The right to seek, receive and impart information
Freedom of information is considered a fundamental human right, protected by international and constitutional law, that should essentially be promoted to the maximum extent possible given its critical role in democracy and public participation in political life. Freedom of information refers primarily to the access of information held by public bodies, reflecting the principle that they do not hold information on their own behalf, but rather for the benefit of the public sphere. However, it also includes the right to seek, receive and impart information. - International standards
The Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations (UN) in 1948 states that “everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”. This means that freedom of expression, one of the fundamental freedoms, do not only refers to opinions and thoughts but also to information that can or can not be related to them. Thus, Article 19 brings an expansion of the scope of freedom of expression, since it refers to all the processes involving information, which are not only its transmission but also the search and access to it. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a legally binding treaty adopted by the General Assembly in 1966, enshrines the right of freedom of expression, but suggests that it may be restricted by legal norms that are necessary “for respect of the rights or reputations of others”. Moreover, it specifies on Article 19(2) that: “[…] this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writ in or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice”.
...'Information' as a term has been derived from the Latin words 'Formation' and 'Forma' which means giving shape to something and forming a pattern respectively.
Information adds something new to our awareness and removes the vagueness of our ideas. Information is Power, and as the Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee stated, "The Government wants to share power with the humblest; it wants to empower the weakest. It is precisely because of this reason that the Right to Information has to be ensured for all."
The Freedom of Information Bill 2000 was introduced in the parliament on 25th July 2000, there have been earlier instances where a proposition of the similar subject has been moved into the house, and this traces back to as early as in 1966 when the Press Council of India prepared the draft bill in order to secure the right to information then again in 1997 The Institute of Rural Development, Hyderabad also prepared a bill, both these bill had initiated a debate on the national level and a working group was constituted which was to look in to the validity and the constitutionality of the bill. The report of this working group recommended that the right to information is not only feasible but also vital. The Working Group recommended that the bill should be named as Freedom of Information Bill as the Right...
...Right To Information Act, 2009 : Touchstone of Progress
In recent days the term ‘Right to information’ is becoming more familiar as it is of great significance for being associated with the fundamental human right “Freedom of information”; recognized by Resolution 59 of the very first session of UN General Assembly held in 1946 as well as by Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) 1948. In this specific article UDHR states that the fundamental right of freedom of expression includes the freedom “to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” Article 10(1) of European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), 1950 accords with the same. The general right of access to information is also included under Article 19(2) of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1976, of which covenant Bangladesh has become a party on 6 Sep, 2000. But these are not the inaugural recognition of freedom of information. In fact, it was Sweden which passed its Freedom of the Press Act in 1766, about 200 years before the UN resolution was even adopted. Such erstwhile existence of the right to information laws proves that free access to information is a must to...
2. Jan lokpal Bill
5. Environmental issues
7. Right to Reject
8. Right of Information
9. Leadership – do or don’t
Global Warming Vs Global Cooling
11. Indian Educational System
Essay on Terrorism - A Threat to Mankind
Terrorism can be defined as the use of violence to achieve some goals. It is completely different from war and policy.
The evils of terrorism have considerably grown over years. Terrorism has affected not only countries like U.S.A. or UK; it has also affected undeveloped countries like Afghanistan and Kazakhstan by bomb explosions, discriminate killings, hijacking, black mails etc.
All this is executed with terrible cruelty if the demand of money or a terrorists’ release is not accepted. Mainly, terrorist aim against whom they regard as their enemies or those is their obstacles in the path of their goals.
Terrorism can be differentiated into many categories, of which the main are Political terrorism and Criminal terrorism. Political Terrorism is much more dangerous than Criminal Terrorism.
There is also one category of Regional Terrorism, which is the most violent. As terrorism believes in power of guns and bombs over dialogue, so it has become a serious threat to dealt with.
It does not matter that their goals are illegal or unethical. Flight hijacking is one of their most preferred targets to spread terror. In India, government has made...
