The War in Afghanistan
A basic overview of the war in Afghanistan
After 9/11, President George W. Bush gave the rulers of Afghanistan an ultimatum: hand over the terrorists responsible for 9/11, or “share in their fate.” The Taliban—the Islamic fundamentalists who ruled the country—refused to surrender their ally, terrorist leader Osama bin-Laden. Air strikes began on 10/7/01, less than a month after 9/11. American, British and other soldiers fought together with Afghans opposed to the Taliban. The goals: remove the Taliban from power, find bin-Laden and his lieutenants, and destroy his organization, known as Al-Qaeda. Taliban forces fled from Kabul, the capital city, on 11/12/01, and retreated toward the mountainous border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. With U.S. support, a new government was installed, with Hamid Karzai as President. The Taliban gradually rebuilt its fighting forces and carried out attacks against the new government and American soldiers. Noting the Taliban’s growing strength and the difficulty of fighting an enemy hidden in remote caves and mountains, many observers said that the war was unwinnable. On 12/1/09, President Obama announced a new strategy: the rapid deployment of 30,000 additional troops, to break the Taliban’s momentum and turn the war around. Despite slow progress, serious obstacles remain. President Karzai’s followers have been accused of brazen fraud in his 2009 reelection, further eroding support for his government among the Afghan people, who complain of widespread corruption. The Taliban has proven difficult to uproot. Nevertheless, after the assassination of Osama bin-Laden in May, 2011, President Obama announced he would accelerate the withdrawal of that American forces—reflecting, in part, America’s war-weariness and lingering economic woes. Pressure to pull U.S. troops out earlier than planned
Three separate incidents during the early months of 2012 inflamed Afghans against the American military. First, four American Marines were videotaped urinating on the corpses of Taliban insurgents. Next, copies of the Koran were thrown into a trash incinerator on a U.S. military base—inadvertently, a spokesman said. That incident set off violent riots, leaving 30 people dead, including two American officers. Finally, in March, an American soldier went from house to house, murdered 16 Afghan villagers (many of them women and children), and burned some of their bodies. In response to the incident, President Karzai demanded that the U.S. pull its troops out of Afghan villages, back to military bases. Many Americans now want the president to speed up the troop withdrawal—but military and political leaders oppose a change in the timetable, which calls for most of the 90,000 U.S. troops now in Afghanistan to come home by December, 2014. For now, the president has not decided to change U.S. withdrawal plans. Where exactly is Afghanistan?
Between Iran and Pakistan. (Picture India on a map; go northwest, past Pakistan, and you’re there.) Our purpose
The U.S. originally hoped to replace the Taliban regime with a Western-style democracy. Corruption seems to run deep in the Karzai government, however; our main purposes now are to keep the Taliban from returning to power and to prevent Afghanistan from again becoming a haven for anti-Western terrorist groups. In order to accomplish that, the U.S. will have to help Karzai’s government provide Afghan citizens with basic services and security, so they won’t give their support to the Taliban. Historical background
From 1979-1989, the Soviet Union joined the Marxist government of Afghanistan in trying to put down an Islamist insurgency. Religious guerrillas known as the mujahadeen fought to push the Soviets out. In 1989, they succeeded. (The Reagan Administration armed and funded the mujahadeen in their war against the Soviets—a Cold War tactic that led to the rise of the Taliban.) The Communist government in Afghanistan fell in 1992, three years after...
...The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) refers to the intervention in the Afghan Civil War by the United States and its allies, following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to dismantle Al-Qaeda, the Islamic terrorist organization led by Osama bin Laden and to remove from power the Taliban, an Islamic fundamentalist regime led by Mullah Mohammed Omar, which at the time controlled 90% of Afghanistan and hosted Al-Qaeda leadership. U.S. President George W. Bush demanded that the Taliban hand over bin Laden and al-Qaeda leadership which was supporting the Taliban in its war with the Northern Alliance. The Taliban recommended that bin Laden leave the country but declined to extradite him without evidence of his involvement in the 9/11 attacks. The United States refused to negotiate and on 7 October 2001 launched Operation Enduring Freedom, which was to defeat the Taliban and set up a new Afghan government. This operation was supported by various anti-Taliban groups, especially the Afghan Northern Alliance. The United Kingdom also got involved, andwas later joined by Canada, Australia, France and other mainly western allies.
