Alec Nielsen4/25/14History 113Women in the French Revolution Like most places in the world, until recently, women were considered an extension of their husband or father. They were given none or little rights both socially and politically. During the French revolution spanning from1789-1794, most social groups went though great changes from the nobles of the second estate, to the common man of the third. The revolutionary changes experienced by women in France were insignificant compared to most other social groups around them; their place in society stayed relatively stagnant. Revolutions often change things for everyone and the French revolution is an example of change at its minimum, at least for women. Most men and women agreed with Rousseau and other thinkers from the Enlightenment that women belonged in the private sphere of the home and therefore had no role to play in public affairs. Most of France's female population worked as peasants, shopkeepers, laundresses, yet women were defined primarily by their sex and marital status, not by their own occupations.As the Revolution of France gave every man passive citizenship that lived there, women were not considered passive or active citizens (Coffin, 553). All 17 articles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen did not apply to women as they do not qualify as the “men’ stated in the first article whom hold citizenship (Hunt, 77). Some Ideas, however, were reconsidered and some even made it farther than just a thought such as divorce rights. Women were also granted leave from an abusive husband or father (Coffin, 554). Mary Wollstonecraft argued strongly that reforming education for independent and equal womanhood. Wollstonecraft hinted at the idea at representing women in politics but she stated, “such an idea would excite laughter” (Coffin, 553). Male revolutionaries rejected every call for equal rights for women, but their reactions in print and in speech show that these demands...
...Many women were involved in the uncertainty of women's rights during the FrenchRevolution between the years of 1789 and 1804. Exploration of the unfolding struggles of France managed to turn my head in the direction of woman's rights more than once in my discovery. Perhaps because of the persistence of the women during this time period and their straight forwardness in their mission, was I so determined to see a positive progression in the fulfillment of their needs. "Even during a revolutionary time like this, equal rights for women seemed out of reach. Women had to struggle for a position in the revolution" (Ajaibu 2001, 1).
One of the main women involved in the FrenchRevolution was Olympe de Gouges. Olympe de Gouges is how one would recognize her, but her birth name was Olympe Gouze. Gouze, the daughter of a butcher, and a part of the lower class found prostitution as her occupation. Gouze was very bright and her enlightened views were bound to change the future, which they seemed to. She continued prostitution until she was thirty-six and respectfully became a playwright. After the death of her husband, Gouze moved to Paris and changed her name to Olympe de Gouges. Upon arrival, de Gouges proposed a new French theater that would only show women's plays (Ajaibu 2001, 1). "In 1788 Olympe started creating her pamphlets and petitions...
...The FrenchRevolution was an event that sparked the passions of writers around the world. Every writer had an opinion to impart. Most writers adopted either liberal or conservative views towards the matter. There were very few, if any, moderate pieces written. Richard Price and Edmund Burke were known for their support of the American Revolution as well as their vast differences of opinion towards the FrenchRevolution. Richard Price religiously supports the Revolution, while Edmund Burke traditionally opposes it. The two differed greatly on their views towards the importance of government, its relationship to larger issues plaguing the country, and the existence of natural rights.
In Richard Price’s A Discourse on the Love of our Country, he argued that affection towards our government does not justify ignoring the problems with it. He placed the universal “rights of men” at an importance higher than anything else. As a minister, he begins this work by thanking God for the Revolution. The FrenchRevolution represented a chance for France to undergo the same positive changes that England had gone through; changes that may not be achieved under more conservative conditions (Price). As a result of the bloodless Glorious Revolution of 1688, England had achieved: 1.) the right to choose...
The FrenchRevolution and Human Rights Paper
The FrenchRevolution and Human Rights happened during the period of 1789- 1794. It can be argued with similar or different aspects on equality, rights, freedom, and politics. The FrenchRevolution began with absolutism, which you rely on one ruler. During this period of time many middle class and peasant people, also known as the third estate. Disagreed with how the government was doing things. For example nobles and clergy had more say and control over the third estate. This caused retaliation with the different classes, which started the national assembly, tennis court oath, and much more. These events were detrimental to the whole revolution and the making of the declaration of rights of men and citizen. The Estate General set up a meeting with all the estates too discus solutions for financial problems, but the third estate disagreed and formed the National Assembly. Which are government legislatures and due to this started the FrenchRevolution. With that Equality, Rights, Freedom and Politics take a dramatic change and the country of France shapes its self into a democracy.
Equality is something that can be argued because it really impacted France during the FrenchRevolution, Equality is the...
...Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, and, 619). The Enlightenment also paved the way for a newer approach towards the concept of human rights. Human beings were granted certain individual rights known as their “natural rights” that was always convenient by law.
