Higher Modern Studies
Immigration and the USA
Keir Lynch 5W1
Every year, 700,000 immigrants move to the United States of America in search of a better life with the hope of one day living the American Dream. It is not hard to see why the US is so appealing. As US citizen’s, immigrants can earn more and are protected with the rights of the constitution, they are less likely to be living in poverty and there are endless opportunities. Often, these pull factors exceed anything compared to what they would have in their native country. For example in Mexico roughly half of the population live on less than $5 a day. As a US citizen, you are protected by law with the national minimum wage of $7.25 per hour. Some believe that immigrants are damaging to the US and are worried that in 2043, whites will be a minority in their own country. In 1990, the US Immigration Act (IMMACT) became law. This increased the limit of legal immigrants moving to the US each year from 500,000 to 700,000 and has family reunification as its main priority. This is on top 50,000 diversity visas for immigrants from countries from which few were emigrating, as well as 40,000 permanent job-related workers to benefit the US economy and 65,000 temporary worker visas. The temporary worker visas are seen to be controversial due to over ½ of those granted temporary admission failing to return to their native country or seek asylum once their period is over. The act also allows those with AID’s to immigrate to the US and increased work on maintaining the US border fence making it spread further into the deserts. This causes illegal immigrants attempting to cross the border greater risks which will be discussed later on. This shows that the US government see immigration beneficial. The Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA) followed soon after the World Trade Centre and Oklahoma City bombings. This act aims to deter extremist attacks and to provide justice to the families of victims of terrorist actions. It also allows immigrants (including green card holders – US Visa’s) to be deported or placed into custody if they commit acts of crime. Both of these acts are said to be controversial in the US. This is especially due to the estimated 7.5 illegal alien workers in over 12 million households. In the 2000 census there were 8.5 million unauthorised (illegal) workers in the US. This figure grew to 11.8 million in 2007 but was then found to have fallen to 11.4 million in 2012. It is estimated that there are another 700,000 – 850,000 illegal aliens moving to the US each year undetected. In 1990, there were over 8 million estimated illegals in the US from Mexico alone and it is estimated that 1 in 10 Mexicans in the world live in the US. Although the number of Mexican immigrants has been seen to decrease over the last 14 years it is estimated that between 2000 and 2008, 11 states saw their Mexican-born population grow by at least 50,000. In four US states, Mexican immigrants accounted for around one-fifth or more of total population growth between those 8 years. In 2009, 62% of all illegal immigrants in the United States were originally from Mexico and the number of unauthorized immigrants from Mexico increased 42%. It is also estimated that more than ½ of all Mexican immigrants in the United States were alien’s. In 1990, almost half of Mexican immigrants lived in California. This is due to its close location in relation to the border and the fact that there are lots of work opportunities on farms. It is often the case that illegal immigrants will end up working long hours and for low wages to try and make ends meet. This is due to the fact that they are not US citizens so cannot highlight to the authorities that they are being paid under the legal rate due to fear of deportation. Even though the California’s illegal population had grown from 1.48 million to 2.45 million the state’s share of immigrants dropped to around...
On the brink of another historical election in our life time Immigration and presidential politics will play a major roll in who will become the next president of the United States of America. President Obama, and several GOP candidates all agree our immigration system is broken and in need of a overhaul. However, it is there different sentiment on immigration and how to fix the open invitation for illegal immigration into this country that leave these candidates at odds. How these candidates plan to handle these issue will have a serious effect on the polls in November. These particular issues in latest news have not been favorable topics for several GOP candidates. The population of the United States in recent decades have become more divers .
In 2010 with a growing population of 308,745,538 today non-Hispanic Whites constitute three quarters (231 million) of the country's population of 308 million people. The largest minority group is composed of 50 million Hispanics composing of 16.3 percent. The remaining population of the United States are African American, comprising about 13.6 percent of the total, or 42 million people, 14 million Asians, 5 million American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts and 1 million Pacific Islanders” (Census). Most studies of the relationship between demographic context and political behavior in the United States have focused on African Americans. However, in recent years there...
...Immigration is the movement of people from other countries that come into another country of especially which they are not a native in order to settle there. Immigration is made for diverse of reasons. The most important of these are escape from poverty, economic, social, political reasons, natural sisaster, unimployment and live in clover. Other causes are retirement migration from rich countries to lower-cost countries with better climate is a new style of international immigration. For example British citizens would rather to immigrate to Spain or İtaly or retired Canadian citizens to the US. While for some migrants education is the primary reason, some migrants has personal reasons, relationship between family or a partner or marriage. As can be seen there are many reasons to migrate and in more detailed examined we can see more reasons.
Over the past quarter century the number of international migrants has doubled to more than 200m this trend is set to increase. (See Ian Goldin, Geoffrey Cameron and Meera Balarajan in book, “Exceptional People”) If rich countries were to admit enough migrants from poor countries to expand their own labour forces by a mere 3%, the world would be richer, according to one estimate, by $356 billion a year. (2) For instance if implemented within a well thought out policy, migration can be the most effective tool yet devised for reducing global poverty.
There are pros and cons of...
...Immigration Reform by Dawn Peck
Have we really become that selfish of a nation to just disregard the reasons immigrants migrate from their birth countries? So just because they were not born in this country, we should not be protective of their rights as human beings? How about the fact that society has even categorized these individuals with the label of immigrant, for me, we are not living up to the American standard of peace & equality for all. The current treatment of immigrants is very unjust, being that there are so many different obstacles set forth by both Federal and State enforcement agencies. I intend to unveil the political biases, discrepancies, and flaws of all schools of thought on the past and current proposed immigration reform. This country is in need of an immigration reform that will protect the individual rights of humanity while ensuring the safety, fairness and reasonableness of all parties, at all times.
