingualism has always been an object of interest and thorough research for scientists of various fields, mixing languages had been, until the last few decades, cast aside as its defective by-product. However, recent linguistic studies show that intermingling languages should not be considered an ill-conceived overlapping tendency that implies carelessness and a improper use of language, but a linguistic phenomenon with its...
1,689 Words | 5 Pages
Applied Linguistic - 644 Words
Applied linguistics and language use
Here is the role applied linguistics is to recognize that these problems often cause deep passions and may need to be viewed as issues in which language plays only a part.
The purpose here is that the chief role of applied linguistics is to ask the right questions about the context in which a language problem is embedded, and then to generalize to other contexts where the same problem can be shown often analysis to exist.
644 Words | 3 Pages
Text Linguistics - 666 Words
Module I. Classificationally meaningful characteristics of the text as an integral and independent object of investigation.
Lecture 6. Conceptual variability of linguistic interpretations of the text essence and status and their reflections in the models of the text descriptions.
Problem for discussion
Evolution of the text description approaches. Models of the text descriptions. Grounds for the chosen models and schemes of the text...
666 Words | 3 Pages
Linguistics and Sociolinguistics - 3045 Words
1 Linguistics and sociolinguistics
It is difﬁcult to see adequately the functions of language, because it is so deeply rooted in the whole of human behaviour that it may be suspected that there is little in the functional side of our conscious behaviour in which language does not play its part. Sapir (1933)
Language is a complicated business. In everyday talk, we use the word ‘language’ in many different ways. It isn’t clear how ‘language’ should be deﬁned or what the person on the street...
3,045 Words | 9 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 341 Words
American linguist Selinker put forward the hypothesis- interlanguage in 1969. He believed there were five cognitive processes to construct interlanguange. They are language transfer, transfer of training, language learning strategy, and language communication strategy and overgeneralization of target language linguistic material.
I have some experiences regarding those aspects during my ten years’ English learning. As to the language transfer, I once equated “individualism”...
341 Words | 2 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 4257 Words
VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, HANOI
UNIVERSITY OF LANGUAGES AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
FALCUTY OF POST- GRADUATE
Subject: APPLIED LINGUISTICS
DISCUSS SOME OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING LEARNER’S ACHIEVEMENT IN SECOND/ FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING
Lecturer: Dr. Hoàng Văn Vân...
4,257 Words | 12 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 2713 Words
inguidRepublic of the Philippines
PANGASINAN STATE UNIVERSITY
Course Number: CAE211
Course Title: Introduction to Linguistics and Communication Theories
Professor: Dr. Merlita Q. Santos
Discussant: Herbert M. Tabios
The Breakthrough of Linguistics Science (1820-1960)
a. 1820 to 1875
Grimm's law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift or the Rask's-Grimm's rule), named for Jacob Grimm, is a set of statements describing the...
2,713 Words | 9 Pages
Cognitive Linguistics - 192971 Words
Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings
Cognitive Linguistics Research 34
Editors Dirk Geeraerts ´ Rene Dirven John R. Taylor Honorary editor Ronald W. Langacker
Mouton de Gruyter Berlin · New York
Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings
Edited by Dirk Geeraerts
Mouton de Gruyter Berlin · New York
Mouton de Gruyter (formerly Mouton, The Hague) is a Division of Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin
Printed on acid-free paper which falls within the guidelines of the...
192,971 Words | 581 Pages
Linguistic Diversity - 1118 Words
June 20, 2011
All children deserve an early childhood program or education that recognizes and respects their family, community, and linguistic diversity. In this nation, there are children of all ethnic and cultural backgrounds. “For young children to develop and learn optimally, the early childhood professional must be prepared to meet their diverse developmental, cultural, linguistic, and educational needs. Early childhood educators face the challenge of how...
1,118 Words | 4 Pages
Goals of Linguistic - 2231 Words
1.1. Approaching the issue
The task of setting out (to use a neutral word) the goals of a human activity may be approached in a variety of ways depending on conditions such as who is involved in the activity and who has the power to determine the goals. In the case of the goals of a scientific discipline, the question may, in principle, be approached by established scientific methods:
* Deductive approach: The highest and most general goal is taken as an axiom, more...
