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Attachment theory Essays & Research Papers

Best Attachment theory Essays

  • Attachment Theory - 611 Words Attachment theory was first proposed by John Bowlby but was further expanded on and confirmed by Mary D. Salter Ainsworth (Andrews, 2010). British psychiatrist, John Bowlby, theorized that infants saw their parents as their safe and secure cornerstone; that these individuals in their life would always be there to protect them. Bowlby’s theory stated that there are several actions an infant performs that increase their likelihood of survival. The action of an infant smiling, crying and adhering... 611 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 1550 Words Attachment Theory John Bowlby was a psychoanalyst and has developed his knowledge and understanding into the theory of Attachment. Bowlby believed that children have been born programmed to form attachments which will help them survive; this is known as evolutionary attachments. Bowlby believed that all attachments are instinctive, he said that attachments are shown when the child is under conditions of feeling threatened, such as: separation, fear and insecurity. In 1969 and 1988 Bowlby... 1,550 Words | 4 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 2689 Words | Attachment Theory | 7th June 2010 | | By Sandra Thomas | | | Q1. Explain the development of attachment in infants. [Criteria 1.1 & 1.2)(500 words) (You are expected to consider the original explanation given by Bowlby and the alternative explanation by Schaffer and Emerson. I.e. Monotrophy vs. Multiple attachment and the stages as described by Bowlby) 529 words John Bowlby believed that in the early stages of child development the maternal relationship was the... 2,689 Words | 8 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 894 Words Attachment Theory The Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners. Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby (1969, 1988) was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings." Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their... 894 Words | 3 Pages
  • All Attachment theory Essays

  • Attachment Theory - 630 Words According to Feldman (2008), the emotional bond that develops between a child and a certain individual is referred to as attachment. In nonhumans, this process begins in the first days of life with “imprinting,” which is essentially the infant’s readiness to learn (Lorenz, 1957, as cited in Feldman, 2008, p.89). The bond is facilitated by mother-child physical contact during imprinting. A similar phenomenon is observed between human mothers and their newborns, which is why mother’s are strongly... 630 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 930 Words In this essay I have selected 3 different theories, which will focus on human growth development theories, I will demonstrate my understanding of each theory and explain the psychological disturbances which are linked to each one and demonstrate how these theory can be off use to the counsellor in therapy. John Bowbly (1969) and Mary Ainsworths (1974) known, as the mother and father of attachment theory both became key figures in contributing to child development, with their ideas of... 930 Words | 3 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 1156 Words Chris Livoti 3/5/13 IB Psychology Mrs. Urso John Bowlby is the pioneer of the attachment theory and worked with children who had been separated from their parents during World War 2. He observed that many of these children developed emotional problems, and he made the connection that the emotional problems stemmed from the separation from the mother. Bowlby was born in London to an upper class family, and would rarely see, and interact with... 1,156 Words | 4 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 1026 Words  References Agrawal, H., Gunderson, J., Holmes, B., Lyons-Ruth, K. (2004) ‘Attachment Studies with Borderline Patients: A Review’ Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Volume 12, No. 2 Ainsworth, M. & Bell, S. (1970) ‘Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behaviour of one-year-olds in a strange situation’. Child Development, 41, 49-67. Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1973). ‘The development of infant-mother attachment’, in B. Cardwell & H. Ricciuti (Eds.). Review of child... 1,026 Words | 6 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 2905 Words Can early insecure attachment doom the child to psychopathology in later life? Shaffer, (1993) defines attachment as a “close emotional relationship between two people two persons, characterised by mutual affection and desire to maintain proximity”. According to Browby, (1969) attachment behaviours are formed in infancy and help shape the attachment relationships people have as adults. Psychopathology’ refers to study of mental illness or mental health distress or the manifestation of... 2,905 Words | 9 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 993 Words  Attachment Theory (AT) is essential when determining the relationship between a caregiver and an infant and frequently drawn upon when assessing the “quality” of a relationship (Norton, 2003). Attachment to a caregiver is multifaceted and various factors play a role in the assessment of a relationship, therefore as a social workers it is critical we understand these factors and also recognize that all theories have their limitations. AT was a term developed by John Bowlby (1988) and was... 993 Words | 3 Pages
  • Theory Of Attachment - 556 Words David Ramirez 29 Oct 2014 Theory of Attachment Introduction: Attachment is a profound and permanent expressive bond that connects one person to another across time and space. Attachment does not have to be reciprocal. .There can be case when one person who has good kind of attachment with another person but another person can be indifferent towards love and attachment shown by first person. Ethological Theory of Attachment:-In psychology seminal work of John Bowlby is considered as originator... 556 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theories - 2634 Words Attachment Theories: Bowlby and Winnicott I am particularly interested in attachment theories and ideas arising from objects theory namely Winnicott’s concepts of the transitional object and the “good enough mother”. Having two children, now aged 12 and 14 years old, I can see how the theories applied to them as babies and how it continues to be of significance now they are entering adolescence. It has also allowed me to understand relational patterns in my own life. I particularly like the... 2,634 Words | 9 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 1960 Words THEORY OF ATTACHMENT Attachment theory, developed by John Bowlby presents a set of organizing principles for understanding various facets of human psychological aspects. The theory offers a wide spectrum, which encompasses comprehensive theoretical paradigm for understanding diversities amongst relationships. Bowlby rejecting the old theories of attachment highlighted that attachment is not merely an internal drive to satisfy some need. This paper will focus on the seminal work and the... 1,960 Words | 6 Pages
