Women Rights: Change and Continuity
In the 1600’s, when the women's holocaust was in full effect, women were stripped of their basic rights. Their decisions were made by their husbands. Legally woman were men’s property, could not vote, hold office, enter a professional occupation, attend college or gain custody of their children after a divorce (The Women are Angry). Skip forward about 400 years later and now women have gained many more rights and independence. Women can now vote, hold office, have reproductive rights and attend college. In 1981, Sandra Day O’Connor was appointed a Supreme Court Justice. Hillary Clinton, wife of our 42nd President, Bill Clinton, has served as a senator and today she is Secretary of State. Unfortunately, women still fight for equal representation and pay in all fields, from government to science, math, and other professional careers. Women's rights have overcome a lot of challenges but there's more progress to be made.
In the 1600’s, a woman’s role was to be a good Christian and live to serve your husband (Murkham). In the male-dominated world, a woman was to be a good housewife and take care of the kids. “Let our English housewife be a godly, constant and religious woman, learning from the worthy Preacher and her Husband.” In this short excerpt titled, “Countrey Contentments”, says the english woman should look up to the man and her religion (Murkham). Another example of a woman's role in the 1600’s is from the Scarlet Letter. In the movie, women get disciplined for riding a horse, having too many laces on her dress and get prosecuted for talking about the Bible without a male presence (Joffe). Also women were not allowed to live alone and widows were not allowed to remarry until seven years had passed. Then men took it a step further into witchcraft. During a span of 300 years, an estimated 300,000 people died (Amend). In another movie, The Burning Times, women were...
...The social and economic transformations varied between Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas in the Atlantic Ocean between 1492 and 1750. When Spain sent Columbus to get spices from India, he landed in the Americas and mistakenly called the people there Indians. New Worlds were being discovered between those three masses and the population was escalating due to the slave trade and booming economy, and the industrial production advanced from man-made to machine-made. Western Europe is the sum of an abundance of positive outcomes from their interaction with the Atlantic world. Although all these different changes took place, the Atlantic World’s agriculture continued to increase their capacity of material and Native Americans stayed in their tribes and followed their own cultures.
Because of all the new contacts that were being identified, all the new things that were being traded, like new foods and materials being bartered for, led to improving the economy among the Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas. In the Americas, European Colonists were searching for valuables like gold and silver, as well as farming land for crops. These goods would then be used for their own use or for trading. Columbus attempted to sail towards India by going west, which in that time, was a very outrageous idea and the logic behind it was not accepted by many, especially the Portuguese. Columbus landed in America in 1492, and John Cabot soon followed after him. As...
April 7, 2012
Women’s Rights Movement
Over the course of the last 200 years women’s roles have undergone a number of political and social transitions. From having little to no “control over their own lives” (Applebee) to gaining equality in the political and social arenas, the historical study of women in the United States is one without comparison.
In the early to mid 1800’s women played a minimal role in life. They had little education; after marriage they were to stay at home and only do housework. They could not vote, be a part of the jury, had little education, and no employment. In 1836, the first women abolitionists appeared: Sarah and Angelina Emily Grimké. Angelina wrote An Appeal to Christian Women of the South. This called upon women to overthrow this horrible system of oppression and cruelty. Very few men supported their movement.
The next movement was the Temperance Movement. This movement was the effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol. In the 19th century; alcohol was used for everything but very few people saw drunkenness as a problem; yet, those behind the temperance movement did. “They held rallies, produced pamphlets, and brought about a decline in consumption of alcohol that would continue into the 1860s” (Bowes).
Girls had few education opportunities; it was said “if women knew chemistry enough to have ‘the water boil in a pot’ was enough for women” (Bowes). The first women’s school was opened...
I have heard this Chinese phrase few years ago, “Women hold up half of the sky.” Today, both men and women can work outside the house; basically they got almost the same rights either in families or in society. Men are no longer the central of the family, and women also are no longer slaves of the family. However, can you image in the past decades, women have no rights and positions neither in families nor in society. The only things that the society gave them were their abilities to give birth and work as slaves in the house for the men.
In the book Negotiating Difference – Cultural Case Studies for Composition, there are two articles against the women rights activities. One of the articles called The Woman’sRights Convention: The Last Act of Drama (September 12, 1852) from New York Herald, it describes ideas of woman’srights activists in some ridiculous ways to imply their activities were unnecessary and unworthy to be listened to. “…mannish women, like hens that crow; some of boundless vanity and egotism, who believe that they are superior in intellectual ability to “all the world and the rest of mankind,” and delight to see their speeches and addresses in print; and man shall be consigned to this proper sphere – nursing the babies, washing the dishes, mending stockings, and sweeping the house.” In this...
