An abnormal form of scientific exchange between countries characterized by one way flown favor of most highly developed countries. This is a report, defined by UNESCO on brain-drain (migration of skilled personalities) in 1969. In accordance with the report of World Bank, India was the country to stand in the third place in brain drain which was ahead of China and Germany. Britain and Philippines were the two countries that have stood first in this serious regard. What is Migration The basic requirements of a human are of three types they are food, shelter and money. For these three needs he/she fights up to the mark (range). And these three has a key role in the development of the man. In order to gain these key concepts he/she ought to do some work and that work is done in two ways. Firstly, he can be in his place (in his hometown) and earn these things and secondly, he moves from one place to other place to satisfy his needs. This way of moving to other place is nothing but MIGRATION. If this migration is due to skilled persons than that would be regarded as the Brain Drain. And this brain drain occurs mostly in the young people so this can also be regarded as the YOUTH MIGRATION. Why this Migration There are many factors that cause youth migration and those are explained by a law known as the LEES LAW. According to this law these possibilities can be of two types Push method Pull method Push method This is nothing but the things that are bad about the country are that one lived. Pull method This is nothing but the things that attract one person to another area. These are some reasons that come under lees law Push Pull Not enough money, few opportunities, primitive conditions, desertification, famine/drought, political fear or persecution, slavery or forced labor, poor medical care, death threats, lack of political support, poor housing, landlords/tenant issue, bullying discrimination, poor changes in...
...YOUTHMIGRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON INDIAN ECONOMY
‘INDIA, IS A SLEEPING GIANT.ONE DAY IT WILL WAKE UP AND ATTAIN WORLD GLORY’
These were the words said by SWAMI VEVEKANAND and indeed today the INDIAN ECONOMY is on the brink of an uproar. India is today one of the six fastest growing economies of the world. The country is ranked fourth in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in 2010. The business and regulatory environment is evolving and moving towards constant -improvement. A highly talented, skilled and English-speaking human resource base forms its backbone. The Indian economy has transformed into a vibrant, rapidly growing consumer market, comprising over 300 million strong middle class with increasing purchasing power. India provides a large market for consumer goods on the one hand and imports capital goods and technology to modernize its manufacturing base on the other. An abundant and diversified natural resource base, sound economic, industrial and market fundamentals and highly skilled and talented human resources, make India a destination for business and investment opportunities with an assured potential for attractive returns. Far-reaching measures introduced by the government over the past few years to liberalize the Indian market and integrate it with the global economy are widely acknowledged. The tenth five year plan document targets a healthy growth rate of 8% for the Indian economy during the plan period 2002 - 07. India...
...The purpose of this essay is to critically evaluate both the welfare principals and punitive principals that are paramount to the youth justice system, firstly by looking at what is meant by welfare approaches and how they have been used in adapting the Children’s Hearing System that is used in Scotland today when dealing with young offenders. Then looking at punitive approaches, how they are also used in dealing with young offenders and how they appear to be re-emerging back into the system in the form of the new youth courts which where piloted in Hamilton and Airdrie.
The large majority of young people who offend are boys who are between the ages of twelve and fifteen, girls just do not offend as much as boys. This is explained in the terms of how boys socialise their adolescent development processes, also there is differences in their peer group relationships and their leisure pursuits. These young people are disadvantaged living in homes which are dependent on state benefit with their parents predominately unemployed. This then leads them to suffer social adversity, living in poor economic and social situations. Family lives which are severely disrupted and children that suffer personal difficulties, Children in care, problems with alcohol, drugs and children suffering from mental health problems are all factors that could lead a young person to offend.
A large proportion of young offenders will also live in local authority...
...and the emerging generation will shape the future of both. There has been cultural implications are central to understanding human side of globalization in youth culture as a whole. Youth are important but the society does not realize this because they are paying attention to more the cultural side of the problem.
No longer is it a question of whether globalization is having an impact on all aspects of human life; the more pressing question being asked today is what that impact entails. “The core goal is to explore the situated effects of the era in which we are living now on the global and local cultures of young people” according to Jacqueline Kennelly. The youth have come to represent both the moral decline of eroding social fabric and the hope for a new and creative response to challenging times in which global youth cultures have responded to that incorporates the limits and possibilities of the contemporary era. There have been many laws that have made children and the youth enter into the market in ways they should not. The implications of this situation is that young people are now required to turn inward- to themselves and in some cases their families in order to respond to enormous uncertainties and risk associated with modern life.
Youth studies appear to have increased on how we need to represent local youth identities and social practices within...
...Why is youth unemployment so high?
May 8th 2013, 23:50 by J.F. | NEW YORK
YOUTH unemployment is blighting a whole generation of youngsters. The International Labour Organisation estimates there are 75m 15-to-24-year-olds looking for work across the globe. But this figure excludes a large number of youngsters who do not participate in the labour market at all. Among the 34 members of the OECD, a club of rich nations, it is estimated there are 26myouths not in education, employment or training (so-called NEETs). Similarly, across the developing countries, the World Bank estimates that there are 262m such youths. All told, there are perhaps as many as 290m 15-to-24-year-olds not participating in the labour market— almost a quarter of the world’s youth, and a group almost as large as the population of America. More young people are idle than ever before. Why?
