Democracy in the USA
Text of the US Constitution does not contain the word “democracy”. The U.S. Constitution was not a perfect document. Originally it contained provisions that are can be recognized as ambiguous. "The US Founding Fathers" did not create democracy in the modern sense of the word, but the republic. They did not fully trust the wisdom of the American people and their ability to make sound decisions. For many years America was considered to be an ideal democratic country, however in recent years the situation has drastically changed. Among the most important challenges facing America today is the growing social inequality, discrimination on racial, ethnic or religious grounds, practice of indefinite detention of prisoners without charges, judicial bias, operating outside the law in prison, use of torture, the impact of government agencies on the trials, weak penitentiary system, infringement of freedom of speech, Internet censorship, legalized corruption, limiting of citizens' voting rights, acts of intolerance based on race and ethnicity, the violation of the rights of children, extraterritorial application of the U.S. law, leading to human rights violations in other countries, kidnapping, tracking dissidents, disproportionate use of force against peaceful demonstrators, application of the death penalty to minors and the mentally ill, etc. At the same time, the international legal obligations of the United States, continues to be reduced to participation in only three of the nine core human rights treaties, providing control mechanisms. The USA has not yet ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1979, Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006 and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, 2006. At the same time, Americans continue to wrongfully position themselves as an absolute authority and unquestioned leader in the field of democracy and human rights. They are engaged in mentoring, trying to teach others how to build their democracy and ensure human rights. Often they do this roughly, ignoring the basic international law principle of state sovereignty. Often their attempts to take care of human rights in other countries is bordering on outright interference in the internal affairs. At the same time, in the USA the situation with human rights remains very complicated. Fundamental political rights of Americans in today's society, are not only exempt from the archaic elements, but they become even more vulnerable. Elections cause the most serious complaints. The U.S. president is still not elected by direct popular election, and by the Electoral College. Many rightly believe this system obsolete and undemocratic. With it, in particular, the voice of a resident of Delaware or North Dakota has mathematically much more weight than the voice of the voters in the larger states, such as California or New York. With this system, three times in the history of the U.S. the candidate with fewer votes than his opponent was elected the President (George W. Bush in 2000). And Gerald Ford has never been elected. At first, he was co-opted by the Republican National Committee instead of thieving Vice President Spiro Agnew, and then automatically took place of Richard Nixon who departed from his position because of the Watergate scandal. In general, the U.S. political system is based on the absolute monopoly of the two political parties which is far enough from the European-style multi-party democracy. More than 5.8 million Americans (2.5% of all potential voters) are deprived of voting rights because of a criminal record. This means that...
The civilwarwas the one and only war Americans had with themselves. Unlike the other wars, where America fought for their countries freedom or to assist other countries in need, the civilwarwas Americans against Americans; North against South. Eventhough, the civilwarwas an all American war, each side had a reason, and a purpose of why they fought in this war. Now, centuries later, we come to the question "Was the CivilWarInevitable?". I will go through the reasons of why the civilwar began and it will be answered as it is read.
We can start from the beginning, when American first started to come together. The people of New England, left England mainly for religious reasons. The people were called Puritans. The Puritan were very educated and they based their ways of living by their religious beliefs. The Puritans felt the only way they could protect their congregation was to move to America ( Faragher 41). When the Puritans arrived to America, they had to learn to farm, fish, and to build their own homes (Faragher 42). On the other hand, The Virginia Ordinance was very different...
...Was the American civilwarinevitable?
The civilwarwasinevitable, only however, after one key event; the cotton gin made the civilwarinevitable. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 was the key element which enabled the south to have sufficient vested interest in their traditional lifestyle in order to feel the need to defend it at all costs even from their Northern countrymen. The core argument of this essay centres around the evidence which clearly defines their being in existence two nations' with in America constantly in opposition to each other. Therefore the growth of sectionalism and the events which led up to the conflict made war an inevitable outcome of the hostilities which had arisen from the to ideologically different factions which grew in the United States. Firstly this essay will identify the economic factors which made the civilwar an inevitable event with reference to the singular factor that could have averted the need for the conflict. Second it will identify the political measures which were dictated by the sectional economic interests. The third section of this essay will introduce the ideological...
...Was the CivilWarinevitable? This was one of the most controversial arguments in American history. Personally, I think this war would happen sooner or later. The long-term cause was the different ideas on the slavery system between the North and the South. After the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter, the CivilWar began.
Slavery was the biggest problem between the North and the South. The economy in the south relied on agriculture. The owners of big plantations required thousands of slaves to work for them in order to earn profits. Oppositely, in the north, the industrial revolution began. Plenty of new factories were built and they needed lots of workers. At the same time, lots of immigrants from countries such as Germany, Britain and Ireland, came to the north. Almost all of them had the same purpose whichwas to achieve the “American Dream”. They believed that if they worked hard, they could be rich eventually. They strongly opposed the slavery system because almost of them were poor in their countries. They believed that everyone was born equal and people should be treated equally, too. As the population grew rapidly in the north, the situation in the House of Representatives changed as well. The South now had fewer representatives and fewer advantages. They were really horrified.
