john locke - 424 Words
JUSTIFYING REBELLION:John locke and the right to revolution
John Locke was born in 1632 and died in 1704. Locke is among the most in fluential polictical philosophers of the modern period. John Locke argued that the people have rights like the right to life,liberty and property. Locke was one of the founding fathers who were in favor of the right to revolt. The second amendment is opposed by the founders today. The american revolution it's self is one of the...
424 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 1144 Words
MWF 2 PM
October 15, 2012
John Locke’s Political Influence
John Locke is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. One can easily see his tremendous influence on democracies throughout the world, especially the United States, today. Locke was born during 1632 in Somerset, England. He was the son of a Puritan lawyer who fought with the Parliamentarians against the King in the English Civil War. At the age of 14, Locke attended...
1,144 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke - 348 Words
JOHN LOCKE, 1632-1704
• was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, in the English county of Somerset.
• Attended Oxford University, studying logic, metaphysics, and medicine
• 17th century political theorist and philosopher
• He is credited with coming up with the ideas that The US was built upon, mainly the Declaration Of Independence:
• Locke came up with the theory of the “Blank Slate” – he said we are born with completely empty, without knowledge or prejudices. Instead we are the...
348 Words | 1 Page
John Locke - 551 Words
John Locke was one of the most important and influential philosophers ever in history, which he expressed through writing. John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 to John Locke and Agnes Keene, in a cottage by the church in Wrington, in the English county of Somerset. Immediately after he was born he was baptized. Both of his parents were Puritans and he was raised that way. His father was a country lawyer and a military man, in which he was a captain during the English...
551 Words | 2 Pages
All John Locke Essays
John Locke - 1504 Words
November 30, 2014
Christianity and Cultures
Plato’s Crito VS. John Locke
Although John Locke and Socrates existed over a thousand years apart in time, they had very similar views on how societies are formed, societies duties to its’ people, and the role which religion should play in society. The key difference in their views are shown in the duty one owes to society. In this essay I will take you through the perspectives of both philosophers so we can understand how after so...
1,504 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke - 458 Words
John locke was an English philosopher who was born in 1632 in Wrington, Somerset in England. His father was a country lawyer and milittary man who served as a captain during the English civil war.He went to Westminster school in 1647 and in 1652 to Christ Church in Oxford. Locke immersed himself in logic, metaphysics and classic languages. He graduated with a bachelor's of medicine in 1674. He became the part of English loyal society in 1668.
Locke met Anthony Ashley who was a...
458 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 5524 Words
Imagine that American public officials were meeting today to write a framework for governing a nation. What would be the influence of Hobbes and Locke today? Would the social contract be applied the same as in the 18th century, or would today's leaders look at the writings of Hobbes and Locke differently?
compare and discuss the philosophers Hobbes and Locke in a 500 word essay which is both attached to and copied into the assignment tool window
Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire,...
5,524 Words | 14 Pages
John Locke - 306 Words
John Locke: Enlightenment Philosopher
Although John Locke was a role model to many and influenced many varieties of people some may say that he was self-involved within himself to make himself look better. They also might say that he used the people to only get the government he wanted for himself. John Locke, a man of liberty and justness, was resolved in some parliament and kings eyes, a flake because he went against their preaching. They concluded him to be wrong for his...
306 Words | 1 Page
John Locke - 1801 Words
The enlightenment era arose in the modern cultural ideology of the 18th century, as ideas among philosophers had a widespread effect among the society. The age of enlightenment, in western society, projected the rejection of traditional Christianity, western philosophy, intellectual advances, scientific, and cultural life, government legitimacy and authority. Upon the enlightenment period multiple philosophers emerged, the individuals arose to leading figures using reason to understand all...
1,801 Words | 5 Pages
John Locke - 443 Words
English II-P, Period 5
March 28, 2012
John Locke, an English philosopher, used the idea of natural laws to make vital contributions to society. He worked his way up through Westminster School and Oxford and enrolled in the Church of England. He was interested in science and became one of the best practitioners of his time. With Locke’s connections, he met men of England but was also suspected for being disloyal. He went to Holland and returned in...
443 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 608 Words
English philosopher, who founded the school of empiricism.
Locke was born in the village of Wrington, Somerset, on August 29, 1632. He was educated at the University of Oxford and lectured on Greek, rhetoric, and moral philosophy at Oxford from 1661 to 1664. In 1667 Locke began his association with the English statesman Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, to whom Locke was friend, adviser, and physician. Shaftesbury secured for Locke a series of minor...
608 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 627 Words
John Locke was born on August 29th, 1632 in Somerset, England. He first studied medicine at Oxford University, and then later became a highly influential British philosopher. His ideas and literary works largely influenced people and governments during both his time, and ours. In his major works, Locke wrote down his ideas on topics such as political philosophy, education, and epistemology. In John Locke’s works on the topic of political philosophy, he introduced his ideas on the subjects of...
627 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 2301 Words
John Locke was a British Philosopher born in 1632. His death was in 1704. He was a very important political figure. Modern government can be credited to his philosophy. Locke believes that religion is s key part in explaining man’s nature and driving force in life. Locke believes that we are all born a ‘blank slate’ or tabula rasa. That everyone is born equal no matter what class or religion. He thought that everyone is born pure, and without knowledge or pre-disposition to life. Locke theorized...
