The Prohibition of Taking Graves as Places of Worship
Jundub Ibn Abd-Allah al-Bajali said that he heard RasulAllah (saw) say, five days before he died: "Verily those before you took the graves of their Prophets and righteous people as places of worship, so do not take the graves as places of worship. Indeed I forbid you from this!" (Muslim; Abu Awaanah, 1/104; and others
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that RasulAllah (saw) said: "O Allah, do not turn my grave into an idol. May the curse of Allah be upon those who take the graves of their Prophets as places of worship." (Ahmad; Ibn Sa‘d, 2/241-242; and others)
Abd-Allah Ibn Sharjil Hasanah said: "I saw Uthman Ibn Affan (ra) order the leveling of the graves. So it was said to him: This is the grave of Umm Amr the daughter of Uthman! However, he commanded that it too should be leveled." (Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf, 4/138; Abu Zur‘ah, at-Tarikh, 22/2)
It was narrated from Abu'l-Hayyaaj al-Asadi who said: "Ali Ibn Abi Talib (ra) said to me: Shall I not send you for what RasulAllah (saw) sent me? That you deface all statues and pictures and that you level all elevated graves." (Muslim; Abu Dawud; Nasai; and others)
Abu Burdah said: "Abu Musa al-Ash‘ari (ra) advised us before he died, saying: You should hasten with my janaazah…and do not put in my lahad (a cleavage in the side of the grave where the body is placed) anything that will come between me and the earth, nor build anything over my grave. So bear witness that I am free of those women who shave their heads, tear their clothes or beat their cheeks. They said: Did you hear anything about this? He said: Yes, from RasulAllah (saw)!" (Ahmad)
Imam Qurtubi points out that how Allah (swt) protected the grave of RasulAllah (saw) in return for an answer to his prayer, which he (saw) said: “O Allah! Do not let my grave become an idol that people worship.” (al-Muwatta; Ahmad; Ibn Sa‘d and others), from becoming a direction of prayer: "Therefore,...
...Jewish Places of Worship
Over time the location and ways in which people of Jewish descent ritualize their religion has changed. If one reviews the history of the Jewish faith it is seen that these changes parallel many of the bigger events that occurred in the past. The most significant change in how the religion was worshipped occurred when the exile of the Jews took place. This caused Jews to be forced away from their temples that they had become accustomed to worshipping in. The Jewish people were no longer able to sacrifice, but prayer could continue. From this point on, the Jewish people never returned to worship based upon a central temple and prayer outside of temple occurring in only a synagogue. Having been forced away from their traditions, they needed to adapt their religion in order for it to continue. They continued to pray three times each day and followed the general tradition of temple service. Yet, they were now able to pray at home or in places other than a synagogue or temple. From here, the synagogue began to develop as the major house of worship for Jews, rather than a place of worship second to the temple and used only for prayer and study.
The first synagogues have very little remains and history left. What is known through the writings of Philo, is that some of the earliest synagogues were located in Alexandria, but no...
...Prohibition, enacted by the Eighteenth Amendment, is an important part of history. It was one of the most fascinating moments in history. There were many people on both sides of this battle. However, the up roaring against this amendment is something that had never been seen before. This was one of the biggest political controversies of all time. It was also a big social problem. Prohibition was a huge controversy, affected the crime rates, and relates to modern problems today.
There have not been many Constitutional Amendments that divided the country like the Eighteenth Amendment. The Eighteenth Amendment was passed in 1919. This outlawed the selling and producing of alcohol across the country (“Eighteenth Amendment”). This Amendment split the country into two sides: the Wets and the Drys. The Wets wanted to end the ban of alcohol. Many immigrants, coming from areas around the world where people consumed alcohol on a regular bases, found this ban very difficult and joined the Wets. Even though it was a crime, the Wets, continued to consume alcohol. Many bootleggers, people who illegally produced alcohol, did not know how to properly manufacture alcohol, therefore; “their incompetence put drinkers at risk of consuming unsafe concentrations of wood, or denatured, alcohol” (“Prohibition”). The Wets created many drinking establishments all over the country called speakeasies or blind pigs. Knowing the secret password was the only...
The announcer for the program was described as convivial and genuine.
6. gibe-n, v-an insulting or mocking remark; a taunt- to make insulting remarks
Having been aware of his friend’s innate sarcasm, the child took his friend’s gibe in good humor.
7. lethargic-adj- sluggish and apathetic
The lethargic nature of the sloth is considered unique for an animal of that size in the animal kingdom.
8. malaise-n- a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or uneasiness whose exact cause is difficult to identify
After the performance, the audience experienced malaise while waiting for the next act.
9. nostalgia-n- a sentimental longing for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations
The girl justified her nostalgia of her grandmother’s wedding dress by arguing its historical significance.
10. spurious-adj- not being what it purports to be; false or fake
The daughter often made spurious comments in order to prevent arguments between she and her parents.
11. vociferation-n- clamorous, noisy, uproarious
The vociferation over the child’s iniquity caused the parents to punish him.
12. perpetuity-n- a thing that lasts forever or for an indefinite period
In what seemed to be perpetual silence, the classroom...
