geology - 817 Words
Telling Geologic Time
Putting it in perspective
Determining geological ages
• Relative age dates – placing rocks and
events in their proper sequence of formation
• Numerical dates – specifying the actual
number of years that have passed since an
event occurred (known as absolute age
Figure 1-15 (p. 16)
Geologic Time Scale.
on the Earth in
the present also
acted on the
Earth in the...
817 Words | 8 Pages
Geology - 322 Words
Devil’s Tower is a national monument that is surrounded by grassland like a rock protector. It was named our first national monument by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906. This landscape is surrounded by sedimentary rocks, which are rocks that are formed from by the deposition of materials at the Earth’s surface. The rock layer that is visible in the Devil’s Towner is called the Spearfish Formation. It is a reddish color because of the dark red sandstone and the maroon siltstone. The...
322 Words | 1 Page
Geology and Housing - 601 Words
South Africa’s history demonstrates how the process of urbanization and industrialisation are politically fueled. The result of which may not actually improve the livelihoods of rural people migrating to the cities. People arriving in the city organize themselves to push for improved living and working situations. This is done through access to the urban labour markets and the struggle for well located land on which to settle.
With constitutional rights for the poor, they...
601 Words | 2 Pages
Engineering Geology - 266 Words
Time allowed 3 hours
1. Discuss the origin of major classes and subclasses of rocks. Give two examples for each subclass. Describe how you would identify them in the field, at hand specimen scale and in laboratories
2. What engineering and geological properties should rocks qualify as construction material? Give two examples of best rocks for the following construction material
a. Road aggregate
c. Flooring, paving and stair trades
d. Wall and floor surfaces
266 Words | 1 Page
All Geology Essays
Geology Questions - 2397 Words
1.)A mastodon was found in Lafayette after being in the ground for how long?
2.)What is placing geological events in a sequential order as determined from their position in the geological record?
3.)Which of the following methods can be used to demonstrate age equivalency of rock units?
2,397 Words | 17 Pages
Geology Report - 1113 Words
Geologic History of Aggietown
This research paper analyzes the geologic structure for a proposed development project within Aggietown. It is of utmost importance to understand an area’s geologic structure well to determine the proper strategy, metrics, and resources to use in developing upon it.
The area consists of several rocks, the oldest of which being marble with dolomite, found in unit B. It was concluded to be such when it fizzed with hydrochloric acid. It’s a metamorphic rock whose...
1,113 Words | 3 Pages
Physical Geology - 864 Words
Physical Geology: Term Paper
The break that now separates the Ouachita Mountains from the Appalachians, a feature known as the Mississippi Embayment, constitutes one of the largest and least understood landforms of the central U.S. In the article, “The Mississippi’s Curious Origins” the authors, Roy B. Van Arsdale and Randel T. Cox shed light on the mysterious Mississippi Embayment. They begin by explaining the origins of the horseshoe-shaped lowland that is underlain by massive...
864 Words | 3 Pages
patroleum geology - 830 Words
11 October 2013
After many days and nights of research, the careers that fit me best are jobs in the Petroleum Geology and coaching fields. Although, they are on opposite sides of the job spectrum, they have many similarities and job specifics that relate to me as a future employee, based on my personal interests, “Flow” experiences, Myers-Briggs type, and the Focus 2 assessments given to me by the counseling department of...
830 Words | 3 Pages
Geology and Technology - 876 Words
The field of geology helps us understand our surroundings on earth. The benefits of geology include how to protect our environment and supplies us with natural resources. Geology helps assist us in avoiding geologic hazards and is based on the scientific method. One of the great contributions to human understanding made by geology is the concept of the vastness of geologic time. None of these benefits could have ever been discovered or even thought of if science did not collide with technology....
876 Words | 3 Pages
Geology, Pangea, Marsupials - 396 Words
"What's Going Down in Geology"
"What happened to the Big Marsupials of Australia, what does that have to do with the simultaneous rise and fall of the Sierra Nevada?" was the question on Thursday, in room Science-422.
Geology instructor Roger Chambers went on to ask: "What's your favorite Marsupial?" to break the ice and show how little we, the audience, actually knew about them. I personally was not aware that Australia was a devastated ecosystem built around them. He, like many experts...
396 Words | 2 Pages
Geology Study Guide One
Study Guide 1 Geol 105 Spring 2012
Terms and People to know
Amino acids –compound of life- proteins.
Archaea – best candidate for earliest life. Live in extreme environments.
BIF –Banded Iron Formation
Mistaken Point- New foundland. Marine environments. Branching structure. fractal body plan
Uniformitarianism- The theory that all geologic phenomena may be explained as the result of existing forces having operated uniformly from the origin of the earth to the present time.the laws of...
3,806 Words | 11 Pages
USGS Geology Report - 480 Words
In article 64, “Beach Placers Containing Radioactive Minerals, Bay of Bengal, East Pakistan” the geologists have thoroughly researched the rocks and minerals of beach placers that extend 100 miles southeastward along the Bay of Bengal near East Pakistan. During the 1961 study the geologists discovered that the placers contain heavy radioactive minerals including monazite, ilmenite, and zircon. In the sands along the beaches, the geologists, found 10 to 30 percent of heavy minerals that exceed...
480 Words | 2 Pages
Petroleum Geology-Overview - 2352 Words
CGE526 – PETROLEUM GEOLOGY
Geology is basically the science which is related to the study of the origin of the Earth including the history and its life, the materials that made it up, the structure of the materials and the processes acted upon them. It also deals with the study of the organisms that have inhabited the planet and the structure of a specific region of the Earth involving the rocks, soils, mountains, fossils and other features. The word geology was first known used...
