The attack on the United States on September 11, 2001 (better known as 9/11) by Osama Bin Laden rammed a wedge into the relationship between the United States and the Islamic world. In result the U.S. invaded Afghanistan and the invaded Iraq. Professor Irogbe’s article on the occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq argues that the U.S. actions are igniting rather than reducing global terrorism and if U.S. were to withdraw troops from these countries it would promise for global peace and security. The article covers the cost of human and financial resources of the war, abuses committed by invaders including the application of extraordinary rendition, the indefinite detention of prisoners of war without the benefit of trials, the looting of Iraq treasures, and the effects of the seemingly perpetual and unwinnable wars on the polarization of Muslims and Christians in the United States. In the conclusion Professor Irogbe discusses that there is insufficient evidence to establish an optimistic prognosis for the prospects of peace and security in the Middle East. If the United States ends occupation of Islamic territories then it could the turning point for the illusive peace.
After 9/11 there was no serious national debate in the United States on the events that caused the rising global terrorism for fear of one being labeled anti-American. Why would the Islamic community hate America so much that they would commit suicide terrorism? Former President George W. Bush answered repeatedly because “they hate our freedoms,” but Osama Bin Laden showed grievance for the attack against the United States in numerous well-known statements and interviews. The Al Qaeda spoke on the injustice done to the Palestinians, the cruelty of prolonged sanctions against Iraq, the presence of American troops in Saudi Arabia, and the repressive and corrupt nature of U.S.-backed gulf governments. The qualitative and quantitative data helps to argue that the ongoing occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan is igniting global terrorism rather than reducing it. If troops were withdrawn from the two territories it might be a huge change to global peace and security. The paper illustrates on what precipitated the invasions, the aftermath which include lootings Iraq treasures, raping Iraqi women, killing of citizens, waterboarding prisoners of war, polarization of Muslims and Christians, and the cost of human and financial resources. These are all major reasons to end the occupation of the two countries. Americans thought the post-Cold War era would offer global peace and security, but their assumptions were wrong. The end of the Cold War in 1989 was the start of unprecedented and very intensive series of global conflicts. Power had been replaced with collective security, but the collective security by the United Nations against Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait vanished. There is so much controversy about terrorism, but what is it? Terrorism does not have one accepted definition because where you stand depends on where you sit. In simplest terms terrorism is an unlawful use of violence against persons that can result in the death of innocent citizens to intimidate and coerce a government by an aggressor.
The invasion of Afghanistan was a result of 19 members of Osama Bin Laden’s, Al Qaeda network hijacking four American Airlines, a United Airlines 757 and 767 jetliners that were headed to Boston, Newark and Washington. Two planes were slammed in the twin towers killing 3,000 people and injuring 6,000. Another plane plunged in the Pentagon killing 186 people, the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania after the passengers on the plane charged the hijackers which caused them to lose control of the plane, in result everyone on board died. Iraq felt the United States got what they deserved because of past and present U.S. policies in the Middle East. Palestinians praised the terrorist attacks against...
...CANADA'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE WAR WITH IRAQ
CANADA'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE WAR WITH IRAQ
Since the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, U.S allies have been faced with many new decisions. Canada is one of the closest allies of the United States and has long shared the same goals, making the controversy surrounding the U.S. war with Iraq one of importance for the Canadian parliament and its citizens. Questions of justification and UN implications have left the country with mixed feelings. These mixed feelings presented disagreements between the Canadian Liberal Government and its official opposition, the Conservative Party. These are only a few outlooks of the Canadian government and its people that are not widely known outside the borders of Canada, and so, this paper will discuss these issues in an attempt to enlighten readers on the subject. Therefore the question remains, how has Canada been involved in the U.S. war on Iraq, and where do the opinions of the Canadian government and citizens lay?
Overview of Canada's political system
In order to better comprehend the decisions of Canada, that is to say, who is making them and why, it is beneficial to understand the country's political system and framework. The Parliament of Canada is Canada's legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The parliament consists of an upper and lower house much like the...
...MW- 3 PART II
THE US INVASION OF IRAQ:AMERICAN WAY OF WAR AND THE DILEMMAS OF COUNTRY INSURGENCY
Q1. If the Saddam regime actually had possessed a substantial chemical and biological arsenal, would the American invasion of Iraq have been justified strategically? Explain why or why not Iraqi possession of such weapons would have threatened US vital security interests.
ANS. Iraq was in possession of Chemical Biological Weapons which it used against Iranians and also against Kurds in the 1980s.but at the same time Saddam’s forces never used chemical and/or biological weapons against Coalition troops. The reason can be that the intention of coalition forces was to liberate Kuwait and not to over throw Saddam or invade Iraq and using such weapons would have added more opposition against Saddam. If Iraq really had possessed a Chemical and Biological Weapons, probably its invasion would have not possible. If there were such weapons with Iraq and had it used those in the war and particularly against Israel, it would have been a big disaster not only for the region but for the whole world and the there would have been much different scenarios and would have been a mistake of the United States.
After Sep 2011 United States tried to establish connection between Iraq and terrorist but never proved it. Iraq as a state did not show any intention or...
...The US-Iraq War, a military action led by the United States against the regime of Saddam Hussein, the authoritarian leader of Iraq. US president George W. Bush, who announced the beginning of the war in March 2003, explained that the goals were to disarm Iraq and to free its people. For months, President Bush had threatened war, arguing that Saddam Hussein's regime posed a grave threat to US security and peace in the region because of its alleged pursuit of weapons of mass destruction.
The conflict began when US, British and small numbers of Australian and Polish soldiers invaded Iraq. The major fighting ended about three weeks later after US troops entered Baghdad and toppled the Hussein regime. The military campaign was short and one-sided, but hard fought.
