Shahzaib Qadeer Shaikh (17020011)
Tuesday, October 15, 2013
“The idea of a uniform education system for all is an exercise in futility. It can never happen. So resources should not be wasted on attempting to achieve the impossible.”
Poverty, terrorism and social and economic insecurity are a few of the numerous problems this country faces, the roots of all of which lie in a more basic issue: illiteracy. To solve the complex, ever-growing problem of illiteracy in Pakistan, numerous measures, including the prospect of a uniform education system, have been suggested. Although the idea of a uniform education system to tackle these problems shows promise because of the sense of unity and equality that it will give the nation and a more balanced educational curriculum it is expected to offer, the high costs relating to the project, the problems of centrally governing a one tier education system and the long period of time that it will take to properly implement the idea nationwide make it an exercise in futility.
Broadly speaking there are 3 secondary education systems that exist in Pakistan: the SSC, HSC education system locally termed as the Metric/Intermediate system administered by the Board of Secondary and Intermediate Education (BISE); the GCE (General Certificate of Education) system that replaces the SSC/HSC with O and A levels, administered by external British Examination Board of Cambridge; and the ‘Maddersah’ system that is responsible for primarily providing religious education to children at secondary level. The education provided by the current SSC/HSC system has become totally outdated and given the pay scale of the average Pakistani citizen not everyone can afford to have their children study in the GCE system. There is need of a more balanced education system that provides up to date education to cater the needs of the modern world along with sufficient importance given to subjects like Urdu and religion which are somehow...
...The EducationSystem in Pakistan
At independence, Pakistan had a poorly educated population and few schools or universities. Although the educationsystem has expanded greatly since then, debate continues about the curriculum, and, except in a few elite institutions, quality remained a crucial concern of educators in the early 1990s.
Adult literacy is low, but improving. In 1992 more than 36 percent of adults over fifteen were literate, compared with 21 percent in 1970. The rate of improvement is highlighted by the 50 percent literacy achieved among those aged fifteen to nineteen in 1990. School enrollment also increased, from 19 percent of those aged six to twenty-three in 1980 to 24 percent in 1990. However, by 1992 the population over twenty-five had a mean of only 1.9 years of schooling. This fact explains the minimal criteria for being considered literate: having the ability to both read and write (with understanding) a short, simple statement on everyday life.
Relatively limited resources have been allocated to education, although there has been improvement in recent decades. In 1960 public expenditure on education was only 1.1 percent of the gross national product (GNP); by 1990 the figure had risen to 3.4 percent. This amount compared poorly with the 33.9 percent being spent on defense in 1993. In 1990 Pakistan was tied for fourth...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
...UniformeducationsystemEducation has always been the foremost factor in leading a civilized life. Without education we are not even able to write or read something. Imagine a life without education, we would be no better than people living in Stone Age. Education has enabled us to change many things in our world as Nelson Mandela said “Education is the most important weapon which you can use to change the world” . Due to the immense significance of education, such educationsystem should be devised which benefits our generation in a best possible manner. According to the prompt, uniformeducation is a remote possibility as it involves a huge consumption of limited resources. Though, this process of uniformeducation needs a lot of means, it is still the right choice for the society as it helps in maintaining equality in society, provides opportunity for better education in backward areas, helps children of government officials when moving from a place to another, enhances collaboration between private and public institutes.
Non-uniformeducationsystem plays a huge part in creating class gaps in society. People are divided into different groups according to the educationsystem...
...idea of a uniformeducationsystem for all is an exercise in futility. It can never happen. Resources should not be wasted on attempting to achieve the impossible.”
Education can be described as systematic knowledge or skills acquired at different levels of life specifically at some regular, organized educational institute. While uniformeducationsystem is actually a system, that needs to provide each and every child with the same quality of education without any kind of discrimination in a country. Inequality is a rule which is unwillingly followed by the citizens of almost every country without any imposition. Just like the fact that in this mighty universe, the sun eventually has to die and the moon has to appear in its place similarly inequality has to be a part of the society that exits in today’s world. Inequality is simply a matter of fact which cannot be denied. Allah Himself created different clans of humans regardless of the reasons. When He created the variation, it is impossible to deny it. “O Mankind, we created you from a single pair of a male and a female, and made you in to tribes and nations so that you may know each other (not that you despise each other)…” (AL Quran, 49:13). And everything in this universe is for some reason; there is nothing without any unqualified reason. Non uniformeducation is...