2,231 Words | 7 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 14419 Words
Chapter 1: What is Language?
Language can be viewed as a social fact, as a psychological state (mental dictionary), as a set of
structures (a grammatical system: a system to what orders the words have to come in if they are to make
sense), or as a collection of outputs (utterances/sentences: spoken or written).
Language can be viewed as a set of choices (different ways of saying a sentence), a set of contrasts (an...
14,419 Words | 76 Pages
Linguistic gambits - 3135 Words
University of Babylon
College of Education for Human Sciences
Department of English/ PhD Programme
A Theoretical Survey of
A term paper
Submitted in partial fulfillment for the requirements of a
PhD course in Discourse Analysis
Ahmed Sahib Jabir
1. Introductory remarks
It is an agreed upon fact that language is mainly used to fulfil two basic functions: the first is the transactional function which is related to the communication of information and...
3,135 Words | 12 Pages
cognitive linguistics - 3437 Words
The topic of seminar:
The main trends of Cognitive Linguistics in works of foreign (American and European) scientists
Problem task: What principles of cognitive linguistics did G. Lakoff pay much attention at ?
Describe his idea. Describe the study of spatial relationships and types of movement in the conceptualization of language,
the concept of imaginative schemes and types of schemes.
Describe the study of body based consciousness and language of humans.
The idea of the...
3,437 Words | 12 Pages
Linguistic Anthropology - 507 Words
Ever since I was seven years old, I’ve wanted to be a writer; more specifically, a poet. I think for my chosen profession, linguistic anthropology would benefit me better than any other field of anthropology. According to the Department of Anthropology of California State University, “Linguistic anthropologists are interested in how many languages there are, how those languages are distributed across the world, and their contemporary and historical relationships....
507 Words | 2 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 3072 Words
Key concepts in learning:
FORMAL STRUCTURE | V/S | COMMUNICATIVE STRUCTURE |
Morphemes, sentences, rules | | Language is not possible without interaction.Language is meaningful. |
Saussure: Parole, Langue | | Hymes: Linguistic competence context (what, whom, when) |
Form | | Looks for the function of the language instead of the form |
Alternative view: Problem PosingCritical systemIt gives real problems to...
3,072 Words | 14 Pages
Linguistics and Structuralism - 645 Words
Structuralism is a mode of thinking and a method of analysis practiced in 20th-century social sciences and humanities; it focuses on recurring patterns of thought and behaviour it seeks to analyse social relationships in terms of highly abstract relational structures. Structuralism is distinctly different from that applied to Radcliffe-Brown it involves more the bio and psychological aspect of human studies rather than social structures. Claude Levi-Strauss was the one to...
645 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistics and Children - 1649 Words
This assignment will firstly explain the meaning of the following terms, communicative competence and metalinguistic awareness. Observations have shown that children do imitate older peers and adults when speaking as well as signs of creativity from an early age when developing language. Then the second section will evaluate the roles of creativity and imitation in regards to learning spoken English. This assignment will focus on the spoken English of young children.
1,649 Words | 5 Pages
Introduction to Linguistics - 4709 Words
What is meant by the field of linguistics? This introductory chapter concerns some dimensions of linguistics, which give us a general idea of what linguistics is, including the history of linguistic, grammar, and other disciplines of linguistics study. What does grammar consist of and what are the relationship between one and another? How many languages do human beings have the capacity to acquire? What other studies are made in recent centuries? Each of these aspects are clearly described, and...
4,709 Words | 15 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 1995 Words
Stylistics, sometimes called linguostylistics, is a branch of general linguistics. It deals mainly with two interdependent tasks:
a) the investigation of special language means which secure the desirable effect of the utterance(stylistics devices and expressive means)
b) certain types of texts (discourse) which due to the choice and arrangement of language means are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of the communication. (functional styles)
Functional styles discusses such general...
1,995 Words | 5 Pages
Tutorial Linguistic - 259 Words
3. Tutorial Linguistic Pitfalls
GEA 103 ︳ Tutorial : Linguistics Pitfalls
Tutor: TANG, Man To ︳Email: [email protected]
Part A: Revision
I. Linguistics analysis
Linguistic Pitfalls aims at settling some problems of sentence meaning by identifying what problems there is.
