Yemen: A Failed State at Risk of Civil War
Some Facts about Yemen as a Failed State
Yemen is one of the most water-scarce areas in the world. An estimated 80% of conflicts in Yemen are based on water. Up to 40% of water is used to grow ‘qat’ drug. Shortages will cause a major increase in internally displaced people. Yemen is the poorest Arab country. Nearly half the population lives on less than 2$ a day. Around 50% of Yemenis are illiterate. Yemen’s population will double by 2030. National unemployment is 35%. For young men the figure is much higher. Yemeni workers abroad send home around $1 billion a year, but more countries are now rejecting unskilled Yemeni workers. Yemen’s challenging landscape makes central control difficult. People largely live in one of Yemen’s 135,000 villages. Only one third of the population lives in urban areas. Corruption, tribalism, vague borders also complicate governing. Oil accounts for around 75% of Yemen’s economy, but its oil reserves are coming to an end, perhaps as soon as 2017. Falling prices saw the oil revenue drop by 75% between 2008 and 2009. A state fuel subsidy for citizens accounts for 11% of GDP. To increase hard currency revenue Yemen has tried to promote tourism, but there have been numerous attacks on Western tourists. In 2009, 8 Spanish tourists were killed by a car bomb. Numerous tourists have been kidnapped, most are released alive – but not all. By 2009, one third of the prisoners in Guantanamo were from Yemen. More Islamist fighters are going home from Afghanistan and Iraq. In the first six months of 2005, 700 Yemeni fighters returned from Iraq. Yemen has already been the scene of jihad attacks, notably on the USS Cole. Formed in January 2009, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) had launched attacks in and from Yemen. The 2009 Christmas day ‘underpants bomber’ has been trained in Yemen. The 23 year old attended lectures at the radical Iman University in Sana’a. The university was established...
Political Science 083S
Investigation of FailedStates & Democratic Intervention
Failedstates have been an issue in human society for many years. Today there are a total of 177 failedstates, which is an all-time high. (Haken) Failedstates are not only a terrible situation for the country itself, but for its neighboring countries as well. Some situations are worse than others, but for the most part they all share several factors that classify them as failedstates. These factors include a severe economic decline, lack of formal government, deterioration of public services, social disorder, and more. (Haken) Once a country becomes classified as a failedstate it is quite difficult for them to fully recover. For this to happen, assistance from allies and neighboring countries is usually necessary. Obviously nobody wants to see a country’s government overrun and its citizens forced into turmoil, but that is unfortunately the way our society operates with radical militant groups such as Al-Qaeda in existence. It has become a global problem and the day may never come when there are no failedstates. However, if groups such as Al-Qaeda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) can be eliminated then these failedstates can begin to...
...Failed and weak states
After 9/11 Canadians gave full support to the US government. Canadian prime minister at the
time being Jean Chretien had given full commitment politically, militarily and economically as for
assisting to help and bring trial to those responsible for the terrorist attack in the United States. George
W Bush finally announced the war on terror on September 20th 2001 with the Canadian government by
their side. The United States were increasingly involved in the war in Iraq therefore forced Canada to
take immediate further commitments in the war in Afghanistan. Our Canadian military role had forced
us to consume 90% of its financial allotments in this particular project, taken into consideration that the
government you this large amount of finances towards economic development, for training purposes of
the troops as well as the police in order to give support to present Afghan government. Many people
have become increasingly critical about these policies Canada had with the US and Afghanistan. These
policies have created great deal of debates on weather Canada should step out or continue to support
the United States with the war on terror. Canadians had to put in consideration that walking out could
cause Canada to face great loss in all trade and investment relations with the United States, therefore
Canada decided to continue supporting...
...REPUBLIC OF YEMEN
الله، الوَطَن، الثَورة، الوَحدة (Arabic)
"Allāh, al-Waṭan, aṯ-Ṯhawrah, al-Waḥdah"
"God, Country, Revolution, Unity"
CAPITAL AND LARGEST CITY: Sana'a
PRESIDENT: Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
PRIME MINISTER: Mohammed Basindawa
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) 2012 estimate:
- Total $58.202 billion
- Per capita $2,249
GDP (Nominal) 2012 estimate:
- Total $36.700 billion
- Per capita $1,418
Currency: Yemeni rial (YER)
GEOGRAPHY AND LOCATION
An Arab country in Western Asia, occupying the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yemen is the second largest country in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km2 (203,850 sq mi)
It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east.
Its capital and largest city is Sana'a.
Yemen's territory includes more than 200 islands. The largest of these is Socotra, which is about 354 km (220 mi) to the south of mainland Yemen.
Yemen is the world's 50th-largest country. It is comparable in size to Thailand and larger than the U.S. state of California.
Religion in Yemen consists primarily of two principal Islamic religious groups: 65% of the Muslim population is Sunni and over 35% is Shia, according to the International Religious Freedom Report.
There are mixed communities in the larger...
...Islamabad-based peace activists who travel to KP to speak to students about tolerance and nonviolence.