  • Attachment Theory - 505 Words As stated in our text book, “The most important aspect of social development that takes place during infancy is the formation of attachment.” (Feldman, R. S. 2010, pg178) That is a pretty powerful statement, considering everything that is going on in the lives of infants. Prior to reading and researching this particular subject, I thought I had a fairly good grasp on attachment. I have an 11 year old “Daddy’s Girl” and a 5 year old “Mama’s Boy”. I know firsthand many of the characteristic... 505 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory: Children's Attachment to a Caregivers Securely attached children tend to have caregivers who are responsive to their needs. Image by Jeff Osborne What is Attachment? Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings" (Bowlby, 1969, p. 194). Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to... 833 Words | 4 Pages
  • Bowlby's Attachment Theories - 1080 Words BOWLBY, HOFER & TRONICK’S VIEWS ON INFANTS DEVELOPMENT OF PARENTAL LOVE AND ITS EFFECTS IN LATTER LIFE John Bowlby, the father of the Attachment Theory, has left an indelible mark in the field of Developmental Psychiatry, drawing most of his inferences from studies of infant interactions with others. Dissatisfied with traditional theories of infant-parent interactions, he turned to evolutionary biology, ethology, developmental psychology, cognitive science and control systems theory for... 1,080 Words | 3 Pages
  • Attachment Theory Paper - 745 Words Lindsay Lewis Psychology MW 9:30-10:45 Into The Wild: Attachment Theory There are many factors that contribute to the theory of attachment. One of many different behavior patterns, attachment, seems to develop in a variety of ways due to the interaction of nature and nurture. Mary Ainsworth, who researches different aspects of attachment, defines attachment as “an emotional tie formed between one animal or person and another specific individual.” Chris McCandless displayed many... 745 Words | 2 Pages
  • Bowlby s attachment theory Bowlby’s Attachment Theory Bowlby’s attachment theory is based on the evolution. He suggests that when children are born they already are programed to form attachment with others because it is an important factor in surviving. Bowlby believed that need of attachment is instinctive and will be activated by any conditions that seem to threaten the achievement such as insecurity, separation and fear. He also mentioned that fear of strangers is also natural factor which is important in survival of... 1,042 Words | 3 Pages
  • Psychology: Attachment Theory - 2561 Words AS Psychology - Attachment Revision What is Attachment?:- “Attachment is the close bond between two people which endures over time and leads to certain behaviors such as proximity seeking, clinging and distress on separation, These behaviors serve the function of protecting an infant” Exam Question 1: ‘Explain Bowlby’s theory of attachment?’ (For top marks, mention: Social releasers, Sensitive Period, Montropy, internal model and the continuity hypothesis): * “Bowlby’s theory of... 2,561 Words | 9 Pages
  • bolwbys theory of attachment - 777 Words Outline and Evaluate Bowlby’s Evolutionary Theory of Attachment. (12mark) Attachment can be described using two theories, one being Bowlby’s attachment theory which is based on an evolutionary perspective. The theory suggests that evolution has produced a behaviour that is essential to the survival to allow the passing on of genes. An infant that keeps close to their mother is more likely to survive. The traits that lead to that attachment will be naturally selected. Bowlby has the idea that... 777 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Application of the Theory of Attachment - 3406 Words  The Application of the Theory of Attachment Many psychologists have come and gone, and many different theoretical orientations have been developed. With each orientation has come a new perspective on development, behaviour and mental processes. Some are similar, yet others could not be more contradictory. Attachment is one such theoretical orientation, developed by John Bowlby out of his dissatisfaction with other existing theories. Although Bowlby... 3,406 Words | 9 Pages
  • The Evolutionary Theory of Attachment - 658 Words The Evolutionary Theory of Attachment Bowlby's evolutionary theory consists of a number of essential factors. The evolutionary theory of attachment as proposed by John Bowlby (1907-1990) suggests that attachment, in terms of adaptation, is essential for survival. In order to progress healthily, children are born with an innate tendency to form attachments. This means that infants are pre-programmed to become attached to their caregiver. This is supported by the research of Lorenz (1952)... 658 Words | 2 Pages
  • Theory Of Attachment Paper - 1027 Words Kimber Bresson December 16, 2014 CDF14 Hutton Theory of Attachment Due on Tuesday, December 16th 1. Describe the theory of attachment? The theory of attachment is based on many factors. When an infant is cared for an attachment begins to form, this is best shown in the reciprocal feelings and signs of affection shown between infant and caregiver. The theory of attachment according to Ainsworth can be shown through the three types of attachment (Successful) Secure Attachment and... 1,027 Words | 3 Pages
  • Piaget's Cognitive Attachment Theory Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory/ Attachment Theory Assume that Piaget’s theory of children’s cognitive development during sensorimotor period in tertiary circular reaction at 1 year of age is correct. Explain why it would be fruitless to tell a child not to worry, your mother just went downstairs to the laundry room, she’ll be back in a minute. Relate this circumstance using the attachment theory. According to Bowlby, when threatened, humans, like other primate groups, probably... 590 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory and Child - 1566 Words EXAMINE ATTACHMENT IN CHILDHOOD AND its ROLE IN THE SUBSEQUENT FORMATION OF RELATIONSHIPS An attachment is a two-way emotional bond in which people depend on each other for their sense of security. Although we forma attachments through out our lives, psychologists are particualry interested in the attachments formed between a child and his/her primary caregiver.1 This essay will examine the role of attachment in childhood and it’s subsequent formation of relationships. Most babies... 1,566 Words | 5 Pages
