To a large extent to which the creation of the United Nations and the fundamental rights expressed in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 was driven by the atrocities that occurred during World War Two and a need to protect human rights in the future. Although the UDHR was such a might establishment it has limited success, but continues to be an organisation that holds hope. Human Rights are the entitlements and freedoms to which all humans are empowered to, such as; the freedom of speech, information, life, belief, association and in law. However Adolf Hitler saw it necessary to remove basic liberties to achieve a nation of what he thought was a ‘master race’. His visionary goals were to abolish of all minority groups as he believed, such as the Jewish people. As ruthless as he was, Hitler did not allow any obstacles to prevent his idealistic development of Germany to become an overpowering nation. This meant that he would use inhumane methods. It was then decided that there was a need to strengthen and safeguard fundamental human rights so that these atrocities would never happen again, thus the adoption of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations. Specifying that all humans are equal to one another, even though Hitler believed that there were various inferior groups that had to be exterminated. In the wise words of Eleanor Roosevelt, that stay with us till this day, “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent”.
Subsequent to the defeat in WWI, Germany adapted to a democratic nation in which all people participated in regular elections where they could support a political party in a democratic manner. Everyone had the freedom of speech, freedom of belief, freedom of information, freedom of association and freedom in law. Germany had equal protection given to all citizens of the state, with no group or groups given more preference. Nevertheless, a single man and his colossal ambitions and his faithful followers (the Nazis) turned the world on it’s head with the severity of their actions. We were all introduced to Hitler in 1923 when he attempted to start a revolution with his small group of followers, but quickly curtailed by the ruling party and with Hitler being imprisoned as a result. With good behaviour Hitler was let out after just a year in prison, after he left prison he regrouped and enlisted new members to be part of his Nazi Party. He campaigned in elections where he had little effect, however after the prosperous period of the ‘golden twenties’ the great depression struck the nation. Due to mass unemployment and hunger, people gave their support predominately to parties that promised to end the depression. As a result of this, the support for the Nazi party escalated. In 1932, the Nazi party became Germany’s largest political party, with the struggle of President Hindenburg’s campaign he had no choice but to appoint Hitler as Chancellor on the 30th of January 1933 in order to gain his support. Following the death of President Hindenburg, there was no election held, Hitler combined President and Chancellor to one single post, his new title was “Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor”. With his position as Fuhrer, Hitler began to take advantage of his new grown power to implement policies and laws to his favour. On the 23 March, Hitler proposed his first laws to the vote, it was called the “Enabling Law”. It gave Hitler the power, until 1937, to make laws without asking the parliament for approval. This enabling act gave Hitler the potential ability to become a dictator. Hitler did as such, he transformed Germany from a democracy to a totalitarian nation where there were no regular elections, no freedom of speech, information, nor legal freedom (police forces and authorities could arrest anyone with no trial) and not all religions allowed. Hitler’s aims were clear, he aspired to rebuild Germany’s ruined economy, to make Germany a powerful nation once again and finally to...
...The Creation of the
Universal Declaration of HumanRights
Though humanrights as a whole (or for most of history, the idea of humanrights) have been present since the beginnings of civilization, its prevalence as a “normal” and “obvious” component of international relations did not emerge until much recently, with the ratification of the Universal Declaration ofHumanRights (UDHR) in 1948. The Universal Declaration of HumanRights was created by the United Nations in order for all people in all nations to recognize each individual’s humanity, and the equal rights that are given to them on the basis of that humanity. As the UDHR’s preamble articulates, the Document aims for the “recognition of inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family”, grounded by the “foundation of freedom, justice, and peace”. 1 In other words, no human is excluded from possession of humanrights; regardless of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, or class, so long as one is a member of the human race, they are inherently entitled to the rights listed in the UDHR.
Today, the UDHR, legitimized by the United Nations in 1948, is widely regarded as one of the...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrightsuniversal and innate or is...
Hitler's father, Alois Hitler, Sr. (1837–1903), was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber. Because the baptismal register did not show the name of his father, Alois initially bore his mother's surname, Schicklgruber. In 1842, Johann Georg Hiedler married Alois's mother, Maria Anna. After she died in 1847 and Johann Georg Hiedler in 1856, Alois was brought up in the family of Hiedler's brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler. In 1876, Alois was legitimated and the baptismal register changed by a priest to register Johann Georg Hiedler as Alois's father (recorded as Georg Hitler). Alois then assumed the surname Hitler, also spelled as Hiedler, Hüttler, or Huettler. The Hitler surname is probably based on "one who lives in a hut" (Standard German Hütte for hut) or on "shepherd" (Standard German hüten for to guard); alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic words Hidlar or Hidlarcek (small cottager or small holder).Nazi official Hans Frank suggested that Alois's mother had been employed as a housekeeper for a Jewish family in Graz and that the family's nineteen-year-old son, Leopold Frankenberger, had fathered Alois. Because no Frankenberger was registered in Graz during that period, and no record of Leopold Frankenberger's existence has been produced, historians dismiss the claim that Alois's father was Jewish.