2,301 Words | 7 Pages
John Locke - 1121 Words
John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Warington, a village in Somerset, England. In 1646 he went to Westminster school, and in 1652 to Christ Church in Oxford. In 1659 he was elected to a senior studentship, and tutored at the college for a number of years. Still, contrary to the curriculum, he complained that he would rather be studying Descartes than Aristotle. In 1666 he declined an offer of preferment, although he thought at one time of taking up clerical work. In 1668 he was elected a...
1,121 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke - 320 Words
John Locke should be one of the one’s that have the most impact on the Enlightenment because he proclaimed that men are free by nature and should not be subject to a monarchy. In Locke’s “Two Treatises of Government,” he strongly defends that men are free and equal and that they have rights such rights like life, liberty, and property that are independent of any particular laws of the society and that no one can take these rights away from you. Locke thought that all people were reasonable...
320 Words | 1 Page
John locke - 2114 Words
Noted by Franklin (1978, pp9), since the start of English civil war, the attempts to combine king’s authority and the right of resistance had come into question. During this one of most transformative period in English history, Locke offers his opinion and provides an adequate solution to sovereignty resistance for all citizens (Franklin, ibid, pp10). This essay will introduce Locke’s definition of the state of nature and the law of nature, and describe how it would influence the creation of a...
2,114 Words | 7 Pages
John locke - 509 Words
Western Civilization encompasses many new innovations, theories, and discoveries. However only the greatest people, events, and concepts of Western Civilization are still known and used today. In my opinion one of the most influential people of this time period is John Locke. Locke discovered multiple breakthroughs on natural law that still have a great impact on our modern society.
John Locke was born August 29, 1632, in Wrington, a small...
509 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 548 Words
In three “Letters Concerning Toleration”, Locke suggested that governments should respect freedom of religion except when the rebellious belief was a danger to public order. Atheists and Catholics were excluded from his plan. Even within its limitations, Locke’s toleration did not argue that all (Protestant) beliefs were equally good or true, but simply that governments were not in a position to decide which one was correct.
In 1666 Locke met the parliamentarian Anthony Ashley Cooper, later...
548 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke - 1174 Words
John Locke – The Second Treatise of Civil Government
* Widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism
* Was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers
* His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy.
* Considered one of the first of the British empiricists. he is equally important to social contract theory.
* Published the “Two treatises of Government” in...
1,174 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke - 621 Words
John Locke- 1. John Locke was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. The collapse of the Protectorate after the death of Cromwell was followed by the Restoration of Charles II — the return of the monarchy, the House of Lords and the Anglican Church. 2. Born 1632, died 1704. Locke's chief work while living at Lord...
621 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke Essay - 1418 Words
The Indelible Man
Our Earth has been the home to a multitude of great thinkers. These thinkers were scattered throughout the generations from the Romans all the way to the 20th century; however, the time period with the most philosophers was the Enlightenment Age. During this time there were many thinkers such as Voltaire and Thomas Hobbes. One thinker in particular who contributed a great deal to history was John Locke. His work is still influencing the lives of people across the world 300...
1,418 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were two important philosophers from the seventeenth century. The two were born nearly 50 years apart – Hobbes in 1588 and Locke in 1632 – and yet, they each managed to have a major impact on their time and our own. The philosophical viewpoints of Locke and Hobbes are, in most cases, in strict opposition of each other. There are certain points at which the theories of both men collide; however, their synonymous beliefs are exactly the point at which their theories...
1,074 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke ideas - 549 Words
How did ideas of Locke's Social Contract influence the Declaration of Independence? John Locke’s ideas influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence by the discussion of equal rights, purpose of the government, and what the people should do to an abusive government. Both in the Declaration of Independence and in the Social Contract John Locke, they list that men should have equal rights. Also they both state the purpose of having a government. Lastly, they say what the...
549 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke: Property Rights
John Locke: Property Rights
Perhaps one of, if not the, most historically influential political
thinkers of the western world was John Locke. John Locke, the man who initiated
what is now known as British Empiricism, is also considered highly influential
in establishing grounds, theoretically at least, for the constitution of the
United States of America. The basis for understanding Locke is that he sees
all people as having natural God given rights. As God's creations, this...
2,060 Words | 6 Pages
John Locke Research Paper
Locke Research Paper
John Locke: Father of Classical Liberalism
Throughout history there have been many philosophers that impacted the world. Philosophers such as John Locke have shaped today's society in a number of ways. John Locke was extremely influential and has had some of the most lasting impacts on the ideas still to this day. John Locke has inspired a many of people throughout his lifetime and shaped the way for philosophers and great minds of the generations to come....
1,225 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke Short Paper
Locke Short Paper
John Locke in his
Second Treatise of Government
attempts to provide a justification for
private property grounded on natural rights. Locke develops a theory of the “original common
possession of Earth” which justifies the equal ownership of the world by humans. The
theological argument claims that since God gave man dominion over the Earth, everyone has a ...
