The “Right” to Vote
“We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain - that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom - and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” ~ Gettysburg 1963. Abraham Lincoln spoke these words on November 19, 1863. Amongst the bloodiest war in American history and the possible destruction of the union that are for fathers worked so hard to build, he thought of the people. He thought of how the people make this country what it is, not only the ones who fight but the ones that we elect. He reminded the people of there power, he reminded everyone that if this government was not by the people and for the people, it would perish. Now almost 150 years later, after numerous civil rights, suffrage, and equality bills and laws have been passed we have people that still question the people’s right to vote. Ms. Chastain would like you to believe that voting is not a right, she thinks we should have to take a “civic literacy” test in order to be able to vote. “At the very least, we should require new registrants to pass a basic civics test, the kind given to immigrants seeking to become naturalized U.S. citizens.” Well I say Ms. Chastain is quite wrong. Voting is a right guaranteed to citizens by federal and state governments that must be protected at all costs. There are numerous reasons such a test would be a disaster for our country. Not only would a literacy test or anything like it significantly inhibit our right to vote but it would cause a number of cultural, economical, and political problems in our already very struggling country.
The 17th amendment, the civil rights act of 1965, the renewal of 1970, all of these legislations have one thing in common, the right to vote. Over America’s short history there have been numerous laws protecting and allowing for every American to have basic civil liberties such as the right to vote. People have protested,...
...almost entirely ineffectual. The murder of voting-rights activists in Philadelphia, Mississippi, gained national attention, along with numerous other acts of violence and terrorism. Finally, the unprovoked attack on March 7, 1965, by state troopers on peaceful marchers crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, en route to the state capitol in Montgomery, persuaded the President and Congress to overcome Southern legislators' resistance to effectivevotingrights legislation. President Johnson issued a call for a strong votingrights law and hearings began soon thereafter on the bill that would become the VotingRights Act.
Congress determined that the existing federal anti-discrimination laws were not sufficient to overcome the resistance by state officials to enforcement of the 15th Amendment. The legislative hearings showed that the Department of Justice's efforts to eliminate discriminatory election practices by litigation on a case-by-case basis had been unsuccessful in opening up the registration process; as soon as one discriminatory practice or procedure was proven to be unconstitutional and enjoined, a new one would be substituted in its place and litigation would have to commence anew.
President Johnson signed the resulting legislation into law on August 6, 1965. Section 2 of the Act, which closely followed the language of the 15th...
...Johnson in improving civil rights for African-Americans during his presidency (1963-69)?
Lyndon B Johnson became president in 1963 after the assassination of President John F Kennedy on November 22nd 1963. He formulated many policies including ‘The Great Society’. This was introduced in an aim to end poverty, improve education and rejuvenate cities for all Americans. Johnson also introduced Civil Rights. This act refers to the personal rights a citizen holds which are protected by the US government and prohibits; the discrimination of race, religion, age or gender. This was introduced to create equal opportunities for all. This essay will outline the key factors regarding whether or not Lyndon B Johnson was significant in improving Civil rights due to factors such as riots, involvement in Vietnam, the policies he introduced and laws which were passed.
Some historians argue that Lyndon B Johnson was significant improving civil rights for African-Americans during his presidency. For example, “He was able to push through the landmark laws of 64 and 65” (source one). This suggests that he was committed to civil rights and was trying to help black citizens. In addition, in relation to the Civil Rights act and The VotingRights act being passed, some historians suggest that these acts were “Johnson’s greatest achievement but also formed part of a...
...Analysis of bloody Sunday in the civil rights movement
Civil Rights Movement
Department of political science and public administration
Virginia State University
"We Shall Overcome -- Selma-to-Montgomery March." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America.
The Selma-to-Montgomery March for votingrights ended three weeks--and three events--that represented the political and emotional peak of the modern civil rights movement. On "Bloody Sunday," March 7, 1965, some 600 civil rights marchers headed east out of Selma on U.S. Route 80. They got only as far as the Edmund Pettus Bridge six blocks away, where state and local lawmen attacked them with Billy clubs and tear gas and drove them back into Selma. Two days later on March 9, Martin Luther King, Jr., led a "symbolic" march to the bridge. Then civil rights leaders sought court protection for a third, full-scale march from Selma to the state capitol in Montgomery. Federal District Court Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr., weighed the right of mobility against the...
...How effective was the early civil rights movement in advancing black civil rights in the period 1880-1990?
Before, 1880 the black slave was part of the American culture. It continued to be part and parcel of life beyond the 19th century and into the 20th. However, the need for change became more apparent and the rise of black Civil Rights grew. Progress, at times rapidly advanced but was mainly slow and many suffered great hardships for the cause, such as Martin Luther King. He is quoted as saying “A man who won't die for something is not fit to live”; highlighting the willingness to the movement.