2,352 Words | 8 Pages
Geology of Flin Flon Area
Regional history, lithology and structural geology of the Flin Flon greenstone belt and the broader Trans-Hudson Orogen, with special emphasis on University of Saskatchewan Flin Flon Field School map area 4
By: Cameron MacKay
Introduction - For the period of Sunday, August 28th – Sunday, September 4th, 2011, students from the University...
2,085 Words | 7 Pages
Personal Statement Geology - 445 Words
My undergraduate degree is in Geophysical Sciences, which is a mixture of geology, mathematics, physics and chemistry. In the geological part of the degree, we were exposed to various kinds of geology practical skills, such as lab petrology, drawing stereonets, reading geological maps, describing rocks and minerals and so much more. Apart from geology, we were taught on how to solve mathematical problems that were relevant to the degree such as modelling environmental processes, physical motions...
445 Words | 2 Pages
Understanding the Elements of Geology - 355 Words
Some people always wonder what geology is. Well, geology is the study of the earth. Geology also means what is in the earth such as rocks, mountains, and rivers. Not only that but also how things occur like earthquakes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. Geology is important to us because it helps us discover new things about the earth and help us predict when things are going to occur. Some careers in geology are paleontologist, geochemist and hydrologist.
What is a paleontologist? A...
355 Words | 2 Pages
Geology & Civil Engineering - 2022 Words
GEOLOGY & CIVIL ENGINEERING
As living creatures, the importance of understanding the earth we live in is paramount for our survival and development. Geology is the “scientific study of the origin, history and structure of the earth”. It involves understanding earth’s processes, materials and its effects on all forms of life. From earth elements such as rocks and mountains to natural phenomenon such as volcanoes and earthquakes, the field of geology encompasses a wide range of concepts...
2,022 Words | 7 Pages
Geology and Petrology of Limestone - 4724 Words
GEOLOGY AND PETROLOGY OF THE FLETCHER LIMESTONE COMPANY QUARRY, FLETCHER, HENDERSON COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA by Kelley J. Kaltenbach
A Thesis Submitted to the University of North Carolina Wilmington in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science
Department of Geography and Geology University of North Carolina Wilmington 2007
4,724 Words | 19 Pages
The Grand Canyon: Geology - 439 Words
The Grand Canyon: Geology
The Grand Canyon, with its many layers of sediment, tells a story as old as 2 billion years. Chronologically, the layers fallow the Law of Superposition (youngest rocks on top, oldest on bottom). In toltal one would see 9 distinctive layers that give us evidence to how and what was going on millions of years ago.
The first layer of sediment dating back 250 mil years ago existed during a time where the area was submerged in water. This is evident by its Kaibab...
439 Words | 2 Pages
Geology Study Guide - 3843 Words
Study Guide GEOL 1500 test #1
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1) What are the basic differences between the disciplines of physical and historical geology?|1)|
A) physical geology is the study of fossils and sequences of rock strata; historical geology is the study of how rocks and minerals were used in the past
B) physical geology involves the study of rock strata, fossils, and deposition in...
3,843 Words | 17 Pages
Geology Self-Test Questions
Self-Test Chapter 1
1. ____________ is fundamentally concerned with understanding the processes that operate at or beneath the surface of Earth and the materials on which those processes operate.
a. Economic geology
b. Physical geology
c. Historical geology
d. Environmental geology
e. Planetary science
2. In the scientific method, a theory is ____________.
a. an assumption that cannot be either proven or refuted.
b. a plausible, but yet to be proved, explanation of a phenomenon...
997 Words | 4 Pages
The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications
Dr. Terry Mortenson in the article The Origin of Old- Earth Geology and its Ramifications on Life in the 21st Century, discusses a well know debate that goes back many years. In this review I will give a brief overview of what the article itself is about. Along with that, I will discuss some of the strengths and weaknesses that I have found and thought about. There are some very great points in this article, as well as weak points. I think it is important to discuss both....
729 Words | 3 Pages
Geology Ch. 1 Study Guide
Christian Hill 8/21/2013
PHYSICAL GEOLOGY CHAPTER 1 – STUDY GUIDE
Physical geology- studies the earths materials, processes and structures within plate tectonics framework, and understand the processes that operates beneath and upon its surface.
Historical geology- examines the origin of the Earth and how Earth changed through time.
Catastrophism- meaning the Earth's landscape was shaped mainly of great catastrophes.
Uniformitarianism- "the present is the key",...
637 Words | 3 Pages
Buku Panduan BACHELOR OF SCIENCE Geology 1
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (GEOLOGY) SESSION 2014/2015
UNIVERSITY COURSES (23 CREDITS)
Please refer to Bachelor of Science Program Structure
PROGRAM CORE COURSES (103 CREDITS)
(I) DEPARTMENTAL CORE COURSES (68 CREDITS) [TJ]
LEVEL 1 (14 CREDITS)
Introduction to the Earth
Earth Surface Processes
Structures and Geological Maps
Basic Minerals, Rocks and Fossils
LEVEL 2 (37 CREDITS)
1,147 Words | 17 Pages
Geology Gl5 Scheme of Work (Year Plan)
|2011-2012: A2 GEOLOGY GL5 - Scheme of Work at a Glance |
|week starting | | |
|12-Sep-11 |GEOLOOGY OF THE LITHOSPHERE: Surface of the Earth. | |
|19-Sep-11 |Continental + Oceanic Crust – Age,...
