In 1989, Jerome Kagan, a professor of psychology at Harvard, had just begun a major longitudinal study of inborn temperament and its long-term effects, a study that would eventually include 498 children and would follow them from infancy to young adulthood. He suspected that some of the four month olds in the study would respond to their environment more intensely than other babies did, and that their “high reactive” nature would play out in the way they grew up, causing them to become high-strung, shy, and prone to anxiety. Eager to test his hypothesis, he observed videotapes of the first fifty babies in the study, looking for high-reactive infants. The first eighteen babies looked perfectly ordinary. They gazed calmly at things that were unfamiliar, babbled when their mothers spoke to them, and stared at a mobile cluttered with dancing Winnie the Pooh characters. In response to these stimuli, the babies moved their arms and legs a bit, but mostly they just watched placidly and occasionally smiled. Baby nineteen was different. Kagan describes her as in constant motion when exposed to the same stimuli. When her mother spoke to her, she moved her arms and legs fitfully. When the face with discordant voices appeared, she moved even more, and had a furrowed expression on her face. The Winnie the Pooh mobile caused her so much distress that she arched her back when it came into view. This is what Kagen was looking for but was not sure he would find: a baby who was distressed when exposed to anything new. All study subjects had home interviews when they were fifteen and begins with questions about school and outside interests. Baby nineteen does little in the way of extracurricular activities in her high school. She fidgets almost constantly, one part of her body or another always in motion-twirling her hair, touching her ear, jiggling her knee, wringing her hands. Kegan says this is how she regulates her high-reactive nature and is a perfect model of his hypothesis...
...Understanding the Schizophrenic Mind and Coping with Their Behavior
November 17, 2012
Understanding the Schizophrenic Mind and Coping with Their Behavior
Schizophrenia affects more than 25 million people worldwide (Myers, 2010). Although the causes of schizophrenia are still under suspicion, well after many years of research, it is most certainly a disease of the brain. However, without a doctorate in psychiatry, one might be overwhelmed by all there is to know about the multiple effects of the disease. It is difficult enough to interpret the thoughts of another individual with absolute certainty, what is even more challenging is attempting to translate the thoughts of someone who has schizophrenia. Imagine watching your brother sitting on the porch arguing with someone, yet he is sitting all alone. For passers-by, the first reaction might be to say, “He is not playing with a full deck” or “what a nut case”, because to most people this is extremely strange behavior. However, this is exactly the peculiar behavior that friends and family members of schizophrenic patients are exposed to every day. Schizophrenia not only affects the person who has the mental illness, but also their family, friends, and loved ones. The average mind lacks understanding of the schizophrenic mind, only because they lack the knowledge and education...
RESEARCH PAPER ASSIGNMENT
The purpose of the research paper is to provide you with an opportunity to explore in greater depth a
topic relevant to this quarter’s focus on individuals as social beings in the form of a review. Your paper
should draw on empirical research that adds to our understanding of a coherent and well-specified issue
or question. Your paper should incorporate research from a range of perspectives, either across levels of
explanation or across disciplinary perspectives. Journals such as Current Directions in Psychological
Science and Trends in Cognitive Sciences can be used as an example of brief review papers.
Topic selection. Developing a tractable and coherent research topic is part of the process of conducting
research. Although any topic that focuses on the relation of the individual to the group is potentially
appropriate, it must be developed within the context of an existing literature or literatures relevant to
psychology. You will undoubtedly need to refine the scope of your paper as your research progresses
until you have formulated a specific and well-defined research question or issue.
Searching for readings. We expect you to go beyond the reading list for the course and discuss
additional material that bears directly on your topic. However, you should not try to cover too much
material, 3-6 additional sources are all that can generally be discussed coherently in a 10-page paper.
...Some people think that the mind is the brain or some other part or function of the body, but this is incorrect. The brain is a physical object that can be seen with the eyes and that can be photographed or operated on in surgery.
The mind, on the other hand, is not a physical object. It cannot be seen with the eyes, nor can it be photographed or repaired by surgery. The brain, therefore, is not the mind but simply part of the body.
There is nothing within the body that can be identified as being our mind because our body and mind are different entities. For example, sometimes when our body is relaxed and immobile, our mind can be very busy, darting from one object to another. This indicates that our body and mind are not the same entity.
In Buddhist scriptures, our body is compared to a guest house and our mind to a guest dwelling within it. When we die, our mind leaves our body and goes to the next life, just like a guest leaving a guest house and going somewhere else.
If the mind is not the brain, nor any other part of the body, what is it? It is a formless continuum that functions to perceive and understand objects. Because the mind is formless, or non-physical, by nature, it is not obstructed by physical objects.
It is very important to be able to distinguish disturbed states of mind from...
...Charles Perrow also stresses the importance of the contingency theory within organisations. According to Perrow, organisations should adopt organic structures, based on the internal and external contingencies the company is faced with (Perrow, 1979). He states that business structures should be developed according to each individual organisation, rather than upon some universal principles or procedures (Perrow, 1979). Perrow strongly believes that complying with the contingency theory will result in the business achieving utmost success.
