Trypanophobia: The Irrational Fear of Injections
Word Count: 1565
Trypanophobia is the irrational fear of injections, commonly referred to as needle phobia. It is approximated that roughly 10% of all americans suffer from this particular phobia. When suffering from trypanophobia the thought of receiving medical treatment that involves injections cause extreme anxiety. Unlike most phobias trypanophobia frequently causes a drop in blood pressure and heart rate that could lead to fainting. As a result of this, the irrational fear can cause sufferers to avoid seeking medical care. This fear is constant with doctor visits as well as dental checkups. It is still unclear what causes trypanophobia. There have been speculations that it could be inherited from parents. It has been estimated that up to 80% of the people who have this condition also have a close relative that suffers from it also. Sometimes it can very difficult to treat someone with trypanophobia because they tend to avoid medical care that might involve needles. Cognitive behavioural therapy has proven to be very effective with treating this particular type of phobia by gradually desensitizing them to needles. There have been some adaptations of certain medications to treat people with trypanophobia like nasal flu vaccinations and needless diabetic treatment.
The symptoms for trypanophobia vary from person to person. Symptoms can affect you emotionally, physically, and mentally. There are basic symptoms that nearly every person with trypanophobia faces. This includes a feeling of uncontrollable sense of anxiety. The thought of injections can often times make the person queasy and uncomfortable. Usually people suffering from trypanophobia will do anything to avoid any situation dealing with needles. There is a very thin line between a common fear of needles and a actual phobia. Many people feel uncomfortable around needles especially as kids. Its natural to not like needles. It becomes a phobia when its starts to inhibit a person from carrying out his/her normal life. This also holds
true to many of the mental disorders reviewed earlier in the year. Suffers of trypanophobia. often realize their fear is irrational, but feel powerless to control them. Even though this is an irrational fear of a physical object it can affect you mentally as well as physically. The fear of needles can consume your thoughts making it hard to think about anything else but your phobia. People will often associate bad images or movie scenes with needles giving them a negative perspective from a mental standpoint. There is also the constant fear of fainting that a person with trypanophobia has to deal with. Trypanophobia can affect one on a emotional level to causing extreme anxiety in some cases. Depression can also stem indirectly from an irrational fear of this nature. Anger with oneself is also common due to the fact that suffers tend to realize their fears are over exaggerated. The most obvious of all the symptoms are the physical ones. Some of the physical symptoms include dizziness, nausea, sweating, accelerated heart rate, and lightheaded. Physical symptoms are unique to each person but are always present in one form or another. There are many theories that explain possible reasons for needle phobia. One states that because being injected is a somewhat painful as a child, the fear develops with you as you age. You are usually given your first needle as a child. The person that is giving you the needle to you unknown to you majority of the time. There is also confusion added because you do not understand why your parent or guardian would let this happen. All of this can lead to a horrible experience that could potentially follow you the rest of your life. Another theory states that we ...
...Dictation by Fear
As the Twin Towers fell to the ground, mass chaos spread throughout the United States. Among many other overwhelming feelings, many Americans were left in question and accusations. The motives of the terrorists were unknown and many Americans’ fear overtook a sense of logic. With fear fueling the minds of many Americans, many began to take illogical and unjustified actions. A stereotype developed amongst the Muslim society, which has still shrugged them from American society to this day. 9/11 instilled a fear in Americans that strung a chord in each person that disregarded a sense of logic or morals. Arthur Miller sets a scene of mass chaos and paranoia in the 1600’s in an area much like Salem, Mass.. A fear of witchcraft, that could quite possibly overtake the holy lifestyle in the Puritan society, created a spiraling downfall. In Arthur Millers multithematic play “The Crucible”, fear directs the decisions and course of life.
The deep rooted fear Reverend Parris feels stems from the reputation he must uphold as reverend of the holy community. In desperation, Parris allows his fear to contradict himself as he defends his niece, Abigail. Although Parris knows that Abigail is lying when she says she is not involved in witchcraft, Parris defends her in hopes it will secure his reputation and position in the community. As reverend, it is not...
As the instructor put me in that choke hold on my second to last day of swim instruction I knew I broke the one rule I tried so hard not to. “Get the hell out of my pool” he yelled. I dangled there in the middle of the pool wondering how this man could hold me in a chokehold while keeping both of us afloat. “You weak bitch, get the fuck out of my pool”. As those words echoed through the empty olympic sized pool room I was let go, left to reach the side of the deep end under my own power.
Already a month and a half in Marine Corps boot camp I was use to the abuse. This was different, I could handle all the physical punishment on the land. The countless push ups, and being forced to roll around in sand pits at 5 am before breakfast. Being in the best shape of my life at the time there was only one thing that could bring this fear over me. Up until boot camp I could count my exposure to bodies of water on one hand. Growing up in the middle of Queens, NY I rarely encountered a pool. Although my family moved to upstate New York, to a high school that did have its own pool, I wasn't forced to use it.
At the end of my senior year of high school while most of my friends were visiting and picking colleges I was preparing for boot camp. Everyday I ran countless miles and did numerous pushups getting my body ready for the three months of pain I was about to endure. Not being the biggest or strongest kid in high school most of my friends...
...1970. Choose a character from a novel or play of recognized literary merit and write an essay in which you (a) briefly describe the standards of the fictional society in which the character exists and (b) show how the character is affected by and responds to those standards. In your essay do not merely summarize the plot.
1974. Choose a work of literature written before 1900. Write an essay in which you present arguments for and against the work’s relevance for a person in 1974. Your own position should emerge in the course of your essay. You may refer to works of literature written after 1900 for the purpose of contrast or comparison.
