Women as Academic Leaders in Higher Education
Professor & Head
Institute of Tourism & Hotel Management
Bundelkhand University, Jhansi
Women in Higher Education in India are among the lowest in the Commonwealth Countries. Women reach the top the hard way it is a struggle, a constant juggling of roles, tight work to maintain a balance between home and career. With all the old roles and new roles mixing matching, prioritizing to excel, few have reached to peak. The climate of higher education is still un-friendly toward women, and we need more progressive leadership to transform our Universities into more responsive, nurturing academic communities. In a land where Saraswati is worshiped as an embodiment of learning, the girl child is often deprived from going to the school. Those who do get education have to face a struggle in the work arena. Those women who enter into the Higher Education as a profession face unique problems and challenges. It is true that women, of late, have made their presence felt, with a difference, in the present male dominated Higher Education system, often appearing as winning competitors, not just in the academic front but also in the decision making areas of academic governance. Most male counterparts in the Higher Education scenario would rather pray to the prevedic image of a woman and keep them out of competition. An Attitudinal change is required, where women in Higher Education, as in all other spheres are treated as individuals and at par with men, as partners.
This paper focuses on the challenges faced by women in Higher Education. It elaborates the importance of 4 C’s of an Academic leader, viz.: courage, conflict, community and change. Women in Higher Education need not just have a vision, but also have the ability, courage and initiative to implement that vision. Leaders fuel higher education’s response to change. Some leadership styles fuel positive transformation while others work best for maintenance. In these days of accelerating change, universities thrive best with transformational leaders. Women’s skills fit this need especially well
Women as Academic Leaders in Higher Education
Reader & Coordinator, VJB Center for Women’s Studies & Development Bundelkhand University, Jhansi
A woman is an epitome of inner strength, she is capable of creation, nurturing and transformation. Today there is a greater awakening among women. In education, they have not only excelled but also become top achievers. Likewise, in office and industry, many have shown brilliant results. Even in rural India with education, women have shown better performance. Educating women is absolutely essential in straightening her personality. The need of the hour is to provide an opportunity in a conducive atmosphere free from gender differences. The need for awareness motivation and courage to correct the faults of male counterparts are great challenges today. But the truth is that representation of Women in the higher echelons of any industry are still a rare phenomenon, this is itself proved by the fact that any woman who reaches the top of her chosen field is a top story of the newspapers, where as when a man reaches the top position, it is taken for granted. Gender biasness and differences are evident from this small fact itself.
"The voice of the working woman" a document of U.N.O. 1982 makes a significant statistical statement. "Women make up 50% of the world's population, comprise 33.3% of the official labor force, perform nearly 66.6% of all working hours, receive 10% of the world's income but own less than 1% of world properly". This statement alone justifies, serious, positive, need for a down to earth policy on empowerment of women. It is also true that women of late have made their presence felt, with a difference, in the present male dominated society in all the spheres of work, appearing as winning competitors in decision making areas of...
...Academic Dishonesty and the Internet in HigherEducation
Just as the industrial revolution brought drastic changes to how people lived in the 18th and 19th centuries, the digital age is a new era in which we are living that both recently has brought and is currently bringing about many changes in the way we live. This new so called digital age has manipulated the way we live. It has changed the way we interact and socialize, the way we process and get information, and even the way we learn in education. Educationally speaking, the digital age has brought about a great deal of positive changes in education but also some negative ones. The Internet makes peer-reviewed research studies and library collections easily accessible to students. The internet also allows collaboration among individuals and groups without geographical limitations possible. An unfortunate result of the digital age, however, is that students are becoming less likely to maintain their academic integrity, and this increase in academic dishonesty occurs in both traditional and web-based courses.
Academic dishonesty is not a new phenomenon amongst students, but the ways that students are doing it and their attitudes toward it are changing. The digital age has brought a tremendous amount of opportunities for students and teachers in the educational society today. Technology is changing the...
...of HigherEducation for Women
"Education is one of the most important means of empowering women with the knowledge, skills and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process."
Education is important for everyone, but it is especially significant for girls and women. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. Investing in girls' education is one of the most effective ways to reduce poverty. Investments in secondary school education for girls yields especially high dividends.
Girls who have been educated are likely to marry later and to have smaller and healthier families. Educated women can recognize the importance of health care and know how to seek it for themselves and their children. Education helps girls and women to know their rights and to gain confidence to claim them. However, women’s literacy rates are significantly lower than men’s in most developing countries.
The gender equity enshrined in the Constitution of India has helped greatly to reduce the gap between men and women. Access to highereducation has enabled women to...
...Qualities that Distinguish WomenLeadersWomenleaders are more persuasive, assertive and willing to take more risks than male leaders.
