“Visit to shrines” is a very controversial topic that whether it is permitted in Islam or not and if it is not permitted than why it is practiced by most of the Sufis orders. We have searched in this project about this controversy with proofs and reasons from Quran and Sunnah. A shrine is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped. Shrines are found in many of the world's religions, including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Wicca, Chinese folk religion and Shinto, as well as in secular and non-religious settings such as a war memorial. Shrines can be found in various settings, such as churches, temples, cemeteries, or in the home, although portable shrines are also found in some cultures. Many questions come in minds of various people that should Muslims visit shrines of dead people, even if some of them were known for being pious. And do Muslims believe that a dead person can intermediate between them and Allah? And if it is present in the Sufi orders then what is its legal status according to Quran and Sunnah.
Traditions of Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) regarding visit to shrines: Visit to shrines is a great controversial act due to which some people are against the Sufi practices. We will discuss and try to prove this act that whether it is good or bad in the light of Quran and Sunnah.
Visit to graveyards by Holy Prophet (S.A.W.):
The scholars of Islam with the support of verses of Qur’an and traditions have recommended ziyarat of grave especially the ziyarat of the Holy Prophet's grave and those of the pious people and consider this to be a virtue and honor. Witnessing this silent valley which softens the most adamant heart and makes the most heavy ear to hear and gives brightness to the most poor eye-sight, causes a person to review his plans in life and ponder over the great responsibilities which he has before Allah and the people and controls his desires. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) referring to this point in a tradition says:ss “Visit the graves; for visiting them becomes the cause of remembering the next world”. Sunan Ibn Maja (vol. 1, p. 113 chapter o) From the Islamic traditions which the authors of Sihah and Sunan have narrated, we derive the conclusion that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) had prohibited, due to a temporary reason, the ziyarat of graves and later on allowed the people to make haste for ziyarat. Perhaps the reason for prohibition was that their dead ones were predominantly polytheists and idol worshippers and Islam had cut off their relation and affection with the world of polytheism. It is also possible that the reason for prohibition was something else and that is the newly converted Muslims were writing elegies and saying un-Islamic things over the graves of the dead polytheists. But after the expansion of Islam and the ‘faith’ entering into the hearts of people, this prohibition was lifted and the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) permitted the people to go for the ziyarat of graves because of the educative benefits, so that people should hasten to visit graves The writers of Sunan and Sihah narrate as such:
“I had prohibited you from ziyara of graves. From now on, go for ziyara because it will make you feel unattached towards this world and make you remember the hereafter.” (Sunan Ibn Maja, chapter of vol.1, p.114, (Indian edition); Sahih al-Tirmidhi chapter of vol. 3 p. 274 along with commentary of Ibn al-‘Arabi Maliki, (Lebanon edition) From another tradition we come to know that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) used to hasten, along with a group of people for ziyarat of graves and teach them the manner of doing ziyarat. Hazrat Ayesha (R.A.) says: The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) taught me the manner of visiting the graves. Here is the text of the tradition: “My lord commanded me to come to Baqi’ and seek forgiveness for them. (Ayesha) says: I asked him how...
Usa Jingu is a shrine located in 2859, Ōaza Minami Usa in Usa-shi, Ōita-ken. Its history dates back to approximately 708-714 (The Nara Period) when the shrine was founded in Kyushu. A temple called Miroku-ji was adjacent to it in 779, making it what is known to be the first shrine-temple combination (jingū-ji) ever. The resulting mixed building, called Usa Hachimangu-ji, lasted over a millennium until 1868, when the Buddhist part was seperated to agree with the Kami and Buddhas Separation Act. It is today from this shrine where 40,000 branching shrines have grown. Usa's Jingotu shrine first shows up in the chronicles of Imperial history during the reign of Empress Shōtoku.
From 1871 through 1946, Usa was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha, meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines. Other similarly honored shrines were Iwashimizu Hachimangū of Yawata in Kyoto Prefecture and Hakozaki-gū of Fukuoka in Fukuoka Prefecture.
I would visit the Una Shrine as it is a good representation of traditional Japan and embraces a lot of Japanese culture. Such as providing Japanese food within the shrine and hosting up to 150 festivals every year. It is also one of the first shrines ever built, part of a group of 40,000 shrines and is designated to be a...
• Through an analysis of the characters, compare the ways in which the struggle between internal and external forces is presented.
The play “The Visit” is about a millionaire called “Claire Zachanassian” who wants revenge from an injustice that had happened forty-five years, done by her former lover, “Alfred Ill”, so she returns to her hometown “Guellen” with the intent of giving some money to the town having in return the execution of her former lover. The plot carries various themes that are related to our present day reality, the main theme which is present in the play is, dominance of money, this can be seen throughout the whole of the play. The struggle in the play occurs between the whole of the town, each person having different dilemma’s, mainly connected to the decision of whether or not to execute Alfred Ill or not. Another struggle is between Alfred Ill and the whole of Guellen, where he sees that the people are beginning to become desperate for money. All these struggles are seen within the abnormal actions of the people, where there are buying new things and living more luxurious lives, but they do not care about the consequences of their actions. All the struggles seen in this play occur between the major characters of the play, Claire, Ill, and the Mayor.
The themes which are viewed in the play “The Visit” are the reasons which the struggles occur, the main theme of corruption for money is the...