1976. The conflict created when the will of an individual opposes the will of the majority is the recurring theme of many novels, plays, and essays. Select the work of an essayist who is in opposition to his or her society; or from a work of recognized literary merit, select a fictional character who is in opposition to his or her society. In a critical essay, analyze the conflict and discuss the moral and ethical implications for both the individual and the society. Do not summarize the plot or action of the work you choose.
1987. Some novels and plays seem to advocate changes in social or political attitudes or in traditions. Choose such a novel or play and note briefly the particular attitudes or traditions that the author apparently wishes to modify. Then analyze the techniques the author uses to influence the reader’s or audience’s...
When we grow up we learn to fear such things as drugs, alcohol and strangers. These fears are taught to us by our parents trying to help us grow to be safe, healthy individuals. While learning to avoid these dangers, we also experience hardships and traumas that teach us to be afraid of whatever it is we went through. But one of the most influential cause of fears is that which we witness in movies, shows and in the news. This is because we see these highly exaggerated scenes, which only teach us the worst case scenarios. This causes our brain to react by permanently marking that experience as something that we would never want to go through, something fearful. In other words, although people have noticed that past experiences and learned fears are huge causes of fear, a careful examination suggests that the media plays an extreme role in the cause of fear in human behaviors.
In the 1970s, Steven Spielberg created the movie “Jaws”, with a blood thirsty shark as the main character. Although sharks were already a widely feared animal, this movie made shark-phobia one of the most common fears of people. Actual shark attacks at beaches became more publicized in the news and it was not uncommon to hear people referencing to the movie while at the beach. Although there is a small chance of being attacked by...
...What is true love? True love is a personal decision to commit oneself to another and to work through any conflicts instead of giving up. For better or for worse, it’s the act of devotion and passion within a deeper understanding of each other. True love is a power like none other, it has a power over the senses and it can change one’s life. True love is not only about romance, however; there is also love between friends and family. Humans crave love. Therefore, we obsess over it, we dissect it, we romanticize it, and we ponder its meaning. True love can also be found in love at first sight, fatal events and over exaggerations. In the play, Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare suggests that true love is one of the most powerful effects on our human nature.
In the beginning of the play, William Shakespeare conveys that love at first sight is a true possibility. Some people say that love at first sight is not true love because true love can’t be recognized immediately. William Shakespeare suggests otherwise by making reference to Romeo and Juliet as star crossed lovers. He’s saying that destiny is pulling them together from the very beginning. The very first time Romeo laid his eyes on Juliet he knew he was in love. Romeo fell in love because he was heartbroken and seeing Juliet healed his heart. She was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen. Romeo asks himself if he had loved until now while approaching Juliet. Although she denies him at first Juliet later allows him...
SQL INJECTION: Attacking methods, how it occurs?
SQL injection attack is one of a serious threat to any database-driven site.
SQL injection problems described as one of the most serious threats for Web applications. Web applications that are depend to SQL injection may allow an attacker to gain complete access to their databases. Because these databases may contain sensitive consumer or user information, the security violations can include identity theft, loss of con- ﬁdential information, and fraud. In some cases, attackers can even use an SQL injection without any safety or security to take control of and corrupt the system that hosts the Web application. Web applications that are vulnerable to SQL Injection Attacks (SQLIAs) are widespread—a study by Gartner Group on over 300 Internet Web sites has shown that most of them could be vulnerable to SQLIAs
Malicious SQL statements can be introduced into a unsaved application using many different input mechanisms. The most common mechanisms are:
Injection through user input: In this case, attackers needs to be inject SQL commands by providing suitably crafted user input. A Web application can read user input in many ways based on the environment in which the application is may be deployed. In most SQLIAs that are target Web applications, user input typically...
Irrational exuberance means wishful thinking on the part of investors that blinds us to the truth of our situation (definition based on the book of Yale professor Robert Shiller) or can be simply understood as the overvalue/undervalue of the market because of irrational thoughts.
The word irrational and exuberance themselves are not new, but they are first combined and used by Mr. Alan Greenspan- former Federal Reserve Board Chairman in his comments on December 5th, 1996.
What interest me is that after Mr. Alan Greenspan’s speech, the market did actually react according to what is called irrational exuberance. We can look at the table below to see the epidemic phenomenon in the market at that time:
Country Percentage decrease
Japan Nikkei index 3.2%
Hong Kong Hang Seng 2.9%
Germany DAX 4%
Britain FT-SE 100 4%
Jones Industrial Average 2.3%
These facts makes the words “irrational exuberance” quickly became Greenspan’s most famous quote—a catch phrase for everyone who follows the market.
However, the situation in the market was not a downward trend as the table shows, actually the economy situation between 1994-1999 was very splendid, not to say wonderful.
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average stood at around 3,600 in 1994, by 1999, it had passed 11,000, more than tripling in five years.
- The stock market valuation in Germany, Italy, Spain and United Kingdom roughly...
November 5, 2013
Everyone in this world, from a six-year old child to an eighty-year old man, has something to fear. Fear can be very difficult to handle at times. Although fears might also change throughout a lifetime, most people do remain scared of something. I am no different. Fear is dangerous because it limits the hero’s confidence, and without a confidence no one will believe in you so you wouldn’t be considered a hero to society.
Fear is a predominantly a dangerous monster because takes all the hero’s confidence away forcing a lot of depression and low self-esteem. A hero always overcomes his fears and confronts any challenge head on. So once a hero starts to fear they soon start doubting very slowly. When the hero starts doubting his or her abilities then there is a small chance one will reach that certain goal that’s trying to be achieved. A hero is not born, he is self-made.
Fear has been a problem for the longest with me in which I can’t seem to control. It all started in the summer when I was kicked off the basketball team. This caused a lot of fear deep down in my heart because I have been training all summer for this upcoming season and now I feel as though all that time and energy I put into Basketball was a waste. I’m afraid that this one decision I...