- Meaning-Incompleteness(闕義): lack of reference point (parameter), and the sentence meaning becomes incomplete.
- Ambiguity(歧義): more than one meaning in an expression, and the context cannot show...
259 Words | 1 Page
Linguistics and Interjections - 24508 Words
C u r r e n t A n t h r o p o l o g y Volume 44, Number 4, August–October 2003
2003 by The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. All rights reserved 0011-3204/2003/4404-0002$3.00
The Meanings of Interjections in Q’eqchi’ Maya
From Emotive Reaction to Social and Discursive Action1 by Paul Kockelman
In Western philosophy and linguistic theory, interjections—that is, words like oof, ouch, and bleah—have traditionally been understood to indicate emotional states. This article...
24,508 Words | 66 Pages
The History of Linguistics - 2115 Words
INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEPT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (PHD PROGRAM)
DR VEYSEL KILIÇ
HISTORY OF LINGUISTICS
Linguistics as a study endeavors to describe and explain the human faculty of language. The history of linguistics is a branch of intellectual history, for it deals with history of ideas- ideas about language- and not directly with language itself...
2,115 Words | 7 Pages
TEXT LINGUISTICS - 441 Words
IS THE STUDY OF TEXT AS A PRODUCT OR AS
TEXT AS A COMMUNICATIVE
3 regulative principles
441 Words | 7 Pages
Spanglish & Linguistics - 1269 Words
Spanglish is a well-known term that describes the linguistic behaviors on Spanish speakers, who’s Spanish is uniquely influenced from the English language. Spanglish can also be defined as a “mixed-code vernacular that includes a range of linguistic phenomena, most notably code-switching”. Despite the fact that Puerto Rican linguist, Salvador Tio, coined the term ‘Spanglish’ in the late 1940’s, this language contact phenomena has actually been used over the past 150 years, since the Treaty of...
1,269 Words | 4 Pages
Linguistic Research - 6337 Words
When does language begin? In the middle 1960s, under the influence of Chomsky’s vision of linguistics, the first child language researchers assumed that language begins when words (or morphemes) are combined. (The reading by Halliday has some illustrative citations concerning this narrow focus on “structure.”) So our story begins with what is colloquially known as the “two-word stage.” The transition to 2-word utterances has been called “perhaps, the single most disputed...
6,337 Words | 20 Pages
schools of linguistics - 368 Words
The science of human language
Language is the subject matter of linguistics
What is language?
MEANS OF INTERACTION
Sound /Phonetics /Phonology
Finite set of rules / infinite
To be under oath
SCHOOLS OF LINGUISTICS
School /Trend /Approach /Frame of...
368 Words | 3 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 2567 Words
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
| This article's tone or style may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. Specific concerns may be found on the talk page. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. (October 2010) |
Theoretical linguistics |
Phonology · Morphology
Syntax · Lexis
Semantics · Pragmatics |...
2,567 Words | 11 Pages
Linguistics/Education - 2931 Words
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In linguistics, a transformational grammar or transformational-generative grammar (TGG) is a generative grammar, especially of a natural language, that has been developed in the Chomskyan tradition of phrase structure grammars (as opposed to dependency grammars). Additionally, transformational grammar is the tradition that gives rise to specific transformational grammars. Much...
2,931 Words | 10 Pages
Mathematics and Linguistics - 360 Words
Short Essay: Understanding Mathematics and Linguistics
How is Mathematics and Linguistics related with each other?
Linguistics is the science of language. Linguists seek to understand the
proper uses of natural human language. How languages are structured, how and
why they vary and change, how they are acquired, and how people, in
communicating use them.
Mathematics on the other hand is the language of science. It is used to...
360 Words | 3 Pages
Linguistics Essay - 347 Words
Catch Up List
Jan. 11 Introduction: Topics and Assignments. The syllabus.
What we can tell about a person by the way s/he speaks.
Jan. 13 What is a language?
Readings: Bonvillain, Chaps. 1 & 2 (pp. 7-17) (handout #2)
Some key terms: cultural, social, situational meaning; language; phonetics; the vocal apparatus; the vocal cords; voiced-voiceless sounds; place of articulation; stress or accent; pitch or tone;...
