A History of the World in 6 Glasses by Tom Standage is a non-fiction historical novel, whose main purpose is to show the surprisingly pervasive influence of certain drinks on the course of history. Then it takes the reader on a journey through time to show the history of mankind through the lens of beverages.
The thesis of the novel is that through history certain specialty beverages have affected more than just the diet of people and changed political aspects, economic standings, religious ceremonies and social views throughout human history. Standage clearly favors the subject written about and offers no information or analysis to disprove the thesis of the novel. Tom Standage is an author of 3 other novels, which are also historic analyses, which support his information and research provided in this book. Standage’s professional background gives novel its authority.
A History of the World in 6 Glasses is broken down into six sections, one for each drink, the first of which is beer. Man's first civilizations where founded after the adoption of farming and the domestication of cereal grains. This improvement in lifestyle helped the “emergence of administrators, scribes, and craftsmen.”  Not only did beer nourish man’s first civilizations, but also “their wages and rations were paid in bread and beer.”  Wine, the next beverage, played a major role in the flourishing Greek and Roman cultures. Wine initiated vast seaborne trade, which spread their philosophy, politics, and literature. The book points out how these advancements originated and grew at formal Greek drinking parties. The Romans, who absorbed much of Greek culture, continued the strong use of wine.
After the middle ages, Europe was awakened by the discovery of ancient knowledge, safeguarded by Arab scholars. The Age of Exploration/Colonial Period was improved by the knowledge of distillation, which made new drinks. The novel describes how these condensed forms of alcohol (Brandy, Rum etc.)...
1. Many factors influenced the transition from a hunting and gathering lifestyle to a mainly agricultural based one. One factor in this change was beer. After beer was discovered, it proved to become popular worldwide, becoming somewhat of a priority to some extent. The consumption of beer soon proved to be “socially and ritually important.” In order to keep a steady supply of raw materials for the use of making beer, hunter-gatherers resulted to deliberate farming. With deliberate farming, hunter-gatherers didn’t depend on wild grains, but grains they can use to cultivate themselves.
2. Wine was believed to bring out the inner wisdom of an individual during the consumption. Men gathered in wine-drinking parties, sharing and discussing, their thoughts and beliefs, which began the development of philosophy. However, women were totally excluded from parties and were not allowed to drink wine as they were deemed unworthy of consuming such a powerful drink.
3. Wine was fully adopted into the Christianity belief due to its association with Jesus and Bible stories. Islam prohibited the use of alcohol due to its effect on the consumer. The teachings of the Prophet Mohammed regarded wine as the cause of incidents between people and as hated by Allah. By forbidding wine, Muslims went against the norm separating themselves from other beliefs.
4. During the boom of coffee, the Arabs were the main...
A History of the World in 6Glasses
Beer: Beer was not invented, it was discovered. Exactly when the first beer was brewed is unknown but there was almost certainly no beer before 10,000 BCE. The rise of beer was closely associated with the domestication of the cereal grains rom which it is made and the adoption of farming. Beer originated in the Fertile Crescent in Egypt and Mesopotamia. To beer drinkers in the Neolithic period, beer’s ability to intoxicate and induce a state of altered consciousness seemed magical. This caused them to believe beer was a gift from the Gods. Since it was a gift from the gods, it was presented as a religious offering in religious ceremonies, agricultural fertility rites, and in funerals by the Sumerians and Egyptians. One turning point in history is that beer might have played a role in the adoption of agriculture, according to some anthropologists.
Wine: The origin of wine is lost in prehistory: its invention or discovery was so ancient that it is recorded only indirectly, in myth and legend. Archaeological evidence suggests that wine was first produced during the Neolithic period, between 9000 and 4000 BCE. It was produced in the Zagros Mountains because three factors in that particular area made wine production possible: the presence of the wild Eurasian grape wine, the availability of cereal crops to provide year-round food reserves for...
AP WorldHistory Summer 2012 Assignment
Chapter 1&2 Question 1
How did beer lead to the development of cities in Mesopotamia and Egypt? Grains grew widespread in the Fertile Crescent (The crescent shaped area which had an ideal climate and soil for growing plants and raising livestock, it stretches from Egypt, up the Mediterranean coast to Turkey, and then down again to the border between Iraq and Iran.) causing the unintentional discovery of beer. The Fertile Crescent’s extremely rich soil was suitable for the growth of cereal grains after the last ice age, which occurred around 10,000 BCE. Hunter-gatherers were drawn to the cereal grains and, the ability to keep the grains for long periods of time stimulated them to stay. If they hunter-gatherers could thrive of off the wild grain if they were willing to stay near it and harvest at its peak. After the hunter-gatherers had spent so much time collecting the grain they would have been reluctant to leave the grain that they had collected nor could they travel with it. For this reason hunter-gatherers began to settle on the land. These settlers soon found that the grain could be stockpiled for long periods of time without spoiling. The technology of these settlers was still in development so storage spaces were not usually watertight, and when the water got into the stockpile of the collected grains they started to sprout and acquired a sweet taste. Thus becoming malted grains....