Childhood and education
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AdolfHitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated World War II and oversaw fascist policies that resulted in millions of deaths.
AdolfHitler was born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. He rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party.Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator from 1934 to 1945. His policies precipitated World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in his Berlin bunker..
AdolfHitler was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. When Hitler was three, the family moved from Austria to Germany. As a child, Adolf clashed frequently with his father. Following the death of his younger brother, Edmund, in 1900, Adolf became detached and introverted. His father did not approve of his interest in fine art rather than business. In addition to art, Hitler showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austro-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler’s life.
Alois died suddenly in 1903. Two years later, Adolf’s mother allowed her son to drop out of school. He...
...AdolfHitler and His Rise to Power
Alberto J Fernandes
In the early twenty century there was a great world tragedy that could have been prevented. The holocaust was a dark part of this worlds history. Looking back and it make one wonder how did Adolph Hitler grow to have so much power; did anyone step up to fight against this before it broke out into war and what could have been done to prevent this from happening.
At the end of the first World War Germany had been defeated by the allies which was the United states of America, Britain and France who were the major superpowers that defeated them. Germany was put to blame for most of the war and had to sign the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty put Germany in a tight situation. in Gavin Lewis WCIV textbook it states:
Under the provisions of the treaty, Germany lost prince of Alsace and Lorraine, its overseas colonies, and valuable lands on its eastern frontiers. Germany also had to surrender most of its merchant shipping and to dismantle it armed forces. but the most objectionable part of the Versailles treaty, from the German point of view, was the "War Guilt" Clause- which stated that Germany and its partners accepted the responsibility for all loss and damage caused by the war.(p479)
The state Germany was in after World War I, economically it was in ruins, national pride and moral was nonexistent, people had no jobs,...
...Infamously known to history as the Nazi dictator of Germany, AdolfHitler was an Austrian born soldier, artist and politician that rose to power in the late 1920s and early 30s. His ascension to power was briefly halted in 1923 when he spent a year in prison in which he published his autobiographical ideological best seller “Mein Kampf”. The work that layed out his master plan for Europe and eventually the world was not taken into consideration nearly soon enough, but as history shows it has lasting effects. Never before has one man swayed history in such a dark and abrupt way, and as we look at his life up to this point we can see some of the influences and events that shaped him.
Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20th 1889 Young Adolf an illegitimate child struggled through school and grew increasingly hostile towards his father with age. The volatile relationships at home were balanced only by Hitlers love for his mother, who shortly after his father died before Hitler turned 20. With almost no support at home and a strong sense of independence Hitler left to make it as a painter in Vienna.
The now solo young Hitler was further embittered when the Viennese Academy of Fine arts turned him down not once, but twice. The ever increasingly angry, young destitute of a man scraped along living off a small family inheritance and what he could make off his artwork....
|Leadership and Communication |
|Your Name |
|27 June 2011 |
“The art of leadership…consists in consolidating the attention of the people against a single adversary and taking care that nothing will split up that attention...”
-AdolfHitlerAdolfHitler was, among many other things, a passionate lunatic. Though I do not admire Hitler as an individual, I respect his...
...Dictatorships of the 1940`s
AdolfHitler was the ruler of Germany during World War 2; he is the blamed for the Holocaust and the destruction of Europe. Hitler is possibly considered the most hated person in the world. Adolf was born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. He was one of six children. When he was 3 his family moved from Austria to Germany. As a child he became interested in the Arts rather than business, which his father strongly disagreed with. Due to not living in Austria long, he showed very strong German nationalism. Hitler dropped out of school and moved to be a laborer and watercolor painter. After being denied the acceptance into the Academy of Fine Arts twice Adolf moved into a homeless shelter. Without any money he remained there for many years. This is thought of when he first had Anti-Semitism ideas. Hitler signed up to serve in the German army when World War 1 broke out. He was wounded at Somme and was also awarded the iron cross. When the war effort ended he was furious and stunned that Germany surrendered. Fighting in the war only grew his nationalism toward Germany. He blamed the surrender of the war on the betrayal of civilian leaders and the Marxists. While working for the military intelligence officer he inherited many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist, and anti-Marxist ideas from the DAP party`s founder, Anton Drexler....