Trans Sahara initiative
Major military operations (Afghanistan • Pakistan • Iraq • Somalia • Yemen) Other allies involved in major operations
Major terrorist attacks by Al-Qaeda and affiliated groups: 1. Bali bombings 2002 • 2. September 11 attacks 2001 • 3. Madrid bombings 2004 • 4. London bombings 2005 • 5. Mumbai attacks 2008 The George W. Bush administration defined the following objectives in the War on Terror: 1. Defeat terrorists such as Osama bin Laden, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and destroy their organizations 2. Identify, locate and destroy terrorists along with their organizations 3. Deny sponsorship, support and sanctuary to terrorists 1. End the state sponsorship of terrorism
2. Establish and maintain an international standard of accountability with regard to combating terrorism 3. Strengthen and sustain the international effort to fight terrorism 4. Work with willing and able states
5. Enable weak states
6. Persuade reluctant states
7. Compel unwilling states
8. Interdict and disrupt material support for terrorists 9. Eliminate terrorist sanctuaries and havens
4. Diminish the underlying conditions that terrorists seek to exploit 10. Partner with the international community to strengthen weak states and prevent (re)emergence of terrorism 11. Win the war of ideals
5. Defend US citizens and interests at home and abroad
12. Implement the National Strategy for Homeland Security 13. Attain domain awareness
14. Enhance measures to ensure the integrity, reliability, and availability of critical physical and information-based infrastructures at home and abroad 15. Integrate measures to protect US citizens abroad
16. Ensure an integrated incident management capability
...War on terror refers to the ongoing military campaign led by U.S and U.K against organizations identified as terrorists. Terrorism can be defined as an unlawful violence or war deliberately targeted to civilians. It can also be defined as a systematic use of terror to coerce or violent acts intended to create fear. This threat is normally perpetrated for religious, political or ideological goals. The conflict as also called by other names. They include World War III, The Long War, War on Terrorism, Bush’s War on Terror, The Global War of Terror and War on Al-Qaeda, (Coaty, 2010).
Terrorism became popular in 1996 when Al- Qaeda network was formed by the late Osama Bin Laden. The network was formed by the World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and their Crusaders. They declared war on the West and Israel. Immediately after its formation, there were bombings in U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Osama then plotted for the 2000 millennium attacks. There was an attempt to bomb Los Angeles International Airport but it was stopped. In October 2000, USS Cole bombing occurred. This was immediately followed by the renowned September 11 2001 terror attack. This marked the genesis of war on terror.
The essay explores on the topic...
...THIS IS OUR WAR!
“We must not harbour any doubts, it is Pakistan’s war”, says Gen. Kayani
It is our history that whenever is finally united on something, a propaganda is produced to create confusion. Ever since the restoration of democratic system in Pakistan, a debate has been started on the topic that “Is war on terror our war or not?” The whole nation was supporting the Pakistan army until our beloved political parties like Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) and Jamaat-e-Islami decided to come up with mix-up statements like “This is America’s war” or “We were forced into joining this war”. These parties act like the political wing of Tehreek-e-Taliban and are constantly trying to manipulate the minds of people by forcing them to believe that if Pakistan stops supporting USA and NATO Forces in this war against terror, the lives of the innocent Pakistani people will be saved and there will be no more bombings and killings in the country. If people really believe that this is not our war and peace will find its way back into the country once we withdraw from it then they are the biggest fools.
Patricia Briggs said in Dragon Bones, “Stupidity will kill you more surely than your opponent's blade”
I am afraid the future of this nation won’t be pretty until and unless our people learn to...
...Iraq and Iran; Cold War Tension is War on Terror’s Motive
Particular events that took place during the Cold War would later foreshadow and affect the events during the War on Terror, specifically regarding Iran and Iraq. During the Cold War Iraq invaded Iran and thus began the Iran-Iraq War in 1980, which would later involve the United States. This would just be the beginning of the affairs the United States would face when providing support for Iraq through this time. To completely understand the reasoning behind the War on Terror, the history of terrorism should be analyzed between the Cold War and September 11, 2001.The War on Terror was initialized by the attacks that took place on September 11. Although the attacks were carried out by Al Qaeda members, Iran and Iraq were investigated as well. The events during the Cold War provided a framework that would continue to build until the War on Terror campaign was launched. Iran and Iraq maintained a presence through both wars and the incidents that took place throughout the Cold War slowly led to the full blown War on Terror.
As technology advanced, countries struggled for power in an arms and space race throughout the Cold War in 1947. The...
...War Against Terror
The September 11 2001 (9/11), terrorist attacks on the United States changed the perspective of the world towards terrorism especially the Al Qaeda. The world, in particular the major powers came to realize that the greatest threat they had in the 21st centaury was global terrorism and President Bush once said, “Al Qaeda is to terror what the Mafia is to crime” (George Bush, 2001,p.2). Just few days after September 11 2001, President Bush delivered a speech in which he declared that America was at war, a war to “find stop and defeat” every terror group of global reach (George Bush, 2001, p.5).
