Women's Rights 19th century
|Several activists in antislavery joined the women's rights movement. Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony, Matilda Joslyn Gage, Abby Kelley | |Foster, and Sojourner Truth are among the most well known. Angelina Grimke and her sister, Sarah Grimke worked for women's rights after a | |career as antislavery lecturers. | |Wendell Phillips, William Lloyd Garrison, and human rights advocate Ernestine Rose participated at national women's rights conventions. | |In 1849 Amelia Bloomer became the editor of the first woman's newspaper, The Lily. Bloomer lived in Seneca Falls, New York and became an | |outspoken advocate of women's rights, dress reform, and temperance. She was inspired by Elizabeth Smith Miller. |
The importance of women of the 19th century represents the entitlements and freedoms claimed for women and girls of all ages in many societies. The idea is that women should have equalrights with men.
In some places these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behaviour, whereas in others they may be ignored or suppressed. They differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls in favour of men and boys.
Issues commonly associated with notions of women's rights include, though are not limited to, the right: to bodily integrity and autonomy; to vote(suffrage); to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; to own property; to education; to serve in the military or be conscripted; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital, parental and religious rights.
It takes a considerable leap of the imagination for a woman of the 21st century to realise what her life would have been like had she been born 150 years ago. We take for granted nowadays that almost any woman can have a career if she applies herself. We take for granted that women can choose whether or not to marry, and whether or not to have children, and how many.
Women of the mid-19th century had no such choices. Most lived in a state little better than slavery. They had to obey men, because in most cases men held all the resources and women had no independent means of subsistence. A wealthy widow or spinster was a lucky exception. A woman who remained single would attract social disapproval and pity. She could not have children or cohabit with a man: the social penalites were simply too high. Nor could she follow a profession, since they were all closed to women.
Girls received less education than boys, were barred from universities, and could obtain only low-paid jobs. Women's sole purpose was to marry and reproduce. At mid-century women outnumbered men by 360,000 (9.14m and 8.78m) and thirty percent of women over 20 were unmarried. In the colonies men were in the majority, and spinsters were encouraged to emigrate.
Most women had little choice but to marry and upon doing so everything they owned, inherited and earned automatically belonged to their husband. This meant that if an offence or felony was committed against her, only her husband could prosecute. Furthermore, rights to the woman personally - that is, access to her body - were his. Not only was this assured by law, but the woman herself agreed to it verbally: written into the marriage ceremony was a vow to obey her husband, which every woman had to swear before God as well as earthly witnesses. Not until the late 20th century did women obtain the right to omit that promise from their wedding vows.
In 1890, Florence Fenwick Miller (1854-1935), a midwife turned journalist, described woman's position succinctly:
Under exclusively man-made laws women have been reduced to the most abject condition of legal slavery in which it is possible for human beings to be held...under...
...Equality Rights 1
The Evolution of the Extension of Equality Rights from Classical to Modern Liberalism
Social Studies 30
November 30, 2012
Equality Rights 2
Towards the latter part of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century, classical liberalism underwent great modifications in terms of equality rights. Its modified form even came to be known as modern or positive liberalism. It differed from classical liberalism in so far as it emphasized the significance and rationality of equal opportunities and justice. Modern liberalism has promoted the positive rather than the negative aspects of the liberation movement. The extension of women’s equality rights of the final step in the revolution of classical liberalism to modern liberalism has extended this particular group’s rights economically, socially and politically to an uttermost extent.
Initially, women’s lives have improved economically. Modern liberalism has come to interpret freedom as involving a right to basic requirements of the development and security necessary to assure the equal opportunity and personal dignity of women. Nevertheless, in the nineteenth century’s Victorian era, the emergence of...
...life improve for women in the 19thcentury?
Life for women changed dramatically in the 19thcentury. They were given more rights, started to become more equal to men, and more of them were recognised for certain talents such as writing. The way women lived was improved across all areas of their actions, beginning the way women are treated now. The average woman was expected to have children, carry out everything around the house and do what she was told. Many people consistently attempted to demonstrate that women where just as equal to men, and that they should get rights identical to theirs. Over the centuries the change did steadily happen, but the most dramatic alterations were in the 19thcentury, and so below is information on how and what changed, why, the most important aspect out of everything that happened, and why it meant that women’s lives were transformed for good.
Why women’s lives were improved
Women did a variety of things in the 19thcentury to get the rights and changes they wanted. The goal they wanted to achieve more than anything else was the right to vote, and they did finally manage this, but to get there they did all sorts of things! For example;
1. Women protested time and time again, everywhere, anywhere and in front of whoever...
Women'srights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide. In some places, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behaviour, whereas in others they may be ignored or suppressed. They differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls in favour of men and boys.
Issues commonly associated with notions of women'srights include, though are not limited to, the right: to bodily integrity and autonomy; to vote ; to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; to own property; to education; to serve in the military or be conscripted; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital or parental rights.
Although males seem to have dominated in many ancient cultures, there are some exceptions. For instance in the Nigerian Aka culture women may hunt, even on their own, and often control distribution of resources. Ancient Egypt had female rulers, such as Cleopatra.