827 Words | 1 Page
John Locke Provisos - 939 Words
John Locke was an English philosopher who had the idea that all people have natural rights. Their natural rights included that of life, liberty and property and the idea of these rights being held by each individual is often said to be the primary influence of the American Declaration of Independence. Locke further explains his rationale behind natural rights in Two Treatises of Government and particularly property right in his “Provisos,” stating the conditions the make property public or...
939 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke the State of Nature
Summary of Property
In the chapter five of The Second Treatise of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration, John Locke expresses his opinion about property. According to the Bible, all human being is the descendants of Adam and Eve, which mean that this world is common to all humankind. However, in order to that the property is significant to people, the property must be your own private property. The individuals are different from the land and other properties. Everyone is entitled to the...
385 Words | 1 Page
John Locke Questions - 938 Words
John Locke Questions
1. John Locke describes the “state of nature” as a sort of equality between men. No man has any rights over the other, and they can be free in doing what they want. All being able to use the same faculties. Locke also explains that although they are free it does not give them the right to hurt one another because the “natural law” still exists even through the “state of nature”. Locke defines the state of nature as political power. This “state of nature” is basically where...
938 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke Essay - 343 Words
John Locke, a philosopher of the Age of Reason and the Enlightenment, greatly influenced the
American revolution and the French revolution. His beliefs were the social contract, natural rights, and the right of revolution.
One of John Locke's beliefs was the social contract. A social contract can be either a written or unwritten agreement between a government and its people. Social contracts usually contain a basic set of laws and agreements explaining how the country should be run. Examples...
343 Words | 1 Page
John Locke Short Introduction
John Locke, who is widely known as the Father of Liberalism, is a great writer, philosopher and physician of the 17th century. He was born on 29 August 1632 and died on 28 October 1704 when he was 72. He was baptized on the same day as he was born. He was a gifted man and David Hume once described him as “wrote like a water-drinking local councilor, his style ungainly, his idioms commercial, his imagination puritanical, his humor labored, his purposes wholly practical.” As he is a talented...
891 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke -Philosophy Essay
“The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings capable of law, where there is no law, there is no freedom” – John Locke. What I feel that John Locke is attempting to express in his quote is that society believes that by having laws in place the government is taking away from the freedom they long to endure. However, by having laws in place it actually helps to enforce their rights to freedom. I...
2,012 Words | 5 Pages
John Locke Biography - 544 Words
Table Of Contents
Page 1: Title
Page 2: Table of Contents
Page 3: Biographical Background and Political Views
Page 4: Connections and Conclusion
Page 5: Bibliography
John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, Somerset, England. He went to the University of Oxford, where he studied medicine. After college he became a philosopher; writing and speaking on topics, such as political philosophy. His father was a country lawyer and...
544 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke Leader of the Enlightenment
John Locke has had a great impact on governments, other leaders and equality during the Enlightenment, thus making him the most influential leader of that era. Locke’s literature - specifically his book The Two Treatises of Government - was the key to many of his contributions. “By far the most influential writings emerged from the pen of scholar John Locke” (Powell, Jim). In this book, Locke discusses the need for three natural rights, the right to property, life and liberty. All three rights...
6,939 Words | 17 Pages
David Hume, John Locke and John Rawls on Property
All the three philosophers, whose work I am going to scrutinize on, have very specific, yet in most cases common views on property. First of all, let me define what the term property means. Property, as I see it, is an object of legal rights that is possessed by an individual or a group of individuals who are directly responsible for this it.
In his work Of Justice, David Hume puts great emphasis on distribution of property in society. Hume believes that only the conception of property gives...
1,494 Words | 4 Pages
Locke - 1019 Words
Rights to Property According to John Locke
In chapter V of The Second Treatise of Government by John Locke, he begins by explaining that God has given earth to all man in “common”. Meaning everyone equally owns all of the earth and its fruits. How can we humans, fairly distribute this land? What gives one man the right to a deer over every other person on earth? Labor, Locke states “The labor that was mine removing them out of that common state they were in, hath fixed my property in...
1,019 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke V Thomas Hobbes
Locke and Hobbes both had detailed accounts as to what the state of nature is. I will start with Hobbes and what he felt the state of nature is made up of. Hobbes believed in defining the state of nature as what it is instead of what it ought to be. So he focused in on the nature of people and came to a very descriptive conclusion as to how survive in this particular state of nature. He stated that man was equal in ambition, cruelty, and treachery, which in turn makes humans equal in the...
1,558 Words | 4 Pages
Principles of Land Ownership: John Locke
John Locke and Land Ownership
John Locke in The Second Treatise of Civil Government makes several key arguments about what makes land ownable, these ideologies differ from how land ownership works in America but it is easy to see how America’s early days could have aligned with this ideology. In this paper I will focus on two key principles that Locke believed in that are basic requirements for land ownership. The first of these is that land ownership is obtained through labor and that items...
1,385 Words | 4 Pages
The Social Contract Theory of John Locke
John Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset, England on August 29 1704 to John Locke and Agnes Keene, who were both Puritans (Uzgalis 2001, Wikipedia 2006, Microsoft Encarta 2006 . His father, after whom he was named, served as captain of cavalry for the Parliamentarian forces in the early part of the English Civil War . His family later moved to Pensford and Locke grew up in a rural Tudor house in Belluton . He attended the Westminster School in London in 1647 under Alexander Popham, a...