347 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistics and Point - 11163 Words
moving from the introduction into the first main point of the body. A connective is not required here but may be used if desired. For information on connectives, review pages 177-178 of your textbook. Skip a space above and below connectives.)
I. A single complete sentence expressing the main point of this section of the speech A. Sub point [As with main points, sub points should be written in full sentences.]
1. Sub-sub point [Write sub-sub points in full sentences.]
2. Sub-sub point...
11,163 Words | 40 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 3584 Words
Write about the 2 theories of 1st language acquisition and choose which most tenableand provide examples and relevant literature one you find
In this essay, I will explain as well as compare two theories of first language acquisition, behaviorism and innatism. I will explore the differences between them in such categories as the role of the learner, the role of the environment and as well as their strengths and weaknesses. I will then state and explain which one I find more tenable...
3,584 Words | 10 Pages
Linguistics and Words - 3435 Words
1. Stylistics as a science. Branches of stylistics.
Stylistics is a branch of general linguistics. It has mainly with two tasks:
Stylistics – is regarded as a lang-ge science which deals with the results of the act of communication.
There are 2 basic objects of stylistics:
- stylistic devices and figures of speech
- functional styles
Branches of stylistics:
- Lexical stylistics – studies functions of direct and figurative meanings, also the way contextual...
3,435 Words | 11 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 4248 Words
What is psycholinguistics?
The three primary processes investigated in psycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics is a branch of cognitive science
What will be covered in this class?
• How do we produce and recognize speech?
• How do we perceive words, letters, and sentences?
• How do we learn and recall information from texts?
• How can we...
4,248 Words | 22 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 3206 Words
1. The underlying assumptions, theories, and methods used by psychologiest, linguists, and researchers are believed to strongly affect the way each defines psycholinguistics. Please discuss some different conceptions of psycholinguistics in its relation to other branches of linguistics. Then, define yours. One of your reference should be “fundamentals of Pyscholinguistics by Fernandez and Cairns (2010)”
Ø Psycholinguistics is an interdisciplinary field of study in which the goals are to...
3,206 Words | 11 Pages
Contrastive Linguistics - 6440 Words
Slovenski jezik – Slovene Linguistic Studies 7 (2009): 153–168
Biljana Božinovski Ljubljanska borza, d. d., Ljubljana
The Language of the Stock Exchange – A Contrastive Analysis of the Lexis
V članku je podana analiza jezika borze s stališča slovensko-angleške protistave. Izrazje (samostalniške zveze) obeh jezikov smo protistavili tako v strukturnem kot v semantičnem smislu, pri čemer se je razkrilo več protistavnih značilnosti, med drugim različni načini ubeseditve istega pojma,...
6,440 Words | 21 Pages
Linguistics and Language - 2546 Words
The term dialect (from the ancient Greek word διάλεκτος diálektos, "discourse", from διά diá, "through" + λέγω legō, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways, even by linguists. One usage refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. The term is applied most often to regional speech patterns, but a dialect may also be defined by other factors, such as social class. A dialect that is associated with a particular social...
2,546 Words | 8 Pages
Linguistics and Children - 1728 Words
Culture and Language
The power of language to reflect culture and influence thinking was first proposed by an American linguist and anthropologist, Edward Sapir (1884–1939), and his student, Benjamin Whorf (1897–1941). The Sapir–Whorf hypothesis stated that the way we think and view the world is determined by our language (Anderson & Lightfoot, 2002; Crystal, 1987; Hayes, Ornstein, & Gage, 1987). Instances of cultural language differences are evidenced in that some languages have...
1,728 Words | 5 Pages
Text linguistics - 1165 Words
Mukachevo State University
Prepared by Kamenkova Nastia
A text is an extended structure of syntactic units i.e. text as super-sentence such as words, groups, and clauses and textual units that is marked by both coherence among the elements and completion .A non-text consists of random sequences of linguistic units such as sentences, paragraphs, or sections in any temporal and/or spatial extension.