A number of issues in relation to management and the organisation have been raised, as a result of the agency and contingency theories. The agency theory was initially designed in order to assist in the understanding of the agent/principle relationship. Williamson (1985) identified opportunistic behaviour as a norm within organisations, stating that agency problems are more than likely to occur. He specified that managers often act opportunistically, and that trustworthiness is no longer common. Jensen and Meckling (1976), supported Williamson’s claim, they believe it is generally impossible that management will act in favour of the principle, as their main focus is to maximise their own wealth. Coca Cola proved this to be true in 2013, when Californian managers were sued for underpaying their employees in order to reduce expenses (D. Blackburn. 2013).
Jensen and Meckling (1976) also believe that the agency theory may also...
...Red soils develop in a warm, temperate, wet climate under deciduous forests and have thin organic and mineral layers overlying a yellowish-brown leached layer resting on red layer made of iron oxide(ferric oxide). Red soils generally form from iron-rich sediments. They are usually poor growing soils, low in nutrients and humus and difficult to cultivate. These soils are developed on old crystalline rocks under moderate to heavy rainfall conditions. They are deficient in phosphoric acid, organic matter and nitrogenous material. Red soils cover the eastern part of the peninsular region comprising Chhotanagpur, Orissa, eastern Madhya Pradesh, the Nilgiris and Tamil Nadu. Their extent northwards in the west goes along the Konkan coast of Maharashtra. Apples grow well on this soil.This soil is highly porous,fine grained and deep.
What is a laterite?
A red residual soil in humid tropical and subtropical regions that is leached of soluble minerals, aluminum hydroxides, and silica but still contains concentrations of iron oxides and iron hydroxides.
Soil layer that is rich in iron oxide and derive from a wide variety of rocks wethering under strongly oxidizing and leaching conditions.It froms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climet is humid.
Laterite is a weathering product and should be defined together with saprolite as " Residual Rock ". Residual rocks form an additional rock group of their own. As precursor of sedimentary rocks they may also be...
Į Meditation is simple and an un-expensive practice, anybody can do
it and it doesn’t required any especial equipment.
II Meditation has been practice for thousands of years. Meditation
original was meant to help deepen understanding of the sacred
and mystical forces of life, but now a days meditation is used for
relaxation and stress reduction.
ĮĮĮ Meditation has multiple benefits as physical benefits, emotional
benefits, mental benefits and spiritual benefits.
Thesis Statement: If stress has you anxious, tents and worry, consider practicing meditation.
Į Meditation can wipe away the day’s stress, bringing with it inner
A. It is about training the mind, beating bad mental habits and developing and nurturing positive qualities that are already present within us
1. Meditation can help us to take control of our lives
2.- Give time for our self to disconnect from the busy live will
Help us to clear our minds and re-charge again.
3.- Meditation can wipe away stress, bringing with it inner peace
II . Meditation will lead us to great benefits as
1.- Physical Benefits.- Deeper level of relaxation,...
...Montejo, Lei Ann Mary M. Mr. Arianne Jamison,RN, MAN
BSN-3 Clinical Instructor
“A Beautiful Mind”
I. Identify the behaviors manifested by John Nash on the different phases of Schizophrenia.
a. Prodromal Phase
* John Nash often isolate himself, he stays alone in his bedroom.
* He stops spending time with his family and real existing friends.
* Inappropriate or blunted emotions.
* He became clumsy.
* He drinks alcohol.
b. Acute Phase
* Grossly disorganized behavior
c. Residual Phase
* Lack of emotional expression
* Low energy
* Decrease libido
* Strange beliefs
II. Identify the different behavioral symptoms as depicted in the different situations in the movie.
Signs/symptoms | Situations |
* Auditory Hallucinations * He isolates himself. * Clumsiness * Disorganized behavior * Forgetful * Delusion of persecution * Decreased Libido | * When John met his imaginary roommate named Charles Herman. * When he was engaged in a non-existing Nazi’s code breaking war with Parcher. * When he met Charles little niece named, Marcee. * He isolates himself by going and studying in the library or in his bedroom while writing mathematical equations of moving dynamics in the windows. *...
...The Drama of the Anxious Child
In Time magazine, Lawrence J. Cohen writes an editorial titled, The Drama of the Anxious Child. In this article Cohen taps into childhood anxiety and what kind of effect parents have while they grow up. Cohen makes the claim that childhood anxiety is on the rise at every level, “from fears of monsters under the bed to phobias and panic attacks to severe anxiety patterns.” The claim of this editorial isn’t the first thing that Cohen writes, he starts with some statistics about child anxiety. He writes, “Nowadays, there are still 10-20% with that reactive temperament, but the number of children with a diagnosable anxiety disorder has skyrocketed, up to 25% according to the National Institutes of Mental Health.” By doing this, Cohen uses the rhetorical appeal of ethos, or credibly. He then goes into about four main reasons that back up his claim of childhood anxiety rising over the years.
The first reason Cohen points out is the imbalance of what causes stress and how to cope with it. Anxiety is a simple formula of what causes stress, and then subtract all the abilities to cope, which then equals our anxiety level. This formula doesn’t just work for kids, but everyone. Cohen argues that kids these days are overscheduled because schools are more competitive and stressful. He also says that our society is based on a win-lose model, where only a few children will be able to succeed, causing even more stress on kids...