  • Attachment Theory and Partnership Model Describe how partnerships with carers are developed and sustained in own work setting A partnership model work around a theory of collaboration, understanding and and communication. It’s a way that helps to recognise how the best outcomes can happen for children when care, development and learning provision/a setting, a cooperatively together. A partnership model looks like this: Identifying needs via a partnership /mullet agency document can happen though the pre CAF assessment check list... 805 Words | 3 Pages
  • A Description of Attachment Theory - 1132 Words THEORISTS Bowlby,J Attachment theory is highly regarded as a well-researched of infant and toddler behaviour and in the field of mental health. Attachment ? Attachment is a special relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. Bowlby shared the psychiatric view that early experiences in childhood have an important influence on development and behaviour in later life. The early attachment styles are established in childhood through the infant/caregiver relationship.... 1,132 Words | 5 Pages
  • Bowlbys Ethological Theory of Attachment Bowlby's Ethological Theory of Attachment Bowlby’s ethological theory of attachment recognizes the development of attachment between the infant and their caregiver as a revolved response in the first two years of life. Furthermore, we will learn about some of the genetic and environmental influences and their effects on this theory. Bowlby’s ethological theory of attachment recognizes the infant’s emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival (Burk, 2010,... 689 Words | 2 Pages
  • Conceptualization on attachment theory - 373 Words  FINAL CASE CONCEPTUALIZATION PAPER In Building the Bonds of Attachment (Hughes, 2008), Katie an abused, neglected, and poorly attached child, spent the first years of her life with parents who cared little about her. As a result she is an angry, unhappy, and manipulative kid. Is there any hope for her to grow up and become a healthy and happy adult? Daniel Hughes (2008) monitors Katie through her life with abusive birth parents and many foster... 373 Words | 2 Pages
  • bowlbys attachment theory - 792 Words  Ethology was first applied to research on children in the 1960s. It has become more influential in recent years and is concerned with the adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its evolutionary history (Hinde, 1989). The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin. Its modern foundations were founded by two European zoologists, Lorenz and Tinbergen (Dewsbury, 1992). Watching the behaviors of animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz and Tinbergen observed behavioral... 792 Words | 3 Pages
  • Basic Concepts in Attachment Theory Basic Concepts in Attachment Theory Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991 ). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of the theory. He thereby revolutionized our thinking about a child’s tie to the mother and its disruption through separation, deprivation, and bereavement. Mary Ainsworth’s innovative methodology not... 2,806 Words | 9 Pages
  • Evolutionary Theory of Attachments - 682 Words Evolutionary Theory of Attachment The evolutionary explanation of attachments was first developed by Bowlby. He said that an attachment is biological and crucial for survival as it ensures the infant is cared for due to the reciprocal nature of attachment. Bowlby also said that both infants and carers are innately programmed with the ability to make attachments and that Bowlby believes in monotropy, the belief that a child can only create an attachment with one primary... 682 Words | 2 Pages
  • Human Attachment Theory - 1229 Words Human Attachment to Animals Animal’s play and enormous part in a lot of people’s every day lives .We eat them, breed them, train them, and keep them as pets. Keeping animals as pets can cause many humans to become extremely attached. Just like humans becoming attached to other humans, many people say they feel the same about their pets. A theory has been developed called the attachment theory, which was first formed in relation with humans being attached to other humans. As time has passed a... 1,229 Words | 3 Pages
  • Explanations of Attachment - Learning Theory  Explanations of Attachment – Learning Theory AO1: Learning Theory stated that all behaviour is learnt rather than innate and that we are born a ‘blank slate’. Behaviourists suggest that all behaviour is learned either through classical or operant conditioning. Classical Conditioning - Association Food produces pleasure, primary care giver (food giver) is associated with the food and becomes a conditioned stimulus. Operant Conditioning – Reward and punishment According to operant... 1,835 Words | 8 Pages
  • Attachment Theory 4 - 1937 Words Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis assumes that continual disruption of the attachment bond between the infant and primary caregiver would result in long term cognitive, social and emotional difficulties for the child. To what extent has research into deprivation and privation supported this view. Bowlby claimed that the role of a mother was essential to a child and without this essential mother figure it would affect the child’s psychological health. He called this theory the... 1,937 Words | 5 Pages
  • A Brief History of Attachment Theory Lifespan Human Development Summer 2006 A Brief History of Attachment Theory The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby (1907 - 1990), a British psychoanalyst who observed intense and distressful behaviors among orphans in hospitals during and after World War II. Between 1948 and 1952 Bowlby, along with his employee and then colleague, James Robertson, came to realize that infants who had been separated from their parents were not able to form an attachment with... 3,434 Words | 11 Pages
  • Bowlbys Theory of Attachment - 1185 Words Evaluating Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Bowlby (1969) proposed that millions of years of evolution had produced a behaviour that is essential to the survival chances of human infants. He believed that human babies are born helpless and totally independent on the primary caregiver producing the baby with food, warmth, shelter, for their well-being and survival – this helplessness and total independence on the primary caregiver acts as a social releaser making the caregiver have a caregiving... 1,185 Words | 4 Pages
  • Attachment Theory 10 - 1926 Words Attachment or bonding is the developing relationship established between a primary caregiver, usually the mother, and her child. Attachment behaviors begin early in life. This narrow age limit is often called the critical period. This trusting relationship developed in infancy forms the foundation for a child's development. If a child has a secure attachment, he will grow up to view the world as a safe place and will be able to develop other emotions. It has become more and more apparent that a... 1,926 Words | 5 Pages