The Federal Government is in turmoil regarding immigration reform. In an article written by the current President of the United States of America, President Obama states he believes in amnesty, that is to grant current immigrants who have not gone thru the legal process of becoming a citizen of our country, the right to stay here and be able to function as a legal American can. Protestors say this will not work because there is no true measure that can be taken to...
...Immigration and Arizona
Two years ago, a bill became active in Arizona called the Senate Bill 1070. It states police can stop and suspect if a person is an illegal immigrant. The Supreme Court has been involved in this case even though it is not a federal law. Three out of four provisions were struck down; however “checking papers” on a person’s status is still an ongoing debate. President Obama, his administration, human rights activists, and every day citizens feel the situation can make a negative impression for Americans, especially conservatives. The controversy has been compared or related to the civil rights movement and racial profiling. An article was written in the New York Times about Latinos and Hispanics, they have organized boycotts or riots near the Supreme Court. These people feel their rights have been violated and they’ve been treated unfairly by American citizens. I strongly oppose this bill because I feel illegal immigrants are part of the U.S and should be treated as equals. Illegal immigrants come to America to escape hardships and should be allowed to obtain their freedom.
Immigrants come to America for new opportunities and to start over. The United States allows an amount of freedom most countries do not have. For example, Americans have freedom of speech or the right to choose a career. In other words, U.S citizens basically have the right to choose and live their own lifestyle. Citizens already have a better life by being...
In the process of figuring out what I would like to write this paper on I can honestly say I have changed my topic about 5 times. Nothing I chose was significant or interested me enough to be able to research or even write about. I recently heard some news that a friend of mine since kindergarten was under investigation to be deported back to his birth country because he was driving with a suspended license. Even though he was only three years old when his parents brought him here and knows no other country as his home the fact that he made one mistake could affect his whole life. For the past years there has been a constant struggle and pressure being placed on the government to enforce harsher immigration laws and punishments on those who disobey them. Both republicans and democrats have certain views on it but nobody wants to do anything about it. Almost every day there are news reports on current political issues and exceptions on the fact that even though security has been increased, till this day the number of illegal immigrants living in this country keeps rising. Although most Americans seem to agree on the fact that they don’t want these so called “criminals” to reside on U.S. territory the political issues don’t seem to give them the benefit of the doubt in understanding the whole reasoning behind illegal immigration.
As a start in my research, my first interest was how many...
...Was the post-war rise in immigration solely due to economic factors? Consider at least two European countries and explain your answer.
An immigrant or a non- citizen legal resident could be defined as an individual who decides to move to a country and lives there longer than a period of usually three to six months.
One of the most heavily discussed subjects at a worldwide scale in post-war Europe was immigration, its effects and the rise of this event which was an essential factor when it came to economic growth, deeply influenced by social, political and not the least, economic factors.
Almost 100 million people in the world live in another country, a country other than their own and when it comes to Europe, immigrant percentages were found to be highest in countries such as Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Germany ( more than eight percent in 1998).
There were two waves of immigration: between 1950 and 1975 ( decolonisation, return migrants and labour migration) and from 1975 to the present day ( a new type of migration, family re-gathering or illegal).
According to Robert Cohen’s well-known written work ‘Contested Domains: Debates in International Labour Studies’, during the post-war period, the majority of the Western countries were encouraging the whole immigration process due to the lack in labour force.
In general, except refugee immigration, the events that took place were due mainly...
...Is immigration “good” for British business?
In the most industrialized countries of the world, the rapid increase of immigration has become a contentious issue. As immigration has a great impact on a country’s economy, its benefits and costs have been hotly debated. This essay will focus the economic effects of immigration into United Kingdom.
Large-scale immigration has been a essential factor that contributes to a healthy UK economy and society and is encouraged to flow into UK since a new UK immigration policy published in 1997(D.Colemanand R.Rowthorn,2004 ). According to the office for National Statistics, the net immigration- immigration minus emigration to the UK increased to 237,000 in 2007 (2008). Supporters of immigration will often point to the good impacts of immigration, such as fiscal advantage, increased gross domestic product per head and available supply of labor, while opponents of immigration argue that large-scale immigration will compete with native-born workers in the labor market, displace some natives from jobs and lower their wages.
The remainder of this paper is to evaluate the impacts of immigration on British business. It is divided into three sections, the impacts of immigration on wages, on employment and on growth.
...1.Should American encourage immigration?
Immigration policy affects all aspects of society. Regardless of status, immigrants have always played a central role in the life and growth of a nation.An Immigrant is a person who has citizenship in one country but who enters a different country to set up a permanent residence. Just entering another country does not make you an immigrant. In order to be an immigrant you must have citizenship in one country, and you must have gone to a different country with the specific intention of living there. Immigration to the US is highly competitive and, depending on an individual’s situation, can be a lengthy and complicated process. Immigration procedures and requirements are broadly divided into three categories: those attempting to immigrate on the basis of a family relationship, those attempting to immigrate for employment, and those entering the US for the purposes of study. Lawful immigration greatly benefits both America and the lawful immigrants, while unlawful immigration presents challenges to America’s ability to protect its borders and preserve its sovereignty.
Immigration has always been a formidable engine of economic and demographic growth for the United States.Many immigrants are natural entrepreneurs, establishing companies, creating jobs, and driving innovation. Well-educated and highly-trained...