The Role of Higher Education in the Work Force
Traditional notions of education are no longer sufficient to prepare a workforce for a contingent and dynamic world. Currently, we live in an era driven by information, global competition, and new technologies that are changing the way we think, live, and work. The Industrial Revolution was built on machinery, skills and labor; however, the information and knowledge-based revolution of the 21st Century is being built on investment, intellect, and creativity. New jobs are emerging which require a different set of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. To cope with such changes we need continuous education and development of “the human mind and imagination” which, to a large extent, is undertaken by higher education. Higher education can be obtained in the workplace through training by managers and supervisors. It can also be attained through universities, technical school, and continuing education courses. ‘Work-based learning’, as explained by Carol Costley from the National Institute of Work Based Learning, Middlesex University, is part of a cluster of concepts, including ‘lifelong learning’, ‘employability’ and ‘flexibility’. One of the challenges which results from this for higher education providers to employees is to attempt to introduce some clarity about what work based learning at this level involves and the contexts in which it occurs. “It is evident there can be no single or simple definition of what work based learning entails beyond the notion that it is about learning (not teaching) and occurs in the workplace (rather than on campus). As such, work based learning can, and should be, distinguished from the notion of work related learning; the latter, in the form of vocational programs designed to prepare people for employment which often includes employer-determined competencies, and does not necessarily require significant areas of the curriculum to be completed in the work place itself. Neither should it be assumed that work based learning in the higher education context is specifically about training. Work based learning may take many forms and be undertaken for a number of different purposes. It is not restricted to performance-related learning in a narrow sense. Instead, the emphasis is on identifying and demonstrating learning that has occurred through work based activity, wherever and however this may have been achieved.” It is not necessarily the experience of work itself that is paramount – rather it is the learning that an individual derives from that experience of work and from reflecting upon it. A government-sponsored review recognized that work-based learning could take many forms including a full-time undergraduate undertaking a work placement planned as part of the curriculum, a full-time undergraduate doing a part-time job, or a full-time employee seeking to explore work focused and work-related issues in the context of the knowledge, skills, and values of a higher education institution. The common factor linking these forms was that the individual would be doing a job of work, or would be undertaking a work role. However, confusion remains over work-based learning terminology for employers and higher education, and as a result it is recognized as essential that a common language is established. It is critically important to establish a shared understanding of the particular area of focus from both an academic and employer perspective, irrespective of the terms used. It is also clear that the work-based learning landscape has become more densely populated in recent years, with diverse partners, players, and cultures now located on its territories. However, one concept that is frequently used in discussions of work-based learning is flexibility. All organizations, including higher education, are expected to respond flexibly and rapidly to labor market changes. Flexibility may require working in partnership or collaboratively with other organizations in...
...Table of Content
No Title Page No
2 Role of assessment in curriculum design, learning & teaching
3 Assessment for learning v Assessment of Learning
4. Issues and concerns
Assessment is an integral part of curriculum practice. The prime consideration of educational institutions are the outcomes of learning, the enhanced abilities students can demonstrate because of their increase in knowledge, able to adapt and understand to changes because of their university experiences. Our concern is how learning takes effect and how teaching and assessment affect the quality of learning in order for students to acquire the knowledge and competencies that is required for the work place. To acquire these industry relevant skills lecturers suggest assessment be integral to teaching and how learning activities are structured. Hence, this report reviews the role of assessment in curriculum design & change, it’s importance of continuous assessment for enhancing learning, common assessment practices and it issues and concerns.
In this report, literature researched was with regards to the role of assessment in curriculum design & change. Thus this report tries to answer the following questions in order to highlight the role of assessment in curriculum design, implementation and enhancement of learning.
1. What is curriculum and the role...
HigherEducation, or Higher Priced Education?
The Marriam-Webster online dictionary defines highereducation as “education beyond the secondary level; especially : education provided by a college or university.“ It's no secret to modern students that a highereducation is necessary to advance in their professional life. There is always a cost to advancement and that cost can sometimes create a glass ceiling that is difficult for people in certain social strata to break through. The rising cost of highereducation and its requirement for jobs creates a conflict for people in lower economic brackets. While the social value of highereducation is difficult to argue against, the problems associated with affording highereducation are very real social problems that must be considered.
In Western society we have goals we are expected to achieve. At a very early age we begin preparing our children for school. There is no law demanding that children attend a specific school, nor that upon entering adult life they pursue highereducation. Children can be home schooled or attend any school of their parents' choosing. However, having a degree of some kind gives one many advantages in America. One who possesses...