  • The Ethological Attachment Theory - 1649 Words Which of the following best exemplifies social referencing? Tom's father uses a light mood and a smile to transition Tom from an angry state to a calmer one. Which of the following is true regarding the long-term stability of temperament? Difficult children tend to demonstrate the greatest level of instability in temperament. What is the term associated with expressions of discomfort, such as crying, when removed from an attachment figure? separation anxt If a mother is... 1,649 Words | 8 Pages
  • HIstory of Attachment Theory - 1888 Words Abstract How relationships are developed and the people that they are developed with as a child, is critical to the development of behaviors and relationships in adulthood. The theory of attachment in based solely around this very principle. The patterns a child displays towards primary caregivers and how those caregivers respond to the needs of that child will predict how that child will respond to relationship and change as an adult. Attachment Theory The... 1,888 Words | 6 Pages
  • Attachment Theory and Social Loneliness Loneliness Research Loneliness is characterized as an emotional and cognitive reaction to having fewer and less satisfying relationships than one desires. Loneliness appears to be a common characteristic throughout the world. A study completed on Dutch students found that lack of reciprocity in a relationship resulted in loneliness, especially among those who perceived themselves as giving more than they were receiving (Buunk & Prins, 1998 in Baron & Byrne, 2003). Although the... 2,131 Words | 7 Pages
  • Attachment Theory 5 - 5894 Words “Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches”, by Thomas G. O’Connor and Charles H. Zeanah, is an article that relates to this case study, in which I have attached. Attachment Theory: “An Attachment is a reciprocal, enduring, emotional and physical affiliation between a child and a caregiver”[1]. The most recognised attachment theorist was a man called John Bowlby, a British Psychologist, Psychoanalyst and Psychiatrist famous for his work and... 5,894 Words | 16 Pages
  • Bowlby's Theory of Attachments - 854 Words John Bowlby’s Theory Attachment is a strong and emotional bond that develops over time between two individuals that is reciprocal. 1. THE THEORY * Bowlby’s theory suggests that attachment is evolutionary and is needed to aid survival. * He did observational research to link orphans with psychological damage. * Babies are helpless and rely on adults. They make instinctive decisions because they haven’t actually learnt anything yet. Bowlby said that babies must be genetically... 854 Words | 3 Pages
  • Mary Ainsworth Attachment Theory Ahmad Stevens Charlene Holm General Phycology 1 November 2012 Mary Ainsworth Attachment Theory Mary Ainsworth the psychologists who provide the most detailed analyst research on an individual attachment offering explanations. Like for instants we has adults teenagers know enough how we feel when the person leaves or apart from us and we are able to explain in it words. That does not go so well for young babies such has infants. In doing so Mary Ainsworth devised an experiment to... 672 Words | 3 Pages
  • An Evalution of the Attachment Theory - 13052 Words THE ATTACHMENT THEORY AN EVALUTION OF THE ATTACHMENT THEORY WHEN WORKING WITH CHILDREN IN CARE Gail Walters Dissertation Social Work BA (HONS) Manchester Metropolitan University Tutor: Pauline Black CONTENTS Pages Abstract... 13,052 Words | 47 Pages
  • Bowbys attachment theory - 2338 Words  This essay will describe and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment and maternal deprivation hypothesis. The essay will describe the two theories, weighing up the strengths and the weaknesses. It will include supporting research by Shaffer and Emerson, Ainsworth and Harlow, along with criticisms by Rutter. John Bowlby (1907-1990) was a child psychiatrist. He was psychoanalytically and medically trained. In 1945, after returning from serving in the armed forces medical service, he secured a... 2,338 Words | 6 Pages
  • Bowlby’s Ethological Attachment Theory  Bowlby’s Ethological Attachment Theory Excelsior College Lifespan Developmental Psychology June 10, 2014 Bowlby’s Ethological Attachment Theory I) Abstract a) A natural inclination b) Strength and stability c) Theory of lifespan development II) Introduction a) Evolution and biology b) Critical periods c) Behavioral study on graylag geese d) Creation of attachment III) Bowlby’s perspectives a) Biological preparation b) Ethological theory c) Adaptive... 2,539 Words | 8 Pages
  • Attachment - 683 Words  Tom Human Growth and Development PSY 118 AD Attachment Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Attachment is very important in an early child development. Attachment has become an important topic in the field of childcare., mental health treatment, parenting and education. Attachment help the child to gain his full intellectual potential; sort out what he perceives; logical thinking; development of a conscience; cope with stress and frustration and... 683 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment - 671 Words wk2discchoward I chose to discuss secure attachment for the purpose of this assignment. To me, secure attachment directly influences all other topics that were discussed in this chapter, and thus is the most critical topic we covered. For example, emotional regulation occurs when there is secure attachment and the infant is under minimal stress; so, promoting secure attachment also promotes emotional regulation. In addition, many of the children that I work with have younger siblings that are... 671 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment - 723 Words Outline and evaluate an explanation of attachment Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space (Ainsworth, 1973; Bowlby, 1969). Attachment does not have to be mutual. One person may have an attachment with an individual which is not shared. Attachment is characterized by specific behaviors in children, such as seeking proximity with the attachment figure when upset or threatened (Bowlby, 1969). Bowlby’s theory states that... 723 Words | 3 Pages
  • attachment - 4847 Words Attachment-based therapy (children) Attachment-based therapy is a phrase intended to apply to interventions or approaches based on attachment theory, originated by John Bowlby. These range from individual therapeutic approaches to public health programs to interventions specifically designed for foster carers.[1] Although attachment theory has become a major scientific theory of socioemotional development with one of the broadest, deepest research lines in modern psychology, attachment theory... 4,847 Words | 15 Pages
