This research will review women’s rights in Saudi Arabia. This research will show how Saudi women can not complete simple daily activities because of their limited rights. I have conducted an online survey that showed what are the obstacles that Saudi women face. At the same time I received very shocking and surprising results which promise an upcoming brighter future for women’s rights. I interviewed Dr.Noura al-Ajlan a member in the Saudi Human Rights Organization, in order to explore the problem in Saudi Arabia.
•The way media presents Kingdom of Saudi Arabia …………………3 •Brief history of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia …………………………..4
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has successfully proven its presence to other countries and is by being one of the few fast growing countries around the world. Throughout time it has managed to develop in many sectors in a short time such as: education, health and technology. However, if we look at the media and the image it is presenting to the world about Saudi Arabia, a negative image of the country will be found as it faces many accusations such as it being a terrorist country. Most of what the media shows is not true, however there is truth behind what media shows. An issue they constantly bring up is human rights in Saudi Arabia and more specifically women's rights. The media keeps focusing the light on certain questions such as "why can't Saudi women drive?", or "how come men in Saudi get to vote while women can't" or "why do Saudi women need their legal guardian's approval to travel?” this endless questioning is always brought up by the media as an approach to understand how the social and legal systems work within the country. Expressing feminist ideas and showing interest in social change would create great confusion in the community. In Saudi Arabia, human rights are based on Sharia religious laws . Therefore, many Muslims oppose women’s rights because their own interpretation of Islam is made by men for men to continue men’s power and their preferred lifestyle. Women’s rights in Saudi Arabia is an issue that cannot be comfortably discussed publicly as it is a very sensitive topic in the Middle East in general and Saudi Arabia in particular because most Saudis are conservative and religious; they respect religious figures and authorities and fear them. Sadly, Islam gave females power and dignity, but some extremists will only remember and repeat what is beneficial for them. Since Saudi Arabia is ruled by Sharia laws, some people misuse religion to undermine women’s rights, however women’s rights need to be understood from the Islamic perspective and more opportunities granted to women. In the early years in Saudi Arabia, official education was only granted to male students. Years after that, and in 1948, the first educational establishment for girls was founded in Mecca. In 1969 my mother had to fly to Kuwait to continue her post-secondary education because there weren’t any Universities in Riyadh – the capital of Saudi Arabia -.The idea of Human Rights is highly respected and recognized worldwide to protect the rights and freedom that each person must have. The first independent human rights organization in Saudi Arabia, the “National Society for Human Rights”, was established in 2004. In 2008, the Shura Council ratified the “Arab Charter on Human Rights”. All Saudi women -regardless of their age age- are required to have a male guardian. The "Guardianship" policy demands that women acquire their male guardian's permission in order for them to complete several daily activities such...
Women’s Rights in SaudiArabia
While researching information about women’s rights in SaudiArabia, I found a few articles that confirm that the Saudi guardianship system continues to treat women as minors. These articles contain valuable information about the requirements for women in the conservative Kingdom. Under these requirements, girls and women are forbidden from studying, work, or even traveling without the permission from their male guardian. While many women are fighting for their rights, there is evidence that some women in SaudiArabia do not want change because of the fear. My goal is to make a big impact in the world, in order to help these women, who deserve to be treated as human beings.
In Saudi culture, the sharia is interpreted according to a strict Sunni form known as the way of the Salaf. The law is unwritten, leaving judges with significant discretionary power, which they usually exercise in favor of tribal customs. “It’s the culture, not the religion,” is a Saudi saying. Many Saudis do not see Islam as the main impediment to women’s rights. Said one female journalist, “If the Qur’an does not address the subject, then the clerics will err on the side of caution and make it haram. The driving ban for women is the best example.”
...Women’s Rights in SaudiArabia
Being born and raised in America, I and many other Americans have been taught that we live in a country of freedom. Women and men are treated equally; every human being has rights, and you have the freedom to move at will and without restrictions. Women have come a long way in our country, gaining rights ever since the dawn of patriarchy and proving that they are just as good as men with the ability to think, speak, and act for themselves. However, discrimination of women still exists in America and many other countries, but women are taking a stand and trying to eliminate the inequality between genders, such as the difference in salaries, and the bad representation of and portrayal of women in the media. Women are even overcoming gender roles and in the household, especially recently due to the economy. We have seen husbands stay at home to take care of the kids and house while their wives go to work. Although America is not nearly free of discrimination, we are working to eliminate it. Other countries, especially in the Middle East, heavily oppress their women. The most recognized of them is SaudiArabia. SaudiArabia is a Middle Eastern country which is home to the holy city of Mecca, where Muslims from all over the world go for pilgrimage. SaudiArabia is a very religious country, and...
...The Rights of Women in SaudiArabia
By Shanelle Topp
“Women’s rights are human rights” is an important message which Plan Canada’s “Because I am a Girl” campaign has adopted. The rights of women around the world have an effect on everybody in the world, including males. According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2009 the Kingdom of SaudiArabia ranked 130th out of 134 countries on the Global Gender Gap Index in 2009 (Hausmann, Tyson, & Zahidi, 2009). In SaudiArabia, women are often suppressed in society and are noted as having the rights of minors. Saudi women are subject to unjust laws, sexist family code, and tainted education systems. This systemic inequality towards women must change.
Many of the so-called laws in SaudiArabia are in fact not written laws. Often individual judges use their own discretion when punishing people for their crimes as based upon Sharia. Sharia is defined by Oxford dictionary as “Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet (Hadith and Sunna), prescribing both religious and secular duties and sometimes retributive penalties for law breaking.” This can often lead to rulings that follow archaic religious rituals; although it should be noted that Sharia in itself is not sexist, but rather common...