301 Words | 3 Pages
Earth History - 452 Words
Geology needs a time Scale:
-The prime goal of the science of geology, is to interpreting earth history.
Geological time scale-
-Anordered,internallyconsistent, internationally recognized sequence of time intervals, and record the life of Earth.
Short history of geology:
James Ussher(mid 1600s)- he determined that earth was only a few thousands of years old having been created in 4004 b.c
Catastrophists(17-18cen.)-believed that earth landscape had been...
452 Words | 2 Pages
1450-1750: Geologic Activity
Throughout billions of years, Earth’s ground has been formed and transformed through a combination of geological events resulting in canyons, basins, mountains, etc. One of the oldest and most unique geological park is the The Grand Canyon. Today, the Grand Canyon is consider one of most fascinating natural wonders of the world due to its natural features and rock deposition that date back to millions of years ago.
The Grand Canyon is a canyon...
383 Words | 2 Pages
Northern Alaska Tectonics - 495 Words
Geology of Northern Alaska
Moore, T.E., Wallace, W.K., Bird, K.J., Karl, S.M., Mull, C.G., and Dillon, J.T. (1994). Geology of northern Alaska, in Plafker, G., and Berg, H.C., eds., The Geology of Alaska: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, G-1.
Moore et al describes the overall geologic environment of northern Alaska. The authors explain that this region of Alaska is particularly unique in that it lies entirely north of the Arctic Circle and...
495 Words | 2 Pages
Relative dating involves placing events in their proper chronological sequence, that is, in the order of their occurrence (Dutch 1998). This type of dating tells us which geologic event happened first, but does not give an exact date to which something happened. There are several different methods that are used in relative dating. These are the fundamental methods that are used in the field by geologists' and earth...
800 Words | 2 Pages
Actualism - 11864 Words
Creation Research Society Quarterly 2012. 49:135–152.
Volume 49, Fall 2012
Battlegrounds of Natural History:
John K. Reed, Emmett L. Williams*
ctualism is a fundamental assumption of secular natural history.
It replaced the Christian view of causality through providence,
and it asserted an absolute physicochemical and geological continuity.
Though often confused with uniformity and uniformitarianism due to
secular obfuscation, actualism, at root, is...
11,864 Words | 56 Pages
Alfred Wegener -the Father of Plate Tectonics-
Alfred Wegener(1880-1930) was the first man to propose the theory gplate tectonics.h He had got a Ph.D in astronomy from the University of Berlin, but he was also interested in the other science field such as geophysics, meteorology, and climatology. He also contributed to meteorology by establishing to track air circulation using balloon. In 1911, he read a paper that listed identical fossils of plants and animals found on opposite side of the Atlantic, and he looked for more of such...
314 Words | 1 Page
Rocks The Dating Game - 353 Words
Rules to the Game
Rule of Superposition
States that the rocks on the bottom are the oldest and
the rocks on the top are the youngest.
Rule of Crossing-Cutting Relationships
States that if a rock that cuts through the rock layers is
younger than the rock layers itself
Rule of Lateral Continuity
States that everything on the same layer are the same age
Rule of Original Horzitonality
States that the orginal layer was horizontal, but over the...
353 Words | 4 Pages
The Hazards of Unsafe Driving - 284 Words
Geologic History Test
1. What is the study of the universe?
2. Define steady-state theory.
3. Explain the Big-Bang theory.
4. What is cosmic background radiation?
5. What theory does cosmic background radiation support?
6. How old is the universe?
7. When looking at undisturbed rock layers, where is the oldest layer located? The
8. Define half-life.
9. What is the general shape of a half-life graph?
284 Words | 2 Pages
Landslide Hazard Assessment Using GIS
The International Geotechnical Societies’ UNESCO working Party on World landslide inventory defined landslides as “the movement of a mass of rock, debris or earth down a slope”. (Sassa et.al., 2007). Landslides as described by the Dahal (2006) are a downward movement of rock materials or debris or soil along the slope, when shear stress exceeds shear strength of the material. Many classification of landslides have been found in literature among them are the...
9,533 Words | 30 Pages
Diary of James Hutton - 693 Words
The Diary of James Hutton
March 25, 2013
The Diary of James Hutton
It is the summer of 1754 and I have moved to a piece of farm land that I’ve inherited from my late father. I am now a farmer and even though I do not have a degree in geology, I have decided to study geology as I am farming.(About 2013). As I observe the land, there are many things I have discovered about the Earth. It is believed the Earth came into existence on October...
693 Words | 2 Pages
Uniformitarianism vs. Catastrophism - 1007 Words
Uniformitarianism vs. Catastrophism |
Lara Anderson |
Dr. Travis Bradshaw |
PHSC 201-A19 |
For much of history, humans have grappled with the question: Where do we come from? Today there are two main houses of argument which have many different names. They are called secular and religious, evolutionists and creationists, humanists and theists. However, each house subscribes to its own idea of how the world has come about and progressed through history. The...
1,007 Words | 3 Pages
How the Earth Has Changed
The earth has not always looked the way it looks today. In other words, the United States one billion years ago was in a totally different location than it is today!! How does this happen? And why does this happen? Let's take a look. In order for us to get some understanding of how the earth has changed over time, we first need to understand some of the things that took place, and are still taking place, in the earth. What about the internal structure of the Earth? Our best clues about the...