  • Attachment - 697 Words Attachment These categories of relationship were developed by Mary Ainsworth. After weeks of spending time with these mom-baby pairs in their home environment and carefully documenting many aspects of their communication, she would then bring these one year-old infants and their mothers into a little play room with a one-way mirror for observation. The mom and the baby would be given a period of time to get used to the new space and then another person would enter the room and interact with... 697 Words | 2 Pages
  • attachment - 709 Words Psychologists have put forward different explanations of attachments such as learning theory and Bowlby’s theory (12 marks) The learning theory is about learning through association or reward. There are a few main features that make up the learning theory of attachment. It is thought that the attachment is formed from the person who changes them, feeds them and shows them the most love and attention. It is also believed that the first attachment is often the person who looks after the child... 709 Words | 2 Pages
  • Outline and Evaluate One Theory of Attachment Outline and evaluate one theory of attachment (12 marks) Bowlby’s theory is an evolutionary theory because, in his view attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of its survival value and, ultimately, its reproductive value. According to Bowlby, children have an innate drive to become attached to a caregiver because attachment has long-term benefits. Both attachment and imprinting ensure that a young animal stays close to a caregiver who will feed and protect the young animal.... 920 Words | 3 Pages
  • Has Attachment Theory Had Its Day? Has attachment theory had its day? There are many different views on attachment theory but the first and most recognised is that of John Bowlby. He argued that attachment was an instinctive biological need that begins at infancy and continues throughout life. (Elliot & Reis, 2003). Further to this Bowlby argued that babies who were separated from their mothers before becoming securely attached would find it impossible to bond with others and in later life would suffer ill affects from... 2,385 Words | 8 Pages
  • Outline and Evaluate Bowlbys Theory of Attachment Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment (12 marks) Bowlby was an evolutionary Psychologist who believed that attachment is a part of evolutionary behaviour and focus on an animal’s instinctive and innate capabilities, and the functions of their behaviour. They believe this is useful for learning about human instinctive and biological behaviour. Attachment behaviour keeps a young animal or human safe. It is behaviour seen in all species of animal. Many species of animal form rapid... 633 Words | 2 Pages
  • Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory of attachment Attachment is a deep and enduring bond that emotionally connects one person to another, however this attachment does not necessarily have to be shared as one person may have an attachment with an individual which is not reciprocated. Such attachments are characterized by specific behaviours in children such as seeking to be in the attachment figure’s company when upset or distressed. The evolutionary theory of attachment originates with the work of John Bowlby whom was inspired by the work of... 836 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory: a Bond for Specific Others Running Head: ATTACHMENT THEORY Attachment Theory: A Bond for Specific Others Abstract Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth that examine a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. John Bowlby devoted extensive research to the concept of attachment and describes it as a connectedness between individuals that is psychologically lasting and through Mary Ainsworth’s innovative methodology not only... 1,750 Words | 5 Pages
  • Attachment Theory and Chloe S Life Tma o5 A QUALITITIVE STUDY SHOWING ADULTS PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECT THAT SIGNIFICANT OTHERS HAVE ON THEIR DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACT The study examines how adults perceive the influence of ‘significant others’ on their lives in the context of developmental psychology and attachment theory. Thematic analysis was conducted on a previously filmed DVD and it’s transcript of a semi-structured interview. Carrying out the analysis the researcher has found themes showing that ‘significant others’ do in... 2,794 Words | 9 Pages
  • Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory of attachment Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory of attachment Bowlby came up with this theory and believed that attachment is innate and adaptive. His theory states that we are born with an inherited need to form an attachment in order to help us survive. This involved Darwins theory of natural selection as any behaviour that helps you survive will be kept in the gene pool. In terms of humans, babies are helpless and rely completely on the primary caregiver which is normally the mother.... 836 Words | 3 Pages
  • Describe and Evaluate Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Describe and Evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment. An attachment refers to ‘a close two-way emotional relationship between two people. In Child Psychology this focus is on the main care-giver most commonly (but not exclusively) our mothers.’ According to Bowlby, children develop an attachment to one main caregiver which is qualitatively different than any others e.g. warm and continuous relationship with mother. This attachment has to occur within the sensitive period (6-24 months) or there... 390 Words | 1 Page
  • Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment The learning theory, firstly proposed by Dolland Miller (1950) argues that attachment is a form of nurture and so is learnt. Behaviourists came up with the idea that it is learnt either through classical or operant conditioning. The learning theory was introduced by behaviourists who base most of their explanation on the effects of nurturing. They proposed that all behaviour is learned rather than inborn and In terms of attachment,... 809 Words | 2 Pages
  • The Role of Attachment Styles in Leader Member Exchange Theory Running head: THE ROLE OF ATTACHMENT STYLES IN LMX The Role of Attachment Styles in Leader-Member Exchange Theory Will A. Gibson Kansas State University Abstract Leader-member Exchange Theory (LMX) deals with the quality of a work relationship between a leader and a member. A higher quality LMX places members in an in-group with their leader and therefore benefit from increased communication, attention, and consideration. When there is a lower LMX, members are in an out-group... 1,325 Words | 4 Pages