...the capital city of SaudiArabia.
It is located slightly east of the center of the country in the heart of the Tuwaig long cliff. If you do not know a lot about SaudiArabia here is some facts; SaudiArabia is an exclusively Islamic (Muslim) kingdom and Islam governs nearly every aspect of life. The public practice of any form of religion other than Islam which is prohibited in SaudiArabia. Mecca and Medina are the two holiest cities of Islam. It is strictly forbidden to all non-Muslims, access to the outskirts of Medina is allowed. The Saudis are dignified and hospitable people. Work and social life are strictly divided by sex. Outside the family circle the sexes do not mix at all.
I was told that SaudiArabia would not be an easy country to live in. Despite aspiring to be a modern country and one of the richest countries in the world, SaudiArabia still has one of the most traditional societies. As any Islamic country, cultural life in SaudiArabia has to be in agreement with strict interpretations of the Quran. However, I was completely surprised to see how strict and intimidated SaudiArabia could be for women. The civil rights for women in SaudiArabia are very limited.
...The Lack of Women’s Rights in SaudiArabiaSaudiArabia is a monarchy that strictly obliges their citizens to comply with the constitution, with the laws of Islam as its foundation. However, the laws in SaudiArabia were created in accordance to how the kingdom’s councils’ interpreted the Qur’an, Islam’s holy book. According to the council, equality between women and men is against the laws of God and the law of nature dictated by women’s physiology. These beliefs positioned women in SaudiArabia subservient to men as restrictions are strictly applied on their way of living. Women in the kingdom live under constant legal and cultural prohibitions, whether in the family or outside their homes. Some of these are the requirement to veil women, the inferior education provided to women, and the lack of freedom of movement.
According to Laura Kaya in Polygamy and Law in Contemporary SaudiArabia, in order to keep modesty for both women and men, women were required to veil themselves (698). It is said that the concept of veiling does not only protect women’s modesty by being able to reserve their physical appearance solely for their spouse, but it also protects men’s modesty by keeping their minds off impure and lustful thoughts. Women are required to cover their bodies with an abaya, a black and loose...
...SaudiArabiaSaudiArabia is home of Islam and birthplace of the holy cities Mecca and Medinah. It is also one of the most richest country in the world, but also the most conservative and restrictive country (Middle East-SaudiArabia).
SaudiArabia takes up much of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and a few other Middle East countries such as Iraq and Yemen. It is the largest country without a major river, but it does have alot of coastland. The country has very harsh deserts with hot days and cold nights (Middle East- SaudiArabia). It also contains the largest continuous desert, which is the Rub Al-Khali or also called the Empty Quarter (SaudiArabia).
The history of SaudiArabia is by far great. Ever since the mid- 600’s a group called the Hashemite, who were thought of as descendants of Muhammad, ruled the western Arabia. The Hashemites joined forces with the British during World War One. When the Ottomans was defeated, the British gave the Arabians recognition of the country of the Hashemite Kingdom of the Hijaz. The eastern side of the Arabian Peninsula, Najd, was ruled by Abdul Aziz ibn Al-Saud. The Saudi family began to gain control of most of Arabia during the 1920’s. In 1926, the...
...In the heart of the Middle East is a country known by many Westerners for its oil production and, often, extremist beliefs of groups within the country. The country is SaudiArabia, and though it is thought of by many as a rather backward country, SaudiArabia has a rich history and culture, and it is a country that revolves around Islam and the worship of Allah as the one true God.
For about fifteen hundred years,Saudi Arabia's history has centered on one major theme: Islam. Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born around 570 A.D. in the city of Mecca. Early in the 7th century A.D., according to Islamic belief, Muhammad, while meditating in a cave on Mount Hira, was visited by the angel Gabriel. Gabriel called Muhammad to serve as prophet and proclaim the message of God to his people. He began his ministry in his home city of Mecca. At this time, most of the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula worshipped many gods, and since Muhammad's messages taught that there is only one God, he gained many adversaries in Mecca. As a result, he moved to the city of Medina in 622 and had more success converting people here than he did at Mecca. This journey is known to Muslims as the hijrah, and it marks the first year of the Islamic calendar. Muhammad returned to Mecca in 630 A.D., with an army, and conquered the city. By the time Muhammad died in 632, much of the Arabian Peninsula was under Islamic...
...I. Target Country Market: SaudiArabia
A. Geographic Characteristic Analysis
Currency: Saudi Riyal (US$1 = SR3.745)
Area: 2,149,690 Square Kilometers
Location: SaudiArabia, the largest country in the Middle East, occupies the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula and borders on both the Persian (Arabian) Gulf and the Red Sea. It faces Iran across the Gulf and borders Qatar and United Arab Emirates to the east, and Egypt, Sudan and Eritrea across the Red Sea to the west. In the south, it borders on Yemen and Oman. Its most crucial borders are in the north, where it meets Iraq, Jordan and Kuwait.
Riyadh Features: Major Highways
Malls and Large Infrastructures
Surrounded by the countries main ports
Shipping Ports: The capital city is surrounded by major ports that will only take 3-4 hours to Riyadh.
B. Demographic Characteristic and Analysis
Population: 27,000,000 (Excluding foreign and non-registered people)
0-14 years: 29.4% (male 3,939,377/female 3,754,020)
15-64 years: 67.6% (male 9,980,253/female 7,685,328)
65 years and over: 3% (male 404,269/female...