Highereducation in the present world has a very long history. Highereducation has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of highereducation with all present systems of highereducation borrowing much from this first intuition and system of highereducation. Until early 20th century, highereducation institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of highereducation as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering highereducation programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent...
Date: November 20, 2014
Assignment no: 4
The role of education in Standard of living
It has always been the common expression in my family how important education in human life, whether in achieving your personal dream or building a good future. Education provides not only knowledge to the person but it also cultivates the person´s ability through learning experience. In addition to education offers opportunity of achieving good life to those citizens (like for example women and person with physical or mental disabilities) who are denied to have access in well –being elements like education, health, mobility and political participation. It also assists the person to create a better understanding and a good perspective of what life is about and what matters the most.
Education important role is not only in improving the quality of people´s life and their community but it also serve as a powerful key in eliminating gender inequality and reducing poverty. In this paper I will examine how education can help to improve the standard of living of an individual by giving an example based on my family experience. Then, I will discuss in what ways education can help to eliminate gender inequality and reduce poverty rate.
In Philippines most of the people believe that education is the key of...
...The Role of Student Personnel in HigherEducation: The Development, Guidelines, and Overview of Student Services
Student personnel in highereducation play an important role in the overall success of the college and that of each and every student who engages in learning at that institution. The role of the student affairs office is undoubtedly one of the most diligent areas the college or university has. As history teaches us, almost all institutions have prided themselves on a strong foundation of quality education and academic success stemmed from principles which tie the college or university to student’s individual academic success. The overall goal of the student affairs office is linked to the overall goal and founded to support the academic mission of the college. About student services, the book states that it is the “consistent and persistent emphasis on and commitment to the development of the whole person.” (Komives, Dudley, & Assoc. 2003) We must consider that the comprehensive approach of each institution is lead by the student affairs personnel’s continuous commitment to encourage, support, and strengthen all students’ academic success.
The field of student affairs arose from a variety of strands of college work. One strand emerged from the advising and counseling positions that developed on campuses--the personnel movement...
...The HigherEducation in Europe and the role of education in people’s lives
The highereducation has an important role in society by creating new knowledgements and apply them to the students.
Europe has over 4 thousands higher form learning institutions with over 19 milions students and over 1.5 milions staff. Some of the best universities in the world are found in Europe but they are not exploited to their full potential. Some of the reasons that they are not exploited to their full potential are maybe because they have insufficient funds, or bad management tools or because not many young people attend to an university from various reasons like lack of money or lack of highschool studies.
This is a situation that can be resolved if the public institutions from the states would work together with the universities in creating programs to attract young people to attend a higher form of education by telling them the advantages they could get from it. They can also attract adults to attend an higher form of education. They can find solutions with which they could aid financially more people who want to attend a higher form of education that they already do.
A good step in the right direction was made with the Bologna process which is meant to...
...World And Changing Roles Of HigherEducation
It is very necessary to change world and change the roles of highereducation. Education is must for all.
EducationEducation in the general sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense,education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills, and values from one generation to another.
Etymologically, the word education is derived from the Latin ēducātiō (“a breeding, a bringing up, a rearing) from ēdūcō (“I educate, I train”)
HigherEducationHighereducation, also called tertiary, third stage, or post secondary education, is the non-compulsory educational level that follows the completion of a school providing a secondary education, such as a high school, secondary school. Tertiary education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training. Colleges and universities are the main institutions that provide tertiary education. Collectively, these are sometimes known as tertiary institutions. Tertiary...
...Roles of HigherEducationHigherEducation in today’s world can mean many things; to some it is self-improvement, job insurance, a development of character, social improvement and to many it may just be an experience worth paying for. Whatever it may be the pursuit and completion of highereducation is assurance of what the main goal seems to be now “money”. From the interviews I did with my peers and Perlstien’s What’s the Matter with College? ” We can debate the idea; that college is not what it used to be or what it was intended to be. Majority of the students currently in college or aspiring, attend for a better job. Although a “better job” is a good thing to strive for the essence of being a good citizen has completely been lost. In Robert Hull’s Article Enlighten Self interest he quotes quotes Benjamin Franklin, “government should establish seminaries of learning to produce people qualified to serve the public with honor to themselves and their country.” (Hull Pg 61). This notion The role of highereducation for an individual is shaped by
Self-improvement; The act of improving oneself. (Webster) Highereducation gives the opportunity to develop and increase in mental, emotional, and intellectual capacity by education and experience. “No knowledge is wasted”...