Why did the Quraish oppose the message of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)?
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) grew up in the tribe of Quraish, which translates to ‘those who are successful.’ They were the most elite tribe in Makah, which was also known as Bakka. The Quraish had control of the economic, political and religion in Makkah. During this time there were many Arabs, which were divided into three groups Christians, Jews and Pagans. The Pagans around the Arab world worshiped idols, going to Makkah to visit the idols around the Kaba was important to them as it is important to Muslims today.
The Pagans would travel from all around the Arab world to come to visit the idols in Makkah. The Quraish had conditions for the people who wanted to do their pilgrimage in Makkah they were only allowed to do their pilgrimage if they bought an Ihram which were only sold buy the people of the Quraish or that they would have to go naked around the Kaba which many did in Sahih Muslim Ibn Abbas reported ‘Who would provide cloth to cover the one who is circumambulating the Kaba so that she would cover her private parts? And then she would say: Today will be exposed the whole or the part and what is exposed I shall not make it lawful.’ The Quraish controlled everything and no one could bring anything from outside of Makkah that was not sold by the Quraish.
The Quraish also made a lot of money by trading to Gulf States Syria, Iraq, Palestine, Lebanon and many more. In surah 106 verse 2 ‘That is the familiarity with the trips of winter and summer.’ The Quraish would travel to Syria and buy from there in the winter and then sell the products in Yemen during the summer, in which they would also buy from Yemen and sell to Syria. This is how the Quraish also made a lot of money; they would also sell idols to the people in Syria.
Although Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was brought up in the tribe of the Quraish and was known as Al Amin ‘they trustworthy’ when...
...Whydid medieval Muslim scholars accept slavery as part of Islamic society?
The concept of slavery was one which featured universally during the medieval period. Under Islamic law, one was defined as a slave as a result of having slave parents, after being captured in campaigns of conquest or if they were purchased from abroad.1 Unlike the slaves used under the Roman’s and the Greeks, slaves in Islamic society were used predominantly for military and domestic purposes. This is apparent from the ninth century when al-Mu’tasim began to build his slave units, to the thirteenth century that saw slaves form the foundations of most armies between Egypt and Central Asia.2 By the Abbasid period, most slaves used in Islamic society were being bought from east and West Africa as well as Europe rather than being captured in Warfare. During the medieval period, the notion of slavery was largely viewed with ambivalence amongst Muslim scholars.3 Historian Egger describes how on the one hand jurists and scholars “ensured the legal existence of the institution by formulating a myriad of regulations that became enshrined in the Shari’a.”4 However, “on the other hand, the Shari’a admonished slave owners to treat their slaves humanely..”5 This essay will consider the extent to which Medieval Muslim scholars accepted slavery as part of Islamic society and the ways in which the Quran, the Hadith and the contemporary socio-economic climate...
...Whydid Britain and France accept to the Munich Agreement?
On 29 September 1938, the four leaders of Germany, Italy, Britain and France signed an agreement on the fate of the Sudeten territory in Czechoslovakia, without the Czechoslovak authorities present, which, it would seem at the time, was a guarantee of peace. Such was the premise of the event, but in reality it represented the abandonment of Czechoslovakia (Weinberg, 1988: 165), by France in particular, and the naïve nature of the foreign policy of both Britain and France. It was a failure in upholding basic civil rights, and a manifest of weakness of the two countries to stand against the bully, Hitler. There are a few reasons for this: the inexperience in facing a new enemy, dictatorship, the times were bad for a war, (not many years had passed since the last Great War and the economies still felt the effects of the Great Depression,) the public opinion was against another war; the failure of the League of Nations, and the Locarno Treaty, in making countries work together, instead of following their own, selfish, ambitions, and, most important of all, the policy of appeasement, due to Neville Chamberlain.
Chamberlain's policy of appeasement rested on the theory that the objectives of Hitler were essentially “limited in scope... to reversing the wrongs which... had been done to Germany in 1919” (Thomson, 1990: 737). This fatal assumption that the fascist movement had...
...The Prophet Muhammad
The Prophet Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He is known as the Messenger of God to people of the Islamic faith. Muhammad lived a rough life but he also changed people’s lives. His religion has had an effect on millions of people. There are no pictures of Muhammad’s face; he made a point that the religion was to not be about him, but about Allah.
In 570 C.E in Mecca, Arabia a baby boy, a descendant of Abraham named Muhammad, whose name means “highly praised”, was born. Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, died before he was born and his mother, Amina died when he was only six years old. After the death of his mom, he became an orphan. He was taken in by a woman named Halmiah, who became his foster mother. In 595 C.E., Muhammad was contacted by one of his wealthy widowed cousins, Khadijah, who needed him to sell some goods for her. Many of Muhammad’s cousins lived in Mecca, so it was not uncommon that Khadijah had contacted him. He was known for being a very good merchant. Muhammad and Khadijah met several times to discuss the selling of goods. Khadijah began to become interested in him on a personal level, even though she was fifteen years older than Muhammad. Khadijah asked Nufaysah (known as the matchmaker) to ask Muhammad if he was interested in marrying Khadijah. Muhammad and Khadijah were soon engaged and married. Polygamy was common during this time but, Muhammad married nobody else while he was married to Khadijah. They...
...WhyDid Islam Spread So Quickly?