1,165 Words | 4 Pages
Contrastive Linguistics - 4609 Words
Contrastive Linguistics: Theories and Methods Volker Gast 1 Introduction: The subject matter of contrastive linguistics
Narrowly defined, contrastive linguistics can be regarded as a branch of comparative linguistics that is concerned with pairs of languages which are ‘socio-culturally linked’. Two languages can be said to be socio-culturally linked when (i) they are used by a considerable number of bi- or multilingual speakers, and/or (ii) a substantial amount of ‘linguistic output’ (text,...
4,609 Words | 15 Pages
An outline of the history of linguistics - 2338 Words
An outline of the history of linguistics
• Hindu Tradition
o Had its origins in the 1st millennium BC
o Stimulated by changes in Sanskrit
o Panini (c. 500 BC) is the best known grammarian
o Panini’s grammar of Sanskrit covered phonetics and
• The Greek Origin
o The Greek tradition of linguistics developed in response to
Homer’s epics. The Greeks founded the European tradition.
o IMPORTANT THEMES IN THE GREEK TRADITION INCLUDE:
The origin of language
2,338 Words | 15 Pages
Linguistics and Verbal Context - 1303 Words
Context is a notion used in the language sciences (linguistics, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, pragmatics, semiotics, etc.) in two different ways, namely as
* verbal context
* social context
Contents[hide] * 1 Verbal context * 2 Social context * 3 Multidisciplinary theory * 4 Influence * 5 References |
 Verbal context
Verbal context refers to surrounding text or talk of an expression (word, sentence, conversational turn, speech act, etc.). The idea is...
1,303 Words | 4 Pages
Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis - 348 Words
There are around 5000 languages in use today, and each is quite different from many of the others. Many thinkers have urged that large differences in language lead to large differences in experience and thought. They hold that each language embodies a worldview, which speakers of different languages think about the world in quite different ways.
At first I didn’t really understood what was being said, and I was really against it, but after asking myself, really? Knowing a different amount of...
348 Words | 1 Page
Linguistics and Cambridge International - 8680 Words
Cambridge International AS and A Level English Language Literature in English Language and Literature in English
9093 9695 8695
For examination in June and November 2014
University of Cambridge International Examinations retains the copyright on all its publications. Registered Centres are permitted to copy material from this booklet for their own internal use. However, we cannot give permission to Centres to photocopy any material that is acknowledged to a third party even...
8,680 Words | 32 Pages
Linguistics and Oral Approach - 836 Words
Situational Language Teaching (Oral Approach)
August 26th, 2009 Mohammed Rhalmi Leave a comment Go to comments
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• Situational Language Teaching (Oral Approach)
The Oral Approach or Situational Language Teaching is an approach...
836 Words | 3 Pages
Stylistics: Linguistics and Expressive Means
includes informative materials: news in brief, headlines, ads, additional articles. But not everything published in the paper can be included in N.S. we mean publicist essays, feature articles, scient. Reviews are not N.S. to attract the readers attention special means are used by british & am. Papers ex: specific headlines, space ordering. We find here a large proportion of dates, personal names of countries, institutions, individuals. To achieve an effect of objectivity in...
2,378 Words | 7 Pages
scope of applied linguistics - 1254 Words
The Scope of Applied Linguistics:
AL, according to Corder 1974 is the utilization of the knowledge about the nature of language achieved by linguistics research for the improvement of the efficiency of some practical task in which language is a central component.
1. Language and Teaching
Approaches & Methods
Grammar Translation Method (GTM): Classes are conducted in the mother tongue. This method depends on memorization of lists of new vocabulary in isolation (i.e. no context...
1,254 Words | 5 Pages
Linguistic Analyses of Eliot's Poems
Thomas Stern Eliot (1888-1965) is one of the important poets and the most influential critics of English literature. He attempts to re-educate his readers through the use of languages and various other techniques. Many differences in interpretation exist for Eliot’s complex poetry. In this discussion I shall be examining Eliot's use of a range of linguistic devices. The discussion will focus on how T. S. Eliot employs the medium of language to parallel and reflect his observation of...
3,535 Words | 10 Pages
An Assignment on the Linguistic Acquisition Device
An Assignment on the Linguistic Acquisition Device
In linguistics, language acquisition is the process through which human beings obtain the capability to comprehend and perceive language as well as produce sentences and words and utilize them to communicate. According to Chomsky, his Linguistic Acquisition Device (LAD) encompassed a device that children were born that could be defined as the inborn ability to comprehend the language principles. This LAD fits his innateness...