...supported right to secede from the union by the Doctrine of Secession, which stated that a state has the right to nullify the constitutional northern way of life. The intentions of this letter most definitely sparked the civilwar, because he suggests "the confederacy will be able to combat with many difficulties, which arise from the conflicting interests of separate nations." He assures that this transition of power is rooted in the Bill of Rights, because it allowed states' rights which would intentionally "revolutionize" the way we govern our states. All communication would be divided, yet he reminds that all transportation ports will be guarded for the biggest of surprises, yet stand their ground. The result of this effort to bring the Republicans and Federalists together failed. He was seen as an ineffective war leader, in such the Battle of Monterrey. He because not only of his poor war tactics, but because of his poor background in neglecting public opinion, and going against the opinions of state governors. These were both key elements to the Democratic way of life. He was eventually seen as a bad predecessor of Lincoln.
Abraham Lincoln's Springfield Speech:
He begins to leave the plantation where he had grown up, and lived in Springfield, Illinois. As he looked over the crowd, the many social classes he saw resembled that fact that...
...American CivilWar – Yankees and Confederates: mid-19th Century
American CivilWar – Yankees and Confederates: mid-19th Century
To what extent was the CivilWarinevitable?
To a great extent the CivilWarwasinevitable. In 1861, the CivilWar in America began, lasting four years and causing terrible destruction. The factors of different economies, slavery and human rights, different views of the Constitution, the westward expansion and Lincoln’s election contributed to the outbreak of war. Although the North and South tried to reconcile their differences with major political compromises in 1820 and 1850, both attempts failed. ‘There is no way the war could have possibly been avoided.’
The different economies that emerged from the North and the South following the Mexican war had an effect on the commencement of the CivilWar. In the mid-nineteenth century many immigrants fled the conflict in Europe, finding refuge in America. They mainly populated the North as the Southern economy made it hard to compete with slaves for work.
Different economies that emerged from the North and South
* Growth of cities and industry in the North, immigrants,...
...history was, “Was the CivilWarinevitable?” many have formed an opinion and a much agreed with conclusion has come about. Secession wasinevitable based on the events that occurred from 1800-1859; The War with Mexico, the Acquisition of Oregon and Texas, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act were three of these important events that led to the inevitable secession andCivilWar. Without these events the CivilWar and the secession of the South could have been avoided and a solution to tensions created. However, these events did occur and led our nation to War.
The War with Mexico not only increased national tensions but international tensions as well. Polk was after the territory of California and the expansion of the nation. The consequences of this war however still exist today. Trust between the U.S. and Mexico was lost and is still very fragile. The slavery debate was again opened and very much alive. Along with these things the South also gave them military confidence and experience which would benefit them in the long run. Politically Polk’s popularity in the South increased but decreased in the North. The Wilmont Proviso was also brought up and was attempted to be...
CivilWar & Reconstruction
Compromise involves both give and take, where both sides involved
receive some of what they wanted, but neither side fully gets 100 percent of
what they wanted. Compromise for the most part keeps things running
smoothly. I personally believe that compromise is beneficial during this time.
The Missouri Compromise, for example, started when the territory of Missouri
wanted to join the Union as a slave state after the Louisiana Purchase. The
question was if to allow this move with slavery or not. At this point in time, the
country’s main concern was growth, but with growth came the expansion of
thought and power.
The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 and was the first true
attempt in finding an answer and a solution to the continued battle of slavery.
This compromise weighed equality in the numbers of free states and slave
states. This compromise makes a good point in my opinion, because for three
decades this seemed to allow hold back on the crisis of slavery and put a holt of
slavery dominating the nation.
The Compromise of 1850 is another important factor related to the benefits and
importance of compromise in the pre-civilwar era. Following the Mexican War, the
...The CivilWar in America was, in fact, inevitable. There were many disputes over the politics, economics, and culture of slavery both in the White House and in the Supreme Court. The South was very persistent about wanting to keep slavery and they even wanted it to spread in to the North. The North disagreed completely however and wanted it to just be completely abolished throughout all of America.
There were many factors that made the CivilWarinevitable. The first of whichwas economic differences. The North and South’s economies were drastically different. The South relied heavily on a lot of slaves to run the large plantations that they owned. They need less slaves after the Cotton Gin was invented, however they wanted more because since it was said that the Cotton Gin would do the work of 10 slaves, the more slaves you had, the faster you could work, and therefore the more money you could get more quickly. The South had a more agricultural economy so they needed more people to do manual labor than the North. Another reason that the South felt that they needed slaves and couldn’t just simply employ workers because slaves were cheaper. Even though they had to pay for the slaves’ food and their shelter, it was still less costly than paying a worker a certain salary. Lastly, the plantation...