Islam started to spread when Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation at forty years of age when Angel Gabriel gave him the message from god. Prophet Muhammad first started preaching about Islam to his wife and closets friends in secret for three years. Later he started preaching openly in Mecca ten years and in Medina for ten years. Islam only really started spreading whenProphet Muhammad died. It was the four caliphs that were really determined to spread Islam around the world.
The military also helped to spread Islam around the world because when the Muslims fought in wars the had Rules of Conduct that they had to follow like how they cannot kill old people, girls and women. Also they were not allowed to poison water, kill animals, chop down trees and burn houses of god like temples. Those people who surrender against Islam became hostages and their families had to pay to set them free. If their families didn’t have money to pay then they would have to negotiate with their skills for example the hostage is handy with medicine then he would have to help the hospital to heal the wounded for a certain number of years maybe five or six. When they finish the five or six years then they can be free to go. Once the hostage is free some of them switch to Islam because the Muslims are always kind and nice to them giving them food and water.
...HOW AND WHYDID ISLAM SPREAD SO QUICKLY?
In 610 C.E., a local merchant named Muhammad completely changed all of Middle East through the religion of Islam. He fled to Mecca, in a cave where he was given the words of Allah and by this, introducing the religion. Overtime, the religion continued to attract new followers, which leads to question- how and whydid Islam spread so quickly? Three of the reasons to how this happened were due to trade, the message passed on from God and the conquest of land.
All of Islam Empire, including the Byzantine Empire and Persian Empire had set up trade routes throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Everyone came to Mecca to trade since it was wealthy and very important at this time. Through trading, this brought inventions and ideas. People from different cultures came to trade and got ideas of the Islam religion, then spreading it to their people because they liked the idea that it was one God and how the way of life was under this religion. Muslim merchants would travel to the trading destinations, which would allow exposure to the religion within other countries as well. Other trade routes led to the Silk Road to China and India, East Africa and Spain. These countries would then, most likely, have converted to Islam. Overall, trading played a huge role in the spreading of Islam.
In addition to how Islam spread quickly was through the message of God. In the...
...Whydid Stalin win?
Throughout the summer of 1923 it was apparent that Lenin’s reign was coming to an end and this overshadowed the political struggle however in the Politburo and central committee battle lines were forming. They all thought that they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were untouchable and were destined to lead USSR . Leon Trotsky seemed to have the stronghold as he had a close relationship with Lenin. However in the background there was opposition growing. Stalin was to be Trotsky’s most fierce competitor, but at that time there were others including Lev Kamenev and G.E.Zinoviev who were close to Lenin during the revolution and had aided him greatly so they too were seen as competitors. These three were to form the, ‘troika’ and when Lenin’s death neared they were to jointly attack Trotsky. In 1921 the implementation of the Ban on Factionalism meant that if anyone was to disobey or not comply with official party policy were to be expelled, and this later would play a part in the power struggle.. On January 21, 1924, Lenin died. He was only fifty-three. Trotsky was away in the Caucasus that month, and Stalin telegraphed him and said that the funeral would be held immediately, so there was no point in undertaking the long trip back to Moscow. Thus Stalin forced Trotsky to be absent for the funeral--he knew how to create and use symbols to his advantage. In his final testament he described Trotsky as the ‘most...
...The Fall of Rome
The Fall of Rome
The Fall of Rome
The Roman Empire was without a doubt the most powerful governing body in the Mediterranean ever. Whydid Rome fall?
There was not any single cause to the fall of Rome. It was many things occurring in succession to each other.
After the Punic wars with Carthage, Rome acquired many new lands that it did not have before. During peace times it was easy to govern these areas but during war times it proved difficult.
The government had to pay soldiers to patrol the frontiers of the empire; it could no longer rely on the loot to serve as the pay for the soldiers.
This took a significant amount of money out of the Roman treasury. Some emperors wanted to save money and made the army too small to have control over such a large empire.
The economy of Rome was also suffering.
Rome was importing goods from its colonies but wasn't exporting nearly as much. This created an imbalance of trade. The colonies were creating their own finished goods and no longer relied on Rome for them. New coins were then made out of lead and gold to devalue the currency. Merchants now charged more money because these new coins were not worth as much as the old ones. This created inflation, this problem plagued the empire until its fall.
The problem of succession also contributed to the fall of Rome. There was never a set system of succession. After the death of an emperor, generals competed with each other...
...Whydid the Titanic’s maiden voyage ended in such disaster?
One of the largest passenger liner of the early 20th century made in the history, having the first and final voyage 100 years ago, owned by the magnificent White Star Line, was travelling without interference through the calm waters until one of the sailors on board reported that the Titanic is heading for a vast and humongous iceberg in April 12 1912 at that lethal midnight. The disaster had caused 1517 deaths on board, though there were only partially of the passengers that survived the disaster; which strangely are mostly consisted of women and children. In this essay we will embark on a journey to find out the causes of the Titanic’s maiden voyage ended in such disaster.
Competition and pressure for Atlantic passengers
At that time, Bruce Ismay, the Managing Director of the White Star Line, was fierce about the competition for Atlantic passengers with other companies and the White Star Line wanted to show them that they could make a six-day crossing from Southampton to New York City. In order to meet this schedule, the Titanic could not afford to slow down, putting pressure on Captain Smith to maintain the travelling speed of the ship.
Over confident by Captain Smith of the Titanic
As the ship was manoeuvring on calm waters, the captain received several warnings about iceberg. In fact, the captain ignored seven warnings. If he was cautious and more concern than been on...