War on Terror
Do you ever have one of those moments in your life in which you will never forget where you were? I remember waking up early on September 11, 2001, getting ready for school and my dad telling me hurry up to watch the news with him. Being in 8th grade at the time, the news really wasn’t something I would watch in the mornings so I knew it had to be something important. Then I saw it. An airplane crashing into a tower, people panicking, and mayhem ensuing in a city very well known to me. When any tragic event like 9/11 occurs, the effect it will have on a nation is tremendous. It left America in shock, anger, and sadness just to name a few adjectives to describe the insurmountable amount of feelings that we felt on that day. With America being such a powerful nation, after recovering from the attack the next ideal step would be to seek retaliation, right? Well on October 7th 2001, the war in Afghanistan began marking the first step in the War on Terror.
The 9/11 tragedy was very devastating to the American morale and our sense of security. America being so powerful and strong it may be logical to see how we had a false sense of security when it came to attacks on us. I mean, who would really want to attack one of the strongest nations on Earth? No other nation in their right mind would, right? Wrong. When those two planes hit our towers and another hitting the pentagon we were slapped with a reality check. We weren’t as safe as we thought we were. To add onto things, on September 18th and October 9th, 2001, we were hit by the anthrax attack that killed five and injured seventeen Americans. Something had to be done about this. We shouldn’t be letting other nations attack us like this. So George W. Bush began the War on Terror.
The single person who took responsibility for these attacks on America is the notorious Osama Bin Laden. Bin Laden founded the jihadist terrorist organization known as al-Qaeda at around 1988 to late 1989. The al-Qaeda, which translates into “The Base,” is well known for the September 11th attacks on the United States, but is also responsible for the 1998 US embassy bombings as well as the 2002 bombings in Bali. The war on terror started with America going on the offensive against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. With Osama bin laden becoming the most wanted criminal in the United States, if not the entire world, other countries would join in our attempt to dismantle the al-Qaeda and their usage of Afghanistan as a home base. Australia, United Kingdom, and the united afghan front became our allies in the war in Afghanistan. These nations would launch Operation Enduring Freedom. While Operation Enduring Freedom was mainly targeting Afghanistan, it also had many subordinate operations. Along with Afghanistan, there were operations in the Philippines, Horn of Africa/Somalia, Pankisi Gorge, Trans Sahara, Caribbean and Central America, and Kyrgyzstan. The terrorist regimes were placed all over the world and the nations fighting terrorism found it necessary to assist these other countries in eliminating those hostile forces in their territory. Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines is a currently active mission to fight the terrorist forces of Abu Sayyaf and Jemaah Islamiyah. Abu Sayyaf is an Islamist separatist group that was residing around the southern islands of the Republic of the Philippines while Jamaah Islamiyah is a militant Islamic terrorist group that was spread out through Southeast Asia in Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, parts of Thailand, and the Philippines. This operation is still ongoing and has tallied 17 US soldier casualties with >315 enemies killed, including Abu Sayyaf leader Janjalani.
Another one of the Operation Enduring Freedom missions was the Horn of Africa (Northeast Africa/Somali Peninsula). This mission was dedicated to stopping terrorism and piracy in the Horn of Africa. The United States lost 29 due to non-combat fatalities, but so far have been...
...War on terrorism, is that right strategy?
Table of Contents
War on terrorism’ what is that
Budget on war on terror
Since September 11, the world has been changed. It did not a matter for just Americans, but also it became a matter to the world. American government announced a War on terrorism and its allies engaged in that plan. After 7 years, they still fight against terrorism but now we do not know what the war on terrorism and what that is for. Every single time when we watching TV, most victims are American or its allies’ soldier or citizen of Afghanistan or Iraq. Terrorists still are out of the surrounding area and they are planning another attack. I’ll look for the way of how we are going to plan for fight against terrorists and effectiveness of war on terror to explore whether it is working or not. And it needs to be defined why the world choose ‘war on terror’ option as a counterterrorism from several options. There have been huge incidents happened by terrorist but most of them were very small damaged to the public. They can choose another options such as hiring more police officers or spend more money on the analyze them. I will explore what impact ‘war on terrorism’ has brought to...
...The War on Terror
Afghanistan and Iraq
• To understand the concept of the ‘War on Terror’.
• To analyse speeches given by former President Bush and Prime
• To evaluate America role in the post-Cold War era.
Who is America’s Enemy?
• By yourself, create a list of nations you think are considered enemies
of the United States of America in the post-Cold War era (1991-2004).
Who are terrorists?
• In pairs/small groups draw your idea of what a terrorist looks like.
• British Soldiers shot 26 unarmed Irish civilians in 1972 during a
protest. 14 were killed.
• The IRA (Irish Republican Army) bombed numerous locations across
the British Isles for the best part of the 1970s and 1980s.
• Crimes committed against Irish citizens.
• Ku Klux Klan have committed countless acts of terrorist activities
against minorities in America.
• In pairs, discuss those two speeches
• What did you think of them?
• Was there anything you disagreed/agreed with?
So what is the War on Terror?
• It relates to the international military campaigns that occur after 11
September 2001 terrorist attacks.
• Spearheaded by the United States it also included both NATO and
non-NATO nations in actions to destroy al-Qaeda and other militant
...February 25, 2014
Legal Brief Assignment No. 2
Dan is a trained paralegal who works for Erie Bank in Lakewood, Ohio. One day, Mary walks into the bank to apply for a mortgage loan to purchase a new house. She and Dan have a long conversation about Mary taking out a mortgage. Mary is concerned that were she to default on her loan, her credit would be destroyed. In response, Dan tells her:
Don’t worry about it. If you don’t pay your loan, the only remedy the bank has is to foreclose on the house. The bank cannot go after you personally and your credit score will be unaffected. I’ve been dealing with this issue for years and I’m telling you that this is the Ohio law on the matter.