785 Words | 3 Pages
Lexicology: Linguistics and Words - 24824 Words
LECTURES ON ENGLISH LEXICOLOGY
INTRODUCTION The book is intended for English language students at Pedagogical Universities taking the course of English lexicology and fully meets the requirements of the programme in the subject. It may also be of interest to all readers, whose command of English is sufficient to enable them to read texts of average difficulty and who would like to gain some information about the vocabulary resources of Modern English (for example, about synonyms and...
24,824 Words | 66 Pages
Ashlyfive point linguistic star
Five-Point Linguistic Star: A Linguistic Approach
Grand Canyon University: ESL-533
Wednesday 17th September 2014
Five-Point Linguistic Star: A Linguistic Approach
We’ve allowed a natural approach to language instruction to dominate our schools, hoping our English learners “will just figure it out.” (SCOE, 2009) This approach suggested by Kevin Clark proposes that teachers explicitly teach ELL by giving them a set of skills. Teacher will have to teach students not just...
633 Words | 2 Pages
Applied+Cultural+Linguistics - 69296 Words
Applied Cultural Linguistics
Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research
Over the past decades, linguists have taken a broader view of language and are
borrowing methods and ﬁndings from other disciplines such as cognition and
computer sciences, neurology, biology, sociology, psychology, and anthropology. This development has enriched our knowledge of language and communication, but at the same time it has made it diﬃcult for researchers in a particular
69,296 Words | 317 Pages
Children with Linguistic Differences
Children with Linguistic Differences
ECE 605: Children and Families in a Diverse Society
Dr. Rhonda Welch-Scalco
April 8, 2013
Children with Linguistic Differences
In today’s classroom, it is common to have a student who speaks English as a second language. The teachers today should have knowledge of linguistic diversity and apply what they know to assist those children. According to our text, language is one of the aspects that define diversity and...
828 Words | 3 Pages
Semantics: Linguistics and Meaning - 1872 Words
A short story of semantics
Why study semantics?
Semantics (as the study of meaning) is central to the study of communication; and as communication becomes more and more a crucial factor in social organization, the need to understand it becomes more and more pressing.
Semantics is also at the centre of human mind – thought processes, cognition, conceptualization – all these are strongly connected to the way in which we classify and convey our experience of the world through...
1,872 Words | 6 Pages
Properties of Language, According to Linguistics
Properties of Language According to Linguistics
Language, we use it everyday, but what exactly defines “language?” Are there generalizations to be made of all languages? Does everyone learn language same way? What are the rules of language? “What is Language?” by Neil Smith and Deirdre Wilson answers these questions and more by highlighting the three major theories of modern linguistics.
The first modern linguistic theory claims that language is...
829 Words | 3 Pages
What Are the Fundamentals of Linguistics?
Question: What are the fundamentals in Linguistics? Explain each of them and illustrate with relevant examples.
by Samuel T.T. Wee Linguistics is the science of language. All areas of language can be examined scientifically such as grammar, sounds, meaning, just to name a few. For the purposes of this essay, I shall limit the fundamentals of linguistics to the following: phonetics and phonology, pragmatics, semantics, discourse morphology and syntax. Phonetics and Phonology Pronunciation can be...
1,280 Words | 4 Pages
Assignment 2 for General Linguistics
I. Chapter 6: SEMANTICS: The study of meaning and denotation
EXERCISE 8 (page 224)
a. A second is part of a minute
A minute is part of an hour
An hour is part of a day
* A second is a part of an hour, and it is also a part of a day. It is a transitive relation because a minute, an hour and a day express the same thing which is Time.
b. The toenail is part of the toe
The toe is part of the foot.
The foot is part of the leg
* The toenail is part of the leg....
803 Words | 3 Pages
Linguistics for Elementary Teachers - 573 Words
Mahmoud Moh’d Al-Hihi
Linguistics for Elementary Teachers (CI324)
After reading the first and second chapters, in How Linguistics are Learned, I am interested by what Lightbown and Spada (2006) argued. The authors claimed that “The development of bilingual or second language learning is of enormous importance” (p.25). They argued also that acquisition of more than one language in our new global world is rewarding for bilingual individuals socially and economically. The authors stated that...