642 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke : Second Treaties of Government
John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in England to a middle class family. He was named after his father, an educated attorney who had participated in the Civil War with the Long Parliamentary. Locke shared a great deal of affection and respect for his father. The relationship he built with his father influenced him to create his own views on education and government. His theory on education was published in 1693 titled, "Some Thoughts Concerning Education." Locke was accepted to Christ Church...
2,949 Words | 7 Pages
The Ideas of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were both seventeenth century English thinkers and writers. Each had their own views the government’s role and human nature which were vastly different from one another. They expressed their ideas in their works, Hobbes’s Leviathan and Locke’s Two Treatises of Government.
Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan in 1651, two years after the end of the English Civil War. In it, he supported an absolute monarchy and claimed that people had no qualms about compromising basic...
299 Words | 1 Page
John Locke on Tacit and Unintended Consent
In his Second Treatise on Law and Government, John Locke outlines clear and coherent standards for what constitutes a legitimate government and what persons one such government would have authority over. Both are determined by citizens' acts of consenting to relinquish to the government part of their natural authority over their own conduct. Unfortunately, the situation becomes much less clear once we consider how his standards would apply to the political situation existing in the real world...
2,933 Words | 7 Pages
Locke - 778 Words
Lock vs. Berkeley
Empiricism is the view that all knowledge comes from experience whatever is the mind got there through the senses. Locke was an empiricist who held that the mind was tabula rasa or a blank slate at birth to be written upon by sensory experience. Empiricism is opposed to rationalism or the view that mental ideas and knowledge exist in the mind prior to experience that there are abstract or innate ideas.
George Berkeley argued against rationalism and materialism. He also...
778 Words | 2 Pages
Social Sontract Theory of John Locke
This paper analyzes the social contract theory of John Locke and how his values are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings of today. It will further discuss whether or not Locke’s’ values and principles apply to both criminal justice and private security venues. I will also summarize the major differences of the social contract theories; identify the key principles associated with Locke’s social contract theory; identify how these principles are inculcated in...
1,460 Words | 4 Pages
The State of Nature According to John Locke
The state of nature according to Locke is “a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit... without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man.” For Locke, the state of nature is where humans exist without an established government or social contract. In a since the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the state of nature was that if men could act in a positive way, they...
472 Words | 2 Pages
Social Contract Theory of John Locke
Social Contract Theory of John Locke
Given the honored and extensive authority that the social contract theory upholds, the supposition still endures various assessments. The view that people’s ethical and political responsibilities are reliant upon a contract between them to structure a society is also precisely linked with current ethical and political theory. John Locke (b. 1632, d. 1704), a prominent truth-seeker among other professions of the 17th and early 18th centuries, is primarily...
1,157 Words | 4 Pages
John Locke Wanted Everyone To Have The
John Locke wanted everyone to have the "right to life, liberty, and property" which is used in the Declaration of Independence as the "right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." His ideas of the social contract, in which everyone in a society is accountable to one another, and the idea of governments deriving their power from the consent of the governed were both revolutionary concepts in 1776 that made their way into the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
132 Words | 1 Page
John Locke of Poor Reform and Workhouses
John Locke of Poor Reform and Workhouses
The reading for this week addresses Locke’s understanding of the relationship between the poor and the capable citizens in society. He stated explicitly in his second treatise on government, the importance of work and labor in order to assess a person’s worth. Locke believes that man is not meant to be idle and that the purpose of existence is to live in the image of God and work towards a life of moral bounds and labor upon the earth making it more...
624 Words | 2 Pages
John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
AUTUMN ’10 ETHICS ITB 219E
WEEK TEN APPLE KEYNOTE PRESENTATION
Friday, December 3, 2010
JOHN LOCKE 1632 1704
Friday, December 3, 2010
AN ESSAY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING (1689) BOOK II, CHAPTER XX & CHAPTER XXI UPTO § 46.
John Locke wrote on many subjects. ‘An Essay Concerning Human Understanding’ is mostly about knowledge, reality and mind in philosophy, and is a major classic in all those fields. He also wrote a major classic of political philosophy, ‘Essay on Civil...
3,858 Words | 17 Pages
John Locke"S Social Contract Theory
John Locke’s Social Contract Theory
July 11, 2011
This paper analyzes the social contract theory of John Locke and how his values are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings of today. It will further discuss whether or not Locke’s’ values and principles apply to both criminal justice and private security venues. I will also summarize the major differences of the social contract theories; identify the key principles associated...
1,497 Words | 5 Pages
Property According to Karl Marx and John Locke
The Role of Private Property According to Karl Marx and John Locke
“Property, any object or right that can be owned. Ownership involves, first and foremost, possession; in simple societies to possess something is to own it” ( Funk & Wagnall's.1994).
English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) believed that the only reason society degenerates to armed conflict and strife is because of a depletion of the essential ingredients of an individual or a community’s...
1,271 Words | 4 Pages
How John Locke Inspired Maria Montessori
"Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself."
– John Locke
John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, a village in the English country of Somerset. He was baptized the same day. Soon after his birth, the family moved to the market town of Pensford, about seven miles south of Bristol, where Locke grew up in an old fashioned stone farmhouse .
