A RESEARCH PAPER
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF BANGLADESH
Ahnaf Tabrez Alam
Saif Sulyman Khan
SUBMITTED TO: Ms. Rifat Jahan Shashi
DATE OF SUBMISSION:
25th November, 2012
COMPARISON OF FOUR DECADES
RELATE WITH MDG’S
Getting access to basic education has been a fundamental human right of every citizen of a country. This fundamental right has been denied to a large section of the population lying particularly below the poverty line in many developing countries of the world including Bangladesh. Acute poverty in their families may be singled out as the major cause behind such situation. Recognizing the critical importance of transforming them into effective human resources and thereby making them worthy citizens the Millennium Summit that held in Dakar back in 2000 declared ‘achieving universal primary education’ as one of its major agendas. As set out in the Millennium declaration this goal, known as MDG 2, has been the goal for providing access to primary education to all by the year 2015. However, Bangladesh, as a Signatory to the Dakar declaration expressed strong commitment towards achieving the goal of universal primary education which has sustainable positive implications for reduction in poverty by significantly large margin.
In the words of Dr. A.M.R. Chowdhury, deputy executive director of BRAC, Bangladesh’s leading institution for non-formal education: “Education is the backbone of sustainable development. Education stimulates and empowers people to participate in their own development”1. A plan for sustainable development must address the issue of education because it plays a critical role not only in expanding further educational opportunities, but also in fostering basic intellectual abilities such as literacy that are crucial to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. In Bangladesh the expansion of primary education is crucial, just as it is in other developing nations within South Asia and beyond. Bangladesh’s low literacy rate (39%) is one of the many low development indicators that remind us how far our nation has yet to go in its pursuit of sustainable development.2 Primary education has been a priority in Bangladeshi politics since independence from Pakistan in 1971. However up until recent times, enrollment, as well as government spending on the education sector, has remained very low; little progress was seen in the primary education sector throughout the 1970s and 80s. The Bangladesh government is proud that its education programs dramatically improved in the 1990s, especially during the latter half of the decade. The 90s saw a rekindled dedication to the expansion of education and as a consequence the Bangladeshi education system experienced significant enhancement during this period. A large part of this renewed commitment was a direct result of the 1990 World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA), which encouraged all participating nations to expand their vision to meet goals in the education sector, especially the goal of making primary education universal. The Government of Bangladesh itself took many initiatives in the years following the WCEFA, including: the 1993 Compulsory Primary Education Act, which made the five-year primary education program free in all government schools and declared education for girls in rural areas free through grade eight; the establishment of the ministry for Primary and Mass Education in 1992, which set as its objective the globalization of education as...
Education - a simple word that is one of the major drivers of our planet earth. Through education people get to know who they are, where they came from and where they will be heading in the near future. Education is the spearhead of a society. It is because of proper education that people get to know about the diversity of this unpredictable world. Education forges the lives of those who get it.Education is one of the important factors that affect the quality and the means of leading a prosperous life.
Bangladesh was described as one of the poorest countries of this world after the liberation war in 1971. It had gone through harsh phases of floods, droughts, cyclones, famines and other natural calamities and at present one of the world’s most crowded countries still remains well below the poverty line and as a result most of the population is still illiterate. Education still and always will remain an important form of social capital in this world. Education fosters innovation, contributes to the economic growth of a country and also increases the efficiency, effectivity and productivity of all the individuals who get the light of education. The World Bank (WB) approved generous amount of loans in the recent past to promote and improve the education sector of Bangladesh. However, the...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
Advanced technology has led to numerous innovations such as social media. We first started using social networking tools such as emails, text messages and phone calls to communicate and exchange information. However, in recent years of social media, it has progressed to popular networking sites such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest and Tumblr. These social platforms allow users to communicate, create, collaborate and share ideas globally through the World Wide Web with minimal censorship.
Research has shown that “Between February 2005 and August 2006, the use of social networking sites among young adult internet users ages 18-29 jumped from 9% to 49%” (Brenner, 2013). Social networking tools have indeed changed the way people interact and exchange information. It has become part of our daily routine, thus showing how social networking tools have thoroughly changed and influenced our lives. Many people find reading the newspaper tedious, as they do not have the luxury of time. News can now be read on electronic devices such as our phones, tablets, computers and iPads. This allows users to be updated instantly on the biggest news, headlines and current affairs on the go.
In the past where the Internet was not readily available, means of communication were limited. Readers could only voice out their concerns and opinions on the news they read face to face, or through letters to the publishers. Now, we reach a multitude of...
