Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) was known for his great knowledge and wisdom. He often expressed his thoughts in words conspicuous for their wisdom. A number of his sayings have come down to us, and these show the depths and dimensions of his thoughts and expressions. “Go easy on yourself, for the outcome of all affairs is determined by God’s decree. If something is meant to go elsewhere, it will never come your way, but if it is yours by destiny, from you it cannot flee.”
Throughout history there have been over hundreds of influential people. According to Time magazine released its annual list of the 100 "Most Influential People in the World”, in it was: Barack Obama; Mitt Romney; Hillary Clinton; Warren Buffett; Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge; Pippa Middleton; Tim Tebow; Jeremy Lin and Matt Lauer. There is no doubt that these people have influenced the world, but according to Michael H. Hart who wrote a book entitled "THE 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History" in 1978. Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) is amongst one of the most influential people in history. It was a huge surprise that Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA) was on the list, although he wasn’t the first on the list (it was the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)) he was 52nd on the list. He ranked him higher than many of the more famous men such as Charlemagne and Julius Caesar. He further says that Umar's brilliant leadership was responsible for the expansion of the Islamic territory and he also says that Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) ordered the Muslim armies to leave the natives of the conquered land in peace and ordered the military personnel not to force the natives to convert to Islam.
Umar is probably one of the most common Muslim names. Many parents choose this name because it honors an important figure in Islam, the second Caliph. Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) went from one of Islam’s strongest opponent to Islam’s most committed believers.
There is a limited amount of information of Umar (RA)’s early...
While 'UmarIbn Alkhatab was inclined on a wall he heard a discussion between a mother and her daughter. The daughter had collected milk for that day to be sold but the milk was less than expected so her mother told her to mix water with the milk to increase it. The daughter challenged and told her how the Khaleefah 'UmarIbnAl-Khattaab had prohibited the mixing of milk with water to be traded in marketplaces. The mother countered by telling her that 'Umar was not present and that nobody would realize, but her daughter challenged and reminded her that although Umar was not present Allah was watching. She said: "I cannot obey Allah in public and disobey Him in private."
When 'Umar overheard this he told the grandpa of Zaid bin Aslam to find out about this person and when he found out that she was not married he decided to marry her to one of his sons. He approached them and mentioned her merits and his son 'Aasim who had not yet married stepped forward to marry her. 'Aasim and his new wife later had a daughter who married the son of Khaleefah Marwan who was called 'Abdul-Aziz and from them came 'UmarIbn 'Abdul Aziz (Raheemuhullah).
'UmarIbn 'Abdul Aziz was born in the year 63 Hijrah. His father 'Abdul-Aziz was the appointed Wali of Egypt and when...
...Alhazen Ibnal-Haytham, born 965ce – 1039ce an Arab /Persian scientist and polymath, also significant contributions to the principals of optics, as well as to physics, anatomy, astronomy, engineering, mathematics, medicine, ophthalmology, philosophy, psychology, visual perception, and to science in general with his early application of the scientific method. After being ordered by Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth ruler of the Fatimid Caliphate, to carry out this operation, he quickly perceived the impossibility of what he was attempting to do, and retired from engineering. Fearing for his life, he feigned madness and was placed under house arrest from 1011 – 1021, during and after which he devoted himself to his scientific work until his death. Ibnal-Haytham most famous works, Books of optics, which he has been ranked Isaac Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (PNPM) as one of the most influential books in physics for introducing an early scientific method, and for initiating a revolution in optics and visual perception. Ibnal-Haytham made significant improvements in optics, physical science, and the scientific method which influenced the development of science for over five hundred years after his death. During his time in Cairo, he became associated with Al- Azhar University, as well as the city’s “House of Widsom”, known as Dar...
Uthman ibn AffanHis Early Life
Born on the year of 577- 20 June 656 in Ta’if.Uthman ibn Affan was born into the wealthy Umayyad ( HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banu_Umayya" \o "Banu Umayya" Banu Umayya) clan of the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quraysh_(tribe)" \o "Quraysh (tribe)" Quraysh tribe of Mecca, seven years after Muhammad.Uthman's father, Affan, died young while travelling abroad but left a large inheritance to Uthman.He followed the same profession as his father, and his business flourished, making him one of the richest men among the Qurayshi tribe. His mother was Awra who was daughter of Umm Hakim bint Abdul Mutallib. The later was twin sister of Abdullah, father of Muhammad and therefore his first cousin. She also passed away before 610 AD. Uthman was a man of people even though he was shy but was very modest.
His conversion to Islam
On returning from a business trip to Syria in 611, Uthman found out that Muhammad had declared his mission. After a discussion with his friend Abu Bakr, Uthman decided to convert to Islam, and Abu Bakr took him to Muhammad to whom he declared his faith at ager 34. Uthman thus became the one of the earliest converts to Islam, following Ali, Zayd, Abu Bakr and few others. His conversion to Islam angered his clan, the Banu Ummayyah, who strongly opposed Muhammad's teachings.
To Abyssinia: Uthman and his wife Ruqayya migrated to Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia) in...
...by a palace”? retorted the Arab. I mean the palace of Umar, the Caliphof Islam,” added the envoy (representative). “Oh! You want to see Umar. Come on, I will take youin his presence,” replied the Arab. The envoy was escorted to the Masjid of the Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him), and to his utter astonishment,a person who was lying on the bare floor of theMasjid was introduced to him as Caliph Umar Farooq, the greatest ruler of his time, whose armiesheld sway (influence) over the three known continents of the world.