His father was a county lawyer to the Justices of the Peace and his mother...
1,459 Words | 5 Pages
John Locke and the Un-Equal Distribution
John Locke and the Unequal Distribution of Wealth
It is stated by John Locke that in the state of nature no man may take more then he can consume. " make use of any advantage of life before it spoils whatever is beyond this is more than his share and belongs to others. Nothing was made by God for man to spoil or destroy. (Locke 14)" Locke then goes on to say, "God gave the world to man for their benefit and the greatest conveniences of life they were capable to draw from it, it cannot be...
797 Words | 2 Pages
Isaac Newton Is Better Than John Locke
A World Without Sir Isaac Newton 1st Person P.O.V
In all my life I have discovered many things. My discoveries have allowed us to make more new discoveries. But a problem I think of is what the world would be like if I never existed. To start things off one important discovery I made was modern physics. If I was never to make the discoveries in optics, motion, and mathematics modern physics wouldn’t of existed which means that scientist wouldn’t have never known that every object in...
362 Words | 1 Page
Critical Analyis of John Locke, Hegel, and and John Stuart Mill
Critical Analysis : Locke, Mill, Hegel
Question 1: How does Locke prove that human beings have a natural right to private property?
Answer (Book II chap V section 27): Humans have the right to private property because they are using their own labor in conjunction to take property from the state of nature and thus making it his own. By mixing his labor or his hands, which is an extent of himself, he is relating that property to him and no one else. When every we pour water into a glass,...
367 Words | 2 Pages
differences between the social contract theory of john locke and thomas hobbes
Page 1 of 7
What is Social Contract Theory?
The concept of social contract theory is that in the beginning man lived in the state of
nature. They had no government and there was no law to regulate them. There were
hardships and oppression on the sections of the society. To overcome from these
hardships they entered into two agreements which are:-
1. ǲPactum Unionisǳ; and 2. ǲPactum Subjectionisǳ. By the first pact of unionis, people sought protection of their lives and property. As,...
2,518 Words | 13 Pages
How Thomas Hobbes and John Locke influenced Enlightenment Thinkers
The Age of Enlightenment saw many great changes in Western Europe. The Age of Enlightenment or simple “the Enlightenment” was an intellectual movement during the 18th century. Its purpose was to reform society and to advance knowledge using reason and the scientific knowledge. It supported scientific thought and opposed superstition with its favorite target being the Catholic Church. The phrase was frequently used by writers of the period itself, implying that they were emerging from...
790 Words | 2 Pages
Locke and Hobbes - 867 Words
Locke and Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two famous philosophers who existed during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The two men had divergent views pertaining to the nature of man and the ideal forms of government. While both men's ideas were proven true, they did reflect on their personal experiences basing on the period of times in which they existed. Their beliefs impacted on the world around them, and they have continued to shape governances throughout history. Though both...
867 Words | 3 Pages
Locke on Substance - 2034 Words
Locke’s Doctrine of Substance
February 29th, 2013
First, I explore John Locke’s conception of substance. After, I argue that Locke’s theory of substance is necessary for his theory of identity, and therefore philosophically vital for Locke’s ethical and political theories. I consider objections to Locke, but ultimately defend Locke’s theory of substance and its primacy in Locke’s overall philosophy through a different...
2,034 Words | 6 Pages
Locke Q&a - 534 Words
1) How does an agent reason about Lock’s options in a single-play dilemma?
In the state of nature, there are four preferences. The first preference is to attack and not be attacked. The second preference is to not attack and not be attacked. The third preference is to Attack and be attacked. The fourth preference is to not attack and be attacked.
2) Was Bramhall justified in calling Hobbes’ Leviathan a “rebel’s catechism”?
Yes. According to Bramhall, if everyone where to decide when to...
534 Words | 2 Pages
Hobbes and Locke - 658 Words
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both sought to explain the behavior of humans in the purest form. In comparing and contrasting their theories, one begins to realize the extent to which these philosophers agreed and disagreed. While Hobbes states that human nature is malicious and requires a sovereign, Locke explains how humans are benelovant and pastoral with no motivation to advance.
In Hobbes’ theory of a natural state, people live with no sense of government or law, forcing society into chaos...
658 Words | 2 Pages
Locke and Hobbes - 230 Words
How does the founders' view of power affect the framers' reactions to John Locke? According to Locke, how does man enter the political society and what is the purpose of that society? What obligations does the government have in the civil society? What obligation does the individual have? How do Hobbes and Locke differ? Do you think Americans would agree with Locke? You may read the first paragraphs of the Declaration of Independence to assist you. What evidence do you have to support your...
230 Words | 1 Page
locke and hobbs state of nature
1. Locks justification of private property can be summed by stating, the earth and all it possess is property to be used by people in common for their own benefit and existence. In Locke's view, every individual must have private property rights In order to possess the property in common. To Locke, property also justifies and gives authority in terms of wages, land, and labor. Also in order to be justified, and individual must not possess more property then can be used for his benefit....
2,091 Words | 5 Pages
John Lock - 351 Words
An English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions...
