Today people think that women are liberated in the West and that the women's liberation movement began in the 20th century although in actuality, the women's liberation movement was not begun by women but was revealed by God to a man in the seventh century by the name of Muhammad (peace be upon him), who is known as the last Prophet of Islam. The Qur'an and the Traditions of the Prophet (Hadith or Sunnah) are the sources from which every Muslim woman derives her rights and duties. Introduction
A woman in Islam occupies a unique position, where she is ranked in a manner, which enables her to be respected in the fashion that she desires. In our contemporary society Islam is considered an oppressive religion. In this society, women are viewed as objects: they are used, abused and victims of terrible crimes. In Islam, women are held high in esteem. Islam has liberated women from many things and has given them back their self-respect. Through reading this booklet you can learn of the many benefits that a Muslim woman gains. You can also learn of the Shar’i view regarding women in certain situations, which gives you an insight of how to behave and practice in correct accordance to the Qur’an and Sunnah. Allah Ta’aalaa states in the Qur’an:
"And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness. " (2: 228) This aayah of the Holy Qur’an shows that the status of men and women are equal in that their rights are mutually compulsive (obligatory). However, these "rights" are slightly different, as extorted in the verse: "Men are in charge of women because Allah hath made the one of them excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women)." (4: 34) Over 1,400 years ago, Islam raised the status of women from a position of oppression to one of liberation and equality. In an era when women were considered possessions, Islam restored women to a position of dignity. A Muslim woman knows her place in society and knows her place in the family infrastructure. Her religion is her first priority; therefore, her role is clear-cut and defined. A Muslim woman, far from being oppressed, is a woman who is liberated in the true sense of the word. She is a slave to no man or to any economic system; rather, she is the slave of God. Islam clearly defines women’s rights and responsibilities spiritually, socially, and economically. Islam’s clear-cut guidelines are empowering; they raise women to a natural and revered position. An expectant mother would silently pray that the child she would bear would be a boy. Backing her desire for a boy would be an inner fear created by the men of her clan. For, if a girl was born, the mother would be reprimanded, her honor diminished. The father instead of rejoicing would be overcome with a mixture of shame and embarrassment. To announce the birth of a girl would be an issue of degradation and dishonor. The father’s only solution would be to silently take the child away and bury her alive beneath the ground. RIGHTS OF WOMEN
* Spiritual rights:
The spiritual and moral duties for men and women are essentially the same. In fact there are certain concessions given to women. Pregnant ladies and menstruating women need not fast during such days, but later compensate for the same. The reward and punishment of Allah is in no way connected with the gender.
* Economical rights :
As I mentioned earlier, the job should be within the limits of Islamic Shariah and within modesty levels. Besides the professional jobs I mentioned, they can work in industries and small scale factories which are so made that they exclusively employ ladies or have separate sections for gents and ladies staff. She can also engage in business and when required, enter into transactions with gents through a Mehram such as her husband, son etc. The best example I can quote is that of Prophet Muhammad’s (Pbuh) wife, Bibi Khadija (R) who was a very successful...
Social Movements Women'sLiberation
Before the women’sliberation movement, women were looked down upon. Women were always thought of as being less than men and women were considered to be fragile. Women who worked made much less than men and men did not think that women were able do the same type of work as they did. Women have definitely come a long way and during the women’sliberation movement, they made a lot of progress with how they were viewed.
In the year 1970, the Sun Reporter conducted an interview with several people to see what men thought of the Women’sLiberation Movement. A majority of the men in the interviews agreed with the Women’sLiberation Movement. For instance, one man stated that “It’s wonderful, more power to them.” Another man stated, “I support women’sliberation; the movement has profound revolutionary content.” Even though there were some men that thought the movement was a good thing, most men strongly disagreed with the movement. For instance, one man said, “Women and their liberation? I sometimes wonder if women know what they want. I often think of them paying alimony or sweeping the streets.” Most men seemed to feel this way about women (Sun Reporter. 1968-1979).
On another side of this...
Since the middle of this century, women around the world have been seeking greater independence and recognition. No longer content with their traditional roles as housewives and mothers, women have joined together to create the so-called “women’sliberation movement”. While the forces behind this international movement vary from culture to culture and from individual to individual, the basic causes in the United States can be traced to three events: the development of effective birth-control methods, the invention of labor-saving devices for the home, and the advent of World War II.
The first cause of the liberation of women was the development of effective birth-control methods, freeing women from the endless cycle of childbearing and rearing. As a result of having a choice as to when and whether to bear children, women acquired the freedom and the time to pursue interests outside of the home. Because of the development of birth control, women could delay having children or avoid having them altogether; consequently, women had the opportunity to acquire an education and/or pursue a career.
Another event was the development of mechanized labor-saving devices for the home, resulting in more leisure time and freedom for women. For example, fifty years ago, a housewife spent an average of twelve to fourteen hours per day doing housework. Due to the invention of...
...access to positions of power.
<br>Some exceptions to women's dependence on men did exist. In ancient Babylonia and Egypt women had property rights, and in medieval Europe the could join craft guilds.
<br>Men of the lower classes also lacked rights, but they could console themselves by feeling superior to women.
<br>The Enlightenment, with it's egalitarian political importance, and the Industrial Revolution, which caused economic and social changes, provided a favorable climate for the rise of feminism, along with other reform movements in the late 18th and the 19th centuries.