442 Words | 2 Pages
mathematics assignment 1 - 623 Words
Mathematics is the abstract study of topics such as quantity (numbers), Structures, Space and Change. Mathematics is a science which draws necessary conclusions. It is a broad ranging field of study in which the properties and interactions of idealized objects are examined. As we already know, Mathematics is becoming more and more useful to Geologists. Mathematical Geology can be an essential aid in formulating models and scientific theories to bring together different geological phenomena....
623 Words | 2 Pages
Ore Recovery: Scope, Design and Sequencing
Design Project I
The PM zone at the current bottom of the McCreedy West mine is a large precious metal deposit located near Levack, Ontario. This paper outlines a plan of extraction to maximize ore recovery, and minimize dilution for the deposit using open stoping and unconsolidated backfill. The main challenge faced in this design is that of stope sequencing due to the variety of fill used. In order to remain economically successful, a typical...
1,663 Words | 6 Pages
Landslide and Its Causes - 276 Words
A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rockfalls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows, which can occur in offshore, coastal and onshore environments. Although the action of gravity is the primary driving force for a landslide to occur, there are other contributing factors affecting the original slope stability. Typically, pre-conditional factors build up specific sub-surface conditions that make the area/slope prone...
276 Words | 2 Pages
Statement of Purpose - 434 Words
I have been planning a career in geological sciences for several years, but as an undergraduate I concentrated on getting a solid background in math and science. After graduation, I took a job to allow myself time to thoroughly think through my plans and to expose myself to a variety of work situations. This strategy has been very valuable to me in rounding out my career plans.
During the past 18 months I have had firsthand experience with computers in a wide array of business applications....
434 Words | 1 Page
Earth History: Relative Time and Absolute Time
Geology 1203 Earth history
Assignment: relative time
Understanding Earth history involves determining the sequence of geologic events which occurred
over immense spans of time. The geological time scale that we use today was first developed in the
1800’s and is constantly being revised as our understanding improves. Geologists deal with time in
two different ways:
Relative Time - the occurrence of events is determined relative to one another (from oldest to most
750 Words | 5 Pages
QUIZ EARTH SCIENCE - 753 Words
1. It represents a long period during which deposition stopped, erosion removed previously formed rocks and then deposition resumed.
b. Relative Dating
c. Relative Principles
2. Be established using the law of superposition, principle of original horizontality, principle of cross-cutting relationships, inclusions, and unconformities.
a. Relative Dating
b. Law of Superposition
c. Relative Dates
3. What is the principle that layers of sediment are generally...
753 Words | 5 Pages
Science - 3402 Words
=1 'I=».'-\1. :--='=-'-e=
. long and complex history.
FOCUS om CONCEPTS
How old is Earth?
What are Earth’s four major “spheres”?
a What is the theory of plate tectonics?
Why should Earth be thought of as a system?
~ he spectacular eruption of a volcano, the magnificent scenery of a rocky coast, and the
destruction created by a hurricane are all subjects for the Earth scientist. The study of Earth
science deals with many fascinating and practical questions about our environment....
3,402 Words | 13 Pages
Project - 2543 Words
MEN BEHIND SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION & DISCOVERIES
“He had in fact most of the qualities that make a great scientist: an innate curiosity and perceptiveness regarding natural phenomena, insight into the heart of a problem, technical ingenuity, persistence in seeing a job through and that physical and mental toughness that is essential to the top-class investigator.” - Leonard Colebrook (1883 - 1967)
Scientists are known by their discoveries, inventories, theories...
2,543 Words | 8 Pages
Glg150 R3 Earth And Earth Materials II
University of Phoenix Material
Earth and Earth Materials II Worksheet
From Visualizing Earth Science, by Merali, Z., and Skinner, B. J, 2009, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Copyright 2009 by Wiley. Adapted with permission.
After viewing the Cooper Pedy Video in Section 2.2., please answer the following questions in 150 to 200 words. Support your answers with referenced documentation.
1. Does mining cost more than it’s worth?
2. How is searching for diamonds different than searching for...
268 Words | 3 Pages
Jamieisawesome - 7443 Words
TENNESSEE SCIENCE UNIT | |
|COVER SHEET |>> Go to Content Clarification |>> Go to Performance Assessment |> Go to Curriculum Integrations | |
|UNIT TITLE |Rocks Changing Over Time |
7,443 Words | 40 Pages
Lab Report: ?Point load test
Point load test
Aim: To determine the strength characteristics of a rock using the point load test and visual judgement.
Method (Standard, 2007)
1. Measure the dimensions of the rock which includes the diameter and length
2. Find the length to diameter ratio to determine which test will be used. If the ratio is greater than 1 use diametrical test. But if the ratio is between 0.6 and 1 use axial test
433 Words | 2 Pages
GLG 220 Week 1 Mineral Identification Worksheet
This paperwork contains GLG 220 Week 1 Mineral Identification Worksheet
General Questions - General General Questions
Resources: Ch. 2 of Visualizing Geology, Virtual Mineral Lab
Conduct the minerals lab by clicking on the following link: http://corptrain.phoenix.edu/%5Cvirtual_lab/virtual_lab.html.
Refer to the University of Phoenix Material: Mineral Identification Reference Sheet
Record your observations and results using the University of Phoenix Material: Mineral...
406 Words | 2 Pages
Review Questions - 1067 Words
May 24, 2013
Week 1 Review Questions
3. How do you think the principle of uniformitarianism accounts for occasional catastrophic events such as meteorite impacts, huge volcanic eruptions, or great earthquakes?