573 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistic Changes of an Individual in Migration
Introduction and Overview of Topic:
As the world becomes increasingly globalised, we observe a rising trend where individuals migrate for educational and economic opportunities. The prestige of being educated in a highly ranked university and the prospects of higher paying jobs are definitely important pull factors for both internal and international migration (Welch, 1970). When people move, they also transfer the use of their existing linguistic repertoire to their host country. However,...
2,051 Words | 7 Pages
A Linguistic Analysis of Humor in Seinfeld
A linguistic analysis of humor: A look at Seinfeld
Elizabeth Magnotta and Alexandra Strohl University of Montana
Using the Incongruity Theory of humor (Attardo, 2001; Morreall, 1983; Schwarz, 2010) and the Interactional Sociolinguisitic Methodology of discourse analysis, we examine the incongruous elements, such as moral short-comings, ignorance, and impersonation used in Seinfeld to set up a situation conducive to humor. We analyze the contextualization cues used to support these...
3,454 Words | 11 Pages
Origin and Development of Applied Linguistics
FINAL ESSAY FOR APLIED LINGUISTICS
COMMENT ON THIS VIEWPOINT
“Applied linguistics is not a discipline which exists on its own. It is influenced by other disciplines and influences them as well. It is a two-way process. For this reason, applied linguistics examines theories from all sorts of different areas (semantics, syntax, pragmatics, sociolinguistics,…) and from all sorts of perspectives so that it help find out effective solutions for language -related issues such as teaching...
4,338 Words | 13 Pages
The Linguistic Analysis of Literature - 50473 Words
Department of English Language and Literature
Semester 1, 2006/07
EL5221: The Linguistic Analysis of Literature
A/P Ismail S Talib
Brief Module Description
This interface module deals with some of the ways that linguistics and discourse analysis can be used for the analysis of literature. Among the topics covered are the grammatical features in literary texts, the sounds of poetry, and discourse situations in fictional narrative. This module will be useful for higher-degree...
50,473 Words | 192 Pages
Pre-Linguistic Development - 1895 Words
As linguistic development designates the stage when children are able to manipulate verbal symbols, it should be apparent that pre-linguistic development refers to the stage before the child is able to manipulate such symbols. Consequently, this stage is sometimes called the pre-symbolic stage. Pre-linguistic development, therefore, concerns itself with precursors to the development of symbolic skills and typically covers the period from birth to around 13 months of...
1,895 Words | 6 Pages
Psycholinguistic: Linguistics and Language - 3609 Words
PSYCHOLINGUISTIC THEORIES OF
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND THE
SAUDI LEARNER OF ENGLISH
Jasser Abdulrahman Al-Jasser, Ph.D
This study seeks to determine the relevance of the behavioristic and cognitive approaches for Saudi learners’ acquisition of English as a foreign language (EFL). A special attention is given to learners in EFL programs at the University level. It also assesses the effectiveness of these approaches on...
3,609 Words | 11 Pages
Applied Linguistics - 1 - 1120 Words
Persuasion and Poetics; rhetoric and resistance
Language in literature is used to create alternatives to the real world. In doing so, the precise choice and ordering of words is very important. It not only creates a substitute world for us but also determines our attitude to its inhabitants and the events that take place there. This dependence upon precise wording is why a literary text loses so much in paraphrase or translation. However, despite this importance of precise wording,...
1,120 Words | 4 Pages
APPLIED LINGUISTIC AND LANGUAGE LEARNING
“APPLIED LINGUISTIC AND LANGUAGE LEARNING”
Submitted as Final Assignment
ENGLISH EDUCATION SECTION
STATE UNIVERSITY OF PADANG
Today, linguistics is developed rapidly. Another aspect related to the fields of language study is also growing. Studies on language not only covers one aspect only, but has extended to areas or aspects outside the language associated with the...
2,273 Words | 7 Pages
How is linguistics a scientific study
When linguists claim that their discipline is the scientific study of language, they have in mind certain principles which distinguish between a scientific and a non-scientific study of language. First, linguistics is objective, that is, it considers all languages to be equal. For a linguist, there are no 'primitive', 'pure', 'beautiful', 'cultural', or 'sophisticated' languages. Objectivity is difficult to attain because language is so familiar to us that we can hardly dissociate ourselves from...
