The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) refers to the intervention in the Afghan Civil War by the United States and its allies, following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to dismantle Al-Qaeda, the Islamic terrorist organization led by Osama bin Laden and to remove from power the Taliban, an Islamic fundamentalist regime led by Mullah Mohammed Omar, which at the time controlled 90% of Afghanistan and hosted Al-Qaeda leadership. U.S. President George W. Bush demanded that the Taliban hand over bin Laden and al-Qaeda leadership which was supporting the Taliban in its war with the Northern Alliance. The Taliban recommended that bin Laden leave the country but declined to extradite him without evidence of his involvement in the 9/11 attacks. The United States refused to negotiate and on 7 October 2001 launched Operation Enduring Freedom, which was to defeat the Taliban and set up a new Afghan government. This operation was supported by various anti-Taliban groups, especially the Afghan Northern Alliance. The United Kingdom also got involved, andwas later joined by Canada, Australia, France and other mainly western allies. The U.S.-led forces quickly drove the Taliban from power and captured all major cities in the country. Many Al Qaeda and Taliban leaders escaped to neighboring Pakistan or retreated to rural or remote mountainous regions. In December 2001, the U.N. Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), to oversee security in the country and train the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). At the Bonn Conference in December 2001, Hamid Karzai was selected to head the Afghan Interim Administration, which after a loya jirga in Kabul in June 2002, became the Afghan Transitional Administration. In the popular elections of 2004, Karzai won and became President of Afghanistan. In 2003, NATO assumed leadership of ISAF, included troops from 43 countries, with NATO members providing the core of the force....
...At the time of my writing, the NATO war in Afghanistan has just become the longest war in U.S. history, a status it seems likely to retain for some time. It has been, and remains, a very strange war, all the stranger now that General Stanley McChrystal has been fired as commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan following the lamest Douglas MacArthur impression on record. He has been replaced by General David Petraeus, the father and executor of the doctrine that lay behind the eventual U.S. military success in Iraq, a version of which is now being applied in Afghanistan. The notion that his appointment will lead to substantial changes in the Afghan mission is hence overblown, especially as up until a week ago he was the one telling McChrystal what to do in his role as the latter's boss.
So, not a time for radical change, but a time to reflect.
American involvement in Afghanistan began in 1979, when the Soviets invaded the country. The U.S. wanted to get the Soviets bogged down in a demoralizing war, they wanted to discourage this sort of Soviet adventurism, and they especially wanted to make sure the Red Army didn't march on through to the Middle East. So, with the help of a host of other countries, the U.S. funelled money and weapons to anti-Soviet forces, and they didn't ask too many questions about the politics of the recipients. This strategy worked,...
Following the September 11 terror attacks, the U.S. sent thousands of troops to Afghanistan to pursue the al Qaeda terrorists who plotted the terror attacks. Almost 10 years ago, the U.S. sent troops to the Central Asian country in order to protect the U.S. after Osama Bin Laden declared war on the United States. Within a year of entering into the country, the U.S. shifted its focus from Afghanistan to Iraq, which led to the resurgence of the Taliban. Currently, the U.S., under the Obama administration, has developed a new strategic plan in which troops are “to disrupt, dismantle and defeat al Qaeda in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and to prevent their return to either country in the future (Afghanistan, 672).” Pakistan, the nuclear armed and western bordering country to Afghanistan, has become a sanctuary for Taliban and al Qaeda, which is why the U.S. has a concentration of troops on the border of the two countries. The U.S. needs to protect the border in order to ensure that the nuclear arms of Pakistan do not fall into the hands of the Taliban and al Qaeda.
The United States faces many problems in the current war with terrorist forces. The increase of causalities, the increase of fanatical Taliban and al Qaeda troops, the lack of Afghan National Army forces to help with the fighting, and the ever...
...American interest in Afghanistan:
The United States government, led by the Central Intelligence Agency's Special Activities Division, has made a series of attacks on targets in northwest Pakistan since 2004 using drones (unmanned aerial vehicles). Under the George W. Bush administration, these controversial attacks were called a part of the US' "War on Terrorism" and sought to defeat the Taliban and Al-Qaeda militants who were thought to have found a safe haven in Pakistan. Most of these attacks are on targets in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Northwest Pakistan. These strikes are mostly carried out by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) operated remotely from Creech Air Force Base and have continued under the Presidency of Barack Obama. Generally the UAVs used are MQ-1 Predator and more recently MQ-9 Reaper firing AGM-114 Hellfire missiles. The drones have become a weapon of choice for the United States in the fight against al-Qaeda. Some media refer to the series of attacks as a "drone war". Pakistan's government publicly condemns these attacks but has secretly shared intelligence with Americans and also allowed the drones to operate from Shamsi airfield in Pakistan. Washington officials say drone strikes are highly effective in the war against al-Qaeda and have killed a number of high-value targets, including Baitullah Mehsud, the Pakistani Taliban's founding...
