Only a few decades ago, it is hard to witness drinkers, especially teenagers and women, around roads and meetings. However, these days, we can see easily drinkers around us. It means alcohol problem consistently has become serious. According to several surveys, scores of mid-economy class Australians are drinking at critical condition and winding up in accident and emergency with alcohol-related problems; besides, in large part invisible group of professional Australians who are drinking exceedingly, causing indescribable suffering to themselves and others. In this essay, I will discuss why drinking culture prevalent in Australia, the effects alcoholism and solutions.
In this circumstance that is spreading drinking culture, I think, the hazard of alcohol problems cannot be overemphasized. Firstly, the most noticeable and prompt effects of alcohol are on the brain. Astonishingly, our brain are felt within about five minutes of alcohol being taken in; therefore, we experience drowsiness, poor coordination, slower reaction times and nausea and vomiting. Next, our body also experience several symptoms which are internal organ dehydrated after and with a headache, diarrheal, severe pain and a highly unpleasant, irregular heart rhythms, cardiac failure, variety of mental and health problems. If you not reduce drinking, and consistently drink, you can get cancer; cirrhosis to the liver; heart disease and stroke; cognitive problems and dementia. In addition, some groups of people are much more vulnerable to alcohol. They include women, unborn children, children and adolescents, older people, people who take medication of drugs and people experiencing the ‘flushing response’ (Justin, 2011, p11-12)
Even though it follows bad effects, why people do not reduce drinking? There are some reasons. First, drinking has become normative. It means that whether it’s occasions, drinking is following; for instance, a school activity, a sport event, hanging around friends or just...
...There are several positive and negative effects of alcohol. Most of the negative effects come from over consumption of alcohol. How much effectalcohol has on someone depends on a lot of factors. Different people react differently to alcoholic beverages. Some people have higher tolerances for different types of alcohol than others. For example, one person might be able to drink a lot of hard liquor but might feel the same effect of being drunk from only a few beers, while others may have the opposite effect. In any case over consumption of alcohol has many negative effects, both long term and short term.
Negative effects generally only occur when over consumption has taken place. Negative effects tend to take place after the consumption of more than 2-3 drink over a short period of time. After having 3-4 drinks, depending on your blood-alcohol level, you are legally considered drunk and are forbidden from operating a motor vehicle. Also, judgment and reaction time will start to be affected, along with exaggerated behaviors. After having 5-7 drinks one becomes more verbally aggressive, their perception and vision are affected, they are emotionally irrational, and judgment and reaction time are becoming still worse as more alcohol enters the body. After 8-10 drinks,...
...many opinions that have been put across regarding alcohol consumption. Some are biased while others are based on either prejudice or beliefs. However the truth is that alcohol has its own merits and demerits.
Every drinker has already at least some of the short term alcoholeffects like a hangover or a bad night’s sleep. Long term effects are usually experienced when it is quite late. Heavy drinking results to a staggering walk, indistinct words and memory lapses. Upon drinking, one develops difficulties with their stability, judgement and harmonisation. One usually takes a gradual reaction to stimuli, a reason why drinking poses danger to driving. This is a result of the way alcohol alters the functionality of the central nervous system.
Alcohol changes the neurotransmitters’ levels that are responsible for the transportation of signals that regulate the thought progressions behaviour and sentiments. They are either excitatory or inhibitory. Alcohol therefore the GABA effects hence resulting to the sluggish locomotion and garbled speech witnessed among alcoholics. It also constrains glutamate which is an excitatory neurotransmitter hence causing a functional deceleration. Increase in GABA reduces glutamate in the brain while alcohol intensifies the chemical dopamine levels in the brain’s reward hub hence forming the pleasurable...
...Effects of AlcoholAlcohol can have some good benefits and then some bad ones, for example when you drink you can encounter yourself having a good time laughing and joking around with your friends, or you can find yourself angry wanting to argue and start fights with everybody. If you’re a “happy drunk” you probably don’t have bad alcoholism in your family, and you can control your drinking with the attitudes it may drag along. While on the other hand if you’re an “angry drunk” you may not be able to control what you do when you drink such as the amount of alcohol you consume or the attitudes that may come along with drinking.
Alcoholic content in most alcoholic drinks is measured in proof, which is about half of the actual content of alcohol in the drink. An example is a 90 proof whiskey actually only contains 45 percent alcohol. Beer is one of the beverages containing the lowest proof. They range from 2 to 6 percent. Wines have anywhere from 14 percent or less. Fortified wines which have other alcoholic beverages included will be in a higher range. While drinking each of these different alcoholic beverages, each one of them has different serving sizes like with whiskey 1 serving is about half a shot glass, one serving of beer is a 12oz can of beer and the smaller amount of whiskey will get you drunk way faster than beer.
When drinking you need to keep track of...
