I. The Question of Origin- The history of Islam begins with the Prophet Muhammad. He was the selected heir and messenger of the word of God through the great revelations. The origins of Muhammad’s prophecy rest in the Night of Power the date between 26th and 27th. Muslims study a book called the Qur’an. It is like their Holy Bible. Muhammad’s teaching in the Qur’an is centered on revelations. II. The Question of Identity- Islam identity differs from the others, meant to make people identify their world. The clarification of the Identity of Islam sets in the name itself. The word “Islam” means “submission”. This religion trust and worship “Allah”. Muslims look up to him as their God. III. The Question of Meaning/Purpose- The word Muslim means “one who adheres to Islam”. The name “Allah” is inspirational of religious belief. Allah is easy Arabic word meaning “God”. Muslims believed that everything happen in the world because Allah let it happen for a reason. IV. The Question of Morality- The morality in Islam rested in the direction that Allah supply people with. It purposes is to make them close to excellence. Morality is one of the foundations Islam. Morality in Islam concentrates on every viewpoints of a Muslim’s life. Morality rules in selfish wants and bad habits. Muslims must not only be morally healthy, but they must also provide to the moral health of society as a whole. V. The Question of Destiny- Trust in destiny is one of the necessities beliefs of Islam. Allah created everything in the world. Allah is known as the “Creator”. Allah gave you a free will and choices we have made and this is what is meant predestination. Part Two:
I. The Question of Origin- Both Islam and Christianity are Abrahamic religions. Christianity place of origin is Jerusalem. Islam place of origin is Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Christianity time of origin is around 33 AD. Islam time of origin is 610 AD. In Christianity there are 21...
...1. WHAT IS CRITICALTHINKING?
Criticalthinking is a process:
Involves wide range of skills and attributes:
Identifying other people’s positions, arguments and conclusions.
Evaluating the evidence for alternative points of view.
Weighing up opposing arguments and evidence fairly.
Being able to read between the lines, seeing the surface and identifying false or fair assumptions.
Recognising techniques eg false logic and persuasive devices
Reflecting on issues in a structured way, bringing logic and insight to bear.
Presenting a point of view in a structured, clear, well reasoned way that convinces others.
Scepticism and trust..
Ability to reflect sceptically
Ability to think in a reasoned way
Method rather than personality trait
Criticalthinking and argument
Knowing your own reasons: rational
Critical analysis of other people’s reasoning
Identifying their reasons and conclusions
Analysing how they select, combine and order reasons to construct a line of reasoning.
Evaluating whether their reasons support the conclusion they draw.
Evaluating whether their reasons are well-founded, based on good evidence.
Identifying flaws in their reasoning.
Constructing and presenting reasons
Select and structure reasons to support a conclusion.
Present an argument in a consistent way;
Use logical order
Use language effectively to present the line of...
This handout is available in an alternative format on request
WHAT IS CRITICALTHINKING?
Criticalthinking is a higher order of thinking: it is the practice of using a number of different advanced thinking
skills in a variety of complex ways.
Criticalthinking focuses on thought: it looks at how facts are proven, arguments are formed, conclusions are
reached, not just what the facts, argument or conclusion may be.
Criticalthinking is self-reflexive: it involves reflecting on, questioning and testing your own thinking processes.
Criticalthinking is discipline-specific: it engages in particular forms of reasoning, such as mathematical reasoning,
historical analysis or literary interpretation, which are specific to a particular discipline.
HOW IS CRITICALTHINKING DIFFERENT FROM THINKING?
On information: data, facts, examples
On ideas: opinions, positions
On ideas: assumptions, biases, flaws in reasoning, point
of view, context, implications
Organizing and making connections
between pieces of information or ideas,
sometimes making basic inferences
To form an...
...Professor: Gracie Aguilera
Critical and creative thinking skills are used throughout our lives to help us make important decisions and guide us through our most difficult and treasured moments. These particular thinking skills are deemed to be higher levels of thought and through this higher level of thinking, help us make both personal and professional decisions. According to Le Cornu (2009), criticalthinking is defined “as the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered” (p.1). This type of thinking embodies three different characteristics in its approach, these three dimensions are, analytic, evaluation and creative. In taking this approach one must be ableto think critically through reflection, observation of the major components and also incorporate some creativity to come up with unique ways to address the situation. Utilizing this approach guides us and gives us a strategy to incorporate both critical and creative thinking which work hand in hand to allow us to arrive at our final decision.
Critical and creative thinking are thought to “involve a complex approach to arriving at an educated decision by implementing a strategy for questioning and reasoning that will allow arrival at a final well...