Some of these youths choose not to work. About a quarter of the 290m are south Asian women who do not work for cultural reasons. And under-24s who are working are disproportionately engaged in informal or temporary employment. In the rich world, it is estimated that a third of under-24s are on temporary contracts; in developing countries a fifth are unpaid labourers or work in the informal sector. That is better than not working at all, but is hardly cause for celebration. In total, nearly half of the world’s young are contributing...
...YOUTH COURT: A POSITIVE MENTORING OPPORTUNITY
FOR AREA ATTORNEYS AND AN ALTERNATIVE FOR FIRST
TIME JUVENILE OFFENDERS
Since the first Youth Court hearings were held on
February 24, 2011, several area attorneys have
volunteered their time and talents to this worthy
program by mentoring students in preparation of
the hearings. Those attorneys are Constance
Alexander, Asia Diggs, April Bostick, Jocelyn
Henderson, Andre Mathis, Mozella Ross,
Alicia Washington, Kimbrough Mullins,
Pamela Skelton, Valerie Smith, Rachel Scott
Woodall, Elbert Jefferson, Jr., Samuel Jones,
David McKinney and James Sanders.
Attorney Valerie Smith and the Cordova
High School Youth Court Team
The Juvenile Court of Memphis and
Shelby County has launched its first
juvenile delinquency diversion and peerjustice program – Youth Court. Using
restorative justice principles, Youth Court
is dedicated to rehabilitating first-time
nonviolent offenders--holding them
accountable for their behaviors and
educating them about citizenship.
The Youth Court’s goal is to use positive
peer pressure to ensure that young
people who have committed offenses
repair the damage they caused to their
victims and community. Most importantly,
Youth Court provides the opportunity for
the young offender to receive the help he
or she needs to avoid further involvement
in the juvenile justice system.
The Youth Court is...
...own identity as well as pressure from the media and stereotypes formed by society and their environment. Some young people may have to face personal transitions not necessarily shared or understood by all their peers. These include family illness bereavement, divorce and family break up; issues relating to sexuality, disability and many more.
Using the theory in practice I feel that I am using effective communication like listening, observation, empathy, and reflection increasing my knowledge and understanding of groups. One of the theory’s by Bruce Tuckman was “encouraging engagement involving and consulting with young people and considering their opinions, views, interests and issues that affect them” promoting the 4 corner stone’s of youth work. I have identified some possible changes in gender in specific to groups in relation to adolescence. Some of the things I have become more aware during formal discussions in key topics of interest are opposite sex, drugs, culture and family break ups, the perceptions of them by the media and their peers, their body image and comparisons with celebrities on TV.I have identified opportunities to discuss and provide information on these issues offering workshops and group activities using different outside agencies with their specialist knowledge. One of the workshops was on drugs and a young person told us about their experiment with drugs and reflected on his feelings and choice. I communicated to him and...
Tradition vs Modernity
We are used to thinking of traditions as something old and stable, whereas the creative forces of people are directed towards the making of “new” forms of art and music. Nevertheless in our view, and according to our experience, new forms should not be sought in a cultural vacuum, without any connection to the past experiences of people and societies. Similarly, the “old” musics should not be approached with the attitude of preserving or mimicking other people’s practices. We believe that the past is important because in the great musics that were created we can sense a reBlection of the creators’ spiritual insights and wider understandings of the nature of man and his place in the world. The passing on of this intuitive knowledge, through the practice of music, the sharing of experiences, the process of studying and teaching not as something that happens only within the school walls, but as part of everyday life, is what animates Neda not only to create, but also to teach their music and perform it in live concerts.
Neda is a river in Peloponnese and one of the few rivers in Greece with a female name. In the Greek mythology Neda was the nymph who took care of Zeus when he was taken away from his father, who wanted to slaughter him.
The water and the river are ancient symbols, signifying strength and endurance, but also adaptability and continuous Blow. Hence the signiBicance of Neda for the musicians, which carries...
...After a moving target
by Jo Bowman 5-Nov-04, 08:49
Asia's youth may be a moving target but targeted traditional media, from print to radio, can still work
Parents used to bemoan the fact that their kids were constantly glued to the set; now they despair that young people don't seem to focus on anything for more than a few minutes. Sure, they're still watching TV, but no longer are they couch potatoes, absorbing everything that flashes across the screen; they're flicking channels, flicking through a magazine, texting their friends or moving to a PC -- a growing culture of impatience that began with the remote control and is now seen to an extreme degree in the region's young. For marketers, this means a single-shot strategy is likely to be more miss than hit. What's required, as ever, is careful targeting, but across a whole collection of media rather than a strategically selected one or two. It also means using media that young people don't realise they're consuming -- plenty of outdoor and events-based marketing, and even packets of tissues. "Young people are becoming more and more fickle in their consumption of media," says Florance Yip, marketing director at Nike Hong Kong. "So unlike in the past, it is no longer just one or two media that dominate their attention, and communication in many different ways is simply essential in reaching young consumers." Soonthorn Areerak, MEC Thailand's channel planning director, says: "Young people today are...