Alcohol and its Effects
Ivy Tech Community College
Alcohol and its EffectsAlcohol can be a very harmful substance. Alcohol can be abused, and people can get addicted to it like any other drug. It can impair coordination and judgment as well as a lot of other things. Alcohol can also have long term effects on the organs in the body. It can affect people psychologically as well as behaviorally. Many deaths that occur each day are caused by alcohol. Consuming alcohol affects a lot of things that people do not realize.
Psychoactive drugs affect the nervous system (Seymour & Smith, 2013). These types of drugs affect consciousness and moods. Types of psychoactive drugs include depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens (King, 2013). Alcohol is a depressant that affects the central nervous system causing decreased blood pressure and heart rate (Grunberg, Berger, & Hamilton, 2011). Depressants mainly slow down, or depress, the activity in the brain. Alcohol stimulates dopamine neurons in the VTA or the ventral tegmental area of the midbrain (Olsen, 2011). The VTA and the NAc (nucleus accumbens-olfactory tubercle complex) make up the dopamine reward circuit, which reinforces the effects of drugs (Olsen, 2011). This reinforcement makes the user feel good, and they...
Reflection Paper - Alcohol/Drugs
Drug and alcohol use on college campuses is universal. Students articulate many reasons why they do it, but most neglect to consider both the long-term consequences of their actions. How wide-spread is drug and alcohol abuse? Teenagers today admit to extensive experimentation. According to one study, 90 percent of teens said that they have used alcohol, over 50 percent have used marijuana, 17 percent have used cocaine and 13 percent have used some form of hallucinogenic drug. Drug use has been classified as a major problem of students as early as in the fourth grade. Consequently, it is no surprise that substance use is prolific on college campuses, where many young adults are free from adult supervision for the first time in their lives.
Some campuses through out the nation enforce the no alcohol rule while others just make sure you are legally consuming alcohol, which includes you being 21 years of age. Alcohol is a psychoactive drug that has a depressant effect. It alters the way you think and act, that is why there is an age limit for it to be consumed. Consuming alcohol can cause harmful consequences. Approximately 44 percent of college students are classified as heavy drinkers by the Harvard School of Public Health’s College Alcohol Study (CAS). According to these...
...The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure
The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure
Alcohol is a drug with a depressant effect. Alcohol can negatively affect your brain, liver, central nervous system, and heart. The immediateeffects of alcohol consumption are delayed reflexes and slurred speech. Since it is a depressant, alcohol slows down your brain. Consuming alcohol regularly can also lead to alcoholism. Alcoholism is a long-term chronic disease, it is when you a mentally or physically addicted to alcohol. Alcohol is a dangerous drug and should be consumed, if at all, under moderation.
A teratogen is any agent that can damage a fetus and therefore cause a birth defect. Alcohol is one of the most dangerous teratogens. There is no proven safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Every time a pregnant woman has a drink, the alcohol enters her bloodstream. It crosses the placenta and enters the fetus through the umbilical cord. So every time a pregnant woman has a drink, her baby does too! The blood alcohol level of the fetus is therefore equal to or greater than the...
...Drinking alcohol is like taking a drug. It is a form of drug abuse, and drug addiction. This is a worldwide problem that many people are involved in. There are good effects of alcohol if it is in small amounts, and in moderation. On the other hand there are bad short and long term effects. The effects that a person will get are all based on certain factors like, how much and how often alcohol is consumed, the age of the person, when the person started and how long they have been drinking for, gender, their family history and last but not least based on their health.
Lately scientists have been saying that a little bit of alcohol with dinner is not only okay but it is also good for you. This is true in moderation. They say that if you drink a small amount of alcohol it will help you sleep. Also if you drink a moderate amount every day it can help your health in the long run. A moderate amount is considered to be 1 drink for women daily and 2 drinks for men daily. This can help bring your HDL level up, which helps protect your heart against disease that causes heart attacks. Also a moderate amount of alcohol everyday can lower your risk of developing diabetes by increasing your insulin sensitivity. It can also raise ‘good cholesterol’ levels. In the long run they have said that for women it helps keep the mind sharp in later years....
18 April 2012
The Effects of Alcohol in Society and Culture
When alcohol is introduced to a culture or society, it can often affect it in many different ways. The outcomes can be violent or can cause peace among people. When alcohol is involved, humans tend to become more violent and out going. They will often do things that they wouldn’t normally do, and act in a strange way. Different cultures and societies respond different to alcohol in terms of how much they can drink and what their bodies can handle. Alcohol has been used all throughout history for various things such as a stimulant, anesthetic, used for social festivities. Although it can be used for good, it can often lead do death and illness. Alcohol nearly comes down to abuse and dependence, which are two things no culture should ever depend on it for.
Addiction and tolerance are two things people may not entirely understand. When a person first starts using drugs or alcohol, they will often react to the drug much more strongly than regular users. This is because his body is not used to the presence of it. Once they continue using the substance, their body will develop tolerance and they will start to need more of the drug to feel like they did when he first began experimenting. Eventually, this will lead to dependence, a state...