...Afghanistan has been in war with the U.S. mainly because, The Taliban refuses to follow through with the commands that the U.S. gave them, as well as ‘The Three Phases’, Also the planned attack in 2001, but mainly because the U.S. wants the mineral resources that are found in Afghanistan. The Taliban refused to undertake 3 simple tasks: shutting down the terrorist training camps, giving up the Al-Qaeda leaders and returning all American and Foreign citizens, which is part of the reason that we went to war with Afghanistan in 2001. The ‘Three Phases’ started in 1987-present the first phase was to topple the Taliban and destroy all terrorist camps from 1987-1997, the second phase was to defeat the Taliban military and re-build core institutes in the afghan state from 1997- September11, 2001, and the third phase was to turn to counterinsurgency doctrine due to increased military troop presence from 2001-present. America was planning an attack on Afghanistan to start off the third phase but what they didn’t know is that Afghanistan was planning an attack to the Twin towers to get back at the U.S. for what they did in the past years. The main reason to the war in Afghanistan was to get most of the mineral resources in Afghanistan that are very valuable, and costs lots of money.
Afghanistan and The U.S.A. are at...
...Compare and Contrast
The war in Afghanistan is a constant focus for debate. There are those who believe that the United States is still doing a worthy effort in Afghanistan and that it is essential for the U.S. to keep a military presence there. On the other hand, there are the people that believe the United States can no longer achieve its goals if it continues to use military force. Authors Melanie Barton Zoltán and C. Ames Cushman argue both for and against the war in Afghanistan and the benefits each scenario can produce. Both authors focus on the structure of Afghanistan’s government, the involvement of Taliban and Al Qaeda on Afghanistan soil, and the effects the United States involvement would have on the women of Afghanistan.
Both Zoltan and Cushman point out in their papers that controlling Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, does not really effect the government of the country. Zoltan argues that even with the Taliban removed from power in Kabul, they still hold considerable power in Afghanistan. With Afghanistan’s lack of centralized government, the Taliban easily entrenched in the southern part of the country and began to rebuild their forces. As the United States attention moved to Iraq after the Taliban were removed from Kabul, they were easily able to form a foothold in other parts of Afghanistan. Zoltan points out that...
Afghanistan with Pakistan & Iran
GM545: Business Economics
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is located in Southwest Asia bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkemistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. They are an active member of the international community and have diplomatic relations with countries around the world. In December 2002, they signed a “Good Neighbor Declaration” with its bordering neighbors which pledged respect to Afghanistan’s independence and territorial integrity.
Afghanistan is a landlocked country which is slightly smaller than Texas and about one third larger than Iraq. The Hindu Kush Mountains dominate the landscape and elevation ranges from 850 to more than 24,000 feet. The country is mostly rural and underdeveloped.
It has a dry climate with cold winters and hot summers. “When I was there, from April to October in 2006, I saw about only 10 minutes of rain the entire time,” said Chris Miller, retired Air Force Master Sergeant. “Being in the capital city of Kabul, where the elevation is approximately 5,900 feet, it didn’t get too hot in the summer and was rather pleasant in the spring when I first arrived and in the fall when I was leaving.”
The political system of Afghanistan has seen a sea of change over the past few decades. The current political scenario in Afghanistan has long been predominated by efforts of the United States and United...
...I am against the US troops in Afghanistan. First of all, it made many American soldiers and families feeling of agony. For example, after more than 10 years of war in Afghanistan, the U.S. reached a milestone on Wednesday when the 2,000th American died in support of Operation Enduring Freedom, CNN reports. Marine Cpl. Taylor J. Baune of Andover, was killed in Helmand province, Afghanistan, according to The Star-Tribune. Baune had married his wife just three months prior to his deployment. So, there is emty feeling of death to American soldiers, families. Secondly, I am against the fragmented nature of Afghan society, which is made up of many different ethnic groups, has lead to its multiple internal struggles which have gained support from the different external powers. It has happened there. To be specificon Insightonconflict.org the website reports that: “By 1992 the Communist government had collapsed and the Peshawar Accord declared Afghanistan to be the Islamic State of Afghanistan. However, many groups refused to acknowledge the new government throughout the early 1990s. In Kandahar, a militia group called the Taliban, began to emerge as a political and religious force.” Consequently, there was a negative result growing Afghanistan. Finally, I am with international public opinion which is largely opposed to the war in Afghanistan. For...
...conflict and how does conflict impact on people and their environment?
Where is the Afghan War located?
It is situated below the Brandt line (running through the middle of the earth) in south central Asia. It is bordered by Iran on the west, by Pakistan on the east and south, and by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan on the north. The war is fought in Kandahar and also in the south.
How has the environment / physical geography ofAfghanistan affected the conflict?
In Afghanistan, the environment has affected the conflict for both positive and negative reasons. In some cases, the environment has had a positive impact because of the numerous mountains spread across it covering two thirds of its surface. This useful during a war as when you are up high you have the advantage and the enemy would not be able to see the Afghans. The mountains are popular for the Taliban. Also, as it is the Taliban’s home land, they would know the area. As well as this, the rest of the landscape is made up of desert and grass lands meaning there are lots of places to hide in the grass but it is very hard to hide in the deserts.
However, the landscape of Afghanistan would also make it harder to transport weapons and carry all of the supplies. With this, the poor resources would mean that the longer the soldiers stay there the weaker they get. The very cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers...