Welfare Recipients and Adult Education
There is an enormous disparity between American households in their ability to afford and attend adult education. Suffice it to say that the plethora of barriers faced by families able to make a living through working a forty plus hour a week job would definitely hinder a family living on or just above the poverty level from getting a higher adult education degree. This paper examines and explores the possibility and difficulty of the single family female head of the household’s prospects of gaining an adult education in the United States . There will be a discussion on the barriers that family members see as preventing consideration of attending adult education classes. There is a look at the effects that the history of welfare reform and the effect the Welfare Reform bill has on families in general and single family black female head of the household on welfare specifically. The Household Redefined
The contemporary family as defined in America 30 to 50 years ago no longer has the place of being considered the typical family. Families now are considered blended, mixed or hybrid, headed by Aunts, Uncles, even Grandparents. Such a variety of different heads of the family causes adult educators and the government private agencies that seek to provide post-secondary education to adult learners concern. The concern is the ability to provide adequate adult education and a means for the adult learner to overcome obstacles that prevent him or her from pursuing higher education. Barriers That Hinder Adult Learners
Large-scale surveys, such as the U.S. National Higher Education Survey, the Canadian Adult Education and Training Survey, and the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), pose a battery of questions on barriers but only to persons who indicated that they failed to take courses or programs they wanted to take. “One such survey shows the percentage of adults...
...The Welfare explosion in the 1960s: Public policy vs Social theory
The decade of the 1960s in the United States was a characterized by economic climate of relative prosperity and stability with a number of social welfare programs in place to address the needs of the poor. Persistent poverty continued to be a prevalent concern, however, especially among blacks and minorities. These conditions prompted the federal government to launch the War on Poverty which included an elevation in the definition of poverty as well increased welfare payments. Welfare in the United States can be described as the provision of federal, state and local government programs and services to help alleviate the adverse social and economic conditions and needs of the poor. This help is provided in cash as well as in-kind services through a number and variety of programs such as Medicaid, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program. The development of the liberal social welfare structure in the United States has been through the "pragmatic and incremental" combination of old fashioned tradition and adaptation to meet the needs created through changing social and economic conditions. In the earliest colonial times the social safety net consisted primarily of families, local communities and charitable giving often carried out through religious establishments.
...in America, a welfare recipient will receive more take home money than the average public school teacher in America, according to the United States Department of Commerce. When the economy crashed in 2008, unemployment skyrocketed. The high number of unemployed people caused the number of people who depend on government for income to increase rapidly. There are two main types of cash assistance in the United States, social insurance and public assistance. Dr. Jerry Marx, Chairman at New Hampshire University states, “Social insurances are based on the prior earnings and payroll contributions of an individual, while public assistance, commonly known as “welfare,” is based on the financial need of an individual”. Public Assistance, or Welfare, is a huge problem in the United States today and it must be reformed in order to preserve the working spirit of America.
Welfare is a great program that helps Americans in tough times, but it has become a highly abused system. The system was created in response to drastic need during the Great Depression. The first welfare program was passed in 1935; it was called the Social Security Act of 1935 (Welfare Reform).The United States Department of Commerce states that 4.3 Million Americans are currently on welfare, while 46.7 Million are on food stamps. A total amount of $131.9 Billion is spent on welfare per year, not including...
...CHALLENGES FOR ADULT STUDENTS IN FOSTERING EDUCATION
Higher education continues to change, particularly in terms of the student body. In the past, colleges and universities were often populated by recent high school graduates who were training for their first jobs. Today, the higher education institution includes people in just about every phase of life. No longer are people expected to stay in the same vocational field, and schools are increasingly gearing their programs and services to older learners who are interested in new fields, career changes, and simply learning about unique subjects. Of course, it can be a bumpy road for some adults, particularly if they have not been in school for quite some time. While some of these adults may be confident when it comes to professional skills, it can be an intimidating experience to step onto a college campus. With that in mind, here are a few of the major challenges that are sometimes experienced by adult learners.
The first challenged has something to do with time and energy, and how it is prioritized. The job or the family takes too much energy and the person does not intend to use the free time left on learning activities. We call this category "lack of time and/or energy". At first sight, this factor falls well into Cross (1981) and Darkenwald & Merriam (1982) situational barriers, that is barriers related to the...
...WelfareWelfare. Whether you collect it, or you pay for it (and for EVERY
working American does one of the two), most citizens of our country are familiar
with it. Yet as every second of the day passes, more and more of my money and
yours is being allotted to this growing epidemic called welfare. The Personal
Responsibility Act, signed by the President, was a monumental change in welfare
as we know, or used to know it. Thewelfare system is still in need or more
strict and stringent policy reform, yet the Personal Responsibility Act was a
prodigious step in the right direction.
