When analyzed, Ann Putnam can be represented as suspicious, distressed, and manipulative. She is seen as suspicious because she is constantly analyzing other people's actions. In The Crucible, Mrs. Putnam accuses Sarah Good of being a witch when she says, "I knew it! Goody Osburn were midwife to me three times. I begged you, Thomas, did I not? I begged him not to call Osburn because I feared her. My babies always shriveled in her hands." (Act 1.Page 47). Another explanation of her suspicion is when she thinks her daughter is possessed by the Devil, and she says, "For how else is she struck dumb now except some power of darkness would stop her mouth?" (Act 1.Page 16). Ann Putnam also seems to be distressed since the play shows her as a trouble-hearted woman. An example of this is when she is first introduced in the book and it says, "She is a twisted soul of forty-five, a death-ridden woman, haunted by dreams." (Act 1.Page 12). Throughout the book, she also shows fear and anxiety for almost every situation she is part of by speaking dramatically and causing panic. Mrs. Putnam is also represented as a manipulative person because she uses devious ways to influence other people on false information. While other people are trying to figure out who is involved in witchcraft, Mrs. Putnam frequently suggests names so that others can blame them. Another example is how she manipulated her daughter to call the spirits with the other girls. In conclusion, examples set by Ann Putnam in the book shows how she is skeptical, distressed, and manipulative. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1982.
...Laina Posner June 2
Respect and Reputation
1. Reputation is so important to the people of Salem because it determines where someone stands in society. The way people think of someone determines how well ones business results. If one loses their good reputation, then they are seen as a bad person in the name of the church.
2. A person’s good reputations is similar to the way that we think of it today, because reputation can be seen as a way to determine many things about one’s character. It is different because once someone's reputation is bad they do not go on trial for things that they have no committed.
3. Some factors that cause people to ignore the good reputations of their neighbors are greed. When someone wants something, it doesn’t matter what they think of others as long as their needs become fulfilled.
1. The character that best exemplify this theme is John Proctor. Because he would not give up his good name in order to make a false confession that would save his life.
2. The play teaches that you should not treat people differently according to the way that ones reputations says about them when it comes to respect and reputation
Compassion and Forgiveness
1. I do not think that Elizabeth is “cold” for not forgiving her husband because he betrayed the trust that they share between each other. Something such as adultery is something that is unforgivable; it...
...nn Putnam (October 18, 1679 – 1716), along with Elizabeth "Betty" Parris, Mary Walcott and Abigail Williams, was an important witness at the Salem Witch Trials of Massachusetts during the later portion of 17th century Colonial America. Born 1679 in Salem Village, Essex County, Massachusetts, she was the eldest child of Thomas Putnam (1652–1699) and Ann Carr (1661–1699). She was friends with some of the girls who claimed to be afflicted by witchcraft and, in March 1692, proclaimed to be afflicted herself.
In 1706, AnnPutnam publicly apologized for the part she had played in the witch trials.
I desire to be humbled before God for that sad and humbling providence that befell my father's family in the year about ninety-two; that I, then being in my childhood, should, by such a providence of God, be made an instrument for the accusing of several people for grievous crimes, whereby their lives was taken away from them, whom, now I have just grounds and good reason to believe they were innocent persons; and that it was a great delusion of Satan that deceived me in that sad time, whereby I justly fear I have been instrumental, with others, though ignorantly and unwittingly, to bring upon myself and this land the guilt of innocent blood; though, what was said or done by me against any person, I can truly and uprightly say, before God and man, I did it not out of any anger, malice, or ill will to any...
...The young AnnPutnam was the daughter of Thomas Putnam and AnnPutnam,
Sr. She is listed in every account as one of the "afflicted girls" and
her name appears over 400 times in the court documents. She was twelve
years old when the Salem Witch Trials began in 1692. By the time they
were over, she had accused nineteen people, and had seen eleven of
Ann suffered her first fits on February 25, 1692, along with Betty
Hubbard. During her torment, she cried out against Tituba, Sarah Good,
and Sarah Osborne. Because Betty Parris, Abigail Williams, and AnnPutnam, Jr. were too young to testify, their accusations had to be
endorsed by adults in the village, including her father and other
leaders in Salem Village church. Ann's court performances have become
notorious. She and the other girls would fall to the ground and writhe
as if in agony, claiming that the specters of the accused were
tormenting them. She would scream that she was being pinched or
bitten, choked or that her life was being threatened if she did not
sign the Devil's book. One of many such instances is recorded in the
case of Martha Carrier: when asked, "who hurts you?" Ann replies,
"Goody Carrier, she bites me, pinches me, & tells me she would cut my
throat, if I did not signe her book." As often happened in the course
of the Salem episode, there was little...
...How do Act 1 and Act 2 develop the various characters in the play?
The play ‘The Crucible’ written by Arthur Miller is an allegorical reference to the McCarthyism of the 1950s. Set in the historical context of the 17th century Salem, this play explores several themes to point out how politics, greed and imaginative hysteria can tear a community apart. To further emphasize this, Miller uses different characters and develops them as the play progresses. In addition, his use of effective language intensifies the role of characters like John and Elizabeth Proctor, Abigail Williams, Reverend Parris and many others in the play.
The first act of the play is an exposition act which reveals all the primary characters and conflicts in the play. The play begins with Reverend Parris – a minister of the church – praying for his daughter Betty “He mumbles, then seems about to weep; then he weeps, then prays again”. Through the continuous weeping of Parris, Miller indicates to the readers that he is a weak character. In the Puritan society, ‘God’s law was the law’ and so the Bible was the truth. In that context, Parris, a minister, does commit a sin as he was praying in vain. Yet, it is only on the surface the Parris appears to be an anxious and worried father. Though he does inform the doctor and also calls for Reverend Hale, Miller implies that it is his reputation that Parris is most worried about, not his family’s welfare. He fears that Betty, Abigail...
...In the opening of the play how does Miller seek to create an atmosphere of hysteria and tension? Do you find the opening effective?
The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller written in the 1950’s. It was set in the 1690’s in Massachusetts. The play is about the witch trials and how something like a group of girls in the woods could lead to about 200 people being hanged and accused of witchcraft. The people of Salem were new to Massachusetts as they were puritans who went off to America to set up a new religious colony . The people were new to their surroundings had the Native Americans as enemies because they took their land. Although the Crucible is about the witch trials, it is thought to be a metaphor for the McCarthy Communist trials that was happening during the 1950’s. It was very similar to witchcraft and many people in the Hollywood were accused. You could be dismissed from the accusations of being communists after naming other people who you think were communists. Many innocent died because of both of these events. It was a way to get rid of your hatred and anger against others.
The very opening of the play portrays a worrying and fearful scene, when we see Betty in bed not moving and Reverend Parris knelt down and praying. A child unconscious in bed creates tension because we don’t what is wrong and grabs the attention of the audience as the audience would be keen to know what is wrong with the child. More hysteria is caused when...
... In Putnam’s paper Meaning and Reference, his infamous ‘Twin Earth’ example is designed to refute the idea that “meaning is in the head”. In his Twin Earth example, Putnam describes ‘Twin Earth’ as a place that is essentially a duplicate of earth. Everything on this Twin Earth is the same, except for the molecular structure of its water. Instead of its water having a chemical structure that consists of H2O, its chemical structure is XYZ. Although it does contain the same superficial characteristics of water, Putnam theorizes that this XYZ ‘water’ is not the same as the water here on earth. Thus, Putnam draws his first conclusion. He concludes that the extension of water on earth differs from that of its counterpart.
The next part of Putnam’s Twin Earth argument claims that if our standard of psychological difference is what is in the head, there can be no psychological differences between the speakers of both worlds. If this is true, we must then redefine the traditional concepts of meaning that have been defined by other philosophers. As of now, there are two unchallenged assumptions of the theory of meaning. The first being, “ knowing the meaning of a term is just a matter of being in a psychological state”and the second being, “the meaning of a term determines its extension”.
Putman then takes his ‘Twin Earth’ example a step further to show that in both worlds, people are in the same psychological state. He brings in...
..."The Crucible" Theme Essay
Truly courage played an important role in the Salem Witch Trials, and it may have been one of the key reasons the gruesome Salem Witch Trials finally came to its end. The courage shown by people impacted others during this time period by forcing people to acknowledge their viewpoints, which led to the end of the trials. Courage was displayed in three ways, emotionally, physically, and spiritually. Emotional courage means showing courage without physical means and being courageous with words and felling. Physical courage means to be courageous with action. Lastly, spiritual courage means to be courageous in the sense that one shows courage in spirit, meaning courage shown indirectly, unlike emotional or physical courage.
Emotional courage was the most widely displayed type of courage during the Salem Witch Trials. Several people were emotionally courageous because they didn't have the power to show physical courage and in many cases, emotional courage impacted the society of Salem more powerfully than physical courage. For example, women during this time period had little power, therefore unable to display their courage physically. However, several women showed strong emotional courage. An example of this would be Abigail. Despite being a girl, Abigail was very manipulative, and displayed courage in leading the girls in Salem. An example of this is shown in the text on page 1223 in the text. Abigail says,...
...a society. This can be surely bad if you are dealing with people who are hypochondriacs. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller displays how hysteria is used to cover the truth, but can cause suffering for many of those who are innocent. The play strongly illustrates the hysteria that brushed through Salem because of the fear that Satan had haunted the town. When you have an entire society in an uproar it is usually because of false information being spread and people who are just reacting without thinking about what could possibly be happening. There are some people who do think through situations and they are usually the ones who help put the pieces back together. They are also the ones who can sometimes suffer when problems arise. Hysteria and overreacting can rip a community apart especially when searching for the truth; therefore people must deeply analyze certain situations and use their better judgment to resolve them.
In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, hysteria is one of the main themes. It is considered one of the main themes because it comes up often and often becomes the atmosphere of the play and the motivation of many of the character’s actions. Hysteria seems to be the central attitude or atmosphere of the play, once you get into it. Just to mention that the entire play represents a panic-stricken frame of mind. I think that Miller used hysteria as one of his main themes because he wanted to...