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Top 10 Natural Disasters

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Top 10 Natural Disasters

Rank
1
Natural Disaster
Sichuan Earthquake, China, April 2013
Criteria for Ranking
217 deaths, 14, 11,500 injured, 237, 655 displaced, 2.1 million affected Date
April 20, 2013, 8:02 a.m.
Location
Lushan County of Ya’an city in South China’s Sichuan Province Type
Earthquake (Magnitude 7.0)
Description
The earthquake resulted in an estimated 217 deaths, 11,500 injured, 655 people displaced, and 193,000 houses collapsed and 510,000 were severely damaged.   Sources of Information
http://reliefweb.int/disaster/eq-2013-000046-chn and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Sitrep%20No%203%20Lushan%20_Yaan_%20Earthquake%2018%2000_21%20April%202013.pdf Mitigation

The 6.6 magnitude earthquake toppled buildings, triggered landslides and disrupted phone and power connections when it struck just after 8 a.m. local time Saturday in the mountainous Lushan county. The area is located just 53 miles from the 2008 disaster and is also on the seismically active Longmenshan fault line. The epicenter had a depth of a little less than eight miles. The quake comes just short of five years after a massive 7.9 magnitude quake in the same region killed some 70,000 people. The April 20 earthquake reflects tectonic stresses resulting from the convergence of crustal material slowly moving from the high Tibetan Plateau, to the west, against strong crust underlying the Sichuan Basin and southeastern China. Many local houses are made of wood and earthen walls, almost all of which collapsed in the earthquake. Over 99% of houses in the epicenter, Longmen Township of Lushan County collapsed. Infrastructure wise, local roads were badly damaged and blocked by landslides and dozens of bridges damaged to varying degrees. Major roads to affected areas are being restored gradually. Several townships suffered major damage and many old buildings in Lushan collapsed. The electricity service was interrupted, and the electricity grids in the surrounding counties. The newer structures, built with greater earthquake resistance after the 2008 disaster are largely standing, at least in the county town, although many are cracked. Buildings more vulnerable to collapse appear to be those older tile and timber homes which withstood the 2008 quake. Local authorities have also said that several dams and reservoirs in the area have developed cracks and are being checked to evaluate the risk. The damage from the earthquake that struck Lushan county in southwest China's Sichuan province on Saturday will not have a significant impact on the national economy compared to the devastating 2008 earthquake in the same province, according to Chinese economists and analysts.

Rank
2
Natural Disaster
Guangdong storm China
Criteria for Ranking
9 people killed, 270 injured
Date
March 21,2013
Location
Guagdong Province,China
Type
Severe Hail and Thunderstorm
Description
Winds of up to 109 miles per hour, dumped more than 1.9 inches of rain and unleashed hail the size of eggs Sources of Information
http://phys.org/news/2013-03-south-china-storms-die.html and http://upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2013/03/21/Storm-kills-nine-in-China/UPI-37741363845069/ Mitigation
Most of the deaths were caused by residential buildings collapsing.Across the storm region a total of 2,000 structures collapsed and 248,000 were damaged. Other provinces affected by storms and torrential rain were nearby Jiangxi, Hunan in central China and Guizhou in the southwest. About 215,000 people were evacuated from their homes and the economic loss is estimated at $210 million. While convective thunderstorms are by no means unheard of in central and southern China, they are far more commonplace during the rainy season. This takes places between the months of May and September when air pressure is low and surface heating is at its highest, giving rise to intense convection and subsequent heavy rain. For... Show More

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