By using the principle of uniformitarianism, we can study the way rocks are formed and look at the same rock that is designed today. Same goes for the way the wind placed the sand grain and made sand dunes...
1,067 Words | 4 Pages
Desk Study - 1422 Words
Document Title: Desk Study for Engineering Geology Field Course
1. Fistral Beach, Towan Beach and Killacourt cove in Newquay 3
2. Watergate Bay from the cliffs adjacent to the Watergate bay Hotel (OS 184139, 64963) to Creepinghole Point 4
3. Bude from Compass Cove to Maer Down 5
4. Cheesewring Quarry on Bodmin Moor 6
5. Portreath for Cunnard Hotels Limited 7
Figure 1: Location Plan Newquay 3
Figure 2: Geological Map Newquay 4
Figure 3 : Topographical Map...
1,422 Words | 8 Pages
Evolution of Sequence Stratigraphy - 1912 Words
Sequence Stratigraphy a one of a kind tool to have the ability to contain descriptive physical stratification and lithology within a chronological order. Our understanding and application of it developing ever since its acknowledgment by humans from both academia and industry which was first observed as unconformities that were later correlated with a eustatic influence as well as tectonic and depositional/erosional setting. These...
1,912 Words | 7 Pages
Term Paper Example - 1568 Words
Canada is the country that is the most northern part of the continent of North America, the land cover roughly 3.9 million square miles. One of the best known facts about Canada is that it has an abundant amount of natural resources, from timber, to some of the best seafood, and Canada is also one of the world’s biggest mineral sources. Another fact that Canada is well known for is its variation of landscape. Rolling hills,...
1,568 Words | 4 Pages
Neotectonics of the Offshore Sirte Basin
This study utilizes thirty-four intersecting, multi-channel regional 2D seismic lines from the Offshore Sirte Basin, Libya, to assess the structure and stratigraphy from the Miocene to the Quaternary. The structural regime has been reviewed in relation to regional tectonic events in the Western Mediterranean.
The structural style of the study area is characterized by normal faults with a variation in throw direction and fault-related folds. The major structural trend is NW-SE trending, with...
344 Words | 2 Pages
Science project - 556 Words
Who is the scientist who did much of the early work on continental drift?
In the early 20th century, German scientist Alfred Wegener published a book explaining his theory that the continental landmasses, far from being immovable, were drifting across the Earth.
What evidence did this scientist have to support his idea of continental drift?
Wegener noticed that the continents seemed to fit together, not at the continuously changing shoreline, but at the edge to their continental...
556 Words | 2 Pages
Alfred writer - 540 Words
Continental Drift Theory Announced
By Basira Wakil
January 16, 1915
Berlin, Germany – Alfred Wegener announced today that it will be merging with Miami-based crab shell superstore HermitHomes effective December 21, 2012. Company officials are expected to meet with Crab Construction Union officials later this month to discuss employee benefits and retirement packages.
CrabTech officials expect this merger to improve investor confidence and widen its customer base. In addition to...
540 Words | 2 Pages
Traps - 2380 Words
[the british university in egypt] |
[ Petroleum traps ] |
[ Traps classification and examples from El-Hassana dome field trip] |
Name: Abdelrahman Hamed Elkhayat |
ID: 111863Group: A4 |
Table of Contents
An introduction 3
Anticlinal theory of traps 3
Traps classification 4
2,380 Words | 7 Pages
Geological Forces That Shape the Earth
Geological Forces that Shape the Earth
• Comes from the Greek word meaning a “twisting” deformation of the Earth’s crust. All processes that move, or elevate or build up portions of the Earth’s crust comes under this.
• Diastrophism covers movement of solid (plastic) material, as opposed to movement of molten material which is covered by volcanism.
• The most obvious evidence of diastrophic movement can be seen where sedimentary rocks have been bent, broken or tilted....
706 Words | 3 Pages
Week 1 Review Questions
Ch. 1 Questions
3.) How do you think the principle of uniformitarianism accounts for occasional catastrophic events such as meteorite impacts, huge volcanic eruptions, or great earthquakes?
The principle of uniformitarianism states, “The present is the key to the past (Murck, B. W., Skinner, B. J., Mackenzie, D., Visualizing Geology 2008). This means that anything that happens or will happen today, most likely has happened in the past. Scottish geologist James Hutton’s observation is that the...
1,382 Words | 5 Pages
Motivation Letter - 504 Words
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.,
I am Ekky Reno Priyambodo, motivated student in Geological Engineering at Universitas Gadjah Mada, expected to join The Society of Economic Geologist Universitas Gadjah Mada Student Chapter (SEG UGM-SC). I appreciate this opportunity to open my way to becoming professional geologist and to apply for participating in geological society especially in Economic Geologist career. With my experience in organisation and my enthusiastic about economic...
504 Words | 2 Pages
Checkpoint: Fossils and the Geologic Column
Checkpoint: Fossils and the Geologic Column
Fossils help determine the relative age of strata because when a scientist discovers that fossil they can then place a time frame of when that organism was alive. Scientist’s already have certain time frames that they follow, so when they find a fossils that are within that strata then they can determine when that organism was alive they can then place that organism into that time frame. All three of the localities which are Paradoxides pinus within...
325 Words | 1 Page
Field Trip Report - 661 Words
Université Laval / INRS-ETE SEG Student Chapter
Local field trip report for 2013-2014
Student in charge of local field trips: Fanny MacMurray-Pinard
Excursion at the Montauban mine (September 21st, 2014)
Montauban is a Zn-rich VMS deposit that has been exploited from 1910 to the 1960s including several
gold-rich zones. The deposit is hosted in highly deformed volcanic rocks metamorphosed to the upper
amphibolite grade. Part of the deposit is observable on outcrops and a section from the altered...
