English 102- Sec 17
October 15, 2012
A War Without Justified Reason
The United States declares war against Iraq (after an attack allegedly by Al Queda, a terrorist group based in Afghanistan) to destroy their nuclear weapons but what about other countries like North Korea’s nuclear weapons? On September 11, 2001 the United States suffered devastating attacks to the Pentagon, Washington and the World Trade Center resulting in the loss of many innocent civilians lives. The United States government went on to figure out how justice would be served. As a result of 9/11, in 2003 the United States decided to invade Iraq in order to stop Saddam Hussein as dictator, stop production of weapons of mass destruction, fight the war against terrorism and gain control of Iraq’s oil reserves. The “Just War Doctrine” was created in order to guide the United States in making the decision whether or not war is acceptable. The Vanity Fair article “Path to War”(2004) written by Bryan Burrough, Evgenia Peretz, David Rose, and David Wise reveals evidence how and why the war on Iraq is unjust and breaks the principles in the “Just War Doctrine.” Although we have destroyed Saddam Hussein and his organization does not mean the war was justified and many lives could have been saved if other options were put into effect. In order to constitute a war the benefits must out weigh the damages and follow the principles of the Just War Doctrine. However the Bush Administration used the attack on 9/11 to persuade the United States the war is just without fully investigating evidence and alternatives. The Bush Administration went against the Just War Doctorine and used 9/11 as an excuse to stress unnecessary and uninvestigated reasons to declare war on Iraq. According to the Just War principles, the Bush Administration’s declation of war on Iraq was unjust. President Bush and his Administration used the attack on the World Trade Center as an excuse to declare war against terror; blame Iraq when there was no reliable proof Iraq had any connections to Al Queda because they had ulterior motives. President Bush and his Administration had ulterior motives when the decision was made to go to war against Iraq. On September 11, 2001 the United States were in shock, the country had not witnessed such a preventable disaster in decades. President Bush and his team determined and announced to the public that the attacks that day were not just acts of terror but acts of war. Then only a short three days after the attacks President Bush and his advisors gathered to discuss the path the war was going to take however they did not keep the Just War principles in mind. According to the Just War principles, “the damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community of nations much be lasting, grave and certain,” (Catholic.org 2). The damage caused by the attacks on 9/11 will be lasting and grave forever affecting the American people whose lives were lost and destroyed families. However President Bush and his Administration declared acts of war and began to plan a war against Iraq without any proof of who committed these terrorist attacks. At President Bush’s meeting three days after the attacks Paul Wolfowitz, an undersecretary of defense for policy for George H. W. Bush, allegedly discussed how Iraq’s involvement in 9/11 was only a 10-50% chance. Bush and his Administration have no proof of who was behind the attacks only speculations and ulterior motives. According to ZZZ Bush has had a plan to attack Iraq to gain control of their oil before the 9/11 attack. However Bush knew it was important that find proof and made the main mission in Iraq to find their weapons of mass destruction. Secretary of State Colin Powell was scheduled to deliver a speech to the public about the war. President Bush’s Vice President Richard Cheney and their “staff constantly pushed for certain intelligence on Iraq’s alleged ties to terrorists to be...
...Did America invade Iraq simply for economical reasons? Or was it an act of imperialism? Was it an attack to retaliate the attacks on 9/11? There are numerous of reasons why America invaded Iraq. One can’t simply identify one single reason for why the war occurred. However, one can examine and debate whether one explanation has more significant importance than another. One can break the debate down to whether the invasion was a result of materialistic interests or by ideological reasons. There is a fair amount of dispute amongst people regarding the explanations for the war in Iraq. Some argue that the previous relations between the Iraqi regime and the US was already bad, and that after the 9/11 attacks U.S officials had a legitimate reason for going to war. On the other side a lot of people are convinced the war was a result of U.S national interest in gaining control over Iraq’s oil fields.
On the 20th of September 2001 president Bush declared war on terror. In congress president bush stated, “From this day forward, any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime (Bush, 2001). The Bush administration further claimed that Saddam Hussein had developed weapons of mass destruction and feared that the regime would use such weapons towards the U.S and or towards Israel. Was America’s invasion of...
...Brooklyn Technical High School
America’s War in Afghanistan and Iraq
An analysis of America’s current wars
American History 1, Period 3
January 18, 2013
In the last decade, America has engaged in war in two middle-eastern countries. These countries are Afghanistan and Iraq. America has waged war against these countries for common reasons, but each war also had its unique cause for war. America had a just cause in its war in Afghanistan, but its participation in the war in Iraq is debated. Two presidents who had to lead and deal with these wars were President George Washington Bush who was in office from 2000 to 2008, and current President Barack Obama who came into office 2008 and is currently in office. Two administrations created by the following Presidents were the Bush administration and the Obama administration created by President George W. Bush and Barack Obama respectively. The legitimacy of these wars in these respective countries is on the minds of many Americans today.
The war in Afghanistan is also referred to as the war on terror. After the incidents that occurred on September 11, 2001 where terrorists leaded by Osama Bin Laden hijacked commercial airplanes and rerouted them to target...
The Iraqwar was an armed conflict in Iraq that consisted of two phases. The first was an invasion of Ba'athist Iraq starting on 20 March 2003 by an invasion force led by the United States. It was followed by a longer phase of fighting, in which an insurgency emerged to oppose coalition forces and the newly formed Iraqi government. The U.S. completed its withdrawal of military personnel in December 2011. However, the Iraqi insurgency continues and caused thousands of fatalities in 2012.