  • Outline and Evaluate One or More Theories of Attachment. (12mark) Outline and Evaluate One or More Theories of Attachment. (12mark) Attachment can be described using two theories, one being Bowlby’s attachment theory (1946) which is based on an evolutionary perspective. The aim was to find out whether there was a relationship between maternal deprivation and emotional problems in children who had been referred to Bowlby’s child guidance clinic. It aimed to test the validity of Bowlby’s Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis. 88 children (an opportunity sample)... 1,058 Words | 3 Pages
  • Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory of human attachment Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory of human attachment 12 marks Bowlby put forward a theory of attachment based on the adaptive advantage we get through an innate tendency to form attachments with our caregiver. Bowlby adopted the idea of a critical period from ethologists like Lorenz and applied this to his explanation of how human infants form an attachment. The critical period hypothesis states that if you fail to attach between two and a half years, the child will suffer... 698 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment Theory and the Impact Adult Romantic Relationships Attachment Theory and the impact Adult Romantic Relationships Iksheeta Shah University of Waterloo March 23, 2011 My roommate, Breseis, and I get along really well. We are completely opposite in every aspect, but only to complement each other. When I met her, she barely talked and never shared any of her stories or her past. She only started trusting me when I trusted her with my problems. She was always uncomfortable talking about her life with others. However, she slowly let herself lose... 1,736 Words | 5 Pages
  • How Has Bowlby’s Original Formulation of Attachment Theory Bowlby’s (1946) original formulation of attachment theory drew upon both psychoanalytic and ethological theory and generated a significant amount of subsequent research. The core principle behind Bowlby’s theory was that the formation of a stable, healthy attachment with a caregiver in the early years of life is the key for an infants’ future emotional, social and cognitive development. Bowlby explained that this primary attachment relationship develops because infants need a mechanism to... 2,365 Words | 7 Pages
  • Attachment and Reactive Attachment Disorders  Psych 200 February 10, 2014 “Attachment and Reactive Attachment Disorders” According to Smith, Saison, and Segal the word attachment is defined as the deep connection established between a child and caregiver that profoundly affects that child’s development and their ability to express emotions and develop relationships (Help.org). Whereas attachment is easily defined it isn’t so easy to define attachment disorders. Experts have not agreed on a definition for the term “attachment... 2,152 Words | 6 Pages
  • Psychologists Have Put Forward Different Theories of Attachment Such as Learning Theory and Bowlby’s Theory. Outline and Evaluate One or More. One theory of attachment that behaviourists such as Dollard and Miller (1950) have put forward is Learning Theory, this theory believes that all behaviours are acquired though learning which takes place through classical and operant conditioning. Learning theory provides explanations on how attachments between the caregiver and baby are formed, one explanation is through classical conditioning; learning by association. This is based upon Pavlov’s work with dogs in 1927. Before conditioning an... 1,071 Words | 3 Pages
  • Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Therapy Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Therapy University of New York in Prague Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Therapy Introduction There has been growing attention on attachment theory and its impacts on later behavioral outcomes. Several research have found an association between attachment insecurity and personality disorders due to inconsistent and unstable sense of self; and association between insecure attachment... 2,543 Words | 8 Pages
  • Attachment Development and the Influence of Daycare on Attachments The development of attachment relationships between children and parents constitutes one of the most important aspects of human social and emotional development. For years, the predominant view of infant-caregiver attachment was that it was a “secondary drive” i.e. that any attachment formed was because of the infant associating the caregiver with providing for physical needs such as hunger. However, John Bowlby argued that attachment is an innate primary drive in the infant. This theory was... 3,101 Words | 10 Pages
  • Attachment and Divorce - 3440 Words Attachment and Divorce: FAMILY CONSEQUENCES Bowlby's, Ainsworth's, and Shaver's research created the understanding that infant styles create a disposition for later behavioral traits. More current research has questioned the significance of how the disruption of the attachment structure (such as in divorce) can affect children's behaviors throughout life. The research on this topic is contradictory and somewhat inconclusive, with research asserting that either attachment style or... 3,440 Words | 10 Pages
  • Neurobiology and Attachment - 1892 Words  Bones Broken Become Stronger Johannes Kieding Simmons School of Social Work In order to develop into fully functioning adults, children need to pass through a series of developmental stages and milestones. An optimal developmental trajectory results in an organism capable of great complexity – of the ability to satisfactorily manage internal and external demands, contribute to the world, while also leaving room for play, creativity, and enjoyment. In a perfect word the organism... 1,892 Words | 5 Pages
  • The Importance of Attachment - 2702 Words Unit 14 Early Relationships play an important role in the development of children’s behaviours. Building relationships as early as possible is very important. One way of doing this is bonding. This happens in very early infancy and is critical to growth and development. Parents need to be aware of the importance of interacting and communicating with their baby from the earliest days. Bonding early shapes how the brain develops, this will later determine their health and wellbeing. This bonding... 2,702 Words | 8 Pages
  • Attachment Behaviors - 703 Words CD 101 Field Study Ghia Astina Lui R. Santos Observation 3 Focus on: Attachment Behaviors of Infants and Adults CD101 Section 1 WF Child’s Name Althea Age 1 year old Location/Setting #26 Axtell St, Northfairview Quezon City Date and Time February 28, 2013 I. Incident In our house at around 6 o’clock in the afternoon, I was observing Mrs. Padilla and her one year old daughter, Althea. Mrs. Padilla is playing with Althea. They are both laughing so hard.... 703 Words | 3 Pages