661 Words | 3 Pages
Brief history of earth - 2634 Words
“Brief History of Earth”
Course: ENV 107
Brief History of Earth
The history of the Earth concerns the development of the planet Earth from its formation to
the present day. Nearly all branches of natural science have contributed to the understanding
of the main events of the Earth's past. The age of Earth is approximately one-third of the age
of the universe. An immense amount of biological and geological change has occurred in that
2,634 Words | 9 Pages
Why I Chose Engineering
I am an idealistic person who strongly believes that it is the responsibility of we, men to learn about the earth we are living in. The geography that earth has offer to us can be discussed in a very wide scope. Since my childhood the interest and thirst for geo-related knowledge has led me to garner information about earth. I believe that our earth has mineral resources which In most cases are exploited and not properly managed. I believe that I would be able to do better research which would...
309 Words | 1 Page
Ian Earth Science 1
1. The Bible was used in the Middle Ages to compute the age of the Earth. The 18th and 19th centuries brought a more scientific look into determining the age of the Earth by scientists studying the salinities of the oceans, the rates of sedimentation, and models of cooling of different materials in order to calculate the Earth’s age. In 1862, William Thompson calculated the Earth’s age to be 98 million years and recounted that age to determine that it was...
489 Words | 2 Pages
dam investigation importance - 576 Words
The primary purpose of geological site investigations for a dam project is provide the information that dam designers require in order to design a safe dam structure and to be able to estimate with reasonable accuracy how much the dam is going to cost. The aim of the dam designers is to build the dam for the lowest cost consistent with currently accepted standards of safety.
The engineering geologist must be able to answer the following questions;
what is the depth of overburden that must be...
576 Words | 2 Pages
The Study of Uniformitarianism - 1261 Words
The Study of Uniformitarianism
The origin of life on Earth is a fundamental scientific question, but we do not know as much as many biology textbooks would like you to believe. (Pigliucci)
Uniformitarianism is vital to the world of science. It is a geological doctrine. It states that the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now, have always operated in the universe in the past and apply everywhere in the universe. It assumes that geological processes have essentially...
1,261 Words | 4 Pages
Lt Week 4 Ppt
How do you think the principle of uniformitarianism accounts for occasional catastrophic events such as meteorite impacts, huge volcanic eruptions, or great earthquakes? Because uniformitarianism shows us that if our earths plates are moving today, they were moving in the past. This moving of the plates causing things such as earthquakes.
In what ways do geologic processes affect your daily life? Geology is the study of earth, which is where we live. Understanding geology and how it works,...
934 Words | 3 Pages
Sequence Stratigraphy - 2429 Words
Sequence stratigraphy is a method of stratigraphic interpretation that combines the chronological order of the accumulation of sediments, their stratal architecture and the geometric relationships of their facies to determine depositional setting and predict stratal continuity. The workflow of sequence stratigraphic analysis first identifies the genetic units and bounding surfaces that compose the stratigraphic section in outcrop, core, well-log and seismic data. The...
2,429 Words | 7 Pages
Lord Kelvin - 542 Words
Unit 2 Writing Assignment 1
Survey of the Sciences
Writing Assignment # 1
Date Assigned: 6/25/13
Due Date: 7/2/13
The age old question, scientifically, of “how old is the earth?” goes back to late 18th- century. At the time most scientists either sided with Creationism or supposed as James Hutton theorized in Theory of the...
542 Words | 2 Pages
Theory of Knowledge: Paradigm Shifts
Theory of Knowledge - Paradiagm Shifts
What is a paradigm shift?
A paradigm shift is a change in the basic assumptions, otherwise known as paradigms, within the ruling theory of science. An example of a paradigm shift is the acceptance of Uniformitarianism and Gradualism in place of Catastrophism.
Catastrophism → Uniformitarianism and Gradualism
1769 - 1832
During the 17th and 18th centuries, the predominant geological paradigm was Catastrophism. The catastrophists...
430 Words | 2 Pages
Stufy - 1193 Words
Earth History (Geological Timeline)
Lecturer Dr. Sameh Abu El Soud
History of Early Geology
Catastro‐phism Tries to explain the presence of everything on earth and their composition by catastrophes. E.g. A catastrophe happened to dinosaurs 80 million years ago. A comet fell on earth surface leading to volcanoes, leading to dust clouds in the atmosphere, preventing solar rays penetration, the plants died and then the dinosaurs.
Uniformi‐tarianism (James Hu on, late 1700s) ‐...
1,193 Words | 6 Pages
Effects of Weather on your Health and Lifestyle
Alabama Museum of Natural History Lab
Being an RHM major, my interest in science has always been slim. However, after touring the Alabama Museum of Natural History today, I am proud to say my interest in Geology and Paleontology have reached a new level. Not only did I find the field trip fun, but I also found this experience very interesting and informative.
While this was not my first visit to the museum, this was my first visit accompanied by a tour guide. I...
619 Words | 2 Pages
EARTH - 853 Words
the planet on which we live
land as opposed to the sea, the air, etc.
the material in which plants grow
the inhabitants of this planet, especially the human inhabitants:
The planet on which we live; the world: “the diversity of life on earth”.
The earth is the third planet from the sun in the solar system, orbiting between Venus and Mars at an average distance of 90 million miles (149.6 million km) from the sun, and has one natural satellite, the moon. It has an equatorial diameter of...