The 13th, 14th and 15th amendments are often grouped together, known as the “reconstruction amendments”. The intention was to end slavery and give former slaves some Civil Rights. However, due to the creation of “grandfather clauses”, “literacy tests”, and heavy opposition, particularly in the South, slowed the progress and advancement of Civil Rights.
After the 13th amendment was passed by the Senate in 1865, slavery was abolished and the advancement of Black Civil Rights began. However, in the South “black codes” were quickly established to keep Black Americans inferior. The attitudes of the South were strong throughout the period of 1880-1990, but as the Civil Rights movement advanced particularly form 1945, they were forced to stop and listen. The war, presidencies and...
...Although Martin Luther King and Cesar Chavez came from very different backgrounds, their success as leaders of the Civil Rights Movement bears many similarities in its historic development. One major similarity between King and Chavez is that they were both great orators and made a number of notable speeches, which contributed to the social advancement of the minorities. King, who was ordained as a Baptist minister at the age of 27, was often put in the position to preach about what he believed in to large numbers of people. As a result, he was quite comfortable speaking to thousands at gatherings such as the historic March on Washington. Chavez, on the other hand, came from a poor migrant family and initially worried that he wasn't a good speaker. At the meetings he organised, Chavez often ended up doing more listening then speaking. However with time, his confidence grew as he found people listening and agreeing with what he had to say and so made many great speeches as did King. Their lectures and remarks made clear their selfless devotion to their causes and gave the blacks and Chicanos a new sense of worth and dignity which made them want improvements and change even more.
They were also both very charismatic strong leaders, inspiring men and women, young and old and most vitally both coloured and whites to join their movements for equality. Each of these men also realised the importance of getting national support from vast numbers that helped them to...
...typically (when they have been able to vote) voted for the more liberal party or candidate. The South was at one time a Democratic stronghold and has in the past 30 years become a typically conservative voting electorate. This tendency of voting by race for the liberal or conservative candidate has been a continuing occurrence. Southern turn out for elections has been significantly lower than the rest of the nation as well over the same time period. This bias of the past 30 years as well as voter turn out has only recently began to change in the South.<br><br>In the beginning of and prior to the 1960's the South was a Democratic stronghold and it was rare for there to be any competition from Republicans in these non competitive states (Mulcahy p.56). A poll taken in the 1960's showed that " the southern states were the obvious stronghold of Democratic identification. The extreme case was Louisiana, where 66% identified with the Democratic party"(Black p.44). This all began to change as the Democratic party became more liberal in its national policy views. The Democrats became too liberal in their policies concerning civil rights for the white Southerners to continue voting for them. (Mulcahy p.40). This reason along with others is what drove the Southern whites to change there voting habits of the last 100 years. The white Southerners began to vote for presidents of the Republican party and for...
...Civil Rights movement Time Capsule
The 1960’s was a cultural decade that consisted of the civil rights movement, culture of music, first steps on the moon, and unspeakable assassinations of great leaders. As we can see from the items in this time capsule, the 1960’s was an important decade in our history; significant changes were made during that time frame that shaped our American culture that we see to this day. The Civil Rights movement alone has carried on past the 1960’s and changes are being made to this day to ensure equality among everyone.
A picture of John F. Kennedy and the date of his assassination, November 22, 1963 written under it, are among the other items in the time capsule. Prior to the death of JFK, he had great plans for equal rights, “He wished America to resume its old mission as the first nation dedicated to the revolution of human rights” (Freidel & sidey, 2006). “In a nationally televised address on June 6, 1963, President John F. Kennedy urged the nation to take action toward guaranteeing equal treatment of every American regardless of race. Soon after, Kennedy proposed that Congress consider civil rights legislation that would address votingrights, public accommodations, school desegregation, nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs, and more” (" civil rights act (1964)). The assassination of JFK was...
...How much impact did Martin Luther King have in changing civil rights for black
Eyes on the Prize, American’s Civil Rights years, 1954-1965, Juan Williams
Eyes on the Prize, Juan Williams On the bus boycott
“When the trial of the boycott leaders began in Alabama, the national press got its first good look at Martin Luther King Jr., the first defendant. Four days later, King was found guilty. The sentence was a $500 fine and court costs, or 386 days of hard labour. The judge explained that he had imposed this minimal penalty” because King had promoted non-violence. King was released on bond; his indictment and conviction became front-page news across the nation”
Eyes on the Prize, Juan Williams, pg 130 from an Interview with Diane Nash who led the campaign to desegregate the lunch counters of Nashville’s department stores
‘I think it’s really important that young people understand that the movement of the sixties was really a people’s movement. The media and history seem to record it as Martin Luther King’s movement, but young people just like them, their age, that formulated goals and strategies, and actually developed the movement.”
“Kennedy delivered a new civil rights bill to Congress on June 19. Stronger than the bill that had died in Congress at the beginning of the year, the new bill would outlaw segregation in all interstate public accommodations, allow the attorney general to initiate suits for...