389 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistics and their realationship to Teaching
The Relationship Between Linguistics and Language Teaching.
Fiona Le Maitre
This paper is an attempt to analyze the relationship between linguistics and language teaching.
Linguistics is a science and teaching while technical is also an art yet they are closely related to each other in the case of language teaching. The foreign language teachers need to include 'selection', 'grading' and 'presentation' as their...
2,450 Words | 8 Pages
Annotations to Applied Linguistics - 347 Words
1. Guy Cook (2003). Applied Linguistics.
This book explains applied linguistics in brief. It describes the popular and academic views of correctness. It also discusses the languages in the contemporary world. It presents English and its growth and the many Englishes used nowadays. It discusses some of the English language teaching techniques. It describes communication. It looks at the linguistic changes and second – language acquisition.
2. Guy Cook and Sarah North (2010)....
347 Words | 2 Pages
Linguistic Performance and Competence - 647 Words
English 50 - Introduction to the Study of Languages
Name: Ryan Mark L. Catanio Submitted to: Pro. Salvacion Santander
Topic: Linguistic Performance and Competence Time: MTH, 9:00 – 10:30
Speakers’ linguistic knowledge permits them to form longer and longer sentences by joining sentences and phases together or adding modifiers to a noun. whether you stop at three, five or eighteen adjectives, it is impossible to limit the number you could add if desired. Very long...
647 Words | 3 Pages
Linguistics and Critical Appreciation - 294 Words
1. Give a critical appreciation of following poem:
Admit impediments. Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration ﬁnds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:
O no; it is an ever-ﬁxed mark,
That looks on tempests, and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.
2. Show your acquaintance on one of the following:
b. Psycho-Analytical theory
c. feminist criticism
d. post colonialism
3. Write a...
294 Words | 2 Pages
On Saussure’s Linguistic Theory - 1748 Words
Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) is one of the most famous and influencing linguists in the last century. His linguistic theory of regarding language as a synchronic and static sign system has turned the historical trend of linguistics and opened up a new pattern of modern linguistics, thus makes linguistics get great achievement in the 20th century. His work Course in General Linguistics (1916) that comes from the notes of his lessons collected by his students...
1,748 Words | 5 Pages
Linguistic Cues for Children - 1477 Words
How does linguistic variation cue representations of a speaker’s social identity and, presumably, stereotypes about relevant social groups? Although studies have indicated that phonetic variation in speech may activate social stereotypes (Purnell, Idsardi & Baugh, 1999), research on the mechanisms of this process has been scant. The term “stereotype” was introduced into the variations of sociolinguistic literature in Labov’s (1973) taxonomy of language forms charged with broad social meaning,...
1,477 Words | 4 Pages
linguistic history on punjabi family
Vishaldeep Singh October/22/2013
Ms. McFarlane- Ms. Rachel/ ELA 7-701
Linguistic History Essay
My family’s linguistic history is a main role of one person from each family that represents to reflect others. My family’s linguistic history project is based on my mom’s history and how that reflects me. While my mom was growing up, she didn’t loose any language but only gained a language. She gained a language because of her movement, which reflected on me a lot. Most of...
664 Words | 2 Pages
Historical and Comparative Linguistics - 2950 Words
Historical linguistics, also called Diachronic Linguistics, the branch of linguistics concerned with the study of phonological, grammatical, and semantic changes, the reconstruction of earlier stages of languages, and the discovery and application of the methods by which genetic relationships among languages can be demonstrated.
According to dictionary.com, Historical linguistics is the branch of linguistics which deals with the history and...
2,950 Words | 11 Pages
Differences In Linguistic Behaviour - 3832 Words
Gender and Language variations: Differences between Male –
Female linguistic behaviours in terms of Dominance, Power and
In Sociolinguistics, among major issues, Close affinity between Language and
Gender has attracted considerable attention in the recent years. According to folk –
linguistics beliefs it seems an easy enterprise to claim that men and women differ in
their linguistic behaviours or why can’t women be like men? In this regard men are
thought to be more...
3,832 Words | 17 Pages