853 Words | 4 Pages
Dinosaur Footprints - 818 Words
A grouping of 110 to 112 million-year-old dinosaur footprints pressed into mud from the Cretaceous Period have now been safely moved from their original setting on the grounds of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. Until further scientific study is possible, the footprints, now wrapped in protective material, will be stored on the Goddard campus.
The discovery of dinosaur footprints came to light in August 2012 when well-known Maryland-based dinosaur hunter Ray Stanford...
818 Words | 3 Pages
Engineer~ - 536 Words
1.Mining engineers design, plan, and supervise surface and underground mines to get the minerals economically and safely for further processing or human use.
MINING ENGINEERS DESIGN:
Layouts for surface and underground mines.
Prepare mine plans.
Design blast patterns for rock fragmentation and excavation.
Design ventilation systems for underground mines.
Make mining safer for engineers and their equipment.
Optimize mining processes.
Interesting fact: Mining utilizes...
536 Words | 3 Pages
Landslide case study - 381 Words
Landslide Case study- La Canchita
La Conchita is a very small community, located on the southern California coastline between Ventura and Santa Barbara. The community lies on a narrow strip of land about 250 meters (820 feet) wide between the shoreline and abutting a 180-meter (590 ft) high bluff. The top of the bluff is covered by avocado and citrus orchards. The bluff above La Conchita has a slope of approximately 35 degrees and consists of poorly cemented marine sediments
On March 4,...
381 Words | 2 Pages
Regional Stratigraphic Sequence - 302 Words
Anthropology 2 Fall Semester Assignment #2
SITE #1 REGIONAL STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE
Faunal Group B
Undefined faunal group Lacustrine Deposits
Sands and silts (Fossil #1*) ____________________Reversed
_________________Reversed Faunal Group B
Lacustrine muds 2.95 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxNormal
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxNormal Riverine Gravels
Sterile gravels ______________________Reversed...
302 Words | 2 Pages
cp Stressing Out the Rocks 11814
Stressing Out the Rocks
This paper is being submitted, by Cynthia Phillips by class,
G245/GLY1000 Section 01 Introduction to Geology
Title: Week 5 Written Assignment
Course: G245 - Introduction to Geology
Instructor: Michelle Sutherland
1) Define each of the following stressors:
a. Compression-When rocks are pushed together, the largest stress is horizontal and the lowest stress is vertical the rocks will contract, crumpling,...
980 Words | 4 Pages
Write a Detailed Essay on the Nature and Scope of Earth Science
INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE(GEO211)
KWAKU FRIMPONG MARFO
WRITE A DETAILED ESSAY ON THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF EARTH SCIENCE.
Earth Science is the name for all science that collectively seeks to understand the Earth and its neighbors in space. Some Earth scientists use their knowledge of the Earth to locate and develop energy and mineral resources. Others also study the impact of human activity on Earth’s environment and design methods to protect the planet. Some also use...
795 Words | 3 Pages
Continental Drift - 637 Words
Continental Drift, why True?
Continental drift is the process of large mass of land and rocks unceasingly moving for a long period of time, which can be explained by what is called "Plate Tectonics". Due to the fact that continental drift is a theory, there is evidence and other sets of statements to back it up. According to Wegener, a geologist stated that segments of the Earth has made continental drift true (possible) whilst other pieces of information supported that continental drift has...
637 Words | 2 Pages
Ore Suites Exercises - 4807 Words
Ore Deposit Suites and Laboratory Reports
1. STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO STUDY IN DETAIL TWO OF THE DEPOSIT SUITE COLLECTIONS BUT BE FAMILIAR WITH THE OTHER DEPOSIT TYPES. GOES3141 STUDENTS WILL ALSO NEED TO EXAMINE THE POLISHED BLOCKS.
2. Choose your deposit suites so as to cover different deposit styles. E.g. do not present three VHMS deposits.
3. For each deposit suite you are required to study the hand specimens provided, read the literature and observe the section material. The...
4,807 Words | 20 Pages
Ground Penetrating Radar in Brief
Simulation of Ground Penetrating Radar in 3-D using MATLAB.
Based on the title proposed, the keyword here is Ground Penetrating Radar where the results of the images constructed will be in 3-D. The need for the images of the subsurface is crucial for the Matlab, where we will take note on the difference in terms of the volume, the permittivity, permeability, etc.
The objective of this project:
* Simulating the images constructed onto Matlab...
1,637 Words | 7 Pages
Joshua Tree National Park
Joshua Tree National Park
Luz N Silva
My essay is on the Joshua Tree National Park. I chose to write about this particular park because it is special to my husband. He visited there several times while stationed in Arizona back in the late 90’s. I physically have never been there but feel as if I have, due to his descriptive love and appreciation for nature. We both love the outdoors and are always curious to learn and explore things we don’t get to see and enjoy on an everyday...
539 Words | 2 Pages
Envs120 Final Exam - 815 Words
UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU- NATAL
EXAMINATION : NOVEMBER 2010
SCHOOL : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
LEVEL : 1
MODULE : ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS
CODE : ENVS120 H2
DURATION : 3 HOURS TOTAL MARKS : 100
INTERNAL EXAMINERS: Mr N Njoya
Mr J Lutchmiah
EXTERNAL EXAMINER: Dr O Mutanga
ANSWER EACH SECTION IN A SEPARATE...