The U.S.-led forces quickly drove the Taliban from power and captured all major cities in the country. Many Al Qaeda and Taliban leaders escaped to neighboring Pakistan or retreated to rural or remote mountainous regions. In December 2001, the U.N. Security Council...
...At the time of my writing, the NATO war in Afghanistan has just become the longest war in U.S. history, a status it seems likely to retain for some time. It has been, and remains, a very strange war, all the stranger now that General Stanley McChrystal has been fired as commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan following the lamest Douglas MacArthur impression on record. He has been replaced by General David Petraeus, the father and executor of the doctrine that lay behind the eventual U.S. military success in Iraq, a version of which is now being applied in Afghanistan. The notion that his appointment will lead to substantial changes in the Afghan mission is hence overblown, especially as up until a week ago he was the one telling McChrystal what to do in his role as the latter's boss.
So, not a time for radical change, but a time to reflect.
American involvement in Afghanistan began in 1979, when the Soviets invaded the country. The U.S. wanted to get the Soviets bogged down in a demoralizing war, they wanted to discourage this sort of Soviet adventurism, and they especially wanted to make sure the Red Army didn't march on through to the Middle East. So, with the help of a host of other countries, the U.S. funelled money and weapons to anti-Soviet forces, and they didn't ask too many questions about the politics of the recipients. This strategy worked,...
...Pentagon. This started the war in Afghanistan. It’s been eight years since this incident, and the United States and President Obama still want to keep this war going. Next year they are going to send 30,000 troops to Afghanistan and Iraq. There are three reasons why they shouldn’t send them: one for their safety; two Afghanistan should keep their business to themselves; and three it’s going to affect the economy big time.
First of all President Obama is going to send 30,000 troops to Afghanistan next year. My first reason on why he shouldn’t is because of their safety, like for example people get killed every single day because of this war. Just the other day me and my mom were going to the mall and we saw this funeral car coming by us and there were a whole bunch of people behind it and my mom told me that must have been the soldier that had died the other day at the war. Yes it’s sad to see that stuff happen to those people who just want to serve their country and risk their lives out there to see if they are going to make it or not. Also the families that have to go through this pain seeing their husbands or wives or even their own children being killed out there, I mean it’s sad. “Public patience for such a project may be waning. A mid-November Washington Post poll found that 52 percent of Americans now believe the war is not worth fighting, a...
...parahon called tunbun. They often wear a short vest or jacket over their shirt as well. The shoes recommended to wear can range from a variety of shoes, sneakers, boots, sandals, or even dress shoes. Afghan men also were a piece called a pato. A pato is a shawl like blanket
used for a number of purposes such as a cover for sleeping, a prayer rug, or a cover for their laps and feet while they are sitting down on the ground.
Men that live in Afghanistan also wear something on their head like the women but instead of a burqa the wear a cap or a turban. They wear these pieces daily. The caps that the men wear come in many different colors and patterns to set them apart in the many ethnic groups. Usually the young boys only wear caps while the older men wear caps or turbans. The cap that the men wear usually identifies their social class while there clothing does not. Men and women alike dress the way they do so that they can maintain a level of spirituality and modesty.
Another interesting piece about Afghanistan is the jewelry aspect of their everyday dress. Typically women are the only ones in the culture that really wear jewelry. They do not wear jewelry as a vanity statement piece they wear it to protect them. Afghan women usually wear jewelry based on what it means and what metal it is made out of. Sterling silver is one of the most popular metals to have because it means something very important. Sterling silver...