The year before 2003 when the Iraqwar started, President Bush began publicly focusing attention on Iraq, citing the possibilities of Saddam Hussein acquiring weapons of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, or more commonly called WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction), thus posing a direct threat to the US. In March 2003, the US launched a war against Iraq, with President Bush saying that the attack was “to disarm Iraq and to free its people”. The Iraqi military was quickly defeated and the capital, Baghdad, fell on April 9, 2003. The US troops were supported by British, Australian and Polish combat forces.
As an aftermath, the Iraqwar led to the deaths of at least 123,000 Iraqi civilians and more than 4400 US troops. This war was in large part...
...CHANGING CHARACTER OF WAR
WHAT COUNTRIES WERE INVOLVED IN THE WAR?
Apart from US, there were other countries involved on the Iraq’s war. USA’s main supporter was Britain. Even though British citizens were sure that UK shouldn’t join the war, Prime Minister Anthony Blair had a relationship with US President, George Bush, and said that UK was going to ‘pay’ this special relationship supporting and helping US in the war; he promise his full support to Bush and sent up to 30.000 troops. Presidents of other political parties oppose to Blair and affirm that participate in the war without public support would be difficult.
There was another country that supports US in the war but didn’t send any military troops, Spain. On March 2003, Spanish Prime Minister Jose María Aznar, told that Spain would not send combat troops to fight alongside the US and Britain in the expected war on Iraq. But Spain contributes to the war sending 900 medical troops and ships with more medical help. In addition Aznar said Spain would supply military aid to help protect NATO member Turquey from possible attack from Iraq. Moreover, Spain allows US to move troops through two Spanish bases in Iraq.
Aznar said that disarming Iraq was necessary and legal due to some resolutions of the UN Security Council. US, UK and Spain...
...between the United States and Britain and eventually led to the War of 1812. In a similar context, the IraqWar was also a direct response to the evidence supporting the fact that Iraq was connected to terrorist activities and the assumption that Iraq was hiding weapons of mass destruction. The US response to Russia in the Cold War is similar to the US response today and set the precedent for theIraqWar. Conclusively, both the War of 1812 and the current war in Iraq can be justified considering that the country was provoked in both instances and had every right to defend itself and its people from all foreign dangers.
The Chesapeake Affair is the perfect example of British infringement on American sovereignty. It was significant as it was the beginning of all British impressments toward the United States Navy. The British had cornered and then attacked the USS Chesapeake, an American naval ship, on the grounds that British sailors had fled onto American ships in order to rid themselves of all connections with the British . This action may have been proper from the perspective of the British but as the Americans see it, valuable sailors and therefore, citizens, had been lost to a country that had granted them independence half a century before. Condemnation of the British echoed all over the country in response to the...
...12 April, 2013
Waging War For What?
I’m sure most, if not all of you, are all familiar with the recently ended IraqWar. Well how would you like to hear that this 8 year long war was not even justified? According to the just war theory the well-known IraqWar is considered not a just war. Why you may ask? Well the just war theory has many different criteria and regulations that have to be met in order to consider a war just. Focusing in on a few of those criteria has determined that it is indeed not a just war. Some of those criteria include having no just cause. When a war is waged due to reasons or causes that are viewed as wrong, it causes the war to be unjust. Another aspect is having the right intention. When a war is waged on an intention that is unethical or wrong, it is considered unjust. Lastly, it talks about the aspect of a war having to be a last resort. This talks about how a war should only be created when there is no other way possible to resolve an issue at hand. When this is not met it causes the war to also be unjust. Statistics show that due to these issues not being able to be met it classifies the IraqWar as an unjust war.
One of the criteria that have to be met in order to...
...The Effect of the Media during the IraqWar
After the tragedy of September 11th, 2001, the American people looked to their leader, President George W. Bush, to get them through this horrific time. After almost two years, President Bush decided to invade the country of Iraq on March 19th, 2003, starting a war that would last almost a decade (CNN.com). The media coverage of the war that was shown throughout the U.S imitated the idea that the war was positive and showed a pro-war point of view. Due to the majority of Americans only receiving information from a handful of news outlets, the public’s opinion on war was influenced by the media being broadcasted.
Even before the announcement by the President that the U.S would invade Iraq; the media was responsible for portraying Saddam Hussein to be a danger to America as well as its national security, even though he had nothing to do with the terrorist attacks. Many people either did not realize or did not care that the information media outlets were reporting came from somewhere within the U.S government. During this time, technology was booming which allowed the war to be shown on internet sites making it the first war ever covered online. Due to development of technology, any information regarding the war was aired rapidly. The advancements in technology...
...Explain the causes and consequences of the IraqWar (2003)
On the 20th of March 2003, US cruise missiles and bombs were dropped on Baghdad, Iraq’s capital city. The target was the then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein’s and his closest aides, who were believed to be in a meeting. It would be the start of a conflict that would still be going strong seven years later. Even after so many years of US-led invasion, the reasons for invading Iraq are still debated worldwide. As Allawi (2007) argues ‘in the history of conflicts and wars, there are few instances that match the invasion and occupation for complexity of motive and ambiguity of purpose’. As a result, the IraqWar or otherwise known as ‘Operation Iraqi freedom’ was to become one of the most controversial wars to date especially because of the overwhelming international hostility. It is one of the most important events that affected the world, radically changing 21st century international relations.
This essay will be structured as follows the first section will explore the causes of the war. It argues that the main cause of the war was the perceived threat of Iraq’s possession of weapons of mass destruction. This study further argues an attempt to bring democracy to the country and getting rid of the country’s authoritarian leader was another cause of the Iraq...