A History of the World in 6Glasses: 1st 9 Weeks
Introduction: Vital Fluids
1. Many of them have been used as currecnies, for religious rites, political symbols, or as souces of philosophical and artistic inspiration.
2. (my word pad does not let me make charts, so I've hand drawn it in this area)
Chapter 1: A Stone Age Brew
1. The consequences of agricultural revolution was a turning point. Civilizations began focusing on making surpluses rather than producing new food and crafts, they became more modern.
2. The archaeological evidence that supports the cultivation, harvesting, storage and processing of cereal grains is since there weren't any other foodstuff to makes soup they were able to make a thick porridge or a thin broth or gruel. This discovery led to the creation of tools and techniques to collect, process, and store grain.
3. The result of farming led to food surplus. The result was the first permanent settlements such as those established on the eastern coast of the mediterranean from around 10,000 BCE. They consisted of simple round huts with roofs supported by wooden posts and floors sunk up to a yard into the ground.
4. There was never a certain reason for the switch to farming. There are theories, that perhaps the amount of food available to hunter-gatherers in the fertile crescent diminished, for example, either because of climate changes, or...
...A History of the World in 6Glasses
By: Tom Standage
Essay by: Tiffany Dang
A History of the World in 6Glasses by Tom Standage is about six drinks (beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea, and coca-cola) and how they have affected the world in the past and the present. All of these drinks were invented in different eras, and the inventions of these drinks were affected by what had occurred in the time period.
There were many historical eras that are covered in the book. Beginning with the Stone Age, which was the time period beer was created. The Stone Age is divided into three separate periods- Paleolithic Period, Mesolithic Period, and Neolithic Period- each period was based on the degree of sophistication in the fashioning and use of the tools. During this time period, people got there food and necessities by hunting and gathering. When beer was discovered/created Mesopotamians started farming rather than hunting and gathering.
The second time period in which wine was created was the rise of the Greek and Roman empire. This time period was based on strong city-states, and when wine was discovered it became a part of Greek and Roman lifestyles. Also political classes were partially based on...
... In A History of the World in 6Glasses, Tom Standage informs readers on what he believes is to be the six beverages that has shaped our past, present, and future. The six drinks mentioned are beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea, and Coca-Cola. Within the chapters, Standage talks about each beverage and their origins, uses, and the overall impact they have made in the world. Although each beverage influencedhistory in different ways, specific drinks were similar in one way or the other. The six beverages mentioned are able to be divided up by social, political, and economical aspects. Beer and wine were similar since they were both considered social drinks, coffee and rum both resembled their political needs during the American Revoluton and Enlightenment period, and Coca-Cola and tea shared an economical characteristic since they were intensely popular from the start and reached a global market.
Beer and wine both shared a social aspect in the world. Beer, one of the first drinks to have emerged after water, was also known to have been one of the first social drinks. Because beer was made using grains, it was known to have been consumed through straws to filter out debris. Pictograms often depicted two individuals drinking beer from a shared container from two straws. Sharing a drink with someone then became known to symbolize hospitality and friendship, since it was drunk...
...A History of the World in 6Glasses
1) The way Tom Standage described beer in “A History of the World in 6Glasses”; I would believe that beer had a big influence in the transition of hunting and gathering to agricultural based societies. At the time of early Egypt and Mesopotamia beer was a necessity. Everyone used to drink it. It was also used for religious purposes and Standage also described it as edible money. So I believe nomads had to finally settle to farm and supply people with the beer that they need.
2) In ancient Greece men generally had more right than women. In Greece they used to have wine party which women were not allowed to. So men had the chance to participate in these parties unlike women.
3) Wine was adopted as a ritual drink in Christianity because according to Christians in the last supper Jesus used wine to transform into his blood. However, in Islam wine was prohibited because it has harmful and can damage the body.
4) Yes I agree, because from what I could understand Standage was trying to tell us that we learned from our problems such as disease to create a new stronger world.
5) Coffee has had a huge impact in the world. It not only affects the world socially but also financially. Countries with coffee beans would export them and make big profits out of them.
6) Tea played...
A History of the World in 6Glasses: A Study of the Impact on Society
From the beginning of human existence, fluids have been acknowledged as a necessity over food. One can only survive a few days without consumable liquids, but weeks without food. Fluids have helped evolve and shape economies and societies since the beginning of mankind. The first universal drink itself heavily influenced early human society, and is followed by other glasses in the future, which also impacted communities and social interactions.
The first beer is thought to been brewed many thousands of years ago in a resourceful area known as the Fertile Crescent. The large supply of grain encouraged nomadic human tribes to reside in the area to process it into an edible solid or liquid form, which enabled a constant food supply and ultimately allowed people to unite and form groups. Without the discovery of beer, it may have been thousands of years before humans constructed firm social connections.
Wine, although discovered in the same location and at a similar time to that of beer, was not popularized until King Ashurnasirpal’s reign, when the extravagant glass was served at a feast celebrating the inauguration of a new capital. Wine was soon traded and drunk around the globe. The glass rapidly overcame beer’s use in religious practice. Wine, seen as a finer drink,...