2 Febuary 2013
The Truth About Survival
Many individuals are under the impression Darwin’s theory of evolution is the explanation to survival and the answer to many other questions, and believably so. It is a highly logical theory that only the strong can survive. Believers use examples like the food chain and similar appearances among different species, like humans and the monkey, to justify Darwin’s theory. However, this theory is just that, a theory, and although seemingly logical, Darwin’s Theory of Evolution is misleading and invalid and therefore is irrelevant to the ecosystem. Survival is not determined by the “fittest” or “natural selection,” but is instead determined by chance as described in ancient epics, recent novels, and real life instances. Ancient epics specifically demonstrate how survival is only determined by chance. Many of history’s greatest heroes have been slayed, not because they weren’t fit enough, but because they were just not lucky enough to survive. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu was an animal forged by the gods specifically to kill Gilgamesh. Even though he was exceptionally powerful, he dies in the end by sickness. The Illiad, by Homer, also has three exceptionally powerful warriors that all die in happenstance. First, Achilles is considered the greatest warrior of all time. With the royal blood of being a great grandson of Zues himself, son of Theatis the sea goddess, cousin of Ajax the great, and a decendent of Alexander the Great, he has the background to have unparalleled skill and strength in battle (U, Will). Following that, he was trained by Chiron, the teacher of other great demigod hero’s such as Heraclas and Jason. On top of all of that, he was dipped in the river styx to become immortal to all weapons, except for the missed spot on his heel (Stewart). Because of these, Achilles became “the fastest, bravest, largest, most bloodthirsty warrior at Troy . No man could match his fighting skills…” (Stewart). Even though Darwin’s theory states clearly that Achilles should survive due to his skill and near immortality, he instead is killed at his single weak point, his heel. Another powerful hero in The Illiad is the Great Ajax, who earned his title as “According to Homer Ajax joined the expedition of the Greeks against Troy… and was next to Achilles the most distinguished and the bravest among the Greeks” (AJAX). He was a leader of the army who was unrivaled. Yet, even though he was more powerful was “vicious, fearless, strong, powerful, and intelligent”, he lost a duel to the lesser opponent of Odysseus, even though Darwin’s theory states he should have survived. One final example of how Darwin’s theory is refuted in The Illiad is Great Ajax’s partner, Little Ajax. Though his name is deceiving, his value in war was exceptional. He led 40 ships to besiege Troy and was “brave and intrepid, especially skilled in throwing the spear and, next to Achilles, the swiftest of all the Greeks” (Ajax The Lesser). Once again, even though he was favored to survive, his ship crashed in a storm on the way back from Troy and he drowned. In multiple instances of multiple ancient epics, Darwin’s theory of evolution in contradicted repeatedly, demonstrating that survival is not depicted by strength, fitness, or intelligence as generally assumed, but instead is specified by chance alone.
This consistent theme of survival by chance in not only depicted in Ancient Epics, but also in modern day novels and works such as Night, Lord of the Flies, and Life of Pi. In Night, this idea is demonstrated throughout the entire plot of the novel by the actions of the S.S. in killing random Jewish citizens. The Jewish community is not any stronger or weaker or in any way different than the rest of their society minus their faith. Therefore, the Jewish were killed by chance, not by any formula depicting who survives and who does not. Also, those killed among the Jewish in...
Throughout Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (1963), Karl Popper suggests that no scientific theory can be classified as truth. The only thing that can be done is to attempt to falsify the theory over and over again reject the theory repeatedly in different situations. Each failed attempt will strengthen the theory and bring it closer to the truth. Hence, Popper claimed that the truth of a hypothesis can never be confirmed.
A hypothesis is an “if-then” statement, which that is an assumption of causality. A basic example of a hypothesis is “If somebody jaywalks, then others will too”. To confirm this hypothesis of human psychology and the causality of one person jaywalking leading to others jaywalking, one would have to observe the reaction of the other subjects to the original jaywalker. On a more general note, for a hypothesis to be tested and confirmed, one must observe the effect of whatever is being caused. An observation is made when a person or device uses one of its senses to detect and formulate an understanding of what has happened, whether it is qualitative or quantitative. However, for somebody or something to hear an event, it is assumed that the sound must travel from the source to the observer and for somebody or something to witness an event, the light must travel from the source to the observer.