351 Words | 1 Page
Locke rousseau comparison - 1153 Words
By comparing and contrasting the role of property, the state of nature, and technology within the philosophies of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, this essay will argue the opinions of these two theorists. Each theorist has a different foundation of the conception of private properties. The state of nature is looked at deeply within how society perceives mankind and what is right and wrong. As technology changes, both philosophers speak about the developments of these great powerful...
1,153 Words | 4 Pages
Hobbes/Locke Assignment - 447 Words
Is man born to be competitive and destructive or do we start out with a blank slate when we are born? I believe that we are born with a blank slate and we are eventually formed by our surroundings as well as our life experiences. Although I can still see where Hobbes can think that everyone is born to be competitive, but destructive I cannot see. While people are growing up they should be able to make their personality how they want it, they don’t have to become...
447 Words | 2 Pages
Mill Locke on Liberty - 1088 Words
Through out history, many philosophers have discussed the rights of mankind such as existence, liberty and especially property. In the work “The Second Treatise of Civil Government” written by John Locke, mankind’s natural rights are critically examined one by one. This essay aims to discuss whether John Stuart Mill’s harm principle that he mentions in “On Liberty” can be exercised while not violating the natural rights of mankind or not.
First of all, in...
1,088 Words | 3 Pages
Debate between Locke and Bentham
HKU SPACE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
Ideas that Shaped the Modern World
Course Code: CC88286-0101 (Wed)
In a parallel universe, Adolf Hitler was in a court trial for the Nazi party's human experimentation, sterilization program and genocide during WWII. John Locke was the prosecuting lawyer and Hitler invited Jeremy Bentham to be his defending lawyer. Write a report of the trial recording the debate between Locke and Bentham and the court's final judgment.
Name: Ma Wai Ching
574 Words | 2 Pages
Locke vs Hobbes - 395 Words
Locke believed that, “human behavior came from thought which was learned and subject to the influence of reason and observation.” Locke’s main ideas were positive to the human race. He also states that humans know right from wrong, and they are intelligent enough to solve the problems in front of them and realizing what is lawful and unlawful. Locke believed, “God created man and we were, in effect, God’s property.”
John Locke believes that a government should be some form of a social contract,...
395 Words | 1 Page
Hobbes vs Locke - 551 Words
Hobbes vs. Locke
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were known as Social Contract Theorists, and Natural Law Theorists. The two men both had very strong views on freedom and how a country should be governed. Thomas Hobbes had more of a Pessimistic view while John locke had more of an Optimistic view. Hobbes and Locke believed in a type of Social Contract between the Government and being governed. Hobbes believed in Absolute Monarchs and Locke believed in the will of people being governed. Hobbes...
551 Words | 2 Pages
Review Questions: Locke and Rousseau
Review Questions – Locke and Rousseau
Please answer the following True or False. Please support your answer.
• For Rousseau, a family is a natural institution
Answer: Does Rousseau make this claim? What claim does Rousseau make about a family? Critically evaluate Rousseau’s claim about a family.
• To justify the existence of a state Rousseau used the slogan: Might is Right.
What does Rousseau say about the relationship of a state and force? Critically evaluate Rousseau’s claim.
385 Words | 2 Pages
Hume, Locke, Berke - 827 Words
Why They Believe
Based on past philosophers, the philosophers after them are able to expand their theories and find greater knowledge. The philosophers that will be introduced in this paper are David Hume, John Locke, and George Berkeley. Each have either found a new theory or expanded it from a previous one. Although it is important to know what their theories talk, it is as important to also study how they were led to believe in those theories....
827 Words | 3 Pages
BURKE AND LOCKE ON REVOLUTION - 4074 Words
I hold it, that a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical. - Thomas JeffersonPolitical rebellion takes place when the people of a country feel it is essential that a change in government is made. Different nations have different ideas about the responsibilities of government, and as a result there are many possible reasons for political rebellion. John Locke, an English medical doctor and philosopher who lived until 1704,...
4,074 Words | 11 Pages
Descartes vs Locke - 1175 Words
Philosophy Essay (Descartes vs. Locke)
Socrates once said, “As for me, all I know is that I know nothing.” Several philosophers contradicted Socrates’ outlook and believed that true knowledge was in fact attainable. This epistemological view however had several stances to it, as philosophers held different beliefs in regards to the derivation of true knowledge. Rationalists believed that the mind was the source of true knowledge, while in Empiricism, true knowledge derived from the senses....
1,175 Words | 3 Pages
Hobbes and Locke: Social Contract
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke held contrasting theories on how government should limit the rights of men, which they referred to as the social contract. Thomas Hobbes' theory of the social contract is that a government should have complete discretion over the limitations of men’s rights, while Locke's theory is that a social contract is necessary, but the rights limited should be solely for the protection of property.
Thomas Hobbes' theory of the social contract is that men should give up all...
297 Words | 1 Page
Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Wollstonecraft
Looking to the science of the day, Hobbes determined that there was no soul and attempted to describe human nature as pure mechanics. Human nature was therefore driven by the need to satisfy the physical demands of the body and based on basic passions in life. These are to satisfy physical appetites, to seek power to maintain their wealth and to be superior to others by seeking glory. Hobbes saw the state nature as “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." The state of nature is anarchy, with...
