Looking at the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The UN crafted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. All member nations agree to acknowledge the Declaration, but it is not a binding treaty. Use the text of the Declaration (found in the pamphlet What Are Human Rights?, the appendix in your Street Law textbook pg. 604, or the web source below) to answer questions 1 through 5 below. http://un.org/en/documents/udhr/
Also, follow the link below to find short promotional videos about each of the rights in the Universal Declaration. http://humanrights.com/what-are-human-rights/universal-declaration-of-human-rights.html After watching several, choose one video clip that you feel is particularly effective both educationally and visually. Explain why you chose this video:
1. Choose five of the rights from the Universal Declaration that you feel are particularly important. List and briefly explain why you feel each one to be so critical. The Right to Life- We shouldn’t have the power to decide who lives and dies when we are anatomically equal. Freedom of Thought- We should be able to speak our thoughts and give insight where we feel it is needed. Freedom of Expression- We should be able to freely express ourselves because it’s a natural instinct. No Slavery- Slavery is absolutely wrong, and one’s background or level on the social hierarchy should not determine whether they are free or enslaved. We are All Born Free and Equal- Everyone deserves a chance to be something better and greater with no one saying they can’t because they are less of a being than themself or others.
2. Find at least one right in the Universal Declaration that you think should not be included, and explain why you feel this way. (If you think they all should be included, pick one that you feel to be less important than those you listed above.)
Article 24: I think that rest and leisure with paid vacation...
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights
Article XXVI: Right to Education
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights was drafted in 1948 and one of the articles, article XXVI deals with protection of the fundamental rights, right to education:
(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for humanrights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their
The right to education is a universalright and is recognized as a humanright. It includes the right to free, non biased and non political primary...
...exterminated by Hitler’s Nazi regime, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights was adopted and proclaimed on December 10th 1948 to prevent a another holocaust and to achieve a universal standard of humanrights. Over the last sixty years various regional and international treaties and conventions have been adopted to protect and advance humanrights towards universality. Furthermore, it equally important to mention that there has been a western dominated movement to universalise humanrights. Nevertheless, UniversalHuman remains a contentious issue of debate among intellectual and policy circles. The purpose of this essay is to outline a few of the prominent issues and problems that are associated with the concept of Universalhumanrights.
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” (UDHR. 1948. P.2) Humanrights in its contemporary perception is a fairly recent concept. In fact the Universal Declaration of HumanRights which is often cited as the corner stone of humanrights only came into force following World War II and the most “systematic and blatant” violation of humanrights in...
The Charter of the United Nations requires that all member states “promote and encourage respect for humanrights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion”. In order to provide a common understanding of these rights, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948. In simple language, it describes the rights shared by all human beings, and sets “a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations”.
In the years since, the principles of the Universal Declaration have been elaborated and given greater legal force through the negotiation of a series of international treaties, notably the:
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
Convention Against Torture
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Convention on the Rights of the Child
However, there remained a number of disagreements between countries, notably about the relative importance of different types of rights.
In 1993, the nations of the world came together in Vienna...
...The Universal Declaration of HumanRights is the first global humanrights treaty that was formulated. The main driving force behind the formation of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights was the Second World War, which in it course saw some of the worst human atrocities being committed on a global scale. The Declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on the 10th of December 1948.
The term "soft law" refers to legal instruments which do not have any legally binding force, or whose binding force is somewhat "weaker" than the binding force of traditional law. These are generally, instruments that are not treaties that oblige the stakeholders to follow them, but they have within them ‘norms’ that are believed to b good and therefore need universal application.
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights is also officially termed as a soft law since it was passed by the UN General Assembly as a Declaration and within itself has not given any means where the stakeholders are legally bound to abide by the articles or to enforce them. The preamble of the declaration says that the UDHR is “a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations” and the nations must themselves strive to achieve this standard.
While not a treaty itself, the Declaration was openly...
...HumanRights | |
Submitted to: Ms. Padmaja | Subject: Contemporary issues |
HumanRights – Evolution and Significance (UDHR, CEDAW, CRC, DRD)
Sujith Sudhakaran ………………..27
Nishad Neelambaran ………………..28
Dhanya Balakrishnan ………………...64
Pooja Nair ………………..73
Abhi Varrier ………………113
S.K. Somaiya College of Arts, Science & Commerce
This is to certify that the below given assignment of
is complete and submitted as per schedule to
On the topic
Signature Signature Signature
(Principal) (Head of dept.) (Prof.In charge)
We owe a great many thanks to great many people who helped and supported us during the writing of this project.
Our deepest thanks to our Professor Padmaja, the guide of the project for guiding and correcting various documents of ours with attention and care.
We express our thanks to the Principal of S.K.Somaiya College, Mrs.Sangita Kohli, for extending her support.
We would also like to thank our Institution and faculty members without whom this project would have been distant reality. We also extend our heartfelt thanks to our family members and well-wishers.
Content | Page Number |
Introduction | 4 |
History | 5 |
We will deal with each of these in turn, with reference to international legal instruments and bodies. We will observe first of all how the rights of individuals, although falling outside the province of international law as it was conceived in the1600s, began to seep into the framework of international legal rules over the centuries, eventually coming to prominence during the 'humanrights era' that followed the end of the Second World War. We will consider secondly the various mechanisms that have been put in place by the international community in order to deal with the enforcement and observance of individual rights enshrined in international legal instruments. Lastly, we will critically assess the claim that questions about individual rights should be the sole concern of domestic legal systems.
The scholars who laid the intellectual foundations of international law in the Western world, like Hugo Grotius (1625) and John Locke (1690), all stressed in their writings that legal systems, be they domestic or international, were founded in natural law and commonly accepted standards of (Christian) morality. It may seem surprising, therefore, that for centuries the rights of individuals played no significant role in the framework of international law. International law, as the name suggests, was the body of legal rules governing the relations...
...Democracy and HumanRights
Democracy and humanrights are clearly different notions; “they are distinct enough for them to be viewed as discreet and differentiated political concepts.” Whereas democracy aims to empower “the people” collectively, humanrights aims to empower individuals. Similarly, humanrights is directly associated with the how of ruling, and not just the who, which may be the case in an electoral democracy, though not in a substantive democracy. Thus, “democracies” exist that do not necessarily protect humanrights, while some non-democratic states are able to ensure some, though not all, humanrights. On another level, the international acceptance, institutionalization, and legal aspects of humanrights mentioned above do not apply to democracy.
These distinctions have influenced the traditional separation of the theories and fields of humanrights and democracy. From the humanrights perspective, many have adhered to the separationist theory, which argues that “democracy is not immediately needed for the observation of humanrights and that the maintenance of an essential link between humanrights and democracy may well have the effect of...
Humanrights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Humanrights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights may exist as naturalrights or as legal rights, in local, regional, national, and international law. The doctrine of humanrights in international practice, within international law, global and regional institutions, in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world. The idea of humanrightsstates, "if the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of humanrights." Despite this, the strong claims made by the doctrine of humanrights continue to provoke considerable skepticism and debates about the content, nature and justifications of humanrights to this day. Indeed, the question of what is meant by a "right" is itself controversial and the subject of continued philosophical debate.
Many of the...