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TRANSPARENCY AND RIGHT TO INFORMATION
Learning Outcome Introduction Transparency and Right to InformationRight to Information: An International Perspective Right to Information: The Indian Scenario Right to Information Act 2005: Main Features Implementing Right toInformation: Tasks Ahead Conclusion Key Concepts References and Further Reading
21.0 LEARNING OUTCOME
After reading this Unit, you should be able to: • • • • • Explain the relationship between transparency and right to information Examine the right to information in an international perspective Appreciate the efforts made in India towards right to information Bring out the main features of Right to Information Act 2005;and Discuss the tasks ahead in the operationalisation of right to information
You are by now familiar with the concepts of governance and good governance, which we have discussed at length in this Course as well as in Course 011 of this Programme.
Ours is an age of deepening and expansion of democracy. The role of people in the governance process is now receiving universal attention, not...
...Right to Information In Bangladesh
Introduction: The Right to Information is the key to all other rights. It is among the most important instruments to effectively empower those to whom power should belong in democracy - the people. The United Nations has called it the touchstone of all the freedoms to which UN is consecrated.3 The history of the recognition of the right to information is much older though. The first country to have the RTI law was Finland and Sweden in 1766 when the former was a territory governed by Sweden. The joint Parliament of the then Finland and Sweden adopted the first RTI law of the world titled Access to Public Records Act, 1766. Nearly seventy countries have since enacted RTI law or act, of which over 40 have done so during the decade of nineties and thereafter. The newly elected Government of Bangladesh adopted the Right to Information Act in the first session of the 9th Parliament on March 29, 2009, marking a significant step forward in fulfilling the constitutional pledge of the state of Bangladesh.
This upsurge of the RTI law worldwide comes as an indicator of the growing recognition of the importance of the citizens’ access to information as a catalyst for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights and good governance, and fighting corruption. Enactment of RTI laws has in...
The Right to Information Bill was passed by the Parliament on 13th May 2005. The Bill got the Presidential assent on 15th June 2005 to become the Right to Information Act, 2005. It is an Act to provide for freedom to every citizen to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, consistent with public interest, in order to promote openness, transparency and accountability in administration and in relation to matters connected there with. To bring about transparency and accountability and to implement the provisions of the Right to Information Act, 2005, INDO DANISH TOOL ROOM (IDTR) has made an attempt to provide certain information to citizens to empower them to exercise there right to Information. IDTR has designated Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) for dissemination of information. Appellate Officer has also been designated to provide facility to the public to appeal in case of non receipt of information sought for.
In case Information is not available as provided hereunder the said information can be sought under the Right to Information Act, 2005 by applying in the prescribed format. The format along with prescribed fees may be deposited which shall be forwarded to the CPIO and a date...
2010, April 27
Right To Information Act 2009
M S Siddiqui
A citizen of a free and democratic country has the right to have access to information and know everything happening around him. It is a fundamental right of every citizen as enshrined in the UN resolution in its very first session in 1946, stating that 'Freedom of information is a fundamental humanright.'
It is interesting to note that the right to information laws existed about 200 years before the UN resolution was adopted. Sweden passed its Freedom of the Press Act in 1766.
Access to information is a basic democratic right. The access to information or freedom of expression is the precondition to fulfillment of all other rights in a democratic society.
The developing countries are lagging behind in this respect. There is pressure from media and civil society groups, both domestic and international, for greater access to government information. International bodies, donors such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund etc. are promoting such laws in developing countries and have drafted guidelines or model legislation to promote freedom of information. This is an effort on their part to increase government transparency and reduce corruption. Transparency...
...Civil Society & Right to Information
NIA: Capacity Building for Right to Information
RTI is a weapon in the hands of Civil Society. RTI empowers the civil society with the Right to seek information and helps in:
* Enabling Good Governance
* Ensuring accountability and transparency
* Ensuring participation of public in governance
* Eliminating corruption &
Civil Society & Right to Information
Volunteers from Civil Society Organisation can invoke RTI to access any:
• Information pertaining to any of public authorities
• Photocopies of Government contracts, payment, estimates, measurements of engineering works, drawings, records books and registers etc.
• Samples of materials used in the construction of any Government project like roads, drains, buildings etc.
Right to Information
& Social Audit
To attain greater public accountability and transparency using RTI, CSOs across India have adopted a novel social accountability tool that goes hand in glove with RTI – SOCIAL AUDIT.
“Social Audit is an independent and participatory evaluation of the performance of a public agency or a programme or scheme. Social Audit enables the Civil Society to assess whether a public authority lives up to the shared values and objectives it is committed to”.