Health unit coordinator
Nutritionist or dietician
Medical or public health researcher
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Physician’s or medical assistant
Education After High School
It is fact that young people who have at least one year of post-high school education earn thousands of dollars more a year. So, if you spend even one year at a two- or four-year college, in a certificate program at a technical school, or in an apprenticeship after you graduate from high school, you will very likely earn higher wages all your life. By furthering your education, you will be better-prepared to successfully navigate the world of work.
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our-year college degree to become a Registered Nurse, doctor or medical scientist.
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...no longer needed the liquor tax. This set the stage for the movement that eventually led to the ratification of the 18th Amendment, Prohibition.
Prohibition of alcohol consumption in America damaged the very economic and social aspects of American culture in many ways. Prohibition turned out to be unsuccessful, and did notreach the projected goals. Instead of solving the problems, it ended up adding on to issues. On 16th January 1920, one of the most common personal habits and customs of American society came to a halt. The eighteenth amendment was implemented, making all importing, exporting, transporting, selling and manufacturing of intoxicating liquors absolutely prohibited. This law was created in the hope of achieving the reduction of alcohol consumption, which in turn would reduce: crime, poverty, death rates, and improve both the economy, and the quality of life for all Americans. These goals were far from achieved. The prohibition amendment of the 1920’s was ineffective because it was unenforceable. Instead, it caused various social problems such as: the explosive growth of organized crime, increased liquor consumption, massive murder rates and corruption among city officials. Prohibition also hurt the economy because the government wasn?t collecting taxes on the multi-billion dollar a year industry. One of the main reasons that prohibition failed, was because it was difficult to...
Essay Research Topic:
Prohibition in Canada
Article from an Online Database
Proper documentation for Article from Online Database:
"Prohibition." Gale Encyclopedia of American Law. Ed. Donna Batten. 3rd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale, 2010. 155-156. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
This website is a guide on how to document sources properly: http://studyguide.org/MLAdocumentation.htm
Point form summary of key ideas – in my own words: AT LEAST ONE PAGE
* Prohibition = the time in U.S. history when the making and selling of liquor were illegal (1920 to 1933)
* Alcohol was only legal for those with medicinal or religious purposes
* Prohibition movement began in the 1820s
* Protestants saw the consumption of alcohol to be sinful and a destructive force in society
* Prohibition party was founded in 1869, banned the making and selling of intoxicating liquor
* Anti-Saloon League was formed in 1893, main goal was to pass state prohibition laws
* Anti-Saloon League and other prohibition groups were against the consumption of alcohol for many reasons
* Connected alcohol with the increasing number of “aliens” (foreigners)
* Bias against foreigners was also combined with a fear of rural-dominated prohibition allies considering the increasing inner-city areas
* Rural-dominated state...
...fast a wave travels.
O Audition, or hearing, requires sounds waves converted intoneural impulses, and this is done in the ear.
O Sound travels through the 3 sections of the ear to the brain :
O Outer ear : Auditory Canal
O Middle ear: Ear drum (tight membrane) . Concentrates thevibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea’s oval window
O Inner ear : contains the Cochlea (coiled, fluid-filled tube)that contains the Basilar Membrane, which is lined with hair cells that vibrates to excite nerve fibers. The fibers form theAuditory Canal connecting to the brain.
O Loudness is determined by number of activated hair cells.
O Harder to hear sounds are amplified more than loud sounds
How do we perceive Pitch?
O Place theory says that we hear different pitches becausespecific “places” in the cochlea are stimulated.
O Frequency theory says that we hear different pitches because the speedof neural impulses traveling to the brain matches the speed of the sound waves (“frequency”). Does not explain how we hear low-pitched sounds, itcan explain our sensation of high pitched sounds.
O It does explain our sensation of low-pitched sounds
How do we locate sounds?
O We can tell which direction a sound is coming from because if it is closer to our right ear, the right ear will receive the sound slightly faster than leftear and the brain calculates this difference. If the sound is directly behindor in front, where the distance between two ears is the...
...Was prohibition a failure?
In 1919, the Volstead Act outlawed alcoholic beverages with an alcoholic content over 0.5 percent. This topic is debated in the book, Taking Sides; there are two opposing sides to the question, “was prohibition a failure?” David E. Kyvig argues that the Volstead act did not specifically prohibit the use or consumption of alcohol beverages and that liquor was still being provided by gangland bootleggers to provide alcohol to the demands of the consumers. Regardless of the efforts to enforce the law the federal government failed to create an acceptable institutional network that insured the obedience of the people. Even though the consumption of alcohol did drop significantly during the 1920s, the legislation failed to eliminate drinking. On the other hand, J. C. Burnham argues that the enforcement of the prohibition laws were effective in certain areas. The enactment of the prohibition laws led to several positive social significances. For example, during the 1920s, there were fewer people arrested for public drunkenness and fewer people being treated for alcohol related diseases. He concludes that the prohibition was more of a success than a failure. Prohibition led to the first and the only time an Amendment of United States Constitution was repealed more than once. Personally, I think that the Volstead Act of 1919 was a failure and the...