The envoy was taken aback atsuch a strange sight and the report of what he observed in Medina was enough to terrorize theRoman Emperor and impress him with the invincible (unshakeable) might of Islam.Hazrat Umar bin Khattab was born in Makah in 40 A.H. His lineage joins that of the Prophet of Islam in the eighth generation. His forefathers had held ambassadorial posts; commerce was hisancestral occupation. He was one of the seventeen literate persons of Makah, when Prophet Hoodwas conferred (presented) on the Holy prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He entered the pale(light) of Islam at the age of 27. An interesting anecdote is told about his reversion (getting back toearlier state) to Islam.He was one of the most powerful enemies of the new faith.One day he set outwith the intension of killing the Prophet of Islam. On the way he came across one Naeem binAbdullah, who asked him where...
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Lou Gehrig's Disease
By Audrea Emmons
• Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), often referred to as "Lou
Gehrig's Disease," is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that
affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurons
reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to
the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of
the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the
motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control
muscle movement is lost. With voluntary muscle action
progressively affected, patients in the later stages of the disease
may become totally paralyzed.
• To date, there is no one test or procedure to ultimately establish the diagnosis of ALS. It is
through a clinical examination and series of diagnostic tests, often ruling out other diseases
that mimic ALS.
• electrodiagnostic tests including electomyography (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
• blood and urine studies including high resolution serum protein electrophoresis, thyroid and
parathyroid hormone levels and 24-hour urine collection for heavy metals
x-rays, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
myelogram of cervical spine
muscle and/or nerve biopsy
thorough neurological examination
Signs and Symptoms
• The onset of ALS may be so subtle...
...History of Math
September 29, 2011
Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi
Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi was a Muslim mathematician and astronomer that was born around 780 in Baghdad, Iraq and died around 850. Little is known about his life besides is attributes to mathematics; historians aren’t even for sure where he was really born, but doesn’t matter because we know his strengths in math. The Muslim leader known as Caliph during Al-Khwarizmi’s time was al-Munan. Al-Khwarizmi was a religious man and presented two of his works dedicated to al-Munan. “These were his treatise on algebra and his treatise on astronomy.” Al-Khwarizmi studied and was a scholar at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. He was a member of Bana Musa (sons of Moses) along with his colleagues. Their main goal at the House of Wisdom was to translate the Greek manuscripts into Arabic; however they also were there to further their studies in algebra, geometry and astronomy, as well as writing more about these subjects. It is unknown to historians if Al-Khwarizmi was familiar with Euclid’s Elements or not but it is said that al-Hajjaj was one of his colleagues in the House of Wisdom and al-Hajjaj was in charge of translating the Elements into Arabic (O’Connor).
Al-Khwarizmi wrote Hisab al-jabr...
...Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib
Birth of Ali:
Hadrat Ali was the son of Abu Talib, a prominent Quraish chief and custodian of the Holy Ka'bah. The mother of Hadrat Ali was Fatima. Fatima was a cousin of Abu Talib. Thus, both the father and mother of Hadrat Ali were Hashimites, and that was a great honour. Hadrat Ali was born in unusual circumstances. On the 13th day of the holy month of Rajab, Fatima, the mother of Hadrat Ali, visited the Ka'bah to perform the pilgrimage. During the course of the pilgrimage and while circumambulating the Ka'bah, Fatima felt the pangs of childbirth. She retired to a secluded place in the precincts of the holy Ka'bah, and there Hadrat Ali was born. Hadrat Ali has thus had the unique honour to be born in the House of God.
When both mother and the child returned home, the holy Prophet, and Hadrat Khadijah came to see her newborn child. Since his birth, he had not opened his eyes, and that worried both Fatima and Abu Talib. However, when the holy Prophet took the child in his lap, then he opened his eyes. So the first person that Hadrat Ali saw after his birth was the holy Prophet. When the holy Prophet was asked whether he approved of the child being named either Asad or Zaid, he said that since the child was born in the House of God, he should be named Ali (the word Ali being a derivative of Allah). Hadrat Ali had thus had the distinction of being named after Allah. No one before him had ever been so named. Furthermore, the name...
Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi was born in Basrah. in 972 A.D. He was educated at first in Basrah where, after completion of his basic education, he learned Fiqah (Islamic jurisprudence) from the jurist Abu al-Wahid al-Simari. He then went to Baghdad for advanced studies under Sheikh Abd al-Hamid and Abdallah al-Baqi. His proficiency in jurisprudence Ethics, Political science and literature proved useful in securing a respectable career for him. Al-Mawardi died in 1058 A.D.
After his initial appointment as Qazi (Judge), he was gradually promoted to higher offices, till he became the Chief Justice at Baghdad. The Abbasid Caliph al-Qaim bi Amr Allah appointed him as his roving ambassador and sent him to a number of countries as the head of special missions. In this capacity he played a key role in establishing harmonious relations between the declining Abbasid Caliphate and the rising powers of Buwahids and Seljukes. He was favored with rich gifts and tributes by most Sultans of the time. He was still in Baghdad when it was taken over by Buwahids.
Al-Mawardi was a great jurist, mohaddith, sociologist and an expert in Political Science. He was a jurist in the school of Fiqh and his book Al-Hawi on the principles of jurisprudence is held in high...