...is more environment-friendly, less harmful and is affordable by any customer. Specific ObjectiveTo determine if guava soap is effective as an anti-bacterial soap. Hypothesis 1. Guava leaves decoction is an effective ingredient for anti-bacterial soap as those commercialized ingredient. 2. Guava soap is harder than commercial soap when talking about durability. 3. Guava soap has the same texture as the commercial soap. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYThrough this study, the guava leaves can be utilized as an ingredient in making anti-bacterial soap. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONThis project was conducted during the month of February at Arnap Cabugao, Ilocos Sur. This study only focused on the effectiveness of guava soap in killing...
oxidantAbstractThis research aims to determine the ideal amount of quality effect for using anti – oxidant by getting the extract of lemon grass. The lemon grasses were chopped at the constant size and pressured afterwards and were tested for their physical appearance and effeitinity.After the preliminary test in finding out the best insulator for the making of anti – oxidant out of extract lemon grass. 46 people were tested in different conditions in their body. Every 3 days, a batch of 4 280ml bottles of anti – oxidant were released from the researcher, tested and observed.After 2 weeks of testing, a conclusion was made that the most number of people, resulted in good effect are about 33 people.Table of Contents:CHAPTER I:Introduction . . . ....
...February 25, 2014
Legal Brief Assignment No. 2
Dan is a trained paralegal who works for Erie Bank in Lakewood, Ohio. One day, Mary walks into the bank to apply for a mortgage loan to purchase a new house. She and Dan have a long conversation about Mary taking out a mortgage. Mary is concerned that were she to default on her loan, her credit would be destroyed. In response, Dan tells her:
Don’t worry about it. If you don’t pay your loan, the only remedy the bank has is to foreclose on the house. The bank cannot go after you personally and your credit score will be unaffected. I’ve been dealing with this issue for years and I’m telling you that this is the Ohio law on the matter.
Unfortunately, it turns out that Dan was incorrect. When Mary defaults on her loan the next year, her credit is badly hurt.
Whether, under Ohio Law, is Dan subject to a civil liability to Mary for his legal advice regarding her default on her mortgage loan, foreclosure, and bad credit rating? Did Dan practice unauthorized practice of law?
R.C. §4705.07 Unauthorized Practice:
(A) No person who is not licensed to practice law in this state shall do any of the following:
(1) Hold that person out in any manner as an attorney at law;
(2) Represent that person orally or in writing, directly or indirectly, as being authorized to practice law;
(3) Commit any act that is prohibited by the Supreme Court as being the unauthorized practice of law.
Dean of Edinboro University
What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or...
... College drinking has become popular among all students throughout college campuses. Students are encouraged to “follow the crowd”. Extensive research has been done on social norms and how it influences behavior People conform to what others do in attempts to feel included. The following literature reviews attempt to support this hypothesis. Research done by (Dipali V. R., Clayton N., 2014) suggests that social norms are among the strongest influences on college drinking (Neighbors, Lee, Lewis, Fossos, & Larimer, 2007). Due to perceived norms, students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol is being consumed by their peers as well as the frequency of consumption. In a recent study done in the University of Houston, researchers examined whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and drinking. The findings were that college students who are higher in temptation drink more and experience more alcohol-related problems when they perceive drinking to be more prevalent among their peers. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014).Perceiving peers to be drinking more may facilitate
yielding to temptation by offering justification (i.e., everyone else is drinking) or by making one's own drinking seem to be more “normal”. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014). In a social norms study done by Alan other research done by Alan D. Berkowitz states that our behavior is influenced by incorrect perceptions of how...
...emerged with the formation of the Kindergarten union. The kindergarten movement advocated for the introduction of kindergarten principles into schools and the establishment of free kindergartens in poor suburbs. Soon afterwards the Days nurseries act also came to Australia. As more places for children increased more children spent greater amount of times in ECEC and attention shifted to the quality of children’s experiences in these settings. (Hayes & Press, 2001)
“Diversity, distances and divides characterize Australia as a country and a nation these characteristics apply to its peoples and histories, environment and populations, economy and social systems, as well as to its governance and politics.” (Hayes & Press, 2001, p.8) All of these things have an impact on the policy frameworks of ECEC in Australia. “Australia has a federal system of government with power and responsibilities shared between the Commonwealth and State Territory Governments. Prior to the federation each State was self-governing, today, the assertion of State rights is still a strong theme in Australian Politics.” (Hayes & Press, 2001, p.11) Australia has approximately 750 local government councils, and not all but many of them are involved in the provision of ECEC. Most of Australia’s population is concentrated urban areas. “The discrepancies in population density are marked with half of the total land area of the continent as home to only 0.3% of the population. As...