One of Pakistan’s enigmas is how it manages to “muddle along” despite its multitude of problems. The answer can be found in its people, who hold the country together. They are undoubtedly driven by patriotism, which runs deep despite the nation’s divisions. This is why I cringe whenever I hear Pakistan referred to as a “failedstate.” So long as the Pakistani society remains strong, I can’t imagine how Pakistan can fail.
At least not yet.
The question, in the years ahead, is whether Pakistan’s resilient society can beat back the cresting waves of militancy and sectarianism that threaten to tear Pakistan apart and, one day, even plunge it into civil war. Balkanisation, more so than an Islamist takeover, is a very real threat to the Pakistani state.
Up to now, the Pakistani society has stepped in to provide services and fill roles where the government is absent. Yet this isn’t a sustainable strategy. To avert disaster in the decades ahead, the Pakistani state will need to step up — and provide the leadership and good judgment long exemplified by its society....
...Egypt: A FailedState
University of Nevada Las Vegas
Summer Session II
08 July 2013
Egypt (official name: Arab Republic of Egypt) is a country rich in resources, people, and culture but has faced some problems over the years. It became a sovereign state in 1952 but has yet to achieve democratic status. The exportation of much of their non-renewable resources (see chart in appendix), redirection of renewable resources, discontent amongst the people, changes in government and who has control has resulted in a approaching failedstate status. State failure signifies a collapse in governing structures and high levels of violence, physical insecurity, and complete chaos will reign (Howard, p. 125). This is Egypt today, but its run up to a failedstate is rooted in its history.
The completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt’s status in the world to that of an important transportation hub vital to the movement of products around the world. In 1971 the Aswan High Dam and the resulting Lake Nasser were completed which resulted in a change in the flow of the agricultural land and the ecology of Egypt (CIA, 2013). The economy of Egypt is stressed due to its resources being overtaxed. The only arable land is along the Nile River and has to provide subsistence for Egypt’s 84 million people. There is plenty of sun in Egypt and...
Comparing the Way of Sharing Power in the United States Government and
in the Yemeni Government
After their unification, both the United States and the Republic of Yemen have practiced democracy, but the way they share the power in their government is really different. Both of the country wrote their own constitution in which the power and responsibilities of the government are mentioned. The power sharing system in the government, the individual freedom of people, and the way the government power influences the local authorities and the citizens, they all are seemed to be similar between two countries in the first glance, but they become irony in reality.
After the United States got independence from England in 1776, they established the federal presidential constitutional republic. Although the central government is above the state governments, the state governments have their own power and authority which the central government doesn’t have. The Constitution created in 1787 is the highest law in the land and above of everyone in the country. In 1990, the South Yemen and the North Yemen became united as one country called The Republic of Yemen. After the federation, the country’s government has become the unitary semi-presidential republic. In that government system, the national government is the one single unit of the government...
28 January 2013
The Islamic Culture: From Yemen to the United States
We all perform rituals every day but the way in which we do these rituals defines who we are. We all have similar rituals and routines in the sense that we do the same things but in our own unique ways. The Middle Eastern culture is unique in its own sense, having its own rituals, routines, and regimens, much like any other culture abroad. A lot of people that come to the United States from overseas tend to adapt to the cultures here and leave their original culture behind, thus becoming “Americanized.” Amongst those who immigrate to the United States, there are few who retain their roots from the Middle East whilst adapting to the westernized culture, thus creating a balance between cultures.
I chose to explore the daily rituals and routines of my good friend Tarek Ahmed from Yemen. He arrived in the United States in the year 2006 and we’ve been great friends since then. Over the years I’ve realized that he’s carried his culture as well as rituals and routines that he practiced in Yemen to the United States. These daily rituals and routines are of daily importance to Tarek because as a child, he was taught to never forget his culture. “When I came from Yemen, I knew that I could not forget my hometown and that I had to carry...
...Marijuana Prohibition Has Failed United States
In today’s society, criminalizing the use of marijuana has proved to be as effective as prohibition ended
the consumption of alcohol in 1920. In retrospect, many people find ways in which to illegally obtain
the drug. This drug has infiltrated our nation to the point that many citizens find the drug readily
available in society and according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, 34.8% of 12th graders
admitted to abusing the drug in the year prior to the survey (NIDA). In today’s culture, the percentage
of young people that use marijuana is still on the rise from year to year. Yet still surprisingly,
legalization of marijuana continues to bring controversy to the public.
The public has always been misguided between the harmful effects of marijuana use and the
benefactors economically and medically. The public views marijuana as “bad” mostly because citizens
perceive the term drug as an illegal substance. In fact, most drugs are over-the-counter and prescribed
medicines for patients. Although marijuana has harmful factors contributing to its public vision,
marijuana is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known. According to Stephen Sidney,
MD, associate director for research for Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California, a large HMO looked at
65,177 men and women age 15-49. Over 10 years, marijuana users died no sooner than nonusers. The
second study looked at 45,450...