On October 7 2001, the USA and UK launched a joint attack on Afghanistan, to overthrow the oppressive Taliban government and to destroy the Al Qaeda’s stronghold in the nation, and by 2011, 49 nations, including Australia had sent more than 140,000 soldiers into Afghanistan (Rogers Simon and Lisa Evans, 2009). The second phase of the ‘War on Terror” took the USA and its allies to Iraq, where they had suspected the Saddam Hussein led government was creating weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and was cooperating with the Al Qaeda to launch attacks on USA and its allies. On March 20 2003, the USA, UK and their allies launched an invasion of Iraq without the consent of the UN (Ewen MacAskill, and Julian Borger, 2004). The invasion eventually led...
...POL SCI 180
WAR ON TERROR
I, myself, before September 11, 2001 did not know what terrorism was. It is completely a new term for me, and I could never figure how terrible it is. But then, experiencing and witnessing the feeling of losing the one you loved who was a victim of that disaster, I recognized that the world is no longer as safe as before. Today, not only America but also Britain, Spain, Indonesia…became the target of terrorists. The terror tissue is the most challenged thing for all the governments to solve. Even though after September 11, 2001, US has attacked and destroyed a lot terrorists’ bases in over the world, the terrorists still survive and keep aiming to US and its allies.
There is an old proverb of ancient Asian military: “understanding yourself and your enemies is the key to win every battle.” Thus, in order to annihilate terrorism, we need to comprehend what it is. From the book “War on Terror” of Patrick Coaty, we will be able understand deeply how and why terror has an influence in our society by basing on 3 perspectives: terror and international environment, terror and state, and terror with individual.
Terror was first used From the French revolution to the end of World War II as a tool to clean the monarchy in a society by the...
War on Terror Outline
I. Introduction to War on Terror
1. The War on Terror was initiated by the United States and the United Kingdom after terrorist attacks on both countries.
2. It was started to try to extinguish Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups
3. War on Terror is also known as Operation Enduring Freedom in Iraq and Afghanistan.
4. On December 18th, 2011 troops exited Iraq and began their focus on Afghanistan’s terrorism conflicts.
5. Today, The War in Afghanistan is happening.
II. Judicial Branch
1. The Judicial Branch handles all of the court cases against terrorist that are captured.
2. The terrorist that are awaiting trial are imprisoned in Guantanamo Bay.
3. The Most known War on Terror court case was in Ashton vs. Al Qaeda Islamic Army after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States.
III. Executive Branch
1. The President is in charge of the Military and decides all the moves they make
2. One of the most notable moves made by the Executive Branch was Operation Neptune Spear. Operation Neptune Spear was when the President ordered Seal Team Six to kill or capture terrorist leader Osama Bin Laden
3. The President initiated the War on Terror back in 2001 in response to the terrorist attacks.
4. President Bush was well known for his actions in his eight...
...War on Terror
Do you ever have one of those moments in your life in which you will never forget where you were? I remember waking up early on September 11, 2001, getting ready for school and my dad telling me hurry up to watch the news with him. Being in 8th grade at the time, the news really wasn’t something I would watch in the mornings so I knew it had to be something important. Then I saw it. An airplane crashing into a tower, people panicking, and mayhem ensuing in a city very well known to me. When any tragic event like 9/11 occurs, the effect it will have on a nation is tremendous. It left America in shock, anger, and sadness just to name a few adjectives to describe the insurmountable amount of feelings that we felt on that day. With America being such a powerful nation, after recovering from the attack the next ideal step would be to seek retaliation, right? Well on October 7th 2001, the war in Afghanistan began marking the first step in the War on Terror.
The 9/11 tragedy was very devastating to the American morale and our sense of security. America being so powerful and strong it may be logical to see how we had a false sense of security when it came to attacks on us. I mean, who would really want to attack one of the strongest nations on Earth? No other nation in their right mind would, right? Wrong. When those two planes hit our towers and another hitting the pentagon we...
...Is the war on terror a war that can be won?
‘Less than 12 hours after the 9/11 attacks, George W. Bush pro- claimed the start of a global war on terror. Ever since, there has been a vigorous debate about how to win it.’1 However more than 12 years on there is still no indication of how close it is to being won and whether it can actually be won. In fact, many such as Jonathan Steele (journalist and international affairs author) suggests it is ‘A war that can never be won.’2 However, before we look at whether it can be won, it is important to look at the war’s goal(s). By doing so we can determine whether there can be an end point.
For America under George Bush the goal was to ‘defeat this evil, wherever it is found.’3 But this creates a problem. Would the end be the defeat, eradication of Al Qaeda and the Taliban wherever they are? Or was Bush suggesting the eradication of all terrorism, i.e. stopping any group from using terrorist techniques? It seems more obvious to accept the former, due to the fact America invaded Iraq, Afghanistan and the stance of much of the countries media is that when bin Laden dies ‘so too dies the “global war on terrorism.”’4 In this case America’s war on terror should’ve been won with removal of bin Laden, and the end of the Iraq war in 2011 but still in 2013 with Obama entering his second term, much...