...The War in Afghanistan and its Aftermath
Date of submission
The War in Afghanistan and its Aftermath
The war in Afghanistan has deep-rooted historical causes and aftermaths that are hard to assume or ignore when analyzing it. The war began officially during the Cold war era when Russia and the entire Soviet Union were not in unity with the US and friendly nations. Considering the closeness to Afghanistan, the Soviet Union stationed its army in Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries with view that it would later reap forfeited minerals and resources in the region (Robinson, 2013). Unfortunately, the US had prior knowledge of the potential of Central Asia and Afghanistan in particular. This understanding coupled with the friendship with oil-rich Saudi Arabia aroused and multiplied its interest towards Afghanistan and Central Asia as whole. The US positions itself as the leading advocate for human rights and democratic form of leadership within and outside its borders. The motive behind the roles is partially by virtue of its position as the world’s superpower and the need to retain the position. The war against terrorism in Afghanistan is a remarkable example of what the US can do to remain...
...d.). Afghanistan gave safe-haven to al Qaeda while they were planning these attacks. Because of this, America declared war on Afghanistan on October 10th, 2011. The war has been going on for a decade and now the U.S. government is trying to decide whether to pull out of the war or continue fighting. America should stay in Afghanistan but we should change our goal. We should concentrate on helping the people of Afghanistan get back up on their feet, which will help keep the Taliban from coming back into power. If the Taliban did come back into power they could invite al Qaeda in to again hurt the United States.
If America leaves Afghanistan without leaving a stable government a vicious cycle may start anew. In 1979 the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. Since the U.S. was going through the cold war we went to Afghanistan to help force the Soviets back. We eventually did and the Soviets left, but so did America. We left Afghanistan in shambles. They had no government and half the country was destroyed. This was why in 1991, the Taliban was able to swoop in and take over the country. Now we are basically fighting the war the same way. Larry Goodson from the Eurasia Review claims, “McChrystal’s focus on the key population centers is very similar to the ineffective city-centric strategy followed 25...
...Jason Friedkin Period 8
War has changed greatly from World War 2 to the Modern War in Afghanistan. One reason is because of the weapons today are much better and more modified. Also, soldiers today have more technology and they are trained better for what they do. One big difference is the reason why the two wars were fought. World War 2 and the War in Afghanistan were fought in very different ways. The weapons have changed greatly from both wars. First today, weapons are a lot faster and more powerful. They are also very mobile and much more reliable. In World War 2, most of the ground fire was fought with guns and small artillery. A lot of the war was also fought on the water with submarines and war ships. Today, there are weapons that can take out many people from several miles away. They are also more threatening and need a trained person to control. There are also threats of nuclear war from many countries and if they follow through, a whole country can be destroyed. During World War 2, soldiers had to go into dangerous combat and a lot more people were killed. The soldiers in today’s war are greatly different from soldiers in World War 2.
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...Afghanistan has been in war with the U.S. mainly because, The Taliban refuses to follow through with the commands that the U.S. gave them, as well as ‘The Three Phases’, Also the planned attack in 2001, but mainly because the U.S. wants the mineral resources that are found in Afghanistan. The Taliban refused to undertake 3 simple tasks: shutting down the terrorist training camps, giving up the Al-Qaeda leaders and returning all American and Foreign citizens, which is part of the reason that we went to war with Afghanistan in 2001. The ‘Three Phases’ started in 1987-present the first phase was to topple the Taliban and destroy all terrorist camps from 1987-1997, the second phase was to defeat the Taliban military and re-build core institutes in the afghan state from 1997- September11, 2001, and the third phase was to turn to counterinsurgency doctrine due to increased military troop presence from 2001-present. America was planning an attack on Afghanistan to start off the third phase but what they didn’t know is that Afghanistan was planning an attack to the Twin towers to get back at the U.S. for what they did in the past years. The main reason to the war in Afghanistan was to get most of the mineral resources in Afghanistan that are very valuable, and costs lots of money.
Afghanistan and The U.S.A. are at...