...When Freedom Isn’t Free: Considering the Costs of Liberation in Dürrenmatt’s The Visit
The life of Claire Zachanassian of Friedrich Dürrenmatt’s The Visit is an endless pursuit of liberation – she offers the people of her depression-stricken hometown one million dollars in return for the death of her high school sweetheart, protagonist Alfred Ill. Claire believes that Ill’s death will justify the wrong she was done so many years ago when Ill testified against her in court and claimed to not be the father of her child, tacitly sentencing her to many a year spent in brothels. No matter how Claire tries to liberate herself from the past, however, the means she uses in order to liberate herself end up hurting her as well as those who initially suppressed her.
Because society has for so long imprisoned Claire, Claire must ultimately imprison society in order to liberate herself. The Guellen townspeople are initially appalled at Claire’s offer, the mayor proudly telling Claire that “in the name of all citizens of Guellen, I reject your offer; and I reject it in the name of humanity. We would rather have poverty than blood on our hands”(Dürrenmatt 39). Claire, however, has a different plan in mind. When Guellen’s doctor and schoolmaster try to talk Claire out of demanding the bloody price of Ill’s death in return for her one million dollar offer, Claire politely but firmly assures them that “the world turned me into a
whore, I shall turn the...
...Text and Context
Despite the changes in the values and concerns of society over time, humanity remains the same.
A text is a reflection of the context in which it is composed. It captures the religious and social influences and the values placed upon them. Despite the changes in the values and concerns of society over time, humanity seems to remain the same. Geoffrey Chaucer’s “The pardoners Tale” written in the 14th century and Sam Raimi’s “A Simple Plan” released in 1998 both explore the unchanging values and attitudes in human nature. Both texts also demonstrate that Avarice is the root of all sins and that evil deeds lead to the spiritual death of an individual. Although “The Pardoners Tale” is set in the 14th Century where the church is in power, “A Simple Plan” shows the same tale but suited in a modern time where the fear of “synne” is replaced with the legal system.
The sin of Avarice is timeless and unavoidable due to the inner desires and materialistic views in humanity. Chaucer’s “The Pardoners Tale” is one of the tales from the Canterbury Tales and is set in the 14th century theocratic England where lives were governed by sin and penance. The prologue allows the audience to explore the Pardoner’s hypocrisy and uncovers his deteriorated human morals through the Pardoner’s monologue. “I preche nothing but for coveitise.” Due to the churches control and the lack of knowledge during the Pardoners time, he is able to bring fear into...
...Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جُمہُوریۂ پاكِستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya-ē Pākistān,pronounced [ɪsˈlɑːˌmi d͡ʒʊmˈɦu.riə-ˌeː ˌpɑː.kɪsˈt̪ɑːn]), is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world. Located at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia, Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iranto the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated fromTajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
The territory of modern Pakistan was home to several ancient cultures, including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and has undergone invasions or settlements by Hindu,Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, Afghan and Sikh cultures. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and the British Empire. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and India's struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of India where there was...
Department Of Electronics
Class Report On Industrial Visit To
E Kevin Sebastian
5th Semester BTEC
The Indian Space Research Organisation is the primary space agency of the Indian government and was founded by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, the father of India’s Space Programme. ISRO is amongst the six largest government space agencies in the world, along with USA's NASA, Russia's RKA, Europe's ESA, China's CNSA and Japan's JAXA. Its primary objective is to advance space technology and use its applications for national benefit.
Established in 1969, ISRO superseded the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). Headquartered in Bangalore, ISRO is under the administrative control of the Department of Space, Government of India.
ISRO has achieved numerous milestones since its establishment. India's first satellite, Aryabhatta, was built by ISRO and launched by the Soviet Union in 1975. Rohini, the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3, was launched in 1980. ISRO subsequently developed two other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for putting satellites into polar orbits and the...
Shrine of Hazrat Bari Imam (R.A): Study of Shrine
in Cultural Context
Development Alternatives Incorporated (DAI)
Dr. ABID GHAFOOR CHAUDHRY
Incharge, Department of Anthropology
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University
Lecturer, Barani Institute of Management Sciences
Pakistan Association of Anthropology
Department of International Development Studies
Iqra University, Islamabad
Culture is a complex whole, comprises knowledge, belief, ethics,
law, arts, traditions, and any other capabilities and behaviour
obtained by man as a member of society (Tylor, 1889). A unique culture
is observed in various holy places of the world including Mosques,
Hindu Temples (Mandir), Churches and in shrines. Muslim saints and
shrines, known as dargahs attract diverse range of pilgrims
religiously. Some religious beliefs have more resilience and are
retained or culturally transmitted by humans (Scupin and DeCorse,
Corresponding author: [email protected]
Attiya Batool, Abid Ghafoor Chaudhry, Zia Fatima, Aftab Ahmed, Haris FarooqDenouncing Development - Shrine of Hazrat Bari Imam (R.A): Study of Shrine
in Cultural Context
2009). The major purpose of...
... The United States government has a foundation of multiple documents pertaining to the Freedom Shrine. Three of which that affect my daily life are the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and the Nineteenth Amendment. These three documents gave the United States its independence as a country and give the citizens certain rights that other countries do not have. All of these documents contribute to the liberty of today's citizens.
The Declaration of Independence is one of the most well known documents ever written in our country and grants U.S. citizens many freedoms. First of all, it states that “all men are created equal.” This statement is significant to me because there are certain situations where men and women are treated differently based solely on his or her sex. However, because of this passage, I shall not be discriminated on my sex alone. Another famous line in the document tells us that all citizens have the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Because of this statement, everyone in the country has access to live, be free, and go after whatever may make him or her happy as long as they are not harming anyone else or violating any laws. Say I wanted to open up my own floral shop. As long as I didn't break any laws in the process, the statement gives me the chance to pursue the opening of my business. The Declaration of Independence was also essential for the citizens becoming free from Great Britain. If we would...