This paper seeks to investigate women’s rights on a global basis. I will review several articles, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDW) and UN Resolution 1325 to try to discover commonalities and links to the repression of women and the ingredients for the fulfillment of women’s rights. The first article, The Political Repression of Women, by Conway Henderson, is an excellent study and good cross section analysis of the variables and vulnerabilities that women face. The second article, Foreign Military Intervention and Women’s Rrights, by Dursun Peksen studies the effect that military interventions have on women’s rights. Natalie Hudson takes a look at traditional theories of securitization of state interest in the third article, and Poe, et al seeks to investigate global patterns that are necessary in order for women to achieve equality. In the fifth article Richards and Gelleny research Women’s Status and Economic Globalization as a means to try to find causal links and the impact that economic globalization has on the rights of women. Finally, I will review the CEDW and resolution 1325 to see how key provisions may impact women’s rights. Conway Henderson tries to bring forth a new concept of political repression of women. Conway suggested that female challenges to traditional male roles may serve as a catalyst for violence against women. He suggests that repression directed at women may be caused by the "structural relationships of power, domination, and privilege favoring men over women." (Henderson, 1035) Conway hypothesizes about an ongoing push-pull relationship between empowerment and the weakness of women. He argues that it is the dynamics of these two factors that often facilitates repressive behavior. Henderson indicates that in societies where women create socioeconomic and political changes this empowerment may challenge their governments. Political...
Long Research Proposal
The first wave of women’srights movement which emerged in the late 19th century and lasted till the early 20th century focused mainly on women’s political rights. As a result, they gained their property rights as well as their rights to vote. However, those rights only represent women’s triumph in getting a broad social position. In fact, women were still treated unequal to men occupationally, domestically and personally. Because of this, women’s movement reemerged in the 1960s which had a tremendous cultural impact such that women’s had the same opportunity as men in their careers, households, and persons. Through this movement, a procedure called “consciousness-raising” along with the burst of feminist poetry enabled women to succeed. Therefore, the blasting fuse of “consciousness-raising” which acknowledged women of their inequality and touch off the realms of their movement, together with the increasing publish of feminist poetries which formed the feminist ideas and spread out the ideas to the public, enabled women won the non-violent social protest.
My topic is the combination of women’s social protest movement and the art of feminist poetry. The reemerge of women's movement is a social movement with such a great cultural impact on humans', in particular,...
...Woman’s Rights and Gender Equality in India and Pakistan.
Woman in India have many rights granted to them in their constitution, rights woman in the western society spent many years fighting for. Woman under the constitution in India have rights granted to them the ensure equality from men and actually gives them some rights over men. Having these rights and knowing about these rights and how to use them is certainly two different things. While Pakistan has improved a lot they are lacking in woman’s rights compared to India.
While India’s constitution protects the rights of woman, many women don’t know of these rights or how to go about obtaining these rights. With the literacy rate for woman India being about 65% this leaves a fairly large significant group of woman unable to protect themselves. However the literacy rate in India has improved a lot since the British Empire where only 11% of all Indians were literate. As the literacy rate becomes more equal over genders, gender equality will also become less of an issue. Women must know their rights and how to protect themselves using the rights that have been given.
Many woman now hold high places in the government of India, with support from the government and its high ranking officials. However traditional Indian culture makes...
Women's Studies 187
18 November 2007
Kat Jones Friday 11:15
Feminist Activism Within Body Politics
A man walks down the street and sees a beautiful woman, what's the first thought that enters his head-sex. These types of thoughts are what feminists all over the world are trying to eliminate. Feminist activism is focused on making social change and using their power to influence others. One of their many steps is understanding women's bodies and trying to encourage men to treat women like human beings, not just personal sex objects. The NAAFA and other organizations are working hard get rid of this stereotype, and many others, to encourage women to be themselves, not what society wants them to be.
"An estimated thirty-eight million Americans are significantly heavier than average and face societal and institutional bias because of their size" ( NAAFA). The National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance, or NAAFA, is a non-profit organization founded in 1969 that is based on trying to better the life of fat people; it is the only organization that fights to end fat discrimination. The NAAFA believes that fat people are discriminated against, not by just peers, but by health care professionals, also. They believe that many times fat people are too ashamed to stand up fort their own rights, so they have formed this organization to relieve them of their emotions and help them fight their oppressive battle for...
...You Have The Right To Remain Equal
Do you consider yourself equal to your opposite gender? Of course, by law men and women are entitled to have equal rights, although our public actions show otherwise. When is it okay to divide gender roles? Perhaps when playing a competitive sport. Why? Is it the different capability men and women have? Is it fair to judge women? No, especially when the female gender is being picked on harshly. Various cultures depict equality based on their customs, however women need to take advantage of getting their voice heard.