1,758 Words | 5 Pages
Locke, Hobbes, Mill, Thoreau
John Locke explains the state of nature as a state of equality in which no one has power over another, and all are free to do as they please. He notes, however, that this liberty does not equal license to abuse others, and that natural law exists even in the state of nature. Each individual in the state of nature has the power to execute natural laws, which are universal.
I believe that Locke is correct in his analysis of the state of nature however; Lockes theory includes many...
1,450 Words | 4 Pages
Innate Knowledge Locke - 847 Words
The thought that humans are born with some sort of innate ideas has been a much debated topic for many years. It is impossible to say if it is true or not, but it is believed true by many people, including some religions. John Locke has several arguments against innate knowledge; among these, the argument that states that if we did in fact possess innate ideas, then everybody would agree on at least one idea. There are no principles that everybody aggress on. Therefore, innate ideas cannot...
847 Words | 2 Pages
Philosophy- Locke Hume and Kafka
1. Explain how Locke and Hume view personal identity, or the “Self”. How do you see Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” as exemplifying these philosophical themes? You may choose Locke or Hume or both, or argue why you see neither of their theories as showing up in Kafka’s work.
Locke’s theory of personal identity does not rely on substance to explain personal identity. Locke’s theory is person one at time two is the same person as person two at time one if and only if person one and person two are...
277 Words | 1 Page
Locke vs Hobbes - 4270 Words
Hobbes, Locke, and the Social Contract
The concept of human security, which has had a crucial place in human's societal history, has been argued over by many great philosophers throughout mankind’s existence. Two pioneer thinkers of political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, theorized state of nature typologies, which are the core of social contract theory, and created a concept of modern security, even in the 17th century. Hobbes created a contract...
4,270 Words | 10 Pages
Hobbes vs. Locke - 2028 Words
Exam 1: Hobbes/Locke
1. Compare and contrast Hobbes and Locke on political power? In answering this question explain Locke’s argument against Hobbes’s understanding of “paternal” and despotical power.
On the discussion of power and social structure, both John Locke and Thomas Hobbes introduce their theories on paternal and despotical power in Second Treatise of Government and Leviathan respectively. Both men believe that social order is constructed...
2,028 Words | 5 Pages
Enlightened Philosophers (John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau)
John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were all enlightenment philosophers. Each of these men had a particular view of government, society, and its citizens and they were all passionate about their works. Locke (1632- 1704) was an English philosopher, his ideas had a great impact on the development of political philosophy and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential enlightenment thinkers. Montesquieu (1689- 1755) believed that all things were made up...
1,501 Words | 4 Pages
Locke vs Mill - 1612 Words
Mankind has been fighting for Liberty and Freedom for as long as we can remember. Liberty and freedom has been a topic which has been debated for many decades. What does it mean to be free, and how far can we go to strive for freedom. These important questions have been answered and studied by two of the greatest English philosophers, John Locke and John Stuart Mill. Locke and Mill men will attempt to uncover the mysteries of Liberty and Freedom and unveil the importance of being free. This...
1,612 Words | 4 Pages
Why did John Locke believe it was irrational to attempt to force someone to become a Christian against their will?
Why did John Locke believe it was irrational to attempt to force someone to become a Christian against their will?
17th century philosopher John Locke wrote ‘A Letter Concerning Toleration’ (Locke 1685) in a time when religious intolerance among different Christian faiths was endemic throughout Europe. We will be examining and outlining extracts from this Letter to ascertain why attempting to use force on someone to become a Christian against their will, is irrational:-
‘The care of...
582 Words | 2 Pages
Views of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau
Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Racques Rosseau were philosophers who stated their belief of human nature and how we should govern mankind. Although Rousseau was born a different time than Hobbes and Locke, they all had a very strong influence on the way governments should function. They created a revolutionary idea of the state of nature, the way men were before a government came into play. Each philosopher developed guidelines and responsibilities that the...
805 Words | 3 Pages
The Human Conceptualization of the State, in Relation to the Law(S) of Nature as Theorized by John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
John Locke, in the Second Treatise of Civil Government, envisions a social contract in which individuals are naturally in a state of perfect freedom, in which they utilize objects as well as themselves as they desire; which is within the law of nature wherein all mankind was created, by God, equally. Therefore, all humans should be equal amongst fellow beings of the same species and rank without subordination or subjugation. However, Locke specifies that the exception is only when God...
1,002 Words | 3 Pages
Locke vs Rousseau - 265 Words
John Locke argued that a legitimate government would be validated through the consent of the people it governed and protected, specifically the protection of a citizens natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. He also believed that citizens had the right of rebellion in the event that a government was acting against the rights and interests of its citizens, ultimately allowing those governed to replace the government with another in the interests of the people. Locke believed that the state...
265 Words | 1 Page
Locke and Hobbes: Cause of Religious Toleration
Locke and Hobbes Cause of Religious Toleration
Section Leader: Alexander Duff
Historically, Locke’s treatment of toleration was one riddled with religious change, religious turmoil, and political changes that were shaped largely by religious tensions. This was a time when religion, specifically the Christian Church, became fractioned and led to widespread war and death in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Locke’s Letter on Toleration promoted...
