USUL FIQH GROUP ASSIGNMENT 1108PM Research Paper - 7972 Words

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USUL FIQH GROUP ASSIGNMENT 1108PM

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USUL FIQH (RZB 3203)
GROUP ASSIGNMENT
TITLE - PRIMARY SOURCE: THE SUNNAH

GROUP MEMBERS:
1. KLB1460041NURUL SUHAILA BINTI SAMSUDDIN
2. KLB1490118NURUL FAZNIE BINTI BASARUDIN
3. KLB1460069SHAHIRAH AISHAH BINTI BAHRI
4. KLB1460028NOR FARAH FATIHA BT. MOHD SAHROM
5. KLB1420067BALKIS BINTI MOHD BASHIR

PREPARED FOR: DR. MOHD ZAKHIRI BIN MD NOR

Contents
1.0 Definition of the Sunnah (literature and technical meaning 1.1 Literature Meaning…………………………………………..…..…….……..…….3-4 1.2 Technical Meaning…………………………………………………..….....…….…5-6

2.0 Justification of the Sunnah as a second source of law.....................................................7-10 .
3.0 The kinds of ruling in Sunnah
3.1 Wajib (the obligatory)..........................................................................................11-12 3.2 Mandub (the recommended)................................................................................12-13 3.3 Haram (the forbidden)……………………………………….….….………...........13 3.4 Makruh (the disapproved)………………………………………………..…....14-15 3.5 Mubah (the permissible)……………………………………………………..…....15

4.0 The classification of Sunnah
4.1 Sunnah Qawliyyah (Verbal)………………………………………………………..16 4.2 Sunnah al Fi’liyyah (Actual)……………………………………………………16-17 4.3 Sunnah Taqririyyah (Tacit Approval)………………………………………......17-18 4.4 Legal…………………………………………………………………………….18-19 4.5 Non-lega…………………………………………………………………………19-20

5.0 The legal relationship between the Qur’an and Sunnah……………………………..21-25

6.0 References……………………………………………………………………………….26-27

1.0 Definition Of The Sunnah (Literature And Technical Meaning)

1.1 Definition of the Sunnah (Literature Meaning)
The Arabic word Sunnah lexically means "road" or "practice." In the language of the Prophet and the Companions it denotes the whole of licit (lawful) practices followed in the Religion (dîn), particularly the pristine (hanîf) path of Prophets, whether pertaining to belief, religious and social practice or ethics generally speaking. In its technical sense Sunnah has three meanings. In hadith terminology it denotes any saying (qawl), action (fi'l), approval (taqrîr), or attribute (sifa), whether physical (khilqiyya) or moral (khuluqiyya) ascribed to (udîfa ila) the Prophet, whether before or after the beginning of his prophet hood. This meaning is used in contradistinction to the Qur'an in expressions such as "Qur'an and Sunnah” and applies in the usage of hadith scholars. In the terminology of usul al-fiqh or principles of jurisprudence, Sunnah denotes a saying (qawl), action (fi'l) or approval (taqrîr) related from (nuqila 'an) the Prophet or issuing (sadara) from him other than the Qur'an. In the terminology of fiqh or jurisprudence, sunnah denotes whatever is firmly established (thabata) as called for (matlub) in the Religion on the basis of a legal proof (dalîl shar'î) but without being obligatory, the continued abandonment of which constitutes disregard (istikhfaf) of the Religion also sin (ithm) according to some jurists and incurs blame (lawm, 'itab, tadlîl) also punishment ('uquba) according to some jurists. However, some jurists have made a distinction between what they called "Emphasized sunnah " (sunnah mu'akkada) or "sunnah of Guidance" (sunnah al-huda), such as what the Prophet ordered or emphasized in word or in deed, and other types of sunnah considered less binding in their legal status, such as what they called "Non Emphasized sunnah " (sunnah ghayr mu'akkada) or "sunnah of Habit" (sunnah al-'ada).

The above meanings of Sunnah are used in contradistinction to the other four of the five legal categories for human actions fard (obligatory), Sunnah, mubah (indifferent), makruh (disliked), haram (prohibited) - and apply in the usage of jurists from the second Hijri century onwards. However, the jurists have stressed that the basis for all acts of worship categorized as Sunnah is "obligatoriness" not "permissiveness" (al-asl fî... Show More

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