Both of my grandparents and parents came from Mexico, which makes them Hispanic. In their culture men consider themselves as hunters and women as gathers. The reason being, men are thought of being stronger than women. The role of men is to work from morning to night and to provide for his family. When coming home they expected the wife to sustain their needs eventually, adapt the women giving everything to men directly to their hands. Hispanic men were usually tough, insensitive and respected. On the other hand women are known to stay at home and maintain the house, clean, and set food on the table, while raising no more than, twelve children. The Spanish culture itself depicts our gender roles. Although, everyone’s race is different based on his or her traditions. However men always seem to conquer. My parents on the other hand have adapted more to America’s modern time, which is having women...
...between Chinese Authoritarian State and Women Activism for Economic Rights in China since 1990 with special reference to the role played by ACWF – Analysis from Marxist Perspective
Asoke (Rocky) Mehera MBA/MPA (SCU, Australia); MA History (BU, India)
(Ex – Teacher, La Mart College of Technology, Sydney; Project Officer - Terex)
Address: Terex 585 Curtin Ave E, Eagle Farm QLD 4009, Australia.
Phone: + (61) 7 3868 9600; Mob: 0061431714462.
Email: [email protected];[email protected]
Keywords: Women Activism China; State & NGOs China; Gender Inequality China; Women in Agriculture & Industry; Women Labour China
Article Classification: Viewpoint/Perspective
This article examines interaction (both collaboration and confrontation) of state corporatism and embedded pluralism of the social organizations championing the economic rights of women in China. This article proposes an interpretation of changes in patterns of gender inequality in agrarian and industrial sector with special reference to the role played by two major NGOs, namely ACWF & ACFTU. As most of the social organizations are sharing a status of ‘dependent autonomy’ with the state, the issues regarding economic welfare of women has been neglected. Ideological transition of china from socialism to state-capitalism has been studied to understand the linkage between state involvement and women-activism for socio-economic rights through women...
...USING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION TO PROMOTE WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN GHANA
Social Development, by definition, aims at promoting the welfare or well-being content and outcomes of development policy and practice, in ways that at the same time, advance the instrumentality or empowerment of individuals and groups. Social development does not only advocate for an improvement in well-being, but also that policies and programmes should advance a greater ability to effect change. Social Development must therefore be nested in social justice and equity at both individual and institutional levels.
The empowerment of persons who are vulnerable and excluded, promotion of social justice and equity are the main concerns of social policies, and this should transcend all aspects of society, including participation in governance and decision making. Inspite of the pivotal role women in Ghana play within the family, they are invisibly represented in governance and decision making sector of the economy. This is because there is no concrete policy measures in place to ensure that the structural inequality between men and women are taken into account in promoting participation in policy decision. Efforts are being made at various levels to address the marginalization of women in Ghana’s politics and other spheres of life, but this still remains an area of concern. In a country where women constitute about 51 percent, their involvement in development issues...
...Do you think 13 years old is old enough to get married? To me this is crazy at 13 years old a person is still a child with a lot of growing up to do. In Iran a girl 13 years of age can legally get married. There are many negative effects of getting married at such a young age and many marriages end up in control by the husband. About 1 in every 3 women in Iran is abused throughout their lifetime (Esfandiari, 2003) and in Iran it is just a part of their culture. There are things the U.S. can do to help the women gain their rights and have a higher standard of living. Women have very little rights in Iran and it just isn’t fair.
In Iran the country follows the Sharia, which means Islamic law. “What constitutes childhood according to Sharia differs from that of the Convention of the Right of the Child, which describes “anybody under the age of eighteen as a child” and to which Iran is signatory.” (Tremayne, 2006) Although the Iranian government signed this CRC they did not put it into action because of their religious practices and set the age of legal marriage to 13, unless their legal guardian and another source like a doctor/judge acknowledged they were ready.
Early marriage in Iran has different effects on an adolescent’s physical and psychosocial health. Some of the effects of early marriage are risk of early pregnancy, premature labor, complications during delivery, low birth weights of the babies and poor survival chances...
...The Rights of Women in Islamic Countries
For many years women have been mistreated in society. While many nations now see men and women as equals, the Islamic community has yet to do such. Many Islamic counties, such as Iran, still abide by these unjust actions that take place against a person because of their gender. Women in Islamic countries are being controlled with what they are allowed to say, how they are allowed to dress, their political opinions, the types of employment they may hold, forms of punishment, and their political opinions. While most of the world has come to a consensus realizing men and women are equal, Islamic Law has yet to change.
Women is Islamic countries do have rights. Their rights aren’t nearly as reasonable as the rights that men have. Women in Islamic nations have the right to obtain an education, but only in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Iranian women have the opportunity to get an education, but it is not strongly enforced. Though they must usually gain their education through an all girls’ school, this is an advantage that the women are given. In the past many women were not allowed to attain an education. Next, under the Iranian Constitution it is the duty of the clergymen to construe laws dealing with women. Only religious males figures are permitted to discuss women’srights. Unfortunately under these laws a woman’s life is only half as...