...Report on Education of Pakistan
Our great Quaid-e-Azam Muhamad Ali Jinnah said:
“The importance of education and the right type of education cannot be over emphasized. If we are to make any real, speedy and substantial progress, we must earnestly tackle this question and bring our educational policy and programme on the lines suited to the genius of our people, consonant with our history and culture, and having regard to the modern conditions and vast developments that have taken place all over the world”.
.“All Pakistan Educational Conference at Karachi: November, 27, 1947”
• Situation Analysis.
• Education For all
• Problems / Recommendations
Education has always been considered as one of the main factors for socioeconomic and subsequently the national development because of its ability to raise the quality and productivity of the human capital. Education also creates awareness, tolerance, self esteem and confidence, which empower people to defend their rights, reduce poverty and inequality and improve in health, status and good governance in implementation of socio economic policies. It also enables the people to protect their ideological inspiration and help in developing national cohesion....
...13.CENTRAL ISSUES AND PROBLEMS IN PAKISTANEDUCATIONSYSTEM AND THEIR NEEDED REFORMS:
The existing education delivery system is not meeting the needs and aspirations of the society as such particularly, it is a challenge to the provinces and districts for the 21st century. Moreover, prior to devolution, the policy and planning have been undertaken by the central and provincial governments without taking into account the ground realities and without the participation of community. The main objectives of the devolution plan is to empower the community at the grassroots level in planning, management, resource mobilization and utilization, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the educationsystem to improve the service delivery at that level. The main inherent issues of educationsystems are:
* teachers absenteeism,
* high drop out rates particularly at primary level,
* high repetition rates,
* low completion rates,
* inequalities by gender,
* location and social groups,
* low literacy rate and
* unsatisfactory performance of schools,
these issues have been addressed under DOP through empowerment of local communities.
The present government has initiated political and administrative devolution under its reforms agenda under Local Government Plan 2000. The Local Government Ordinance was...
...“When right of education is denounced”
Education is a universal, fundamental human right, recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and reaffirmed in international human rights conventions. In this era of technology, advancement and globalization, education is the key to success and peace. Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. But the worst condition of education inPakistan reflects the fact that it is unable to defend its own sector. Though 62 years have passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for an effective educational reforms. With respect to Human Development Index, Pakistan has been placed by UNDP at 136th position, lower than some of its regional neighbors like Sri Lanka, Maldives, India and Myanmar mainly due to its low literacy rate and low primary level enrolment. In different reports the Ministry of Education claimed that literacy in Pakistan is over 50%, but open sources disagree with it and they say that it is merely 35%. Ratio of budget indicates the level of importance given by a nation to the education. Historically, Pakistan has been spending less on education, as compared to other countries in the region. Pakistan spends less than 2% of its GDP on education...
...System of Government may be required for Pakistan as per follows.
This country needs change in system of government. We must have Presidential form of Democracy as in America and it is quite clear that this Parliamentary form of democracy is totally failure also the martial laws after the constitution of 1973 is C.T. test that this Parliamentary form of democracy is badly failure and even worst system of Government and simply dragging this country and nation to big ditch. This system of Government should not prolong any more as it is not only wasting precious time of nation but declining it to drastic situation even it is generating such approach of nation which is really horrible. We as a nation is almost losing all human values, ethics and quality, we are having every worst attitude for which many nations were abolished from the face of earth by nature. We do not have national approach but just self survival at any cost. All this is horrible for not even us but for our coming generations. The best system of Government is only democracy but true democracy not the dictatorship wearing skin of democracy. The best example of democratic system of Government having closest example to initial Islamic system of Government, and it can be said that may be the idea of American System of Government by a jurist Austin may have been taken from initial...