Sound and light are Light is assumed to travel at a finite...
...AN INCONVIENT TRUTH
The Earth�s atmosphere is pathetically thin when compared to the size of the earth�almost nothing.� That is why humanity can have such a devastating impact on it.���
What is global warming (aka �greenhouse effect,� �climate change�)?� Sunlight arrives here on earth, giving us light.� Some of the light hits the ground, readily penetrating it, and then gets converted into heat radiation.� Now, the air has just a little bit of CO2 in it. That CO2 acts a bit like the glass in a greenhouse, or a sweater: it traps the heat, thus keeping the earth warm and comfortable.� But now we�re increasing the amount of CO2 and other greenhouse gases such as methane (natural gas), and the earth is getting warmer.�
We go back to another educational experience Al Gore had, this one with a great teacher.� The teacher�s name was Roger Ravelle, the first scientist to measure CO2 in Earth�s atmosphere.� And even then, almost 40 years ago, Ravelle already presented evidence to Al�s college class that the levels of CO2 in the entire atmosphere were rising.� He projected all that into the future.� These projections really got the teacher, and Al, worried.
When we look at the graph, at how CO2 �levels rise, we see that that they go up, overall, but also that every year they perform a mini-cycle of going up and down.� Why is that?� Well, we have a much greater landmass and hence vegetation in the Northern hemisphere than in the Southern.� So, overall, in the...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Survival in Lord Of the Flies
The difference in the way humans perceive things is apart of mankind. Golding believes evil is an inborn characteristic. Are people born evil or is it just human nature to do “wrong” or “bad” things simply to survive? Golding’s pessimism about human nature would suggest people are all naturally evil in one way or another. When innocent boys are set on an island without any adult supervision, are they going to do the “good” or the “bad” things? There actions simply are neither good nor evil; their actions are for survival in an unknown place.
Humans are always, by natural instinct, going to do what they think is best for them. Ralph attacked his own kind for survival. People will do anything to survive, even if it’s the bad things. The boys on the island later began to resemble the behavior of animals. The boys mistake Simon for their beast and result in brutally killing him. The boys had the instinct of killing anything in sight that looked or seemed like the beast.
Instincts are not about being good or bad because the issue of being good or bad is undefined. Whether an action is either good nor bad, it all depends on the person and how the person is acting. If you think you’re doing something that you’re used to doing and thinking it’s right, but on the other hand a person who doesn’t know you may say...
...The TruthAbout Physics and Religion
Many people believe that physics and religion are separate entities.
They claim that physics deals only with the objective, material world, while
religion deals only with the world of values. It is obvious, from these, and
from many other comparisons, that conflicts have arisen between physics and
religion. Many are convinced that the two fields completely oppose each other,
and are not related in any ways. Many people, who follow a particular religion,
feel offended by the claims that physicists have made, while physicists believe
that religion has no basis in reality. I will show, however, that these
conflicts are founded on a misunderstanding, and that there is no division
between physics and religion. I will also prove that the misunderstanding lies
in the parables of religion and in the statements made by physicists.
Furthermore, I will show that only physicists can really know the truth of
physics, and only religious followers can know the truth of that religion;
everyone else has to take it on faith.
Many people believe that physics and religion are entirely separate.
They claim that physics is only concerned with discovering what is true or false,
while religion is concerned with what is good or evil. Scientists appear to
agree that "physics is the manner in which we argue about the objective side of
reality." Religious followers, on the other...
...Lies have powerful effects on all of us based on the lecture “The Truthabout Lying” by Judith Viorst. At an early age, I found out that lies could change our opinion about the people that lie to us and their credibility. It is not necessary to lie since if we feel that the truth might hurt the other person, a polite silence should suffice.