The status of women in China was low, largely due to the custom of foot binding. About 45% of Chinese women had bound feet in the 19thcentury. For the upper classes, it was almost 100%. In 1912, the...
30 June 2013
At the Tenth National Woman’s Rights Convention, held in New York, Susan B. Anthony celebrated advances of U. S. women. During this time, she rejoiced over a recent announcement of a donation made by Matthew Vassar for the foundation of a women’s college (Ray 1). Advances during the 1860’s like the one made by Matthew Vassar were a huge improvement for women. Margaret Fuller takes us on a tour of the treatment of women in her essay The Great Lawsuit. Margaret Fuller was America’s first true feminist. Today she holds a distinctive place in the cultural life of the American Renaissance (Hampson). Fuller was a transcendentalist, literary critic, editor, journalist, teacher, and political activist (Hamspon). Fuller served with Emerson as editor of The Dial. Specifically, The Great Lawsuit shows us how women were mistreated during the Nineteenth Century. The Great Lawsuit criticizes men and women’s inequality in the workplace, marriage, and intellectual independence.
Margaret Fuller advocated for women’srights in the 1800’s. In The Great Lawsuit, Fuller discusses the inequality in marriage between a man and his wife. Even today we see that this inequality exists. Men are always considered the provider and the head of the family. Women are supposed to stay home and tend to the house and...
August 12, 2013
The American Women'sRights Movement in 1848 paved the way for the declaration that revolutionized women's lives. Women demanded equality in all areas of civil, political, economic, and private life. Beginning in the 1960s women felt the need to reform the traditional bias in order to exercise the rights for women in favor of men. Today, America is living the legacy of the great progress women have made in all areas addressed while their earnest quest for full and true equality continues.
Women were thought to be the subservient gender. The ideal woman was silent and submissive; her job was to be docile and obedient; a loving wife who was completely subservient to the men around her. They had to obey their father after they were born, and their husband after they married. The day of most American women consisted of maintaining the house, preparing meals, taking care of the children, helping them with their homework, being the ideal wife, doing the dishes and the laundry all while remaining elegant. Women had very few rights in early twentieth century. Less than a decade later, women began to take a stance on their independence and equal rights.
Beginning of American...
...citizens right to vote based on race. Newly freed African-Americans were now able to take part in the political processes of the United States, so long as they were men. It was another fifty years before the 19th Amendment extended suffrage to American women, of any race. The two major groups of the Women’s Movement who fought for voting rights, the National Woman’s Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association, aided by the combination of the two groups and the social and political developments throughout the years, led to the 19th Amendments ratification in 1920, when the movement began to falter and fade.
In the early 19thcentury, century, women were limited to the home and care of the children. Arguably the first defining moment of the Women’s Movement was the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848, the first women’srights convention held in the United States. Elizabeth Cady Stantion read aloud the Declaration of Sentiments, a statement that rewrote the Delcaration of Independence, replacing the concerns the colonists had written about with the greivences women’s had towards the limited rights afforded to them. Stanton went on to become a founding member of a major women’srights party, the National Woman’s Suffrage Association, along with Susan...
The Women’s Suffrage Movement
Starting in 1776 with a letter from Abigail Adams to her husband, the movement for Women’s suffrage lasted a superfluous amount of time. Mrs. Adam’s request for the President to “remember the ladies” set in motion a whole movement that would revolutionize the United States of America. A movement that set forth rights that the women of today take for granted.
The women’s suffrage movement began in the mid-nineteenth century. Women began discussing the problems they faced in society and the different ways they wanted to change their lives. The Civil War and World War I also had an enormous effect upon the movement. During both of these wars, women felt a new sense of independence and strength. During this time, the women had to step in to take the place of men in factories, mills, and the like. Once the men had returned from war and kicked women back into their old positions, the women were furious. However, not all who fought for women’s suffrage had experienced being the “lesser sex” in a working world. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became a major advocate for the women’s movement, learned her lesson by listening to the complaints of women in her father’s office. When explaining it to her father, she stated, “They who have sympathy and imagination to make the sorrows of others their own, can readily learn all the hard lessons of life from...
American Federal Government
April 6, 2013
In the early days of American society, women were treated almost as badly as slaves, viewed as property; someone to give birth, raise the children, and keep the home. It was the men who were allowed to vote and actually own a home, and for a long span of time the only job a woman could obtain was one working in a factory under very dangerous conditions.
Even in the earliest days of America, women longed for rights equal to men as John Adam’s wife” urged him to include women in drafting the nation’s founding documents” (Gateways to democracy chapter five). However, no rights for women were mentioned in the original documents of the United States. The women of America sat silently for many years, and had begun to lose all hope for equality until the Seneca Falls Convention of 1884, which was the first national meeting discussing women’s suffrage. From this meeting came the Declaration of Sentiments, which stated that men and women were created equal, and that all women had an inalienable right to vote. This meeting was a small setback for women’srights activists in that it brought forth no results to help further women’s suffrage.
By the late 1800’s, women were still shunned in the political arena of life, and most men agreed that a woman’s place was in...