In the past few years, the federal governments and state governments
have tried to change and improve the welfare system. The Clinton Administration
campaigned to "end welfare as we know it." The Administration's proposal limits
AFDC benefits to two years, during which employment services would be provided
to recipients. Nearly 20 welfare reform bills have been introduced in the 103rd
Congress. Besides the above mentioned bill, three major proposals were offered
by Republican members: The GOP Leadership Welfare bill, The Real Welfare Reform
Act, and The Welfare and Teenage Pregnancy Reduction Act. Now the Republicans
have pulled together a strong and controversial bill on welfare reform. The
Personal Responsibility Act...
...WelfareWelfare is a charity to the people, organized by the government. There are many issues that are associated with the welfare program. Is society ultimately responsible for the well-being of the poor? If so, how do we help those people that are less fortunate? At what cost are we required help them? Are they to be held in any way responsible for themselves? How do we control and reform the way people spend their welfare support? Differentiating between who receives welfare and who doesn’t is a common concern, and many questions arise while making a decision on who will receive it and who will not.
Generally, there are two types of welfare. The first can be termed “rescue welfare” (Weir, n.d.). These are people that have lost income temporarily due to no longer being able to work because of illness or being laid off, or other short term reasons for not working. During their working years, the majority of this group will pay their way with contributions and tax by working for the majority of their lives. The purpose of this is to maintain them in good conditions as productive workers so that they can return to the workforce as soon as possible.
The second type can be termed “support welfare” (Weir, n.d.). Support welfare “exists to ensure a long-term income that is adequate to maintain a specified standard of living to those who...
“I know how hard it is for you to put food on your family."
The 43rd president of the United States of America said this, George W. Bush. Such a brilliant statement, and not just in the comical sense. Although the quote is a perfect example of his dyslexia he was able to get his point across, it is hard for Americans to put a sufficient amount of food on the table for their families, or on them, however you would like to interpret that. Fortunately for us Americans, our government has established a system called welfare that aids us in putting food on our families. What is welfare you may ask? Webster’s dictionary has two definitions for it, both of the same nature though. It is first defined as “the state of doing well especially in respect to good fortune, happiness, well-being, or prosperity.” The second defines it as “a government program for poor or unemployed people that helps pay for their food, housing, medical costs, etc.” From the surface it seems as if those two definitions belong together, and in theory they do. So where is the problem? The problem is what has become of the welfare system today. CONTINUE INTRO AFTER PAPER
As of all things that exist, there was at one point a cause for that occurrence. Although in the...
...Education is the key staple to furthering the life standard for all humans. So why is it that the collectors of welfare and public aid are statistically the ones with the least amount of education? Within this paper I plan to address this issue and those that contribute to education, or lack there of, for welfare recipients. I feel this issue has a great deal to do with race, gender and lack of equality in all aspects of public policy.
Let us start at the beginning. Most women on welfare were raised in homes that collected welfare. This is the first major issue. Unfortunately, poverty and collection of welfare are often an issue that relate mostly to women with children. Not men or married families, but women who are in turn the heads of their home. Two out of three adult recipients of public assistance are women. Commonly these are women that became pregnant at a young age, or their partner left them after the child came. Most are lacking a high school diploma or were not able to attend college after graduation because they did not have the money or their grades were not good enough to give them a scholarship. So they are often stuck, left to raise children with no job, or an underpaying as the case often is.
A harsh reality for women is that they have always made less than men. Currently women only make about 77 cents for every...
By Mortimer J. Adler
When I read Adler’s passage, "Education consists in the growth of understanding, insight and ultimately some wisdom. Only in mature soil, soil rich with experience, can ideas really take root", (Adler) my first reaction was to defend childhood education based on my work history and education. Children learn through play and through play they have experiences which are very much a part of their education. These are experiences that last a life time from their intellectual development to their social-emotional growth. I felt that the author was criticizing the education of young children by saying children are only trainable or schooled not educated by life experiences. After reading the entire article, I have come to the conclusion that we are all trying to achieve ultimate wisdom or education through life experiences with the strongest foundation being early training and social-emotional development.
Adler states that children are more trainable then adults. Through my experience I have found this to be true in many aspects. Children are able to learn and speak a second language just through interacting with peers that speak the foreign language. This process usually depends on the child and the level of language skills they already possess. Concepts and skills are learned through play and interactions...