Before the FrenchRevolution, European cultures were restricted by “two major institutions: the Catholic and Protestant churches and the dynastic court systems” (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, 617) where individual rights were given based on social ranks. The Enlightenment influenced the concept of human rights in France in that society had a better awareness of their world, which contributed to the emergence of cultural ambitions such as women forming political clubs to debate for social and political equality. Traditional governing ideas were gradually replaced by new governing visions to protect the natural rights of citizens over the king’s authority. For instance, prior “traditional Christian belief in original sin and God’s mysterious tamperings with natural forces and human events” (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, 617) were abandoned. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens was also established, which helped changed the social and political structure of the country. Additionally, and perhaps the most influence the Enlightenment had on the concept of human...
...It seems strange that at one point in history, before the Neolithic revolution, women were believed to be superior to men. It seems even stranger in the twenty-first century that, for almost a millennium, women were oppressed and not even considered as human beings. But women’s actions in the FrenchRevolution sought to change all of that. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, France’s government’s official policy on women outlined that a women’s proper place was at home, not in politics. Among the numerous men, Jean Jacques Rousseau, one of the greatest Enlightenment thinkers, believed that women should undoubtedly assume an active role, but only within the household. Some might attribute the outset of modern feminism to events as recent as World War I when the term “suffragist” was coined. On the other hand, alongside the FrenchRevolution, tired of being seen as lesser beings, the women had their own mini revolution through the use of petitions, physical demonstrations and the creation of political clubs. Thus, the origins of modern feminism can be traced back to the actions of the women in the FrenchRevolution.
The dawn of written petitions by influential women which represented their demands marks the beginning of moderate modern feminism. To begin, the Women’s Petition to the National Assembly was addressed to the National Assembly, a day after the...
World History 9, Period 4
First Draft of FrenchRevolution Essay
Why was there a revolution in France in 1789?
The FrenchRevolution was a imaginary train that changed the direction of thought in Europe and also showed the end of the “Modern Age”, which is called the Ancién Regime in France, and showed the beginning of a “Contemporary Age”. The absolutism of the Ancién Regime was the seed that planted the fury of the people in France and it was the main reason that started the revolution. The unfairness of the First and Second State (Clergy and Nobles which were the rich population that represented 3% of the French population), the economic problems that led France to a disastrous situation which people began stealing food of others and also the public thinking and reasoning were altered by Enlightenment ideas that made them think and question about the government.
The Ancién Regime was a long-term cause that led the main direction of the FrenchRevolution.. The French social system had the same social hierarchy as a Feudal social system, which is a middle age social system that divided the social hierarchy in three parts, the Ancién Regime developed the society in three states, the First State was the Church including the clergy and monks, the Second State was the nobility which include government...
...and Analyze How the Ideas and Objectives of the Men and Women Who Participated in the FrenchRevolution Changed Over Time
The Enlightenment of the eighteenth century inspired revolutionary ideas in France in the 1790s. During the FrenchRevolution time, the rulers of the revolution, the bourgeois, promoted liberal, enlightened ideas like equality before the law and religious freedom. With the idea of natural rights for a couple years, feminists such as Mary Wollstonecraft and Olympe de Gouges began to stand up for women's right. However it was felt that the bourgeois were not capable enough to survive in a free society. Throughout the revolution liberalism and nationalism were growing and the people were becoming known as highest citizens in politics. The ideas and objectives of the people during the FrenchRevolution changed throughout its Declaration of the Rights of Women, National Convention and the National Assembly.
In the seventeen hundreds, before the revolution had begun, France’s political system, social structure, and religious ideas were slightly changing. Louis XVI took the throne in 1774 with his wife, Marie Antoinette and the people’s hope that he was going to revive his country. While the king and queen were living their luxurious life, were not in touch with...
...The FrenchRevolution was an unstable, blood-filled time. With 20,000 sent to the
guillotine and an equal number to prison, it is not hard to find importance but rather to
find meaning. The most crucial thing to look for in the revolution is justification, reasons
that excuse or bring significance to the deaths of many. John Locke, a philosophe of the
time, may have argued that a leader who does not provide his people with inalienablerights is grounds for dismissal in the form of regicide1. On the other hand Thomas
Hobbes, also a philosopher, may have taken a different argument. It was his belief that
man is a brute', therefore he needs a dictator to keep the peace. John Locke's idealistic
view point if practiced properly could have provided the lower class of France with
equality, something the were desperately in need of. The Thomas Hobbes approach
which advocates control, could not have provided the people with such liberation, but in
theory should be able to maintain the peace among the people, the peace that seemed so
lacking during the FrenchRevolution. The FrenchRevolution was a disaster for the
following reasons: it happened too fast, it went too far, and it achieved too little.
Thomas Paine a radical thinker of the era once said Time makes more converts
than reason'. With this quote we can see why revolution...