The US forces, however, were plagued by a morass of supply shortages, radios that could not reach far-flung troops and virtually no reliable intelligence on how Saddam Hussein would defend Baghdad. Many army units ran low on fuel and water as fast-moving armoured forces raced towards Baghdad and outran their supply lines. As a result, more US forces were deployed for a longer period than the US government anticipated, and the casualty toll rose.
The total US death toll was nearly 750 by early May 2004, a year after President Bush...
...U.S invasion of Iraq
Lahore School of Economics
The research paper scrutinizes the invasion of Iraq initiated by the United States. Iraqi people had undergone several adversities as a consequence of this attack and are still on the pursuit of envisioning autonomy and liberty from the herculean clench of United States. On this account, the paper tackles all the efforts made regarding the reviving and enlivening of Iraq made by several state actors in accordance to their own personal capacity.
United States invaded Iraq on 19th March 2003, and an operation known by the name of “Operation Iraqi Freedom” was started together with the support of United Kingdom, Australia and Poland. On March 17, President Bush had already given an ultimatum to Saddam Hussein either to surrender or to face the military wrath of the coalition forces, but the Iraqi government fell to its knees on 9th April by the invasion initiated by the US forces which concluded with the capture of the Iraq’s capital Baghdad (Copson, 2003).
In the months of January - March 2003, the US gathered its troops in the Persian Gulf. The total number of troops that the US gathered to invade Iraq was 100,000, furthermore military analysts assessed that though it will be possible even to attack in the extreme heat of summer, but military experts observed that fighting war in the...
...What effect did USinvolvement in Mogadishu have on US foreign policy?
Internal Assessment - HL History
Plan of the investigation
The sole intent of this investigation is to determine the effect which USinvolvement in Somalia 1992 - 1994 (more exactly Mogadishu) has had on United States’ foreign policy in the following years. To assess the impact had on US foreign policy a review of the events which transpired in Somalia between 1992 and 1994 will be conducted followed by an assessment of any policy changes made following excursion. Two sources, one taken from ‘The United States Army in Somalia 1992 - 1994’ by John S. Brown and the other taken from ‘The “Mogadishu Effect” and Risk Acceptance’ (http://commandposts.com/2011/08/the-mogadishu-effect-and-riskacceptance/) by Benjamin Runkle. These will be evaluated for their purpose value and limitations to help with the investigation of this topic.
Summary of evidence
In response to the impending starvation of hundreds of thousands of Somalians the United States entered Somalia in December 1992 to provide humanitarian aid and establish a functioning government as under the UN mandated United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNISOM II). Acting as a replacement for the ineffectual United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) mission UNISOM II was carried out by United States-controlled (UN-sanctioned) Unified Task Force...
As Causes for the 2003 US-Iraq War
Many factors went into the decision of United States leaders to enter into war with Iraq in 2003. These reasons can be related to various classical and modern theories on the causes of war between states. Though there are several stances and viewpoints on the righteousness or legality of the war on Iraq, an objective eye will notice that the real factors for going to war are neither grounded in righteousness nor law. They involve the maintenance of peace and power for those in control, in this case, the United States.
The theories of Liberalism and Hegemonic Stability Theory both sufficiently account for the United States' main motivations for entering war with Iraq. Liberalism will account for the motivation of preserving the world peace while Hegemonic Stability Theory will account for the influence of world power on the United States' decision to go to war. Coupled with a case study on the US-Iraq war, these theories will help to better understand the reasoning behind the war.
I will begin with a description of the two theories I have chosen, Liberalism and Hegemonic Stability Theory. I will then briefly explain some of the real life events and decisions that went into the decision to go to war. Following, I will tie the case study to the two theories and give examples as to where they overlap. I will finish by explaining...
...Article 6 of the US Constitution, a nation is legally bound under International and Domestic Law to obey all articles of the UN Charter. Through the US invasion of Iraq (2003), US have violated multiple rules of the UN Charter, making the invasion of Iraq illegal with respect to International Law.
The Charter forbids use of force. Participating in armed conflict is illegal in all but 2 situations: self-defense and when authorized by UN Security Council. The alibi for the invasion given by George W. Bush and senior members of his administration was their assertion that Suddam Hussein (Iraqi leader) was actively funding and sheltering Al-qaeda. They also claimed that Suddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction at his disposal that he was prepared to use on US. A careful review and analysis by the bipartition 9/11 commissions concluded both the allegations false. This makes the invasion illegal since the UN Charter does not allow a nation to attack another preemptively.
Bush administration also attempted but failed to convince the UN Security Council. If the Security Council had authorized the invasion only then it would have been considered legitimate. Kofi Annan (UN Secretary – General 1997-2007) said, “I have indicated the invasion was not in conformity with the UN Charter... From the Charter points of view it was illegal.”
The British International Intelligence states, “...the...
Senior English 1st
Thesis: The USinvolvement in the Vietnam War was justified.
I. Background on Vietnam
A. Vietnam pre WWII
A. Backing Ho Chi Minh
B. War with Japan
B. Vietnam post WWII
1. Ho chi Minh
A. Early years
B. Political years
B. Brutal police
II. Tet Offensive
A. Viet Cong
A. Delay of message
B. Element of Surprise
A. Break treaty
B. Units on full alert
2. Fought a larger enemy
B. Reason for fighting
A. From dictator
B. From poverty
The Vietnam conflict has been known for being the most unpopular war in the history of the United States. The war of 1812, the Mexican war and the Korean conflict of the early 1950's were also opposed by large groups of the American people, but none of them generated the emotional anxiety and utter hatred that spawned Vietnam. The Vietnam war caused people to ask the...