<br>Of deeper significance for women was the Industrial Revolution. The transformation of handicrafts, which women had always carried on at home, without pay, into machine-powered mass production meant that lower-class women could become wage earners in factories. This was the beginning of their independence, although factory conditions were hazardous and their pay, lower than men's, was legally controlled by their husbands. At the same time middle and upper-class women were expected to stay at home as idle, decorative symbols of their husbands' economic success. Such conditions encouraged the feminist movement.
<br>Rapidly industrializing Great Britain and the U.S., feminism was more successful. The leaders were primarily educated, leisured, reform-minded women of the middle class. In 1848 more than 100 persons held the first women's rights...
Liberation: Framework and Perspectives
The perspectives, beliefs and ambitions of minorities and activists groups have made strong political impacts since the 1960's in the United States. The civil rights movement during this period inspired people of different ages and race that had felt singled-out to push forth their voice as well as their opinions and ultimately to produce change. Their main purpose was not to create violence, but to instead live in a better society for better living. What is intriguing about liberation is that people come together and revolutionize what they feel is right, no matter what the situation is. Doing so brings out ideas that were always thought to be unacceptable. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the liberation movements and framework that have laid the groundwork for people to use in their 'political fight today.
Liberation is defined as being “set free” or “having a release from social stereotyping.” An individual's perspective on a certain situation makes it unique, and having these thoughts and beliefs sets them apart from the norm. Therefore, they then find liberation within themselves. On the other hand, one doesn't need to feel liberated, but rather learns and studies people with opposing views from society. This can be seen as becoming liberated in knowledge. In a philosophical standpoint, both as seen as a political current and an...
...Maria E. Jimenez
Understanding Civilizations: Islam and the West
21 February 2014
The Quran: Door to Liberate and Empower Islam Women
For the majority of Western women, Muslim women liberation is hard to understand because the mean of liberation is completely different between both civilizations. For Western women, liberation means having equal rights in the economic and social environment, and have personal and sexual freedom, while for Muslim women liberation means freedom from Islamic patriarchal oppression through the right interpretation of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. Moreover, many western people are convinced that Islam oppressed women because they fail to distinguish their perception of Muslim women in patriarchal cultures, such Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan, from other Muslim cultures, such Turkey. However, since the seven century, Muslim women were granted with equal rights through the Quran by the Prophet Muhammad. Islam was the first religion that granted equal rights to both sexes and recognized women as the main pillars of their families.1
The views and arguments consider in this essay are those of Islamic feminist. First, this paper will discuss the rights and gender equality afforded to women in the Quran. Second, it will highlight how the special status given to women in the Quran empower them in the society, and third, it will look how the veil, or hijab, liberates Muslim women by...
Should all women be equal to their status, opportunities and rights? Every woman should have the ability to express their freedoms and rights, deserve equal treatment within their society and region, and every country needs to reinforce the rules for women. There is no dignity and respect for women universally. Gender equality is still out of reach for many women worldwide.
Presently, women have gained legal rights throughout the world. Thewomen’s rights movement changed society into what we know today. They have allowed Canadian women to obtain a certain formal equality. They have also allowed women to vote and been given equal pay for equal work, however; women had to fight through difficult times to get through discrimination in the 19th century. In the past, women did not have the rights and freedoms as most men and were treated harshly. In other words, women had almost no rights at all. They were not allowed to vote, they could not hold in public offices, and were not given custody of their children if the couple had a divorce agreement. As a result, they were mainly seen as homemakers. Women were inferior to men in many different ways. Women did not have any property rights and once she was married, she was no longer allowed to own any land or property. A man could sell his house and take all the money for himself, and leave his wife and child behind with nothing. Womenfolk were not considered as people. The...
...The Women’sLiberation Movement (WLM) has shaped the changing rights and freedom of women in Australia since the late 1960’s. The Movement aimed to overturn the idea that women were inferior to men and to make society see women as people who could control their own lives. The Women’s movement sought to bring about change for women in a society that called for long overdue change.
In Australia, the 1960s was an era characterised by questioning of the political, economic, and social status quo. It was a decade of protest and many people demanded changes to society’s organisation and priorities. Women became more aware of the different ways in which society limited their freedom and ignored their rights. They are denied basic rights, trapped in the home for life, and discriminated against in the workplace. They started getting together in small groups and discussed ways of re-educating and recognizing women’s rights and put and end to the barriers of segregation and discrimination based on sex. The peak of this movement occurred in the 1960s and 1970s, when the Women'sLiberation Movement was recognized as an organized effort to gain equality of women. The women'sliberation movement grew very rapidly spreading across the globe in a short space of time.
An aim in which women came up with in hope to achieve was to overturn the idea that women were inferior to...
Betty Friedan wrote that "the only way for a woman, as for a man, to find herself, to know herself as a person, is by creative work of her own." The message here is that women need more than just a husband, children, and a home to feel fulfilled; women need independence and creative outlets, unrestrained by the pressures of society. Throughout much of history, women have struggled with the limited roles society imposed on them. The belief that women were intellectually inferior, physically weaker, and overemotional has reinforced stereotypes throughout history. In the 1960s, however, women challenged their roles as "the happy little homemakers." Their story is the story of the Women'sLiberation Movement.
The struggle for women's rights did not begin in the 1960s. What has come to be called "Women's Lib" was, in fact, the second wave of a civil rights movement that began in the early 19th century. This first wave revolved around gaining suffrage (the right to vote). Earlier women's movements to improve the lives of prostitutes, increase wages and employment opportunities for working women, ban alcohol, and abolish slavery inspired and led directly to the organized campaign for women's suffrage.
The movement towards women's suffrage began in 1840 when Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton went to...