1,970 Words | 6 Pages
The Social Contract: Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau
The Social Contract
The three philosophers, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were three key thinkers of political philosophy. The three men helped develop the social contract theory into what it is in this modern day and age. The social contract theory was the creation of Hobbes who created the idea of a social contract theory, which Locke and Rousseau built upon. Their ideas of the social contract were often influenced by the era in which they lived and social issues...
1,377 Words | 4 Pages
Hobbes and Locke Social Contract Theory
Hobbes and Locke Paper: Social Contract Theory
April 15, 2012
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two of the most influential political philosophers of the modern age. Their ideas on political philosophy, among other ideas, have helped shaped the Western World, as we know it. One of the most important theories that the two have both discussed, and written in detail on, is the idea of the social contract. Social Contract Theory is the view that moral and/or political duties depend on a contract...
2,046 Words | 5 Pages
Hobbes VS. Locke VS. Rousseau
Hobbes vs. Locke vs. Rousseau/ State of Nature/ Allam/ 2013
“I am at the point of believing, that my labor will be as useless as the commonwealth of Plato. For Plato, also is of the opinion that it is impossible for the disorders of the state ever to be taken away until sovereigns be philosophers . . . I recover some hope that one time or other this writing of mine may fall into the hands of a sovereign who will consider it for himself, for it is short, and I think clear.”
10,874 Words | 33 Pages
Property Debate Between Locke & Rousseau
John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau, two philosophers with differing opinions concerning the concept of private property. Rousseau believes that from the state of nature, private property came about, naturally transcending the human situation into a civil society and at the same time acting as the starting point of inequality amongst individuals. Locke on the other hand argues that private property acts as one of the fundamental, inalienable moral rights that all humans are...
1,110 Words | 3 Pages
Subjects to Citizens: Locke, the Enlightenment and the French Revolution
The idea of people as citizens rather than as subjects originates in 16th century Europe, during the Early Modern Period. During this period, European social order was in a state of flux as the rule of kings was confronted with a persistent and determined challenges defined by social forces that were pushing for more secular and democratic governments. There were both individuals and events that today may be seen as powerful drivers of those forces, and among them are John Locke, the...
865 Words | 3 Pages
John Locke's Influence on the American Government
July 31, 2014
John Locke’s Influence
John Locke, an English Philosopher from the 17th century, had a major influence on the founding fathers when they created the American system of government. In Locke’s writing, The Second Treatise of Civil Government, he discusses that according to nature, all men are “free, equal, and independent”. The founding fathers were obviously influenced by this idea because the United States is an independent nation in which all men are born free and...
271 Words | 1 Page
Why Locke Is Such an Agressive Critique of Hobbes' Leviathan Idea
A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION WHY JOHN LOCKE IS SUCH AN AGGRESSIVE CRITIQUE OF THOMAS HOBBES’ LEVIATHAN IDEA
Writing in the 1650’s, Thomas Hobbes sought to address the prevalent problem of war by seeking to obtain those rational principles that will aid the construction of a “civil polity that will not be subject to destruction from within. ” Hobbes employs the idea of a “social contract” to resolve that seemingly intractable problem of war and disorder. He begins by imagining how...
1,578 Words | 5 Pages
John Locke's Social Contract Theory
John Locke’s Social Contract Theory
CJA530: Ethics in Justice and Security
October 10, 2011
The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, incorporates many of the views and ideas of John Locke, an English philosopher, and his writings of the Social Contract theory. Within the theory, Locke states that society should be afforded certain unalienable rights (life, liberty, and happiness) that give authority and control to the...
1,786 Words | 6 Pages
John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government
John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government is a book about Locke’s thoughts and ideas of the Charles II scandal. In this book, Locke speaks of the purpose of government and how their purpose is to protect our rights. How people are born with certain rights, the best kind of government is a representative one, and if a government fails to do so, people can revolt and set up a new government (politicalforum.com). These major points, Locke hoped, would provide a rather convincing critique of...
1,255 Words | 4 Pages
The Governments and States of Locke, Aquinas, and St. Augustine
In John Locke's Second Treatise of Government, he identifies a government that is of the peoples consent with his essential raison d΄être being the preservation and protection of personal property. This type of government is extremely comparable with the type of government that St. Augustine describes in his work City of God, while at the same time contrasts the views of Aquinas in the ways a state should operate. The end goal of how each of these philosophers' states purposes presents...
1,367 Words | 4 Pages
A Comparison of Two Social Contract Theorists: Locke and Hobbes
Locke and Hobbes were both social contract theorists, and both natural law theorists (Natural law in the sense of Saint Thomas Aquinas, not Natural law in the sense of Newton), but there the resemblance ends. All other natural law theorists assumed that man was by nature a social animal. Hobbes assumed otherwise, thus his conclusions are strikingly different from those of other natural law theorists. In addition to his unconventional conclusions about natural law, Hobbes was fairly infamous for...
2,112 Words | 6 Pages
Difference Between Hobbes and Locke and Relationship to the Emergence of Rights
Writings from the works of the authors in question immediately display a distinct difference in their trains of thought. Hobbes and Locke take different paths but come to a similar conclusion, that of the necessity for the creation of civil government as authority over men, this is the basic bond that connects them. Their reasoning behind such a conclusion, though, begins with their differing and separate foundations. This discrepancy is notable in their discussions and separate ideologies of...
3,997 Words | 11 Pages