  • Autism and Attachment - 4601 Words VERGE 3 Rooney 1 Autism and Infant Attachment: A Review of the Literature Anna Rooney Psychology 340 Professor Pederson November 28, 2005 VERGE 3 A Review of the Literature Rooney 2 Even when Stephen Bohay was just a few months old, his parents knew there was something odd about him. Instead of developing the normal one consonant/one vowel sounds characteristic of three to eight month infants, Stephen remained silent and, according to his mother, never cuddled, never wanted... 4,601 Words | 15 Pages
  • Attachment Style - 783 Words My Attachment Style as it Relates to God Chris Britton Liberty University My Attachment Style as it Relates to God My parents deserve a metal and national recognition for their outstanding performance in raising their first child. I was born in 1992 and my parents, who had been married three years now, were scared to death. Neither of them had ever raised a child, and they had come from very different backgrounds. My father was raised on a small tobacco farm by his mother and his father... 783 Words | 2 Pages
  • Disruption in Attachment - 1173 Words Attachments can often be disrupted between an infant and its primary caregiver and these particular children can find themselves growing up and developing outside the traditional family environment. Thus not forming attachments can have serious impacts on the development of the infant. Disruptions to attachments can take place due to the lack of physical and emotional attachment (Privation) and separation from the primary caregiver. In disruption of attachments there are long-term and... 1,173 Words | 3 Pages
  • Attachment Study - 6714 Words Jurnal Pendidik dan Pendidikan, Jil. 24, 55–72, 2009 TEACHER-STUDENT ATTACHMENT AND TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS WORK Affizal Ahmad and Rafidah Sahak School of Health Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan E-mail: [email protected] Abstract: This study examines the relationship between teacher-student attachment and teachers’ attitude towards work. We show that teacher-student attachment and teachers’ attitudes towards work appear critical in promoting and... 6,714 Words | 21 Pages
  • Attachment - Psychology - 4360 Words Developmental Psychology Early Social Development: Attachment Attachment   An emotional bond between two people. It is a two-way process that endures over time. It leads to certain behaviours such as clinging and proximity-seeking and serves the function of protecting the infant.   Primary attachment figure   The person who has formed the closest bond with a child, demonstrated by the intensity of the relationship. Usually the biological mother, but other people can fulfil... 4,360 Words | 23 Pages
  • Attachment Paper - 3408 Words Impact of Childhood Attachments on Adult Health and the Establishment of Relationships Patricia L. Fowler Liberty University COUN 502 – Human Growth and Development Dr. Luanne Bender Long October 08, 2012 Abstract Clinical research has demonstrated that there is a direct correlation between the parent-child attachment and the psychodynamics of adult relationships. The theory of attachment, by John Bowlby, has been... 3,408 Words | 11 Pages
  • Attachment Styles - 852 Words Are we born with a certain attachment and does it reflect in our romantic relationships? A psychologist, Phillip Shaver, uses models of attachment that he studied from childhood and applied to the differences of attachment in adult relationships (Freidman & Schustack, 2012). He discusses the 3 styles of attachment, which are secure, avoidant, and anxious-ambivalent lovers. Although, Shaver founded these attachment styles, they are very similar to Karen Horney’s basic anxiety theory. He... 852 Words | 3 Pages
  • Attachment in Infants - 1769 Words Attachment in Infants Jessica N. Summerlin Rasmussen College Attachment in Infants Ever wonder where to draw the line with the amount of attention you give an infant? Is there such thing as giving an infant too much attention? These are hard questions to answer and there is much debate on the topic; what is a good amount of attention to give an infant and how attention is related to attachment. The people that give attention and grow attached to an infant could be doing... 1,769 Words | 4 Pages
  • Attachment Essay - 3534 Words Faculty of Health Sciences School of Nursing & Midwifery | Assignment cover sheet: online submission Complete this cover sheet and copy and paste the whole page at the beginning of your assignment. It should be the first page. The file name must have your FAN, topic code and the assignment name or number (for example, smit0034_nurs0000_ass1.doc, jone0024_nurs1111_ass2.doc). Instructions for submitting assignments in FLO can be found at:... 3,534 Words | 11 Pages
  • insecure attachment - 6111 Words Insecure Attachment Unfortunately, as many as 30% of children develop insecure attachment relationships with their parents. Toby and Hugo are two of them, they are both 18 months old and they were classified as the insecurely attached babies. Attachment theory research tells us that infants will likely experience one of three types of insecure attachment if they do not get responsive, nurturing, consistent care in the early weeks and months of their lives. The first type of... 6,111 Words | 19 Pages
  • Attachment styles - 1338 Words  Attachment Style and Relationships Psy/220 November 10, 2013 Attachment Style and Relationships Part 1 According to the Robert Sternberg triangular theory of love the three dimensions passion, intimacy and commitment all play essential roles in forming relationships. Passion mean strong emotion, excitement, and physiological arousal, often tied to sexual desire and attraction Baumgardner & Crothers (2009). These emotions can become overpowering and create feelings of... 1,338 Words | 5 Pages
  • Infancy Attachment - 388 Words I. ABSTRACT This case study entails to compare the quality of infant’s attachment and trust with in the family setting. Attachment means an affectional bond or tie between an individual and an attachment figure. The principles and concepts of attachment is defined by John Bowl in his attachment theory and it expanded by Mary Ainsworth. The basic tenets of the theory is that the infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver. Attachment is important for social... 388 Words | 2 Pages
  • Positive Attachment - 1058 Words The first 18 months of life is filled with amazing and rapid changes for parents and infants across every aspect of human development. At the stage of infancy the influence of a positive attachment can enrich an infant’s behavioural development (Peterson 2010, pp.140-150). Erikson (cited in Peterson 2010, p.51) theorises that to mould a positive attachment an infant must achieve a balance of the psychosocial stage of ‘trust versus mistrust’. The achievement of this stage combined with the... 1,058 Words | 3 Pages