815 Words | 5 Pages
Multiple Choice Questions on Geological Time Unit Test
Geological Time Unit 2 Test /44
Multiple choice: Choose the best answer for each question /13
According to Earth scientists, how old is the Earth?
4.6 million years
3.5 million years
4.6 billion years
3.5 billion years
When did oxygen first form in the atmosphere according to Earth scientists?
4.6 billion years ago
3.5 billion years ago
2 billion years ago
1 billion years ago
Which life form came first according to the Geological Time...
473 Words | 3 Pages
Timeline of Life on Earth - 298 Words
Flood geology is a concept based on the belief that most of Earth's geological record was formed by the Great Flood described in the story of Noah's ark. Fossils and fossil fuels are believed to have formed from animal and plant matter which was buried rapidly during this flood, while submarine canyons are explained as having formed during a rapid runoff from the continents at the end of the flood. Sedimentary strata are also claimed to have been predominantly laid down during or after Noah's...
298 Words | 1 Page
Negros Quake, Disaster from the Unknown: a Reflection Paper
Jeramie Janine B. Rellora Geol 1 - THV
2008-17299 Prof. Mario Aurelio
Tuesday March 06, 2012
Negros Quake, Disaster from the Unknown: A Reflection Paper
When I first heard about the news from my older sister regarding of what had happened in the Northern part of Negros, I was surprised to know that there was actually no particular fault line declared and suspected before in the said affected area. In point of fact, before I read the article of my Professor in my...
535 Words | 2 Pages
Periods in Geologic Time - 1208 Words
Academia Interamericana de Panamá
Science Speech Written Report
The age of Earth is as vast in time as the universe is vast in space. It is not easy to really get a "feel" for 4,600 million years! One way to try to get a "feel" for how big it is, is to break the number down into smaller pieces that perhaps we can understand.
Plants and animals have changed many times, from amoebas to dinosaurs to people....
1,208 Words | 5 Pages
Earth Science - 1091 Words
Earth Science is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.
It is arguably a special case in planetary science, the Earth being the only known life-bearing planet. There are both reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth sciences. The formal discipline of Earth sciences may include the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans and biosphere, as well as the solid earth. Typically, Earth scientists will use tools from physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and...
1,091 Words | 4 Pages
Week One Question One
Critical and Creative Thinking Questions
Tanaya Jackson Dixon
May 29, 2015
Critical and Creative Thinking Questions
How do you think the principle of uniformitarianism accounts for occasional catastrophic events such as meteorite impacts, huge volcanic eruptions, or great earthquakes? Uniformitarianism is the scientific study of how mountains, continents, and rocks are created. Although these disasters may occur the natural process of how these things...
914 Words | 3 Pages
Sci 245 Geologic Time Worksheet
Associate Level Material
Geologic Time Worksheet
Use the following table to compare ways of evaluating geologic time. Your description, similarities, and differences must each be at least 50 words.
|Time Evaluation Method |Description |Advantages of this Method |Disadvantages of this Method |
|Relative dating |Is a dating method by comparing |Quick and easy, uses current |No as accurate and can have |
285 Words | 2 Pages
Folds....Faults Anticlines and Synclines
Anticlines and Synclines-Class Notes |
Jump to: | Types of Folds | Faults | Types of Faults |
Guided Student Notes - (Microsoft Word Document) |
FoldsWhen rocks are deformed plastically,
they are bent into folds: | |
Stress and StrainStress is the applied force (The pushing and pulling on the rock layers).Strain is the bending & twisting that happens to the rock also known as deformation. Stress can be compressional, tensional or shear. |
515 Words | 3 Pages
Endogenous Processes and Associated Landforms
ENDOGENOUS PROCESSES AND
THE EVER CHANGING LANDSCAPE
Earth’s surface is ever changing
Endogenous processess- interior of the earth
Mountains, plateaus and plains formed
Occurences of volcanoes and earthquakes
Processess- slow and sudden
Many areas rise or subside
Breaking of Gondwanaland 120 mya
Indian peninsula started drifting towards north
Took present shape around 40 mya
Raising of Himalayas- present height during last
907 Words | 8 Pages
Natural Landscape Study - 737 Words
Natural Landscape Study: Western Brook Ponds, Newfoundland and Labrador
Western Brook Ponds is part of the Gros Morne National Park located in the western part of the province Newfoundland and Labrador. The Gros Morne National Park is world renowned for being one of the few places on earth in which geologists can studied the upper mantle directly! It also illustrates the concept of plate tectonics, the evolution of ancient mountain ranges and justifying why Canada has the most diverse...
737 Words | 3 Pages
SCIENCE OF NATURAL DISASTERS ASSIGNMENT 6
The Science of Natural Disasters
Natural Disasters, 7th ed., by Patrick L. Abbott (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009; ISBN-13: 978-0-07-337669-1).
Written Assignment 6
Short Answer Questions
Answer the following questions as completely as possible.
1. Explain the laws of superposition, faunal assemblages and faunal succession. How do they support the theory of evolution? [LO6.1]
Laws of superposition; A concept initially proposed by Avicenna, a Persian geologist in the 11th century, then...
1,260 Words | 4 Pages
survey - 266 Words
a) The value of bulk density is 1.7921 × 10-3 kg/mm3 and the moisture content value is 0.31 %.
b) Based on our visual observation, the colour of the soil sample that we had was light brownish. The texture of the soil was not too dry and either wet, it is loose because it contains broken rock particles or they are the resistant components of rocks broken down which it has rotund shape.
1) The possible sources of error which made during experiment was first of...
266 Words | 2 Pages