Mara Swan, Chief People Officer for Molson Coors, points out, “I believe this study shows that for a woman to become a leader today, she has to fight harder against the status quo, which requires her to be more focused and determined.”
Womenleaders are more assertive and persuasive, have a stronger need to get things done and are more willing to take risks than male leaders, according to a new study conducted by Caliper, a Princeton-based management consulting firm, which has assessed the potential of more than two million applicants and employees for over 25,000 companies around the world, and Aurora, a London-based organization which advances women and comprises a 20,000 member businesswomen’s network.
Womenleaders also were found to be more empathic and flexible, as well as stronger in interpersonal skills than their male counterparts. “These qualities combine to create a leadership style that is inclusive, open, consensus building, collaborative and collegial,” according to Herb Greenberg, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Caliper.
“We should emphasize that the male leaders in this study were...
...Women as Leaders in the 21st Century
In a world today where more and more women are rising to the leadership challenge there still seems to be a stigma of the competency of women in leadership roles. There is an increase in the number of women attending universities, starting their own business and rising to senior level management. This has demonstrated to men who own businesses that women can be both leaders and mothers, thus showing their male counterpart that women can in fact "do it all". The changing attitudes towards women taking over family businesses and how women lead compare to how men lead is a barrier that is slowly changing. Even though women do possess many of the characteristics of being effective leaders, women must maintain this momentum of continuous rising into leadership roles in order to break the “glass ceiling”. The history of women in the workforce has significantly changed and the challenges women face today have changed from generation to generation. The changes that have happened over the year are not because women have still chosen to sit at the back of the bus but rather women are now the drivers of the bus.
History and the Challenges Women Face...
...QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHEREDUCATION: WITH REFRENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
Dr.Aruna Ms Sangeeta
Faculty Commerce, Faculty Art,
Rama Degree College Ram Manohar Yadav
The overall scenario of highereducation in India does not match with the global Quality standards. Hence, there is enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. Traditionally, these institutions assumed that Quality could be determined by their internal...
2) A critical review of competencies, skills, theories and approaches
3) Bureaucratic Views
4) Theory X and Theory Y
5) The Systems Theory
6) The Contingency Theory
7) Role Theory
8) Paradigm 1: Christian scientific education management
9) Paradigm 2: Education management
10) Paradigm 3: Education governance and management
11) Collegiality Theory
12) What should Effective Educational Management look like in schools?
14) Reference Page
Schools in South Africa are a unique kind of organisation, with clearly defined goals and policies. Schools function through a hierarchical structure of authority whereby every aspect of the school needs to function accordingly. Schools are also, a dynamic and ever- changing system continually responding to influences both externally and internally. In order for schools to render an effective service of education certain structures need to be in place, and effective undertakings of various management functions need to be prioritised (Naidu, 2008:74). ‘Educational organisations, are human endeavours’ (Owens and Valensky, 2011: 84), and to deal with them effectively is to deal with human social systems. Management effectiveness in schools relates to competencies, skills and approaches. However, school management teams interventions which are aimed at improving their current...
...The High Price of HigherEducation
In America's society today, students are expected to follow the path of day care, grade school, middle school, high school and hopefully college. Growing up in America today, the importance of education is stressed starting at the earliest stages of development. In a world with a competitive job market and with citizens who want to make the most money that they can, a college education is key in success. For some students, financing college is not a problem. Money should not be a factor in the student's decision-making process when choosing what school to attend, but unfortunately many people are unable to attend the university of their choice due to the high costs. Working through college is not always the best answer because this can have a negative effect on academic performance with the added stress. It is true that financial aid and loans are available, but it is sometimes much harder to take advantage of these than people realize. Although universities offer many forms of aid in paying for college, the continually increasing prices still make it impossible for many people to afford highereducation, and lowering prices would be effective in increasing the amount of people able to obtain a college degree.
In today's society, the average income for middle class families is $49,500 (Preliminary Estimates). This is only a little...
In the time I have spent in highereducation, I have noticed that educators generally encounter three categories of students. The first category, about 10 percent of the student population will always succeed because they have the attitude that failure is not an option. The second group, another 10 percent of the population, will inevitably fail, lacking the personal motivation and drive necessary to reach educational goals. Approximately 80 percent of students make up category three. A group full of bright minds that could lean toward either success or failure. This group will most significantly be impacted by changes and improvements in education. The differentiating factor in this group is that each student's response to the same question: "Is investing in my education really worth it?"
Some people are deterred from pursuing highereducation because of the price tag attached. Even though student loans are often available, the idea of repaying student loan debt, with high interest rates and low job prospects is a significant roadblock for many. For students with young families or those who have never considered post-secondary education, it is often much more appealing to take a job out of high school and immediately generate income. These are the students who begin to feel that an education is simply not...