In Trinidad, The Ministry of Education has the policy of free education for all. They preach that this ‘free’ education is not based on class, wealth, race, gender or ethnicity but rather is a way to ensure that the entire nation is educated. Though these are the promises on Trinidad’s and Tobago’s Education Policy Paper, how is it that only nine of every one thousand people continue onto college, university or any higher education after secondary school?
Twenty-one percent of Trinidadians live in poverty, which means that twenty-one percent of citizens do not have access to running water or proper health care. Because of this, many children in these poor families immediately enter the world of work or become ‘beggars’ to help feed their family. This shows the importance of social class on the initial decision of whether a child will be educated or not. This is not common as only two percent of Trinidad’s population is illiterate.
I would categorize myself in the middle to high status class in my country and this has, in many ways affected my educational opportunities. I lived in a town known as Diego Martin and though my neighborhood mostly consisted of people within my same social class, the town itself has many neighborhoods consisting of people living in poverty. Pre-school education is not considered by government policies and therefore, there are no public pre-schools and if a family wants to enroll their child in preschool they would have to do so privately and with their own money. This goes to show that the first level of education in Trinidad is in fact not free. Because of this, my parents enrolled me in a private pre-school, which would indeed have to be paid for with their own money. This shows the immediate impact that class has on one’s education from just the first steps. Pre-school in Trinidad usually takes about two years and here is where a child learns his numbers and letters and therefore these children...
...used to attract immigrants to the island.
True colonization of Trinidad did not begin until the end of the 18th century, when the Spanish King acted on the advice of a French planter then the historic Cedula of Population was issued. In 1977 it was Phillip Rose Roume de Saint- Laurent a member of an aristocratic French family who helped in building the French empire in Louisiana and the Caribbean…and now a prosperous planter from Grenada visited and purchased land in Diego Martin. He didn’t just settle he returned to Grenada and encouraged other French families and free slaves to come to Trinidad.
Saint- Laurent then journeyed to Spain and petitioned the King to grant free colonist and other free entry to Trinidad. . This resulted in the Spanish Government readily issuing the Cedula of Population on the 24th November 1783 to grant land and other inducements to the colonists under certain terms. These were:
To each white person of either sex, ten (10) quares were allotted, plus half that quantity for each negro slave that any such person should import with him.
Any free negro or mulattoo coming to settle “in the quality of an inhabitant and chief of a family” received half of the allotted land that would have allotted if he was white.
But the land was only offered to the person only if they were Roman Catholic resulting in most of the new settlers being French. As a result of the Cedula, almost overnight Trinidad...
Trinidad and Tobago
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago occupies the southern part of the Caribbean and consists of two islands: Trinidad and Tobago. The country has a population of around 1.3 million. During the 15th century the islands have been a Spanish colony. During the same century Tobago has been formed of not only Spanish, but British, Dutch and French colonies as well. Since 1962 the country is independent and became a republic fourteen years later in 1976. The republic is sharing its borders with Venezuela, Guyana and Barbados.
In order for an organization or even country itself to be successful it should know more of the internal and external environment. Strategies need to be implemented so that they could influence the factors internally/externally that an organization or country is facing. Macro environment factors are part of the external environment.
In our case we would make an analysis of the macro environment factors for Trinidad and Tobago through the usage of PESTEL model. PESTEL analysis is a useful tool for interpreting the macro factors that cannot be controlled by an organization such as: Political (factors tied with the government), Economical (national and global economy), Social (forces within a society) and Technological (technological advances).
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has a two-party system where the...
...HOW TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO WAS GOVERNED BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
Our Nation’s Attainment of Independence in 1962 marked the end of colonial rule that had started during the 16th century under the aegis of Spain and had continued when the British captured Trinidad. In the meantime, Tobago had its own uneven political history, changing hands from one European power to another whilst having its own bicameral elective legislature from as early as 1768. As Crown Colony governance became tighter from the mid-19th century that melancholy isle was deprived of its bicameral legislature in 1874 and in 1877 was made a purely nominative, one-chambered Crown Colony legislature. In 1889, Tobago was united administratively with Trinidad in order to reduce British expenses in the Caribbean and in 1899 the noose was further tightened when that colony was made a ward of Trinidad and Tobago. From the beginning of the 20th century, Tobago joined Trinidad in advocating freedom from colonial rule, becoming an integral part of the achievement on Independence in 1962.
The flag of Trinidad and Tobago was adopted on August 31, 1962, and consists of a red background with a white and black band diagonally placed across the upper left corner to the bottom right corner. The two white stripes are symbolic of the bountiful sea, the red represents the people, and black represents their hard work and strength....