  • Attachment Theory: the Dynamics of Long-Term Relationship Between Humans Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans. Its most important tenet is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally. Attachment theory explains how much the parents' relationship with the child influences development. Attachment theory is an interdisciplinary study encompassing the fields of psychological, evolutionary, and ethological theory. Immediately after... 254 Words | 1 Page
  • Attachment Styles - 480 Words Arandy Valadez 04/23/2014 FAS-160-002 Attachment Styles What are attachment styles? There are four attachment styles, in which include secure attachment, anxious preoccupied attachment, dismissive avoidant attachment, and fearful avoidant attachment. An attachment pattern is formed during childhood and continues onto adulthood and functions as to how you form relationships. These attachment styles may change over time or stay the same, everyone has an attachment style. “Dr. Phillip Shaver... 480 Words | 2 Pages
  • Parental Attachments - 2990 Words  The Relationship Between Parental Attachments and Mental Disorders COUN 502: Human Growth and Development September 28, 2013 Abstract Emotional development is important for a child as it plays essential roles in the functioning and wiring of the brain within the first few years of life. The right emotional attachments formed by a parent or caregiver can influence how a child interacts with others as well as how the child copes with stress and adversity. The need for secure... 2,990 Words | 9 Pages
  • ASSIGNMENT: ASSESS THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE ATTACHMENT THEORY EXPLAINS PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT. Personality development has been a major topic of interest for some of the most prominent thinkers in psychology. These theorists developed theories to describe various steps and stages that occur on the road of personality development. In the 1950s and 1960s, John Bowlby, a British psychoanalyst developed the attachment theory to account for phenomena in personality development and psychopathology that were not well recognized or explained by other psychoanalytic theories. Bowlby... 1,070 Words | 3 Pages
  • A Thematic Analysis in Support of the Theory That Early Relationships Affect Adult Attachment A thematic analysis in support of the theory that early relationships affect adult attachment Abstract. This study was a qualitative thematic analysis to see if there was any evidence in early relationships that then affects the adult attachment theory. The qualitative textual analysis was carried out on a pre-existing, edited, filmed semi-structured interview. The thematic analysis showed that there is some truth in... 2,618 Words | 9 Pages
  • Bonding and Attachment - 1323 Words 1. Define the following terms: * Bonding – the basic link of trust between infant and caretaker. It develops from repeated completions: infant need> crying> rage reaction> parental action to meet need> satisfaction> relaxation. Successful bonding results in an infant acquiring a basic trust in others as responsive, in the world as a benign place, and in self as able to communicate needs. * Attachment – is defined as a person-specific relationship that is dominated by affectionate... 1,323 Words | 5 Pages
  • Understanding Attachment - 1364 Words The term ‘attachment’ makes reference to an intense and emotional relationship between two people. “It is not just a connection between two people. It is a bond that involves a persons desire for regular contact with that person and the experience of distress during separation from that person” (Ainsworth, M. 1958) Two of the biggest contributors to the understanding of attachment are Harry Harlow (1905 - 1981) and Mary Ainsworth (1913 - 1999). In 1958, psychologist Harry Harlow conducted a... 1,364 Words | 5 Pages
  • Attachment Parenting - 514 Words Attachment Parenting Attachment Parenting is a radical parenting approach where a parent devotes time and focus on developing a nurturing connection with their children. The main goal of attachment parenting is to raise children who can form healthy, emotional connections with other people throughout their life. Attachment parents believe this must begin by forming a respectful, compassionate connection between parent and child. According to WebMD, the Eight Principles of Attachment Parenting... 514 Words | 2 Pages
  • Understanding Attachment - 1497 Words Compare and Contrast the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment. There has been extensive psychological research on relationships and in particular the bond between mother and child. This, and other strong bonds, has become known as ‘attachment’ due to a theory from a psychologist called John Bowlby. Bowlby’s theory was that infants have an inbuilt tendency to form relationships in order to assure their own survival from an evolutionary point of view. This... 1,497 Words | 4 Pages
  • Attachments: Interpersonal Relationship and Family Context Attachment Attachments Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space.Bowlby suggested that a child would initially form only one primary attachment (monotropy) and that the attachment figure acted as a secure base for exploring the world. The attachment relationship acts as a prototype for all future social relationships so disrupting it can have severe consequences. The theory also suggests that... 365 Words | 2 Pages
  • Attachment and Separation in Adulthood - 2545 Words A qualitative study showing how childhood experiences of attachment and separation can affect relationships in adulthood. Abstract This qualitative research was conducted to ascertain if the attachment style a person has as an adult is created or influenced by his/her interactions with early childhood experiences. The research was carried out by means of a thematic analysis of an interview of a married middle-aged couple. The interviews bought the themes of Work, Childhood and... 2,545 Words | 10 Pages
  • Adolescent Depression and Attachment - 971 Words Adolescent Depression and Attachment Hypothesis Will attached females will have a strong positive identification with their mother, higher self-esteem ratings and lower depression scores? Will ambivalent and avoidant females will have a more negative identification with their mother, lower self-esteem ratings, and higher depressions scores? Depression affects over 20% of adolescents. It is a disorder that disturbs their mood, causes a loss of interest or pleasure in activities they should... 971 Words | 4 Pages


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