Receiving a College Degree Improves Your Career Opportunities
If you were to take a poll in the United States asking if obtaining a college degree improves your career opportunities, you would most likely get a resounding, “yes.” During my research on the subject, I found that almost every single article I came across proved time and time again that college graduates have more career opportunities at their disposal, as well as higher incomes. USNews.com states, “A major-and prominent- benefit of attending college is increased employment prospects.” (Equal Justice Works, 2012). Potential employers are not just looking for someone who is educated in that particular career field, but they also see college graduates as a certain type of person; the type of person that displays stick-to-itiveness. There are some that would argue that the state of the economy in the United States is making it more difficult for college graduates to enter the workforce in the career of their choice. Bethany Clough, an author for the Charleston Gazette, points out that college grads are met with stiff competition and that in 2009, fewer than 20% of recent graduates had accepted jobs offers after graduation. That number is less than half of what it was just two years prior. Bethany Clough...
...Why is criticalthinking important?
1. What is criticalthinking?
2. Who should learn criticalthinking?
3. Why is criticalthinking important?
4. How to help people think critically?
5. What is the most important lesson that you’ve learnt in criticalthinking class?
6. What are the goals of criticalthinking?
7. Finally, give an example of a real case/event when people failed to think critically. What were the consequences? How could have these been avoided?
1.Criticalthinking is a collection of skills that we use everyday for our full intellectual and personal development. The word critical comes from the Greek word kritikos, meaning to question or to analyse. It is really thinking about your thinking. The ability to think clearly and rationally, as well as to engage in reflective and independent thinking. It is a guide to belief and action. Criticalthinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive tasks.
Criticalthinking can help us acquire knowledge, improve our theories, and strengthen our arguments. It is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective...
Fallacies in Disguise:
A Review of the Fallacious World of Media and Literature
Raul A. Medina
14 May 2013
In the world we live in, we often forget about the things that we strive to go after because there is an infinite number of distractions that deviate us from such goals. And we have a tendency to do this over and over again. Such distractions are usually temporary and do not last for long before we realize they are not what we were looking for. It is hard to figure out why we fall into these sort of momentary pleasures. However, the purpose of this paper is to venture into some of the most alluring and inviting ads and commercials that tend to engage us in one way or another so that we can buy into their product or service.
The first fallacy I would like to address is perhaps the most important in my own opinion because it portrays why products are so successful: Appeal to authority. Mr. Bean, which is a world known comedian who does not speak but acts very funny. This comedian has been around for longer than some of us classmates, but the point here is that since his image carries so much history and happy moments for those who admire him, anything he promotes or advertises is most likely to be successful. Such example is from back in 2007, Macintosh computers put on a commercial where Mr. Bean is dancing to a...
HUM/115 CriticalThinking in Everyday Life
Prof. Renae Bundy
Of the topics that I could choose from, I chose to discuss how to reduce poverty in the United States. Poverty in the United States has been something that I have been personally hearing about since I was a child. It has always been a topic during every Presidential debate that I can remember. While growing up, I have always pondered ways of helping others that were less fortunate than myself. This had led me to believe whole-heartedly that the poverty rate can be reduced through several avenues.
The first way that poverty can be reduced is by increasing the minimum wage. The current minimum wage is $7.25. “In the late 1960s, a full-time worker earning the minimum wage could lift a family of three out of poverty” (Vallas, 2014). If the minimum wage back then was indexed to inflation it would be $10.86 per hour today (Vallas, 2014). If the United States would raise the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour, it would bring more than 4 million Americans out of poverty (Vallas, 2014).
Another major way I feel that the poverty rate in the United States can be decreased is by taxing wealthy a lot more than they are currently being taxed. As of 2010, the lowest 20% of Americans paid an 11.1% tax rate while the top 1% paid only 5.6% (Waldron, 2013). The lowest percentile is paying nearly twice as much in taxes...
Critical and Creative Thinking in Society
February 23, 2015
Critical and Creative Thinking in Society
Las Vegas is currently building an arena for the possibility of getting and expansion team in the National Hockey League. The NHL is requesting that 10,000 season tickets must be purchased to help with making the decision to bring hockey to Las Vegas. This is a great creative thought to ensure that a team will be supported in Las Vegas. In addition to the hockey arena, the city wants to build another stadium in hopes of getting a Major League Soccer team as well. The creative and criticalthinking process was not so good with the soccer stadium process.
The city did not request any pre-sale of season tickets like the hockey team did. The city of Las Vegas did not speak with MLS leadership as they did with the NHL. The city wasted valuable tax payer dollars and man hours to sign a petition the get the proposal for a stadium added to the ballot to be voted on. The petition was signed and the ballot was authorized, however there was no plans on how the money would be raised to pay for the stadium. This ultimately cost the city a possible MLS team as they were informed formally by the MLS that they are no longer considering Las Vegas for possible expansion until at least 2018.
Free will is defined as the power of acting without the constraint of...