Unfortunately, it turns out that Dan was incorrect. When Mary defaults on her loan the next year, her credit is badly hurt.
Whether, under Ohio Law, is Dan subject to a civil liability to Mary for his legal advice regarding her default on her mortgage loan, foreclosure, and bad credit rating? Did Dan practice unauthorized practice of law?
R.C. §4705.07 Unauthorized Practice:
(A) No person who is not licensed to practice law in this state shall do any of the following:
(1) Hold that person out in any manner as an attorney at law;
(2) Represent that person orally or in writing, directly or indirectly, as being authorized to practice law;
(3) Commit any act that is prohibited by the Supreme Court as being the unauthorized practice of law.
Dean of Edinboro University
What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or...
... College drinking has become popular among all students throughout college campuses. Students are encouraged to “follow the crowd”. Extensive research has been done on social norms and how it influences behavior People conform to what others do in attempts to feel included. The following literature reviews attempt to support this hypothesis. Research done by (Dipali V. R., Clayton N., 2014) suggests that social norms are among the strongest influences on college drinking (Neighbors, Lee, Lewis, Fossos, & Larimer, 2007). Due to perceived norms, students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol is being consumed by their peers as well as the frequency of consumption. In a recent study done in the University of Houston, researchers examined whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and drinking. The findings were that college students who are higher in temptation drink more and experience more alcohol-related problems when they perceive drinking to be more prevalent among their peers. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014).Perceiving peers to be drinking more may facilitate
yielding to temptation by offering justification (i.e., everyone else is drinking) or by making one's own drinking seem to be more “normal”. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014). In a social norms study done by Alan other research done by Alan D. Berkowitz states that our behavior is influenced by incorrect perceptions of how...
...War Against Terror
The September 11 2001 (9/11), terrorist attacks on the United States changed the perspective of the world towards terrorism especially the Al Qaeda. The world, in particular the major powers came to realize that the greatest threat they had in the 21st centaury was global terrorism and President Bush once said, “Al Qaeda is to terror what the Mafia is to crime” (George Bush, 2001,p.2). Just few days after September 11 2001, President Bush delivered a speech in which he declared that America was at war, a war to “find stop and defeat” every terror group of global reach (George Bush, 2001, p.5).
On October 7 2001, the USA and UK launched a joint attack on Afghanistan, to overthrow the oppressive Taliban government and to destroy the Al Qaeda’s stronghold in the nation, and by 2011, 49 nations, including Australia had sent more than 140,000 soldiers into Afghanistan (Rogers Simon and Lisa Evans, 2009). The second phase of the ‘War on Terror” took the USA and its allies to Iraq, where they had suspected the Saddam Hussein led government was creating weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and was cooperating with the Al Qaeda to launch attacks on USA and its allies. On March 20 2003, the USA, UK and their allies launched an invasion of Iraq without the consent of the UN (Ewen MacAskill, and Julian Borger, 2004). The invasion eventually led...
...60, 3, 440-465.
* Bennett, L.W., Lawrence, R., and Livingston, S. (2006). None dare call it torture: Indexing and the limits of press independence in the Abu Ghraib scandal. Journal of Communication, 56, 467–485.
* Entman, R. (2004). Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and US foreign policy (pp.1-28). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
* Garrett, K. (2009). Politically motivated reinforcement seeking: Reframing the selective exposure debate. Journal of Communication, 59, 4, 676-699.
* Gilboa, E. (2005). The CNN effect: The search for a communication theory of international relations. Political Communication, 22, 27-44.
* Hallin, D., & Mancini, P. (2004). Dimensions and models in comparing media systems. Paper presented to the 2004 annual convention of the International Communication Association, New Orleans, May 27-31.
* Hanitzsch, T. and Berganza, R. (2012). Explaining Journalists’ Trust in Public Institutions Across 20 Countries: Media Freedom, Corruption, and Ownership Matter Most. Journal of Communication, 62.
* Herman, E. S., & Chomsky, N. (2004). Further reply to the Langs. Political Communication, 21, 113-116.
* Mody, B. (2012). The marketization of foreign news. Global Media and Communication, 8, 99-115.
* Reich, Z. (2008). The roles of communication technology in obtaining news: Staying close to distant sources. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 85(3), 627-648.
* Robinson, P., & Goddard, P., &...
...inspiration, and actions of those within the group are amplified by the type of management. Personal care and motivation stems from transformational leadership.
The Effect of transactional and transformational Leadership Styles on The Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of Customer Contact Personnel (Emery & Barker, 2007); examines the assurance and employment gratification of workers who are working by banking and food establishments.
Belle’s article on transformational leadership has been tied to the greatest influential motivating behavior and great public worker actions. The research connects the performance effects of transformational leadership and an assembly of nurses in a municipal hospital in Italy (2013).
[From here on out each article will be referred to as article one, two, and three (respectfully)].
All three articles had similarities in research questions; the main idea what the biggest similarity does transformational leadership impact how employees react. According to article one, one of the questions posed was concerning transformational leadership in the public area. Does the structure of the business matter? In search of the answer to this question, the researchers choose to test the standards as they exist right now; how they relate to transformational leadership. The researchers came up with several questions: the top organization’s structure, the lower the...