As Viorst Says, “I suffer most from the misconception that children can’t take thetruth” (135). This reminded me of how hurt and devastated I was when I found my parents playing Santa Claus and putting the present by my bed. They explained to me that this was a very old Spanish custom in celebration of the occasion when the Three Wise Men (Spanish version of Santa Claus), having discovered the birth place of Jesus, arrived bearing gifts for the Child. When the Church of England (Episcopal Church) broke off with Rome and the Pope, they changed Christmas, and the nativity was replaced by a Christmas tree and the Three Wise Men were replaced by Santa Claus. While their explanation was a logical one, it nevertheless didn’t change the fact that my trust in them had been betrayed. They lost their credibility for the time being. It would have been better if they had told me the truth. There were other deceptions which were the tooth Fairy, the boogie man, the Ouija, etc. All these lies made me wonder if I would ever be able to trust them in anything they...
...There was this boy who was an honor roll student that went to school everyday in fear that he would be harassed, hit, and embarrassed. He had been bullied for at least two years with no school official doing anything about it. He finally made up his mind that he was fed up with the harassment and he decided he was going to retaliate against those who victimized him. He was so angry that he brought a gun to school. He ended up killing one teacher and two of his classmates who had been harassing him for so long. He was sentenced to life in prison. Really, was he the only one to blame for this incident or should the courts have prosecuted the bullies that pushed him that far? It has been proven that bullying is responsible for several school shootings, serious mental health problems for the victim, fear for certain types of students, and has caused drop out rates to skyrocket.
Over the past decade there have been several school shooting due to bullying. These children that bring guns and other weapons to school are so fed up with being harassed on a daily basis that they feel this is the only way for the harasser to be punished. A good example of this rage is the Columbine shootings. Dylan Kelbold and Eric Harris killed twelve students, one teacher, and then themselves. The parents of these two teens said that this act of violence was due to bullying (Greenya 103). This shooting was an eye-opener for schools that bullying is a serious problem. In fact, the...
...The TruthAbout Nick Carraway
(Based on AP open Question)
English 12 AP
The TruthAbout Nick Carraway
Thesis: In The Great Gatsby, Nick the confidant to both Daisy and Gatsby, displays certain admirable characteristics like trustworthiness and approachability, is easily confided in by Daisy and Gatsby, and completes the puzzle to the whole novel by being the connection between East and West Egg as well as helping Daisy and Gatsby rekindle what they once had.
I. Nick’s characteristics of trustworthiness and approachability are shown throughout the vilifying novel.
a. Gatsby wants Nick to invite Daisy over for tea so that they can meet.
b. Nick goes to lunch with Gatsby and learns about his past.
II. Nick is the best character to confide in.
a. Nick tries to see the good in people.
b. Nick considers himself the only honest man he knows.
III. Nick lives on West Egg beside Gatsby’s marvelous mansion and his cousin, Daisy, lives on East Egg; he links them together in many ways.
a. Gatsby uses Nick to get to Daisy once he finds out about their relation to each other.
b. Nick has a tea party at his house.
The TruthAbout Nick Carraway
F. Scott Fitzgerald, author of The Great Gatsby, portrays some of his own personal characteristics through the narrator of his...
Critical Analysis Essay- “The Ugly TruthAbout Beauty”
Our beliefs of what being attractive means differ from person to person. Even though we all have our own opinions, our minds are all effected by the media and what they thinks qualifies you as being attractive. Most men and women think of their looks in different ways. Men, usually, stick to the same opinion their entire life. Women on the other hand, never think their appearance is good enough. Ever. “The Ugly TruthAbout Beauty” (1998) By Dave Berry, touches upon what women actually think of themselves and why that is, and how irrelevant most of our efforts are in the eyes of men.
In this essay Dave Berry argues how women spend countless hours on their “beauty” and men seem not to care. He touches upon this by saying “Their primary form of beauty is to shave themselves, which is essentially the same form of beauty care they give to their lawns.” Berry uses exaggeration and humor to make fun of the male and female behavior, and to shed a little light on the beauty industry. When He tries to argue his point he addresses each gender, focusing on young adults. He writes about it in a humorous way, but still keeps it serious enough. Berry talks about the female views of beauty by using a model, Cindy Crawford (as if she were the female standard) and for the men, Brad Pitt. He uses...