...the local level, but out- side of the states, they allied with each other to control large areas of land. Interaction with Europeans brought changes to this social system as well as many other areas of African life and culture. European manufactured goods became a part of African life while new food crops became a part of the African diet. From the Americas came manioc, maize, and peanuts that supplemented the African staples of rice, bananas, yams, and millet. In particular, manioc was valuable for its adaptation to soils unsuitable for other crops. Bread made from manioc flour led to steady population growth in west and central Africa between 1500 and 1800. It almost doubled in size from thirty-four million to sixty million. The population growth was all the more remarkable since it coincided with the forced migration of millions of Africans into slavery in the Caribbean and the Americas. However, African beliefs about property affected their view of slavery. Rather than private ownership of land which is- longed to the community, Africans controlled the labor on that land. Thus, individuals with large numbers of slaves would harvest more crops and attain more prosperity. Africans also purchased slaves to enlarge their families and those slaves could be assimilated into the kinship group where they could earn manumission and kinship rights. After the eighth century, Muslim traders from Persia, Arabia, and North Africa began to purchase African...
...Indian Ocean Trade around the first century CE.
Established by multilingual, multiethnic seafarers. Between Indian Ocean and South China Sea.
Didn’t play a part in the rise or fall of kingdoms.
They are able to figure out the wind and monsoon patterns. Mediterranean sailors use square sails, long banks of oars, ships are nailed together. Indian Ocean sailors use triangular sails, no oars, and tied ships.
Impact: Africa provides exotic animals, wood, and ivory. Somalia and Southern Arabia provide frankincense and myrrh. Less valuable than Mediterranean Sea. Isolate ports that lack fresh water.
The rising prosperity of Asian, Euroopean, and African states stimulate the expansion of trae in the Indian Ocean.
Luxuries for the wealthy-precious metals and jewls, rare spices, fine textiles, and other manufactures.
Contstruction of larger ships makes shipments of buk cargoes of ordinary cotton textiles, pepper, food grans (rice, wheat, barley), timber horses, and other goods profitable.
Collapse of the mongol empire- disrupts overland trade routes across Central Asia, the Indian Ocean routes assumed greater strataegic importance in tying together the peoples of Eurasia and Africa.
1200-1500 Dhow is a cargo and passenger ship of the Arabian sea. They all have a hull construction. The hulls consist of planks that were sewn together, not nailed. Cord made of fiber from the husk of coconuts or other materials was passed through rows of holed drilled in...
Triangular trade and Erie Canal also started during this period creating a bigger market to produce. Trade between nations on a global scale has changed through our history dramatically with transportation. Concepts that distinguish 1750 – 1900 from previous eras in world history included: industrialization, imperialism, and nationalism
Basically, industrialization helped change the production of goods around the world and created new patterns of global trade and production. Transportation and communication were new expanded methods that supported global capitalism. The Industrial Revolution gave huge economic and political advantages to countries where it occurred over countries that remained primarily agricultural. In this period to be called a Marker Event, there were three qualifications that needed to be developed, such as: it must cross national or cultural borders, affecting many civilizations, later changes or developments in history must be at least partially traced to this event or series of events, and it must have impact in other areas. For example, technological changes impact other major areas, like government, belief systems, social classes, or the economy. Also, Industrial Revolution helped England greatly impact its output manufactured goods by substituting hand labor with machine labor. Economic growth in Britain was fueled by a number of factors: agricultural revolution, technological revolution,...
...rate when compared to men. They have been thought as tools to do such things as reproduce, cook, clean, and to do the bidding of all males (especially their husbands). Without these qualities woman were considered nothing until the woman’srights movement of the twentieth century. One of the people who supported this movement was Hillary Clinton. In one of her most famous speeches: “Woman’sRights Are Human Rights.”, Clinton tried to address the world in the United Nations Fourth World Conference on woman in order to target those who thought less of women. This speech was given on September 5th, 1995 in Beijing, China.
Some of Hilary Clinton’s credentials for the speech included being first and foremost a female, a first lady, a constant advocate, and being a success in strengthening the local legal aid offices. “She also traveled to more than 80 countries as a representative of our country, winning respect as a champion of human rights, democracy and civil society” ("U.S Department of State. Diplomacy in Action") and therefore is knowledgeable not only in persuading others but also in human rights. This is what gave her the right (or ability) to speak of the topic previously mentioned.
In Clinton’s speech she focuses completely on woman’srights and so as to grab the attention of the nation she compared the meeting of the United...
...Case: Right Management Consultants Succeeds by Managing Change
1. What are the challenges faced by Right when the downsizing effort no longer is a popular human resource strategy?
When the downsizing effort is no longer a popular human resource strategy, Right will need to find other methods to use. The strategic approach to HR management has six key elements:
a. Explicitly recognize the impact of the outside environment.
b. Explicitly recognizes the impact of competition and the dynamics of the labor market.
c. Has a long-range focus (three to five years).
d. Focuses on the issue of choice and decision making.
e. Considers all personnel, not just hourly or operational employees.
f. Is integrated with overall corporate strategy and functional strategies.
The challenges Right will face when coming up with a new HR strategy is being able to utilize these six key elements.
2. What conflicts do you see between a company of this type and a firm’s human resources department?
A potential conflict between Right and the firm’s human resource department is having Right being viewed as a threat to their jobs. Since they already know a downsizing is in place, the firm’s human resource department lacks job security if someone else is brought in as a consultant.
3. What do you recommend Right do at this time to prepare for the future?...