The universality of Human Rights
In the course of history men and women have been struggling to obtain equal rights. Some major results have been achieved: a century and a half ago slavery has been abolished and in almost every country in the world women have voting right. Formally, the establishment of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the UN General Assembly in 1948 was a great accomplishment in this struggle. The intention of this declaration is clearly shown by the use of the word ‘universal’. Human rights should be respected universally.
Although they should be, human rights are not respected universally. In fact, eight nations abstained from the vote. Moreover, many nations that did consent do not act accordingly. Sometimes culture is used as an excuse for that. People are afraid to judge female circumcision, because they want to respect another culture. Are we supposed to accept torture, simply because it is part of another culture? According to Article 5 of the UDHR, no one shall be subjected to torture. This means that culture is no excuse and that the rule applies to every human being.
All over the world people know there are ethical standards. Everybody knows it is wrong to kill or to steal, because they would not want to be killed or robbed themselves. A Dutch saying perfectly describes this principle: ‘Wat gij niet wilt dat u geschiedt, doe dat ook een ander niet’. Kant states, in his categorical imperative, that something is morally permissible if you would have peace with it if everyone around you would do it. There is a clear resemblance between the Dutch saying and Kant’s words. Rights that you want yourself, you must assign to other people as well. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Dutch saying and Kant’s words are all expressions of the universality of Human Rights. They show that they are not bound by time or place. The establishment of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was not the formulation of...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill ofRights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and peacefulness of mankind. This...
...Humanrights are universal, indivisible and interdependent. Humanrights are what make us human. When we speak of the right to life, or development, or to dissent and diversity, we are speaking of tolerance. Tolerance will ensure all freedoms. Without it, we can be certain of none.
<br>The raging ethnic cleansing in Kosovo is an example of intolerance. The Serbians will not tolerate the Albanians at any cost. They are forcing them from their homes, turning the streets into killing fields. This civil war seems unstoppable because of the intolerance of one race against another. No respect for individual rights, basic humanrights.
<br>Another example is right in our own back yard. I am speaking of hate crimes which plague our society. They are no different today than centuries ago when slavery was allowed. One race against another. One religion against another, it is all the same. Hate is the opposite of tolerance. We can only live together through an expression of tolerance of the differences each of us brings into this world. We should embrace the differences and share the differences. For this is how we learn, through each others' differences. Tolerance in all cultures is the basis of peace and progress.
<br>Our country was founded on the basic idea that all man and women are created equal with liberty and justice for...
...slavery, sickness and other arbitrary executions. To prevent such atrocities in the future, there are legal responses and non-legal responses to deal with the contemporary humanrights issues which is genocide.
First of all, legal responses refer to the UN humanright treaties and Genocide Convention that were adopted in 1948 and approved the Universal Declaration of HumanRight (UDHR) by the United Nation.
The Genocide Convention (1948) outlaws genocide, crime against humanity and crime under international law . All participating countries that ratified the convention will be prevented and punished the genocide in the war or a peace of time.
The Declarations defines the civil and political rights ( including the right to life, the right of liberty, and a fair trial) as well as the economic social and cultural rights( including the right to social security and participating in cultural right in one’s community).
In this case, Cambodia was a party that ratified the Genocide Convention on 14.10.1950. It was enforceable where the Senior Leader of Khmer Rouge between1975 -1979 under the definition of Convention. In contradiction, it was enforceable but it could not desist the massacre that happened in the 1975-1979.
Next, Cambodia was ratified the UDHR and International Convention on Civil and...
A right that is believed to belong justifiably to every person. Humanrights are commonly understood as "inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being. Humanrights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). Theserights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national andinternational law.
What are humanrights?
Humanrights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our humanrights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal humanrights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International humanrights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect...
...Humanrights in Pakistan:-
Pakistan’s humanrights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. These clauses are generally respected in practice. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent HumanRights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights.
In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human...
...The Creation of the
Universal Declaration of HumanRights
Though humanrights as a whole (or for most of history, the idea of humanrights) have been present since the beginnings of civilization, its prevalence as a “normal” and “obvious” component of international relations did not emerge until much recently, with the ratification of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) in 1948. The Universal Declaration of HumanRights was created by the United Nations in order for all people in all nations to recognize each individual’s humanity, and the equal rights that are given to them on the basis of that humanity. As the UDHR’s preamble articulates, the Document aims for the “recognition of inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family”, grounded by the “foundation of freedom, justice, and peace”. 1 In other words, no human is excluded from possession of humanrights; regardless of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, or class, so long as one is a member of the human race, they are inherently entitled to the rights listed in the UDHR.
Today, the UDHR, legitimized by the United Nations in 1948, is widely regarded as one of the most important documents of the twentieth...
HumanRights Research Paper
Savannah State University
November 21, 2014
In this essay I will express my view of what I consider to be basic humanrights and what the violation of humanrights is and why it is wrong and unethical. Examples will be provided from events throughout history that demonstrated violation of humanrights.HumanRights Violation Research Paper
The freedom to express an opinion and to act freely without violating the rights of others is known as humanrights. This refers to the basic merits and liberties to which all humans are entitled. The topic of humanrights is a very controversial subject that has received lot of attention over the years. Many people may have different opinions on what frames humanrights but the majority of society believes that everyone should have the same privileges. Regardless of religion, race, or gender, all individuals have the rights to the same freedoms.
Globally speaking the world has faced a lot of human discrimination jointly in the past years, and these humanrights violations are still going on today. All human beings suffer...