...The sociological study of education looks at the way different social institutions affect the process of education and how this impacts on students. Education is widely perceived to be a positive social institution where individuals can acquire knowledge and learn new skills. However, some would argue that this is not the case and that education produces an unequal society and is a negative institution where individuals are socialised to accept such inequality. This essay will explore the inequalities in education to establish how they occur. By examining Marxist, Functionalist and Interactionist perspectives, explanations for such inequalities can be understood.
Historically, in Britain formal schooling was a preserve of higher social classes. Education was largely provided by private institutions, such as churches form the middle ages onwards, with an aim to provide the bureaucratic elite with a means to run government. The state first assumed full responsibility for education in 1870, with the Foster's Education Act. In 1880, school attendance was made compulsory up to the age of 10, ensuring basic primary education for all. (Haralambos and Holborn, 2004) The state took responsibility for secondary education with the Fisher Education Act of 1918 and attendance was made compulsory until the age of 14. The formal...
...Education is the foundation of a strong and productive individual as well as being the foundation for a strong and productive country. Any country that keeps its' people uneducated or does not help to educate them cannot hold them entirely responsible for their actions that result from their lack of education. The United States and Japan both feel very strongly about education and that they need to have well educated people. Both of these countries have educational systems that are similar in some ways and yet very different in other ways. Both the similarities and the differences of these two systems give light to how each of these countries go about educating its' people and how much each of these countries value education.
The educational system in Japan has not always been the way it is today. In fact it went through the very drastic changes in the end of the eighteen hundreds and then again in middle of the nineteen hundreds; right after World War II. The Meiji government was the first imperial government and it came into power in 1868. This government had a relatively nonrestrictive textbook policy. Then in 1872 it passed the School System Law, but it still did not include a Textbook Compilation Bureau. In the 1880's, there was a surging of nationalistic sentiment among Confucian scholars and this group was led by Motoda (1818-91). Due to this feeling sweeping the country, Mori Arinori (1847-89) became...
...Trinidad and Tobago
Officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a twin island country of the northern edge of South America, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boundaries with other nations like Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
The country consists of two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, the two main islands are divided into nine regions, and one ward. Trinidad is 4,768 km2 in area and Tobago has an area of about 300 km2.
The majority of the people live in the island of Trinidad; this is the location of most major towns and cities. There are three major municipalities in Trinidad: Port of Spain (the capital), San Fernando, and Chaguanas. The main town in Tobago is Scarborough.
English is the country's official language but the main spoken language is either the local variety of standard English, Trinidad and Tobago Standard English (TTSE) or English –based creole languages, which reflects the Amerindian, European (including Spanish), African, and Indian heritage of the nation.
The currency used in Trinidad and Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar, also called TT dollar.
The terrain of the islands is a mixture of mountains...
...The 1944 Education Act and its ramifications to date
The purpose of this essay is to identify the features of the 1944 Education Act and its ramifications. The state of education prior to the 1944 Act will be mentioned and how it mirrored society as a whole. A critical appraisal of justifications for selection and comprehensivisation, as a successor to the tripartite system, will be addressed. This paper will also provide an explanation of the selection process and the arguments and problems that relate to it. I will be analysing the sociological ideas and will be discussing post war trends and events in Britain and education in particular and evaluating how issues of ability, IQ, class, gender and or/ethnicity have affected change. At an appropriate point, mention will also be made of the Nature/Nurture debate and how these factors affect academic achievement.
Historically education was only available to affluent males. Grammar schools run by the church taught Latin, Greek and R.E. The fees to attend such schools were extremely high, therefore education and social class were very much linked together. Education for women was only made available to extremely wealthy women of the upper class and only consisted of embroidery, music, singing, painting etc. Women were seen to be pure and virginal and their placement within society was in the home. The lower class...
...Spanish Colonization on the indigenous population in Trinidad.
Although there were mass developments in the demographics of Trinidad by the Europeans, this also contributed to several major factors that caused dreadful changes in the lives and well-being of the indigenous population, which were the Amerindians, due to Spanish colonization.
The history of Trinidad and Tobago began with the arrival of the indigenous people. They were the first people to inhabit the islands many centuries ago (Brereton 1). These tribes have travelled from South America where they settled in various parts of the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The Amerindians settled in islands such as Bahamas, Cuba and various parts of Trinidad as well as throughout the Caribbean region (Williams 1).
However, on July 31, 1498, an Italian explorer by the name of Christopher Columbus stumbled upon and rediscovered Trinidad on his third voyage (Williams 8). The rediscovery of the West Indian island by Christopher Columbus, acted as an agent of the Spanish Monarchy in the year 1492, which followed by a series of dramatic events and changes in the European society in the 15thcentury (Williams 5). Christopher Columbus’ quest for the new world drew him to this island because of the fabled stories of gold and spices popularized by famous travelogue of Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta and the persistent Prester John, led him...