India’s education system turns out millions of
graduates each year, many skilled in IT and
engineering. This manpower advantage underpins
India’s recent economic advances, but masks deepseated problems within India’s education system. While India’s demographics are generally perceived to give it
an edge over other countries’ economies (India will
have a youthful population when other countries have
ageing populations), if this advantage is restricted to a
small, highly educated elite, the domestic political
ramifications could be severe.
With 35 per cent of the population under the age
of 15, India’s education system faces numerous
challenges. Successive governments have pledged to
increase spending on education to 6 per cent of GDP,
but actual spending has hovered around 4 per cent for
the last few years. While, at the top end, India’s
business schools, Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs),
Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and universities
produce globally competitive graduates, primary and
secondary schools, particularly in rural areas, struggle
to find staff.
Indian governments have seen education as a
crucial development tool. The first part of this paper
provides a historical perspective on the development
of the education system in India, highlighting the
changing emphases within government policy. Since
Independence, the education policies of successive
governments have built on the substantial legacies of
the Nehruvian period, targeting the core themes of
plurality and secularism, with a focus on excellence in
higher education, and inclusiveness at all levels. In
reaching these goals, the issue of funding has become
problematic; governments have promised to increase
state spending while realizing the economic potential
of bringing in private-sector financial support.
The second part of this paper examines how recent
governments have responded to these challenges,
which have remained largely unchanged since...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
...SEKE DISTRICT EDUCATION
FORM ONE PLACE SYSTEM
Student no MIG008
Supervised by: Mr Mataga
This project documentation is submitted in partial fulfilment for the requirement of the Diploma in Management Information Systems
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Harare metropolitan province is under ministry of primary and secondary education which specialises in educating every child in Zimbabwe without considering race and or disability. The ministry is currently using a traditional way of enrolling form one pupils. This system is creating unnecessary increase in parent’s expenditure. Parents have to travel from one school to the other searching for form one places for their children.
Most of the schools even charge a non refundable 20dollars as entrance test fee per child. The ministry is now going through a phase of change from the above mentioned old system to the new system. The system will improve the current working conditions, increase efficiency and convenience and also lessen the tiresome of hoping from school to school in search for form one places. The new system will record all the boarding and day form one places for all schools in the Harare metropolitan province, name of the schools, fees to be paid, locality, subjects being offered, school facilities being offered, school structure and...
The educationsystem of India is very old. It has started from the ancient times. The Vedas, puranas, ayurveda, yoga represent some forms of education. There are evidences of imparting formal education in ancient India under the Gurukul system. Under the Gurukul system, young boys who were passing through the Brahmacharya stage of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher's home and complete their education.
Earlier women and people of lower castes didn't have a right to educate themselves. But Jainism, Buddhism and Sufi movements had some liberating effects. The Britishers can be credited for bringing a revolution in the Indian educationsystem because it is the English language and the reformation movements of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India.
India Education Present Condition
After independence, making education available to all had become a priority for the government. As discrimination on the basis of caste and gender has been a major impediment in the healthy development of the Indian society, they have been made unlawful by the Indian constitution. The 86th constitutional amendment has also made elementary education a fundamental right for the children between the age group- 6 to 14.
According to the 2001 census,...
...INDIA'S GROWTH THROUGH ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION SECTOR
*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula
**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.
Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. EducationSystem in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Present educationsystem in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian educationsystem had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its...
...Indian EducationSystem- An Advantage or Disadvantage
India is a promised land of scholars and saints. There has been no dearth of knowledge in India since time immemorial. Indian civilization has been blessed with priceless knowledge of Vedas and Puranas. Coming all along with these Holy Scriptures, till the modern age of science and technology, India can be found nowhere legging behind. Nevertheless we need not deny the fact that, India still possesses some quarters where a bud of education is still to sprout. As India witnesses tremendous upheavals in Indian economy- a segment ascending, while another suffers heavy descend- Educationsystem is also building similar pandemonium. Every year India produces thousands of brilliant assets from IITs, IISc, IIMs, AIMS, BITS and ISB, who glows in every sphere of modern world. Concurrently, India still owns people in large numbers who are debarred of the basic education. Hence, in spite of its triumph in major areas, Indian EducationSystem is tainted wit a few blemishes.
At the dawn of Modern India, she has received privileged initiatives by scholars like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati to spread education to many quarters of Indian population- big or small. British Government also took measures in spreading education among Indian masses by establishing various schools and...
...The Vedas, Puranas, Ayurveda,Yoga, Kautilya's Arthasahtra are only some of the milestones that the traditional Indian knowledge system boasts of. There are evidences of imparting formal education in ancient India under the Gurukul system.
Under the Gurukul system, young boys who were passing through the Brahmacharya stage of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher's home and complete their education. Although the ancient system of education has produced many geniuses and still a major area of research. Women and people of lower castes gradually lost their right to educate themselves.
The spread of Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti and Sufi movements did have some liberating effects on the condition of the women. But it is the English language and the reformation movements of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India. Thus, the Britishers, although rightly criticized for devastating the Indian economy, can also be credited for bringing a revolution in the Indian educationsystem.
II. Types of Education
There are different types of education in India. Every individual has the right to choose a method (As mentioned below) for his education. Universities play a major role in the lives of students in India. There are universities focusing on the study of medicine,...
...Education is fundamental to human progress. It plays a prominent role in all-around development of individual as well as society. A large number of books have been written on the importance of education. Education plays a key role in creating patriotic, disciplined and productive manpower.
But India's present educationsystem has a lot of drawbacks.It is next to impossible to judge the efficiency of a student in a subject within the stipulated time of three hours. It is a highly debatable issue and much has been said on this system. Besides, the sincerity or otherwise of our teachers cannot be guaged by any yardstick. This is clear from the growth of coaching institutions and the increasing number of students joining them or rising trend of private tuitions.
Again, the greatest irony is that the best teachers are supposed to be employed in government schools, while people send their wards to the private schools. A sense of accountability is completely lacking on the part of the teachers. The worst victims of the whole system are the unfortunate students who are caught in a situation of complete chaos and confusion.
One of the major drawbacks of our present system of education in India is that it gives our students the impression that their aim in life is to pass the university examinations, instead of becoming a man of good...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...